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Analyzing Geothermal Power in Indonesia

  • March 2013
  • -
  • Aruvian's R'search
  • -
  • 155 pages

The geothermal industry in Indonesia is the second largest in the world and harbors the largest potential in geothermal industry itself standing at a staggering 28,000 MW. There are around 18 locations and more than 250 geothermal fields across the country and it is said to have the highest geothermal potential across the world. It has numerous active volcanoes associated with a large concentration of high temperature geothermal systems on or close to the plate margins in Sumatra, Java, Nusa, Tenggara, Sulawesi and Halmahera. Indonesia has already established two crash programs to increase power generation by 10,000 megawatts in a bid to resolve chronic power shortages in Southeast Asia's biggest economy. It generates most of its electricity from the thermal sources.

Due to the fast depletion of the thermal sources, it wants to develop renewable sources of energy in order to prepare for any future energy crisis. The renewable sources of energy account for approximately 17% of the power generation in the country. The share of geothermal in the renewable sources is the highest and stands at around 53%.

The geothermal industry's problems are echoed elsewhere in Indonesia, which has Southeast Asia's largest economy but desperately needs to improve its roads, ports and other elements of its infrastructure. Jakarta's ability to nurture such investments will determine whether Indonesia's economic growth, running around 6.5%, sputters out or whether the country joins China and India as the next Asian economic juggernaut.

Getting the geothermal industry up to snuff could require tens of billions of dollars in new facilities. The Indonesian government says it supports the geothermal-power industry but that it will take time to resolve various problems. Jakarta wants to create a revolving fund of more than $100 million to finance exploration work and is expected soon to approve government guarantees for geothermal power producers.

Aruvians Rsearch analyzes the Geothermal Power in Indonesia in its latest research offering Analyzing Geothermal Power in Indonesia.

The report is a comprehensive coverage of the geothermal industry in the region as well as in Indonesia.

The report begins with an introduction to geothermal power. We analyze the utilization of geothermal energy, the grading of geothermal resources, technologies used in geothermal power generation, emerging technologies, amongst others.

We analyze the global geothermal power market before the analysis of the geothermal market in Indonesia and in Asia Pacific. We first analyze the global geothermal power industry through power generated from geothermal resources worldwide and global geothermal power installed capacity. We further look at the factors impacting the global geothermal power industry such as growth drivers and challenges facing the global geothermal industry.

Geothermal power in Asia Pacific is analyzed through power generated from geothermal resources, installed capacity of geothermal power, regional segmentation of the industry and the major industry deals that have taken place in recent years.

For the geothermal industry in Indonesia, we analyze the power generated from geothermal resources, geothermal power installed capacity, industry segmentation by renewable energy technologies, regulatory frameworks governing the market in Indonesia, and major industry projects, both existing and upcoming.

Major global industry players are analyzed through a corporate profile, an analysis of their major business segments, the presence of these companies in the geothermal market, and a SWOT analysis.

Aruvians Rsearch’s report Analyzing Geothermal Power in Indonesia is a complete guide to this rapidly growing industry.

Table Of Contents

Analyzing Geothermal Power in Indonesia
A. Executive Summary

B. Introduction to Geothermal Power
B.1 The Recognition of Geothermal Energy - Historical Perspective
B.2 Utilization of Geothermal Energy - Current Day
B.3 Source of Geothermal Energy Generation
B.4 Energy from the Earth's Core - Geothermal Systems
B.5 Identifying Geothermal Activity Reservoirs
B.6 Grading Geothermal Resources
B.7 Exploring Geothermal Resources Commercially
B.8 Geothermal Resource Exploration Process
B.9 Geothermal Exploration Programs - Risk vs. Cost
B.10 Technologies Used in Geothermal Power Generation
B.10.1 Binary Cycle Plant Technology
B.10.2 Conventional Steam Turbine Technology
B.11 Emerging Technologies
B.11.1 Enhanced Geothermal System
B.11.2 Mixed Working Fluid Technology
B.12 Geothermal Drilling Technology and Costs

C. Global Geothermal Power Industry
C.1 Introduction
C.2 Power Generation from Geothermal Resources
C.3 Global Geothermal Power Installed Capacity

D. Geothermal Power Industry in Asia Pacific
D.1 Industry Overview
D.2 Power Generation from Geothermal Resources in Asia Pacific
D.3 Geothermal Power Installed Capacity in Asia Pacific
D.4 Regional Segmentation of the Industry
D.5 Major Industry Deals

E. Geothermal Power Industry in Indonesia
E.1 Industry Overview
E.2 Power Generation from Geothermal Resources in Indonesia
E.3 Geothermal Power Installed Capacity in Indonesia
E.4 Industry Segmentation
E.5 Industry Regulations
E.6 Major Industry Projects

