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High-Performance Films: The U.S. Market

  • May 2014
  • -
  • BCC Research
  • -
  • 195 pages

Use this report to:

- Receive an overview of the U.S. market for high-performance films.
- Receive information on the overall high-performance film resin market estimate.
- Receive information on polyolefin-based high-performance films.
- Receive information on plastic film fabrication technology.

Highlights

- The U.S. high-performance films market reached $1.6 billion in 2013 and is expected to grow to $1.9 billion in 2018, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.5%.
- The polyester market reached $880 million in 2013 and is expected to grow to $1 billion in 2018, with a CAGR of 3.2%.
- The polyolefin based market reached $236 million in 2013 and is expected to grow to $285 million in 2018, with a CAGR of 3.8%.

INTRODUCTION

In the years since World War II, plastics, in their many forms, have become ubiquitous in developed nations, and are increasingly becoming common in the developing parts
of the world as well. The United States was until recently the world’s largest producer and user of polymer products. In recent years China, which has become the world’s
factory, surpassed North America in plastics production; however, the U.S. remains the largest user of plastics and plastic products. With abundant and cheap natural gas
feedstock from hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) of tight gas shales, large petrochemical and polymer plants are again being built in the Ü.S. Synthetic polymers are made and used in many different forms, from synthetic fibers to extruded and molded products such as films and bottles, to foam mattresses. Often the same polymer can make products with entirely different properties and uses. Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is a good example; it was first known and used as a synthetic fiber (Dacron and other brands). Later large use was developed for PET as a blow-molded bottle resin for soft drinks and other beverages, and also as a performance film for photographic film and magnetic media.

In this BCC Research report update by a different author, a Ph.D. chemical engineer who did an earlier BCC Research update several years ago, we study one versatile group of polymer products, high-performance plastic films. The noun film is defined in the American Heritage Dictionary as follows: 1. A thin skin or membrane. 2. A thin, opaque, abnormal coating on the cornea of the eye. 3. A thin covering or coating: a film of dust on the piano. 4. A thin, flexible, transparent sheet, as of plastic, used in wrapping or packaging. 5.a. A thin sheet or strip of flexible material, such as a cellulose derivative or a thermoplastic resin, coated with a photosensitive emulsion and used to make
photographic negatives or transparencies. b. A thin sheet or strip of developed photographic negatives or transparencies. 6.a. A movie, especially one recorded on film. b. The presentation of such a work. c. A long, narrative movie. d. Movies collectively, especially when considered as an art form. It can be seen that “film” has several meanings as a noun and even more as a verb. The firms covered in this report are included in definitions 4, 5.a, and 5.b. Although this definition comes from the most recent edition of this dictionary, the inclusion of “cellulose derivative” is now virtually obsolete since cellulose has long been replaced by synthetic polymers.

There is a difference between film and sheet, with films the thinner form. Plastic extrusions have usually been considered to be films up to about 0.25 mm, equivalent to 10 mils or 0.001 inch. Above this thickness a “film” of most materials usually becomes a “sheet.” However, as film technology has improved the flexibility of films, some markets define films slightly differently. Now thicknesses up to 0.40 inches (40 mils) may be defined as film by some engineers. Thus, these differential points between film and sheet are not absolute, and engineers can define films in different ways. As discussed in this report, while some greater thicknesses are now considered film instead of sheet, minimum film thicknesses are also trending thinner toward micro thicknesses as new technologies emerge. Many high-temperature films are in the range of 0.001 inches to 0.010 inches (10 to 100 mils). At these thicknesses, a little film resin can go a long way. A note on thickness units: in film technology, both English and metric units are
commonly used. In addition, in the U.S. film thickness is commonly expressed in gauge. In film technology gauge is a measurement of film thickness, where one gauge unity
equals 0.01 mil or about 0.25 micrometer or micron. Perhaps the easiest way to remember the relationship between these units is that 100-gauge film is 1 mil or 25
microns thick. In this report, film gauge will be referred to in the manner that is the standard in the industry under discussion.

