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Analyzing Geothermal Power in Japan

  • March 2013
  • -
  • Aruvian's R'search
  • -
  • 155 pages

The Japanese geothermal industry is set to expand in the coming years as the country does not want to rely just on nuclear power to fulfill its electricity needs. As Japan had been more dependent on the nuclear energy to produce its electricity before, in the wake of the recent nuclear Fukushima disaster, Japanese authorities are looking to several other ways to generate electricity and geothermal energy makes to the top of their list.

Geothermal is responsible for approximately 0.2% of electricity generation in Japan, but with an estimated 23,000 MW of geothermal energy, opportunities to further develop Japan’s geothermal resources are plenty. Japan relaxed rules regarding geothermal energy within its national parks. Now, at least one project is moving forward, a 500-kilowatt plant at the Tsuchiyu Onsen hot spring in Fukushima City, an area not far from the epicenter of 2011’s nuclear crisis. The project has the potential to expand to 1 megawatt (MW).

In July 2012 the government introduced a feed-in tariff that will force the ten regional electricity monopolies to buy renewable energy at above-market rates. At the end of March, the environment ministry had said it would abolish guidelines that restrict geothermal development in some national parks. Companies including Idemitsu, a refiner, have quickly announced plans to build a geothermal plant in the mountains of Fukushima prefecture, which is famous for its hot springs. But they expect it will take ten years before they start generating electricity. The long time lag reflects some of the difficulties of developing new business in Japan.

Toshiba, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Fuji Electric control more than half of the global market for geothermal turbines, yet Japan itself gets a mere 0.3% of its energy, or 537 megawatts, from its own steam. The industry's promoters say that Japan sits on about 20,000 MW of geothermal energy, or the equivalent of 20 nuclear reactors, though not all of this could be developed. Since the disaster at Fukushima last year, all but one of the nation's 54 nuclear reactors temporarily suspended now, reducing Japan's power-generating capacity by about a third. That has accelerated the search for alternatives, geothermal springs nearby. Besides generating electricity, it could use the hot water from the springs to heat houses, as Iceland does.

Aruvians Rsearch analyzes the Geothermal Power in Japan in its latest research offering Analyzing Geothermal Power in Japan.

The report is a comprehensive coverage of the geothermal industry in the region as well as in Japan.

The report begins with an introduction to geothermal power. We analyze the utilization of geothermal energy, the grading of geothermal resources, technologies used in geothermal power generation, emerging technologies, amongst others.

We analyze the global geothermal power market before the analysis of the geothermal market in Japan and in Asia Pacific. We first analyze the global geothermal power industry through power generated from geothermal resources worldwide and global geothermal power installed capacity. We further look at the factors impacting the global geothermal power industry such as growth drivers and challenges facing the global geothermal industry.

Geothermal power in Asia Pacific is analyzed through power generated from geothermal resources, installed capacity of geothermal power, regional segmentation of the industry and the major industry deals that have taken place in recent years.

For the geothermal industry in Japan, we analyze the power generated from geothermal resources, geothermal power installed capacity, industry segmentation by renewable energy technologies, regulatory frameworks governing the market in Japan, and major industry projects, both existing and upcoming.

Major global industry players are analyzed through a corporate profile, an analysis of their major business segments, the presence of these companies in the geothermal market, and a SWOT analysis.

Aruvians Rsearch’s report Analyzing Geothermal Power in Japan is a complete guide to this rapidly growing industry.

Table Of Contents

Analyzing Geothermal Power in Japan
A. Executive Summary

B. Introduction to Geothermal Power
B.1 The Recognition of Geothermal Energy - Historical Perspective
B.1 Utilization of Geothermal Energy - Current Day
B.3 Source of Geothermal Energy Generation
B.4 Energy from the Earth's Core - Geothermal Systems
B.5 Identifying Geothermal Activity Reservoirs
B.6 Grading Geothermal Resources
B.7 Exploring Geothermal Resources Commercially
B.8 Geothermal Resource Exploration Process
B.9 Geothermal Exploration Programs - Risk vs. Cost
B.10 Technologies Used in Geothermal Power Generation
B.10.1 Binary Cycle Plant Technology
B.10.2 Conventional Steam Turbine Technology
B.11 Emerging Technologies
B.11.1 Enhanced Geothermal System
B.11.2 Mixed Working Fluid Technology
B.12 Geothermal Drilling Technology and Costs

C. Global Geothermal Power Industry
C.1 Introduction
C.2 Power Generation from Geothermal Resources
C.3 Global Geothermal Power Installed Capacity

D. Geothermal Power Industry in Asia Pacific
D.1 Industry Overview
D.2 Power Generation from Geothermal Resources in Asia Pacific
D.3 Geothermal Power Installed Capacity in Asia Pacific
D.4 Regional Segmentation of the Industry
D.5 Major Industry Deals

E. Geothermal Power Industry in Japan
E.1 Industry Overview
E.2 Power Generation from Geothermal Resources in Japan
E.3 Geothermal Power Installed Capacity in Japan
E.4 Industry Segmentation
E.5 Industry Regulations
E.6 Major Industry Projects

