Snake Robot Market

  • August 2013
  • -
  • WinterGreen Research
  • -
  • 272 pages

WinterGreen Research announces the following study: Snake Robots: Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2013-2019.

The companies that get an early foothold in the snake robot market have significant strategic advantage. The robotic snake leverages a new technique for robotic movement that benefits users by providing efficient access to difficult spaces. This factor is driving demand for snake robot systems. Since robotics provide a precise, repeatable and controlled ability to perform procedures in tight spaces, they are increasingly in demand. Confined spaces exist.
A confined space exists because of a lack of ability to take apart or dismantle components. Confined spaces exist in nuclear reactors, aircraft, the human body, industrial processing plant, underwater environments, ship-building, space. Buildings, roads, pipelines and other man-made spaces all have confined spaces. The world is full of awkward confined spaces. Snake-arm robots are self-contained portable devices and extensions to existing systems. These products build on software and hardware technology.
Snake robots used for small space access, inside airplane wing access, first responder tasks, and surgery: They are used for going where nothing else can go. Snake robots provide systems that significantly improve traditional open surgery by consolidating the number of minimally invasive access ports to one and eliminating open surgery.

The automated process revolution in surgery, first responder help, and communications is being implemented via robots. Robots are automating systems, providing significant improvement in the accuracy of surgery and penetration of spaces that were previously impenetrable.

According to Susan Eustis, lead author of the study, “A confined space needs snake shapes to achieve access. Confined spaces exist by design (aircraft engine), by failure (collapsed building) or naturally (human body). Existing open surgery can be replaced in large part by robotic and minimally invasive surgery (MIS). Minimally invasive surgery MIS, drug therapies, radiation treatment, and emerging interventional surgical approaches complement robotic surgery techniques as a replacement for or complement to open surgery. The snake robots reduce the number of ports needed to gain access and repair the heart.”
During a robot assisted surgical procedure, the patient-side cart is positioned next to the operating table with the electromechanical arms arranged to provide access to the initial ports selected by the surgeon. Metal tubes attached to the arms are inserted through the ports, and the cutting and visualization instruments are introduced through the tubes into the patient’s body. The surgeon performs the procedure while sitting at a console, manipulating the instrument controls and viewing the operation through a vision system. When a surgeon needs to change an instrument the instrument is withdrawn from the surgical field using the controls at the console. This is done many times during an operation.

The companies that get an early foothold in the market have significant strategic advantage. The robotic snake leverages a new technique for robotic movement that benefits users by providing efficient access to difficult spaces. This factor is driving demand for snake robot systems. Since robotics provide a precise, repeatable and controlled ability to perform procedures in tight spaces, they are increasingly in demand.

The aging US population has supported demand for robotic surgical instruments, since the occurrence of health issues that require medical devices is higher in the elderly population. Buoyed by strong demand and sales, industry profit margins have increased. Snake robot device markets at $33.6 million in 2012 are anticipated to reach $2.3 billion by 2019 as next devices, systems, and instruments are introduced to manage access to difficult spaces through small ports when large openings are unavailable or inconvenient.

WinterGreen Research is an independent research organization funded by the sale of market research studies all over the world and by the implementation of ROI models that are used to calculate the total cost of ownership of equipment, services, and software. The company has 35 distributors worldwide, including Global Information Info Shop, Market Research.com, Research and Markets, electronics.ca, Bloomberg, and Thompson Financial. WinterGreen Research provides strategic market research studies for healthcare, software computer hardware, energy, renewable energy, robots, and nanotechnology. By providing market share and market forecasts metrics the company is able to measure the impact of innovation. WinterGreen Research has a focus on understanding change and market opportunity. Customers use the market research to expand existing markets or develop major new markets. WinterGreen Research provides trusted research and technical services based on automated process that provide vital support for solutions requiring trust and integrity around predictive insight based on descriptive analytics.