High-performance thermoplastic (TP) films, the subject of this study, are playing an increasingly important role as engineers design products in increasingly demanding
environments and demand higher performance from the products they use. Historically, the most important applications for these films were for photographic and reprographic applications, both of which are disappearing from use as digital formats take over these businesses. Fortunately, new applications are constantly being developed to replace those lost to technology. Today, these films may make possible safer and lighter packaging, economic electric vehicles, better liquid crystal displays (LCDs) and the growth of an economically practical photovoltaic (PV) solar power industry. Major polymer and film producing companies are important technology drivers and
invest significant capital in R&D to improve their technologies. Innovations were driven initially by polymer chemistry, but increasingly, they are being driven by improved
fabrication and treatment of films. One example is the complex development of specialty polyolefin films as membrane separators for lithium-ion batteries.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Goals and objectives of this study include the following:
- Identifying trends affecting high-performance polymer films and their major end-use application markets. For example, the photovoltaic market is one of the fastest-growing markets for high-performance film. Each of the major polymer films or film families is discussed and analyzed in detail. They include polyesters, polyolefin-based film resins, polyamides (nylons), polycarbonates, bioplastics, fluoropolymers, PMMA-type acrylics and polyimides. Newer high-performance film
resins studied include cyclic olefin copolymers (COCs), polyethylene naphthalate (PEN), liquid crystal polymers (LCPs), polysulfones and polyetherimides.
- Reviewing, analyzing and forecasting specific end markets for high-performance films by material types, with sections devoted to each type of high-performance film resin.
This includes both the major resin types and several smaller-volume film materials for which markets were estimated.
- Analyzing and forecasting market developments from the viewpoint of major applications for high-performance films. These include packaging, electrical/electronic,
automotive, release films and photographic/reprographic films.
- Analyzing how structural issues affect the high-performance plastic films industry, such as the roles of film fabricators, converters and distributors; product differentiation and substitution; marketing and pricing; and international aspects of the business.
- Profiling many of the most important suppliers to the high-performance plastic films industry. These include suppliers of plastic resins (many of whom also fabricate films), equipment producers, and specific film converters and distributors.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

High-performance plastic films have become a large and important niche market in the much larger overall plastic films industry. High-performance films are specialty
products that sell at premium prices because they do jobs that commodity films cannot do. Their use is driven by the specific applications for which they are targeted.
Although the volumes of high-performance films are small when compared to those of commodity films, the dollar value of this market is disproportionately high.
High-performance films, since they are specialty items, command higher prices, higher than commodity films and often several times as high. Markets for high-performance films offer opportunities to create value and move discussions to topics beyond purchase price. Technology advances should help drive technology developments in major areas, including the largest end-use market in packaging. New and better barrier film structures with high-performance films allow longer shelf life and better appearance.

Developments using these films should have some significant effects on our economy and help provide the ability to solve some current problems such as climate change,
where improved performance in applications such as solar cells and fuel cells can help attack global warming, one of the most serious environmental concerns. Similar work is going on in the automotive arena. The ability of engineers to meet design goals for products such as solar cells and/or batteries that power cars will in some major parts depend on development of high-quality performance films. High-performance markets increasingly are becoming those where the major chemical companies want to place their future. This business is also a global one, with many foreign-owned firms active in the U.S. market. Industry leaders have worldwide marketing and manufacturing facilities, often in joint ventures with local companies. The rise of China as a manufacturing behemoth has led to formation of many Chinese-foreign joint ventures.

BCC Research has continually updated this study to provide an up-to-date reference for those interested in and/or involved in these products and their use.