F. Major Industry Players
F.1 Chevron Geothermal Indonesia
F.2 PT Pertamina
F.2.1 Corporate Profile
F.2.2 Business Segment Analysis
F.2.3 SWOT Analysis
F.3 PT Indonesia Power
F.3.1 Corporate Profile
F.3.2 Business Segment Analysis
F.3.3 SWOT Analysis
F.4 Fuji Electric Co Ltd
F.4.1 Corporate Profile
F.4.2 Business Segment Analysis
F.4.3 Industry Presence
F.4.4 SWOT Analysis
F.5 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
F.5.1 Corporate Profile
F.5.2 Business Segment Analysis
F.5.3 Industry Presence
F.5.4 SWOT Analysis
F.6 Toshiba Corporation
F.6.1 Corporate Profile
F.6.2 Business Segment Analysis
F.6.3 Industry Presence
F.6.4 SWOT Analysis

G. Appendix
G.1 Global Geothermal Associations
G.2 Figures and Tables

H. Research Methodology

I. Glossary of Terms



List of Figures

Figure 1: The Earth's Crust, Mantle, and Core. Top Right: A Section through the Crust and the Uppermost Mantle
Figure 2: Schematic Cross-Section Showing Plate Tectonic Processes
Figure 3: World Pattern of Plates, Oceanic Ridges, Oceanic Trenches, Subduction Zones, and Geothermal Fields
Figure 4: Representation of an Ideal Geothermal System
Figure 5: Model of a Geothermal System
Figure 6: Formation of a Geothermal Reservoir
Figure 7: Diagram Showing the Different Categories of Geothermal Resources
Figure 8: Workings of a Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant
Figure 9: Workings of a Flash/Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant
Figure 10: Workings of a Dry Steam Geothermal Power Plant
Figure 11: Workings of a Flash Steam Geothermal Power Plant
Figure 12: Workings of a Double Flash Steam Geothermal Power Plant
Figure 13: Completed Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Well Costs as a Function of Depth
Figure 14: Ring of Fire
Figure 15: Geothermal Electricity Production by Countries, and Installed Capacities (MW), 2011
Figure 16: Global Power Generated from Geothermal Resources (GWh), 2002-2022
Figure 17: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power Worldwide (MW), 2002-2022
Figure 18: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Asia Pacific (GWh), 2002-2022
Figure 19: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Asia Pacific (MW), 2002-2022
Figure 20: Share of Geothermal Power Market in Asia Pacific by Country (%), 2011
Figure 21: Number of Geothermal Project Deals in Recent Times in Asia Pacific
Figure 22: Types of Geothermal Deals in the Industry in Recent Times
Figure 23: Geothermal Fields in Indonesia
Figure 24: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Indonesia (GWh), 2002-2022
Figure 25: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Indonesia (MW), 2002-2022
Figure 26: Renewable Power Generation in Indonesia by Technologies (%), 2011
Figure 27: Conceptual Two-Well Enhanced Geothermal System in Hot Rock in a Low-Permeability Crystalline Basement Formation
Figure 28: Estimated Total Geothermal Resource Base and Recoverable Resource Given in EJ or 1018 Joules
Figure 29: An Atmospheric Exhaust Geothermal Power-Plant
Figure 30: A Condensing Geothermal Power-Plant
Figure 31: A Geothermal Binary Power Plant
Figure 32: Flow Diagram of the Geothermal District Heating System of Reykjavik
Figure 33: Application of Ground-Coupled Heat Pump System
Figure 34: A Heat Pump in Heating Mode
Figure 35: Binary Cycle Plant
Figure 36: Dry Steam Plant
Figure 37: Flashed Steam Plant
Figure 38: Cascade Uses of Geothermal Energy



List of Tables

Table 1: Classification of Geothermal Resources (°C)
Table 2: Different Types of Technologies Used by Geothermal Plants
Table 3: Global Power Generated from Geothermal Resources (GWh), 2002-2022
Table 4: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power Worldwide (MW), 2002-2022
Table 5: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Asia Pacific (GWh), 2002-2022
Table 6: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Asia Pacific (MW), 2002-2022
Table 7: Share of Geothermal Power Market in Asia Pacific by Country (%), 2011
Table 8: Number of Geothermal Project Deals in Recent Times in Asia Pacific
Table 9: Types of Geothermal Deals in the Industry in Recent Times
Table 10: Major Geothermal Deals in Asia Pacific in Recent Times
Table 11: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Indonesia (GWh), 2002-2022
Table 12: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Indonesia (MW), 2002-2022
Table 13: Renewable Power Generation in Indonesia by Technologies (%), 2011
Table 14: Geothermal Projects in Indonesia
Table 15: Upcoming/Under Development Geothermal Projects in Indonesia
Table 16: Summary of Nonhydrothermal US Geothermal Resource-Base Estimates
Table 17: Energy and Investment Costs for Electric Energy Production from Renewables
Table 18: Energy and Investment Costs for Direct Heat from Renewables



Companies Mentioned

Chevron Geothermal Indonesia
PT Pertamina
PT Indonesia Power
Fuji Electric Co Ltd
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Toshiba Corporation

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