Methodology

The project leaders take direct responsibility for writing and preparing each report. They have significant experience preparing industry studies. Forecasts are based on primary research and proprietary data bases.
The primary research is conducted by talking to customers, distributors and companies. The survey data is not enough to make accurate assessment of market size, so WinterGreen Research looks at the value of shipments and the average price to achieve market assessments. Our track record in achieving accuracy is unsurpassed in the industry. We are known for being able to develop accurate market shares and projections. This is our specialty.
The analyst process is concentrated on getting good market numbers. This process involves looking at the markets from several different perspectives, including vendor shipments. The interview process is an essential aspect as well. We do have a lot of granular analysis of the different shipments by vendor in the study and addenda prepared after the study was published if that is appropriate.

Forecasts reflect analysis of the market trends in the segment and related segments. Unit and dollar shipments are analyzed through consideration of dollar volume of each market participant in the segment. Installed base analysis and unit analysis is based on interviews and an information search. Market share analysis includes conversations with key customers of products, industry segment leaders, marketing directors, distributors, leading market participants, opinion leaders, and companies seeking to develop measurable market share.
Over 200 in depth interviews are conducted for each report with a broad range of key participants and industry leaders in the market segment. We establish accurate market forecasts based on economic and market conditions as a base. Use input/output ratios, flow charts, and other economic methods to quantify data. Use in-house analysts who meet stringent quality standards.

Interviewing key industry participants, experts and end-users is a central part of the study. Our research includes access to large proprietary databases. Literature search includes analysis of trade publications, government reports, and corporate literature.
Findings and conclusions of this report are based on information gathered from industry sources, including manufacturers, distributors, partners, opinion leaders, and users. Interview data was combined with information gathered through an extensive review of internet and printed sources such as trade publications, trade associations, company literature, and online databases. The projections contained in this report are checked from top down and bottom up analysis to be sure there is congruence from that perspective.

The base year for analysis and projection is 2010. With 2010 and several years prior to that as a baseline, market projections were developed for 2013 through 2019. These projections are based on a combination of a consensus among the opinion leader contacts interviewed combined with understanding of the key market drivers and their impact from a historical and analytical perspective. The analytical methodologies used to generate the market estimates are based on penetration analyses, similar market analyses, and delta calculations to supplement independent and dependent variable analysis. All analyses are displaying selected descriptions of products and services.
This research includes referencde to an ROI model that is part of a series that provides IT systems financial planners access to information that supports analysis of all the numbers that impact management of a product launch or large and complex data center. The methodology used in the models relates to having a sophisticated analytical technique for understanding the impact of workload on processor consumption and cost.
WinterGreen Research has looked at the metrics and independent research to develop assumptions that reflect the actual anticipated usage and cost of systems. Comparative analyses reflect the input of these values into models.

The variables and assumptions provided in the market research study and the ROI models are based on extensive experience in providing research to large enterprise organizations and data centers. The ROI models have lists of servers from different manufacturers, Systems z models from IBM, and labor costs by category around the world. This information has been developed from WinterGreen research proprietary data bases constructed as a result of preparing market research studies that address the software, energy, healthcare, telecommunicatons, and hardware businesses.

Table Of Contents

1. Snake Robots Market Description and Market Dynamics

1.1 Snake Robots Are Different
1.2 Modsnake Robots
1.2.1 Modsnake Robots Support Human Workers
1.3 Snakelike Robots Slither over Rough Landscape
1.4 Snake Robots Locomote
1.5 Serpentine Robot Applications
1.5.1 Seizing the Robotics Opportunity
1.5.2 Modular Self-Reconfiguring Robotic Systems
1.6 Public Aware That Robotics Have “Arrived”
1.7 Next Generation Snake Robotics