CONTRIBUTION OF THE STUDY AND INTENDED AUDIENCE

Because of the size and diversity of the materials and products used in high-performance plastic films, this report should be of interest to a wide group of organizations and individuals. This includes people who are involved in the development, design, manufacture, sale and use of these films, as well as government officials and the general public. This report will be of value to technical and business personnel in the following areas, among others:

- Personnel in end-user companies in a wide range of industries from food packaging to aerospace to photovoltaics. The focus of this report is on the interests of specifying
engineers and procurement commodity managers.
- Marketing and management personnel in companies that produce, market and sell high-performance plastic films.
- Companies involved in the design and construction of process plants that manufacture both the basic film resins and high-performance plastic films themselves.
- Companies that supply, or want to supply, equipment and services to high-performance plastic films companies.
- Financial institutions that supply money for such facilities and systems, including banks, merchant bankers, venture capitalists and others.
- Investors in both equity and fixed-income markets. The future of the specialty film business very much depends on the values of the publicly traded stocks of companies
such as 3M and DuPont.
- Personnel in government at many levels, ranging from federal to state and local authorities, many of whom are involved in trying to ensure public health and safety.
The report also will be of interest to military scientists studying new packaging and equipment.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

High-performance films canbe defined in any of several ways: by volume, price, performance, end-use markets, resin types, or a combination of two or more of these
characteristics. For this study, high-performance films are defined as thin-gauge, mostly extruded or solution-cast polymer sheets that generally meet at least one of the following criteria: pricing above commodity film levels, continuous-use temperature above commodity plastics, and end-uses requiring technical capability and thickness at or below 30 mils. These are films that are used primarily for their performance characteristics, not because of their price. Emphasis is on those markets and products where opportunities are the greatest.

Therefore, the distinguishing characteristics of high-performance films are as follows:
- Relatively expensive.
- Thin gauge (compared to sheet).
- Possess special performance characteristics.
- Significant applications other than in packaging. High-performance films generally are fabricated (or converted) in relatively small volumes (at least compared to commodity films). Much of their value is created after the film is extruded.
The focal point is on high-performance resins and their chemistries, including the
following:
- Polyesters, primarily PET. We use PET interchangeably with “polyester” throughout this report.
- Polyolefin-based specialty film resins.
- Nylons (more properly and chemically called polyamides).
- Polycarbonates (PCs).
- Bioplastics, a newer group of plastics.
- Fluoropolymers.
- Acrylic films based on PMMA chemistry.
- Polyimides (PIs).
- Cyclic olefin copolymers (COCs).
- Polyethylene naphthalate (PEN).
- Liquid crystal polymers (LCPs).
- Polysulfones.
- Polyetherimides.

We also introduce some newer film resins whose markets at present are too small to measure with any precision. These include polyketones, benzocyclobutenes and
polyacetals. Basic polyolefins, such as polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP), are not included in our scope since they are true commodities used in commodity film applications like grocery and garbage bags. Also excluded are other commodity resins like polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polystyrene. Specialty polyolefin-based films are included, primarily and particularly when multilayer construction is involved. These specialty films are ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH), ionomers, polyvinylidene chloride (PVdC), polyvinyl alcohol (PVOH) and polymethyl pentene (PMP).

- Fluoropolymer films are an important of this report. They include the following:
- Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).
- Polyvinyl fluoride (PVF).
- Fluorinated ethylene-propylene (FEP).
- Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE).
- Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVdF).
- Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA).
- Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE).
- Ethylene chlorotrifluoroethylene (ECTFE).
The geographic scope of this report is the U.S. market. We include some international discussion, for example of foreign-owned firms that are active in these markets.
Our market estimates are by resin volumes in millions of pounds and we round them to the nearest million pounds. We round to millions since with so many products and
applications, many of which are similar and can overlap, market estimates are by nature just that, estimates and not precise beyond millions of pounds, if that. Many
applications markets for particular films are small, less than a million pounds, but our precision here is not greater than for larger numbers, and we round up to 1 million
those estimated volumes greater than a half-million. Also, compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) for table entries with small volumes may not agree exactly with the
2013 and 2018 volumes; this is again caused by rounding.

