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Analyzing Geothermal Power in Australia

  • March 2013
  • -
  • Aruvian's R'search
  • -
  • 140 pages

Australia continues to make modest use of its geothermal energy resources. The country’s geothermal industry is currently in the exploration phase and is yet to start commercial scale production from geothermal resources. The geothermal production capacity is expected to increase over 0.075 GW by 2022.

Geothermal energy is still an emerging industry in Australia, with exploration being conducted in all states and the Northern Territory. While significant resources have been identified and there are several companies in advanced stages of exploration, presently there is no commercial production of geothermal energy in Australia. That said, there is significant potential for geothermal energy in Australia. It is estimated that one percent of the geothermal energy shallower than five kilometers and hotter than 150 degrees could supply Australia’s total energy requirements for 26,000 years.

Currently, drilling technology limits economic development of geothermal resources to a maximum depth of about five kilometers. Thus companies are exploring for regions of elevated temperatures at five kilometers deep or less. The temperature at five kilometers depth varies across the continent due to a range of geologic factors. It is possible to identify areas of higher potential through the use of a variety of geoscience data.

Despite its huge potential, only a minimal amount of power is being extracted from geothermal resources. However, with increasing pressure to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the Australian government has started to promote investments in the geothermal industry. In Australia, geothermal resources are primarily found in South Australia and Tasmania and along the southern Victorian coastline. Also, Western Australia contains some of the most prospective areas that are in the Perth Basin (including the Perth metropolitan area) and Pilbara region (Carnarvon Basin).

Aruvians Rsearch analyzes the Geothermal Power in Australia in its latest research offering Analyzing Geothermal Power in Australia.

The report is a comprehensive coverage of the geothermal industry in the region as well as in Australia.

The report begins with an introduction to geothermal power. We analyze the utilization of geothermal energy, the grading of geothermal resources, technologies used in geothermal power generation, emerging technologies, amongst others.

We analyze the global geothermal power market before the analysis of the geothermal market in Australia and in Asia Pacific. We first analyze the global geothermal power industry through power generated from geothermal resources worldwide and global geothermal power installed capacity. We further look at the factors impacting the global geothermal power industry such as growth drivers and challenges facing the global geothermal industry.

Geothermal power in Asia Pacific is analyzed through power generated from geothermal resources, installed capacity of geothermal power, regional segmentation of the industry and the major industry deals that have taken place in recent years.

For the geothermal industry in Indonesia, we analyze the power generated from geothermal resources, geothermal power installed capacity, industry segmentation by renewable energy technologies, regulatory frameworks governing the market in Australia, and major industry projects, both existing and upcoming.

Major global industry players are analyzed through a corporate profile, an analysis of their major business segments, the presence of these companies in the geothermal market, and a SWOT analysis.

Aruvians Rsearch’s report Analyzing Geothermal Power in Australia is a complete guide to this rapidly growing industry.

Table Of Contents

Analyzing Geothermal Power in Australia
A. Executive Summary

B. Introduction to Geothermal Power
B.1 The Recognition of Geothermal Energy - Historical Perspective
B.2 Utilization of Geothermal Energy - Current Day
B.3 Source of Geothermal Energy Generation
B.4 Energy from the Earth's Core - Geothermal Systems
B.5 Identifying Geothermal Activity Reservoirs
B.6 Grading Geothermal Resources
B.7 Exploring Geothermal Resources Commercially
B.8 Geothermal Resource Exploration Process
B.9 Geothermal Exploration Programs - Risk vs. Cost
B.10 Technologies Used in Geothermal Power Generation
B.10.1 Binary Cycle Plant Technology
B.10.2 Conventional Steam Turbine Technology
B.11 Emerging Technologies
B.11.1 Enhanced Geothermal System
B.11.2 Mixed Working Fluid Technology
B.12 Geothermal Drilling Technology and Costs

C. Global Geothermal Power Industry
C.1 Introduction
C.2 Power Generation from Geothermal Resources
C.3 Global Geothermal Power Installed Capacity

D. Geothermal Power Industry in Asia Pacific
D.1 Industry Overview
D.2 Power Generation from Geothermal Resources in Asia Pacific
D.3 Geothermal Power Installed Capacity in Asia Pacific
D.4 Regional Segmentation of the Industry
D.5 Major Industry Deals

E. Geothermal Power Industry in Australia
E.1 Industry Overview
E.2 Power Generation from Geothermal Resources in Australia
E.3 Geothermal Power Installed Capacity in Australia
E.4 Industry Segmentation
E.5 Industry Regulations
E.6 Major Industry Projects