2. Snake Robots Market Shares and Market Forecasts

2.1 Snake Robot Market Driving Forces2-
2.2 Snake Robots Market Shares
2.3 Snake Robot Variety of Applications
2.3.1 HiBot / Hirose Fukushima Lab ACM
2.3.2 OC Robotics Snake-Arm for Aircraft Assembly
2.3.3 Minimally Invasive Equipment Surgical Robots
2.3.4 Medrobotics Cardioarm Is A Jointed Robot
2.3.5 SINTEF Robot Snakes Climb Pipes
2.3.6 University of Southampton.
2.3.7 CCTV Inspection
2.4 Snake Robot Market Forecasts
2.4.1 Snake Robots Market Industry Segments
2.4.2 Cardiac Surgery Snake Robots Market Forecasts
2.4.3 Medrobotics Initial Goal Is To Help Avoid Open-Heart Surgery
2.4.4 Minimally Invasive Surgery Positioning: Medrobotics
Requires One Incision At The Bottom Of The Ribs Whereas The Da Vinci Endoscopic Surgical
System Could Require Up To Six Incision Points
2.4.5 Medrobotics Positioning
2.4.6 Cardiac Surgery Snake Robots Market Forecasts
2.4.7 Reaching The Un Reachable Snake Robot Market Forecasts
2.5 Snake Robot Prices
2.5.1 Inaccessible Spaces - OC Robotics
2.5.2 Cardiac Surgery - Medrobotics
2.6 Snake Robots Regional Market Analysis

3. Snake Robot Product Description

3.1 OC Robotics
3.1.1 OC Robotics The Explorer Range
3.1.2 OC Robotics Snake-Arm Control
3.1.3 OC Robotics Snake-Arm Simulator
3.1.4 OC Robotics Snake-Arm for Aircraft Assembly
3.1.5 OC Robotics Extender Snake Range Of -Motion
Robots Reach The Unreachable
3.1.6 OC Robotics Snake-Arm -
3.1.7 OC Robotics
3.1.8 OC Energy and Environment Robotics
3.1 Medrobotics Techonology
3.1.1 Medrobotics Medical Devices for Minimally Invasive Surgery
3.1.2 Medrobotics Flexible Robot Platform
3.1.3 Medrobotics Snakelike Robots for Heart Surgery
3.1.4 Medrobotics Cardiac Surgery Snake Robot
3.1.5 Minimally Invasive Surgery Positioning:
3.2 University of Michigan All-Terrain Robotics:
3.2.1 University of Michigan Mobile Robotics Lab Omnitread
3.2.2 OmniTread Robot Snakes
3.3 Applied Robotics Technologies, LLC
3.3.1 The FLEXnav Proprioceptive Position Estimation (PPE) System
3.3.2 Applied Robotics Technologies Pricing
3.3.3 Heuristic Drift Reduction for Gyros in Vehicle
Tracking Applications
3.3.4 Applied Robotics Technologies Key Benefits
3.3.5 Applied Robotics Technologies Pricing
3.4 NASA Robotic Snakes
3.5 Canadian Robotics Ltd.
3.6 Japan Guru World-Class Snake Robotics
3.7 NTNU and SINTEF in Norway World-Class Snake Robotics
3.7.1 Sintef Anna Konda
3.7.2 Anna Konda Firefighting Snakebot
3.7.3 Sintef Aiko
3.7.4 Sintef Pneumosnake
3.7.5 Sintef PiKo
3.7.6 Sintef Climbing Robot
3.7.7 Sintef Robot Learning
3.7.8 Department of Engineering Cybernetics at NTNU Pneumosnake - Snake Robot With Pneumatic Bellows
3.8 Hibot Pipetron
3.8.1 HiBot Expliner
3.8.2 HiBot ACM-R4H
3.8.3 HiBot ACM-R5
3.8.4 Hibot ACM-R5 Amphibious Robosnake
3.8.5 HiBot Japanese Snake Robot
3.8.6 Maintaining High Voltage Transmission Lines Using Robotics
3.8.7 Hydro-Quebec Research Institute (IREQ)LineScout
Tele-operated obstacle crossing system
3.8.8 HiBot Expliner
3.8.9 America’s Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Autonomous Version