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES

Both primary and secondary research sources were used in preparing this study. Extensive searches were made of the literature and the Internet, including leading
trade journals, technical papers, company literature, government information and pertinent trade associations. Much product and market information was obtained from
the principals involved in the industry. The information in our company profiles was obtained primarily from the companies themselves, especially the larger publicly
owned firms. Other sources included directories, articles and Internet sites.

Table Of Contents

High-Performance Films: The U.S. Market
TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 3
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 4
CONTRIBUTION OF THE STUDY AND INTENDED AUDIENCE 5
SCOPE AND FORMAT 5
METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES 7
AUTHOR'S CREDENTIALS 7
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 7
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 8
DISCLAIMER 8

CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 10
SUMMARY TABLE OVERALL U.S. HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY
RESIN VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 12
SUMMARY FIGURE OVERALL U.S. HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY
RESIN VOLUME, 2013 AND 2018 (MILLION LBS) 13

CHAPTER 3 MARKETS BY MATERIALS 15
OVERVIEW 15
OVERALL HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM RESIN MARKET ESTIMATE 15
TABLE 1 OVERALL U.S. HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY RESIN
VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 16
TABLE 2 MARKET SEGMENTS FOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILMS 17
POLYESTER FILMS 18
BACKGROUND 18
OTHER AND SPECIALTY POLYESTERS 19
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 19
TABLE 3 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR POLYESTER FILMS BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 20
COMMERCIAL FACTORS 20
TECHNICAL FACTORS 21
PET FILM SUPPLIERS 22
TABLE 4 DOMESTIC POLYESTER FILM PRODUCERS 22
PET FILM APPLICATIONS 23
TABLE 5 POLYESTER (PET) FILM APPLICATIONS 24
Electrical/Electronics 24
Photographic/Reprographic Films 25
X-ray Films 26
Packaging 26
Release Films and Pressure-Sensitive (P/S) Tape 27
Hot Stamping Films 28
Displays and Optical Applications 28
Office Products 28
Other Applications 29
Strapping Tape 29
Window Glazing 29
TYPES OF POLYESTER FILMS 29
Biaxially Oriented PET 29
Metalized PET Films 30
PBT Films 30
PET FILM PROCESSING 30
POLYOLEFIN-BASED HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILMS 31
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 31
TABLE 6 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR POLYOLEFIN-BASED HIGH-PERFORMANCE
FILMS BY RESIN VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 32
TABLE 7 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR POLYOLEFIN-BASED FILMS BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 32
ETHYLENE-VINYL ALCOHOL COPOLYMER (EVOH) 33
EVOH Properties 33
Applications of EVOH Films 34
Coextruded Multilayer Structures 34
Laminated Structures 34
Biaxially Oriented EVOH 34
EVOH Producers and Film Fabricators 35
EVOH Fabrication Technology 36
IONOMERS 36
POLYMETHYLPENTENE (PMP) 37
POLYVINYLIDENE CHLORIDE (PVDC) 38
POLYVINYL ALCOHOL (PVOH) 39
POLYETHYLENE AND POLYPROPYLENE 40
POLYAMIDE (NYLON) FILMS 40
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 42
TABLE 8 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR POLYAMIDE (NYLON) FILMS BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 42
TYPES OF POLYAMIDE FILMS 43
Unoriented Nylon Films 43
Uniaxially Oriented Nylon Films 43
Biaxially Oriented Nylon 6 Films 43
Multilayer Extruded/Coextruded Nylon Films 44