F. Major Industry Players
F.1 Ergon Energy
F.1.1 Corporate Profile
F.1.2 Business Segment Analysis
F.1.3 SWOT Analysis
F.2 Fuji Electric Co Ltd
F.2.1 Corporate Profile
F.2.2 Business Segment Analysis
F.2.3 Industry Presence
F.2.4 SWOT Analysis
F.3 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
F.3.1 Corporate Profile
F.3.2 Business Segment Analysis
F.3.3 Industry Presence
F.3.4 SWOT Analysis
F.4 Toshiba Corporation
F.4.1 Corporate Profile
F.4.2 Business Segment Analysis
F.4.3 Industry Presence
F.4.4 SWOT Analysis

G. Appendix
G.1 Global Geothermal Associations
G.2 Figures and Tables

H. Research Methodology

I. Glossary of Terms



List of Figures

Figure 1: The Earth's Crust, Mantle, and Core. Top Right: A Section through the Crust and the Uppermost Mantle
Figure 2: Schematic Cross-Section Showing Plate Tectonic Processes
Figure 3: World Pattern of Plates, Oceanic Ridges, Oceanic Trenches, Subduction Zones, and Geothermal Fields
Figure 4: Representation of an Ideal Geothermal System
Figure 5: Model of a Geothermal System
Figure 6: Formation of a Geothermal Reservoir
Figure 7: Diagram Showing the Different Categories of Geothermal Resources
Figure 8: Workings of a Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant
Figure 9: Workings of a Flash/Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant
Figure 10: Workings of a Dry Steam Geothermal Power Plant
Figure 11: Workings of a Flash Steam Geothermal Power Plant
Figure 12: Workings of a Double Flash Steam Geothermal Power Plant
Figure 13: Completed Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Well Costs as a Function of Depth
Figure 14: Ring of Fire
Figure 15: Geothermal Electricity Production by Countries, and Installed Capacities (MW), 2011
Figure 16: Global Power Generated from Geothermal Resources (GWh), 2002-2022
Figure 17: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power Worldwide (MW), 2002-2022
Figure 18: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Asia Pacific (GWh), 2002-2022
Figure 19: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Asia Pacific (MW), 2002-2022
Figure 20: Share of Geothermal Power Market in Asia Pacific by Country (%), 2011
Figure 21: Number of Geothermal Project Deals in Recent Times in Asia Pacific
Figure 22: Types of Geothermal Deals in the Industry in Recent Times
Figure 23: Geothermal Fields in Australia
Figure 24: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Australia (GWh), 2002-2022
Figure 25: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Australia (MW), 2002-2022
Figure 26: Renewable Power Generation in Australia by Technologies (%), 2011
Figure 27: Conceptual Two-Well Enhanced Geothermal System in Hot Rock in a Low-Permeability Crystalline Basement Formation
Figure 28: Estimated Total Geothermal Resource Base and Recoverable Resource Given in EJ or 1018 Joules
Figure 29: An Atmospheric Exhaust Geothermal Power-Plant
Figure 30: A Condensing Geothermal Power-Plant
Figure 31: A Geothermal Binary Power Plant
Figure 32: Flow Diagram of the Geothermal District Heating System of Reykjavik
Figure 33: Application of Ground-Coupled Heat Pump System
Figure 34: A Heat Pump in Heating Mode
Figure 35: Binary Cycle Plant
Figure 36: Dry Steam Plant
Figure 37: Flashed Steam Plant
Figure 38: Cascade Uses of Geothermal Energy



List of Tables

Table 1: Classification of Geothermal Resources (°C)
Table 2: Different Types of Technologies Used by Geothermal Plants
Table 3: Global Power Generated from Geothermal Resources (GWh), 2002-2022
Table 4: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power Worldwide (MW), 2002-2022
Table 5: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Asia Pacific (GWh), 2002-2022
Table 6: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Asia Pacific (MW), 2002-2022
Table 7: Share of Geothermal Power Market in Asia Pacific by Country (%), 2011
Table 8: Number of Geothermal Project Deals in Recent Times in Asia Pacific
Table 9: Types of Geothermal Deals in the Industry in Recent Times
Table 10: Major Geothermal Deals in Asia Pacific in Recent Times
Table 11: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Australia (GWh), 2002-2022
Table 12: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Australia (MW), 2002-2022
Table 13: Renewable Power Generation in Australia by Technologies (%), 2011
Table 14: Geothermal Projects in Australia
Table 15: Upcoming/Under Development Geothermal Projects in Australia
Table 16: Summary of Nonhydrothermal US Geothermal Resource-Base Estimates
Table 17: Energy and Investment Costs for Electric Energy Production from Renewables
Table 18: Energy and Investment Costs for Direct Heat from Renewables



Companies Mentioned

Ergon Energy
Fuji Electric Co Ltd
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Toshiba Corporation

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