4. Snake Robot Technology

4.1 Actuated Joints In A Tight Volume
4.2 OC Robotics
4.2.1 OC Robotics Develops Snake-Arm Robots For Confined Spaces
4.2.2 OC Robotics Snake Arm Actuator Pack
4.2.3 OC Robotics Snake Arm
4.2.4 OC Robotics Tool
4.2.5 OC Robotics Confined Space Piece Manipulation
4.2.6 OC Robotics Confined Space Reach
4.3 OC Robotics Snake-Arm Robot Basics
4.3.1 OC Robotics Snake Robot Curvature -
4.3.2 OC Robotics Protective Skins
4.3.3 OC Robotics Manages Hazardous Environments -
4.3.4 OC Robotics Software - SoftSnake
4.3.5 OC Robotics PipeSnake
4.3.6 OC Robotics Snake-Arm Robots Aircraft Assembly
4.4 CISST ERC Snake Robot
4.5 Bio-Robotics Lab
4.6 Carnegie Mellon Robotics Institute
4.7 Sintef
4.7.1 Sintef Aiko Snake Robot With Electric Motors
4.8 Hirose Fukushima Lab ACM Land and Amphibious Robot Snake
4.8.1 Hirose Fukushima Lab ACM-R5 Control System
4.8.2 Hirose Fukushima Lab ACM Slim Slime Robot
4.8.3 Hirose Fukushima Lab pneumatically-driven Slime Robot
4.8.4 Hirose-Fukushima Lab at Tokyo Institute of
Technology Amphibious Snake Robot - ACM-R5
4.9 DrGavin S7 Snake Robot Rectilinear Locomotion
4.9.1 Nottingham Trent University
4.10 Israeli Army Deploys Robot Snakes
4.10.1 Israeli Military Develops Robot Snake Bomb
Hirose Fukushima Lab
4.11 Merlin Robotics, Nottingham Trent University Robot Snake Dance
4.12 Snake Bot at Carnegie Mellon
4.12.1 Carnegie Mellon Conforming Loop
4.13 CardioArm Biomedicine Snakelike Robots for Heart Surgery
4.13.1 Snake Robot Helps Wounded Soldiers
4.14 Hughes Aircraft R7 Early Robotic Snake
4.15 British 'Serpentine Spy'
4.16 IDF Spy Robot Snake
4.17 SINTEF Robot Snakes Climb Pipes
4.17.1 SINTEF Anna Konda
4.18 Climbing Snakes Biorobotics Lab, Carnegie Mellon University
4.19 NASA Snake-bot VS InnoSTAR
4.20 Applied Robotics Technologies, LLC

5. Snake Robots Company Profiles

5.1 Applied Robotics Technologies, LLC
5.2 HiBot
5.3 Medrobotics
5.3.1 Medrobotics $10 Million Financing From Hercules
5.1.1 Medrobotics Several Generations Of Snake Robot Platforms
5.1.2 Medrobotics Advances Clinical Development of
Snake Robot for Surgery
5.1.3 Medrobotics Positioning
5.1.4 Medrobotics Cardiac Surgery Gold Standard
5.1.5 Medrobotics Snake Robot Technologies Used In
Range Of Surgical And Interventional Applications
5.1.6 Medrobotics Technology and Research Center
5.4 OC Robotics
5.4.1 OC Robotics Technology and Innovation
5.4.2 OC Robotics Robots Extend Reach Of Manual Process
5.4.3 OC Robotics A CANDU Snake-Arm Robot
5.4.4 OC Robotics Snake-Arm Robots
5.5 University of Michigan Mobile Robotics Lab Omnitread
5.6 Tokyo Institute of Technology Research Laboratories
5.6.1 Tokyo Institute of Technology / Hirose Fukushima Lab ACM
5.6.2 Hirose Fukushima Lab ACM Hibot
5.7 Sintef
5.8 Selected List of University and Research Snake Robots