F. Major Industry Players
F.1 Fuji Electric Co Ltd
F.1.1 Corporate Profile
F.1.2 Business Segment Analysis
F.1.3 Industry Presence
F.1.4 SWOT Analysis
F.2 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
F.2.1 Corporate Profile
F.2.2 Business Segment Analysis
F.2.3 Industry Presence
F.2.4 SWOT Analysis
F.3 Toshiba Corporation
F.3.1 Corporate Profile
F.3.2 Business Segment Analysis
F.3.3 Industry Presence
F.3.4 SWOT Analysis
F.4 Kyushu Electric Power Company, Inc.
F.4.1 Corporate Profile
F.4.2 Business Segment Analysis
F.4.3 SWOT Analysis
F.5 Tohoku Electric Power Co., Inc.
F.5.1 Corporate Profile
F.5.2 Business Segment Analysis
F.5.3 SWOT Analysis
F.6 Tokyo Electric Power Company, Inc
F.6.1 Corporate Profile
F.6.2 Business Segment Analysis
F.6.3 SWOT Analysis

G. Appendix
G.1 Global Geothermal Associations
G.2 Figures and Tables

H. Research Methodology

I. Glossary of Terms



List of Figures

Figure 1: The Earth's Crust, Mantle, and Core. Top Right: A Section through the Crust and the Uppermost Mantle
Figure 2: Schematic Cross-Section Showing Plate Tectonic Processes
Figure 3: World Pattern of Plates, Oceanic Ridges, Oceanic Trenches, Subduction Zones, and Geothermal Fields
Figure 4: Representation of an Ideal Geothermal System
Figure 5: Model of a Geothermal System
Figure 6: Formation of a Geothermal Reservoir
Figure 7: Diagram Showing the Different Categories of Geothermal Resources
Figure 8: Workings of a Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant
Figure 9: Workings of a Flash/Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant
Figure 10: Workings of a Dry Steam Geothermal Power Plant
Figure 11: Workings of a Flash Steam Geothermal Power Plant
Figure 12: Workings of a Double Flash Steam Geothermal Power Plant
Figure 13: Completed Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Well Costs as a Function of Depth
Figure 14: Ring of Fire
Figure 15: Geothermal Electricity Production by Countries, and Installed Capacities (MW), 2011
Figure 16: Global Power Generated from Geothermal Resources (GWh), 2002-2022
Figure 17: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power Worldwide (MW), 2002-2022
Figure 18: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Asia Pacific (GWh), 2002-2022
Figure 19: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Asia Pacific (MW), 2002-2022
Figure 20: Share of Geothermal Power Market in Asia Pacific by Country (%), 2011
Figure 21: Number of Geothermal Project Deals in Recent Times in Asia Pacific
Figure 22: Types of Geothermal Deals in the Industry in Recent Times
Figure 23: Geothermal Fields in Japan
Figure 24: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Japan (GWh), 2002-2022
Figure 25: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Japan (MW), 2002-2022
Figure 26: Renewable Power Generation in Japan by Technologies (%), 2011
Figure 27: Conceptual Two-Well Enhanced Geothermal System in Hot Rock in a Low-Permeability Crystalline Basement Formation
Figure 28: Estimated Total Geothermal Resource Base and Recoverable Resource Given in EJ or 1018 Joules
Figure 29: An Atmospheric Exhaust Geothermal Power-Plant
Figure 30: A Condensing Geothermal Power-Plant
Figure 31: A Geothermal Binary Power Plant
Figure 32: Flow Diagram of the Geothermal District Heating System of Reykjavik
Figure 33: Application of Ground-Coupled Heat Pump System
Figure 34: A Heat Pump in Heating Mode
Figure 35: Binary Cycle Plant
Figure 36: Dry Steam Plant
Figure 37: Flashed Steam Plant
Figure 38: Cascade Uses of Geothermal Energy



List of Tables

Table 1: Classification of Geothermal Resources (°C)
Table 2: Different Types of Technologies Used by Geothermal Plants
Table 3: Global Power Generated from Geothermal Resources (GWh), 2002-2022
Table 4: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power Worldwide (MW), 2002-2022
Table 5: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Asia Pacific (GWh), 2002-2022
Table 6: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Asia Pacific (MW), 2002-2022
Table 7: Share of Geothermal Power Market in Asia Pacific by Country (%), 2011
Table 8: Number of Geothermal Project Deals in Recent Times in Asia Pacific
Table 9: Types of Geothermal Deals in the Industry in Recent Times
Table 10: Major Geothermal Deals in Asia Pacific in Recent Times
Table 11: Power Generated from Geothermal Resources in Japan (GWh), 2002-2022
Table 12: Installed Capacity of Geothermal Power in Japan (MW), 2002-2022
Table 13: Renewable Power Generation in Japan by Technologies (%), 2011
Table 14: Geothermal Projects in Japan
Table 15: Upcoming/Under Development Geothermal Projects in Japan
Table 16: Summary of Nonhydrothermal US Geothermal Resource-Base Estimates
Table 17: Energy and Investment Costs for Electric Energy Production from Renewables
Table 18: Energy and Investment Costs for Direct Heat from Renewables




Companies Mentioned

Fuji Electric Co Ltd
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Toshiba Corporation
Kyushu Electric Power Company, Inc.
Tohoku Electric Power Co., Inc.
Tokyo Electric Power Company, Inc

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