5. Snake Robots Company Profiles

5.1 Applied Robotics Technologies, LLC
5.2 HiBot
5.3 Medrobotics
5.3.1 Medrobotics $10 Million Financing From Hercules
5.1.1 Medrobotics Several Generations Of Snake Robot Platforms
5.1.2 Medrobotics Advances Clinical Development of
Snake Robot for Surgery
5.1.3 Medrobotics Positioning
5.1.4 Medrobotics Cardiac Surgery Gold Standard
5.1.5 Medrobotics Snake Robot Technologies Used In
Range Of Surgical And Interventional Applications
5.1.6 Medrobotics Technology and Research Center
5.4 OC Robotics
5.4.1 OC Robotics Technology and Innovation
5.4.2 OC Robotics Robots Extend Reach Of Manual Process
5.4.3 OC Robotics A CANDU Snake-Arm Robot
5.4.4 OC Robotics Snake-Arm Robots
5.5 University of Michigan Mobile Robotics Lab Omnitread
5.6 Tokyo Institute of Technology Research Laboratories
5.6.1 Tokyo Institute of Technology / Hirose Fukushima Lab ACM
5.6.2 Hirose Fukushima Lab ACM Hibot
5.7 Sintef
5.8 Selected List of University and Research Snake Robots

List of Tables and Figures

Table ES-1
Snake Robot Market Driving Forces
Table ES-2
Confined Spaces That Need Snake Shapes To Achieve Access
Figure ES-3
Control of the Snake-Arm Robot
Figure ES-4
Nose Following Snake Robots
Figure ES-5
OC Robotics Snake-Arm Simulator
Table ES-6
Confined Spaces
Figure ES-7
Snake Robots Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2012
Figure ES-8
Snake Robot Market Forecasts, Dollars, Worldwide, 2013-2019
Figure 1-1
Mod Snake Robots Snake robots are different.
Table 1-2
Serpentine Robot Applications
Table 2-1
Snake Robot Market Driving Forces
Table 2-2
Confined Spaces That Need Snake Shapes To Achieve Access
Figure 2-3
Control of the Snake-Arm Robot
Figure 2-4
Nose Following Snake Robots
Figure 2-5
OC Robotics Snake-Arm Simulator
Table 2-6
Confined Spaces
Figure 2-7
Snake Robots Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2012
Figure 2-8
Snake Robots Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2012
Figure 2-9
HiBot Inspection of High-Voltage Power Lines
Figure 2-10
HiBot Balances on High-Voltage Power Lines
Figure 2-11
Robotic Snake Permits Surgeon to Enter Heart Via Mouth
Figure 2-12
Snake Robot Market Forecasts, Dollars, Worldwide, 2013-2019
Table 2-13
Snake Robot Markets, Dollars, Worldwide, 2013-2019
Table 2-14
Snake Robots Market Industry Segments, Reaching Unreachable, Surgery, Surveillance,
Dollars, Worldwide,
2013-2019
Figure 2-15
Snake Robot Market Forecasts, Units, Worldwide, 2013-2019
Table 2-16
Snake Robots Market Industry Segments, Reaching Unreachable, Surgery, Military, Surveillance,
Units, Worldwide, 2013-2019
Figure 2-17
Cardiac Surgery Snake Robots Market Forecasts, Dollars, Worldwide, 2013-2019
Figure 2-18
Reaching The Un Reachable Snake Robot Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2013-2019
Figure 2-19
Snake Robots Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2012
Table 2-20
Snake Robots Regional Market Segments, 2012
Figure 3-1
OC Robotics Explorer Range
Figure 3-2
OC Robotics Explorer Range User Interface
Figure 3-3
OC Robotics Explorer Range Actuator Pack
Figure 3-4
OC Robotics Explorer Range Snake Arm
Figure 3-5
OC Robotics Explorer Arm Extensions
Figure 3-6
OC Robotics Extender Snake Range Of -Motion
Figure 3-7
OC Robotics Extender Models and Payloads
Figure 3-7 (Continued)
OC Robotics Extender Models and Payloads
Figure 3-8
OC Robotics Arms in Confined Spaces
Table 3-9
Medrobotics Medical Field Target Markets
Figure 3-10
Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke Looking At Snaking
Robot Camera Made by Medrobotics / Cardiorobotics
Table 3-11
University of Michigan Omnitread Innovations:
Figure 3-12
University of Michigan Omnitread
Table 3-13
University of Michigan Mobile Omnitread Robotic Motion Capabilities
Table 3-14
University of Michigan Mobile Robotics Lab Omnitread Robotic Motion Capabilities
Figure 3-15
Omnitread robot snakes
Figure 3-16
FLEXnav PPE System
Table 3-17
FLEXnav PPE System Features
Figure 3-18
Applied Robotics Technologies Typical Experimental Results:
Position Errors After 120-160 M Travel On Moderately Rugged Terrain
Figure 3-19
Sintef Anna Konda
Table 3-20
Anna KondaTechnical data
Figure 3-21
Sintef’s Anna Konda Snake Robot
Table 3-22
Sintef’s Anna Konda Firefighting Snakebot
Table 3-23
SINTEF Firefighting Snakebot Components
Figure 3-24
Norwegian Company Sintef Anna Konda
Table 3-25
SINTEF Firefighting Snakebot Target Markets
Figure 3-26
Sintef Aiko
Table 3-27
SINTEF / NTNU Aiko Technical data
Figure 3-28
Sintef Pneumosnake
Figure 3-29
Sintef PiKo
Figure 3-30
Sintef PiKo Robot For Vertical Movement
Figure 3-31
Department of Engineering Cybernetics at NTNU Pneumosnake -
Snake Robot With Pneumatic Bellows
Table 3-32
Department of Engineering Cybernetics at NTNU Technical data
Table 3-33
NTNU / SINTEF Next Generation Robotics for Norwegian Industry
Figure 3-34
HiBot
Figure 3-35
HiBot Expliner
Figure 3-36
HiBot ACM-R4H
Figure 3-37
HiBot ACM-R5
Figure 3-38
Hibot ACM-R5 Amphibious Robosnake
Figure 3-39
Hibot ACM-R5 Amphibious RobosnakeFigure 4-1
OC Robotics Snake-Arm Robots Remote Car Inspection
Figure 4-2
Robotics Develops Snake-Arm Robots For Confined Spaces
Figure 4-3
OC Robotics Actuator Pack
Figure 4-4
OC Robotics Snake Arm
Figure 4-5
OC Robotics Snake Robot Tool
Table 4-6
OC Robotics Able To Snake Into Cluttered Environments
Figure 4-7
OC Robotics Extend Robot Arms With Elbows
Figure 4-8
OC Robotics Snake-Arm Robot Basics
Figure 4-9
OC Robotics Snake Curvatures
Figure 4-10
OC Robotics Protective Skins
Figure 4-11
OC Robotics Arm Materials Allow For Radiation, Heat, Vacuum,
Magnetic Fields, And Operations In Explosive Atmospheres
Figure 4-12
OC Robotics Snake-Arm Robots Extend Reach Of The Human
Figure 4-13
OC Robotics PipeSnake
Figure 4-14
OC Robotics Snake Robot Angle of Curvature
Figure 4-15
OC Robotics Snake-Arm Robots Aircraft
Figure 4-16
OC Robotics Snake-Arm Robot Extender
Figure 4-17
OC Robotics Snake-Arm Robot Made Up Of A Large Number Of Segments
Figure 4-18
CISST ERC Snake Robot
Figure 4-19
Bio-Robotics Lab Snake Robots that Climb
Figure 4-20
Bio-Robotics Lab Snake Robot Climbing
Figure 4-21
Carnegie Mellon Robotics Institute Door Opening Robot
Figure 4-22
Sintef Snake Robot Designed To Be Used To Put Out Fires
Figure 4-23
Sintef Anna Konda Robot Equipped With Nozzles
Figure 4-24
Sintef Aiko Snake Robot With Electric Motors
Figure 2-25
Sintef’s Snake Robot
Figure 4-26
Hirose Fukushima Lab ACM-R5 - Amphibious Robot Snake
Figure 4-27
Hirose Fukushima Lab ACM Slim Slime Robot
Table 4-28
Slim Slime ACM Robot Features
Table 4-29
Hirose Fukushima Lab ACM Slim Slime Robot Applications
Figure 4-30
Hirose Fukushima Lab ACM Serpentine Propulsion
Figure 4-31
Hirose Fukushima Lab ACM xSlim Slime Robot With a Child
Figure 4-32
Hirose Fukushima Lab ACM Slim Slime Robot Module Construction
Figure 4-33
Tokyo Institute of Technology / Hirose Fukushima Lab
ACM Snake Like Trackers
Figure 4-34
Tokyo Institute of Technology / Hirose Fukushima Lab ACM Snake
Like Creep Motion Of Snake, Pedal Waves Of Snail And Limpet,
Lateral Rolling, And Pivot Turn
Figure 4-35
Hirose Fukushima Lab ACM Robot Snake Modular Construction
Figure 4-36
Snake Robot Hirose-Fukushima Lab at Tokyo Institute of Technology
Figure 4-37
Hirose-Fukushima Lab at Tokyo Institute of Technology ACM-R5
Figure 4-38
Robot Hirose-Fukushima Lab at Tokyo Institute of Technology
Amphibious Snake Robot - ACM-R5
Table 4-39
DrGavin S7 Rectilinear Locomotion Snake Robot
Figure 4-40
DrGavin S7 Sensor Suite That Includes Detectors
Figure 4-41
DrGavin S5 Robot Snake Control System Electronics Functional Diagram
Figure 4-42
DrGavin Robot Snake
Figure 4-43
Merlin Robotics / Nottingham Trent University Air Robot Snake
Figure 4-44
Israeli Army Deploys Robot Snakes
Figure 4-45
Israeli Army Bomb Hirose Fukushima Lab Robot Snakes
Figure 4-46
Israeli Snake Robot
Figure 4-47
Merlin Robotics, Nottingham Trent University Robot Snake Dance
Figure 4-48
Snake Bot at the Carnegie Mellon
Figure 4-49
Carnegie Mellon Modular Bot
Figure 4-50
Carnegie Mellon Modular Bot Tricycle Riding
Figure 4-51
Carnegie Mellon Obstacle Climbing
Figure 4-52
Carnegie Mellon Fence Climbing
Figure 4-53
Carnegie Mellon Stair Climbing
Figure 4-54
CardioArm Biomedicine Snakelike Robots for Heart Surgery
Figure 4-55
Snake Robot Helps Wounded Soldiers
Figure 4-56
Hughes Aircraft R7 Early Robotic Snake
Figure 4-57
British Military Reconnaissance Robot Can Be
Dropped From A Helicopter
Figure 4-58
University of Southampton Anaconda Rubber Snake
Generates Power From Waves
Figure 4-59
SINTEF Robot Snakes Climb Pipes
Figure 4-60
SINTEF Anna Konda The Fire Fighting Snake Robot
Figure 4-61
SINTEF Aiko Snake Robot With Electric Motors
Figure 4-62
Sintef Pneumosnake Snake Robot With Pneumatic Bellows
Figure 4-63
Climbing Snakes Biorobotics Lab, Carnegie Mellon University
Figure 4-64
InnoSTARâ„¢ Robotic Kit
Figure 4-65
Applied Robotics Technologies, LLC Fiber Optic Gyros
Function Of Rate Of Rotation And Temperature
Table 5-1
Medrobotics Cardiac Surgery Improvements
Table 5-2
Medrobotics Snake Robot Technologies For Use In A
Wide Range Of Surgical And Interventional Applications
Table 5-3
Medrobotics Snake Robot Technologies Specialist Areas Served
Figure 5-4
OC Robotics
Figure 5-5
OC Robotics Conducts Inspections Within CANDU Reactors
Figure 5-6
OC Robotics Snake-Arm Robot Technology
Table 5-7
University of Michigan Mobile Robotics Lab Areas Of Interest
Figure 5-8
Tokyo Institute of Technology Electrochemistry Spextroscopic Techniques

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