NYLON FILM FABRICATION 45
NYLON RESIN AND FILM SUPPLIERS 45
TABLE 9 NYLON FILM FABRICATORS 46
NYLON FILM APPLICATIONS 46
Food Packaging 46
SMC Carrier Webs 47
FRP Carrier Webs 47
Other Applications 47
POLYCARBONATE (PC) FILMS 48
POLYCARBONATE PROPERTIES 49
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 49
TABLE 10 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR POLYCARBONATE FILMS BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 49
POLYCARBONATE FILM FABRICATION 50
POLYCARBONATE FILM FABRICATORS 51
POLYCARBONATE FILM APPLICATIONS 52
Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs) 52
Handheld Devices 53
Graphic Arts and Labels 54
Automotive Applications 54
Membrane Switches 55
Other Applications 55
BIOPLASTIC FILMS 56
BIOPLASTICS PROPERTIES 57
Polylactic Acid (PLA) 57
Polyhydroxyalkanoates 57
Polybutylene Succinate-type Polyesters 58
Cellulosics 58
Polyamide 11 58
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 58
TABLE 11 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE BIOPLASTIC FILMS BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 59
BIOPLASTIC FILM APPLICATIONS 60
Packaging 60
Electrical/Electronics 60
Medical 60
Other Applications 61
FLUOROPOLYMER FILMS 61
TABLE 12 FLUOROPOLYMER NAMES AND ACRONYMS 62
FLUOROPOLYMER PROPERTIES 63
TABLE 13 FLUOROPOLYMER PROPERTIES AND THE EFFECTS OF INCREASING
FLUORINE CONTENT 63
FLUOROPOLYMER FILM FABRICATION 64
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 65
TABLE 14 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR FLUOROPOLYMER FILMS BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 65
TABLE 15 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR FLUOROPOLYMER FILMS BY RESIN VOLUME,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 65
TRADE NAMED FLUOROPOLYMER PRODUCTS 67
POLYTETRAFLUOROETHYLENE (PTFE) 68
POLYVINYL FLUORIDE (PVF) 69
FLUORINATED ETHYLENE-PROPYLENE COPOLYMER (FEP) 70
CHLOROTRIFLUOROETHYLENE-VINYLIDENE FLUORIDE COPOLYMER (PCTFE
OR CFTE-VDF COPOLYMER) 71
POLYVINYLIDENE FLUORIDE (PVDF) 73
PVdF Piezo Film 74
Biaxially Oriented PVdF Film 74
ETHYLENE CHLOROTRIFLUOROETHYLENE COPOLYMER (ECTFE) 75
ETHYLENE TETRAFLUOROETHYLENE COPOLYMER (ETFE) 76
PERFLOUROALKYL-TETRAFLUOROETHYLENE COPOLYMER (PFA) 77
ACRYLIC FILMS 77
SUPPLIERS, TRADE NAMES AND APPLICATIONS 78
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 78
TABLE 16 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR ACRYLIC FILMS BY APPLICATION, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 78
ACRYLIC FILM FABRICATION 79
POLYIMIDE (PI) FILMS 80
POLYIMIDE FILM TYPES AND PROPERTIES 80
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 82
TABLE 17 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR POLYIMIDE FILMS BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 82
KAPTON FILMS 82
APICAL FILMS 83
UPILEX FILMS 83
POLYIMIDE FILM FABRICATION 84
POLYIMIDE FILM APPLICATIONS 85
Flexible Printed Circuit (FPC) Boards 85
Flat Panel Displays 86
Aircraft and Aerospace Applications 86
Motors and Generators 86
Pressure-Sensitive Tapes 86
Mining and Drilling 87
Molding Films 87
Photovoltaics 87
Medical Applications 88
Labels 88
Other Applications 88
COLORLESS POLYIMIDE FILMS 88
CYCLIC OLEFIN COPOLYMER (COC) FILMS 89
COC PRODUCERS AND PRODUCTS 89
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 90
TABLE 18 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR CYCLIC OLEFIN COPOLYMER (COC) FILMS BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 90
COC FILM APPLICATIONS 91
Packaging 91
Medical 92
Electronics 92
COC FILM FABRICATION 92
POLYETHERIMIDE (PEI) FILMS 93
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 93
PEI FILM PROPERTIES 94
POLYSULFONE (PSU) FILMS 95
COMMERCIAL FACTORS 96
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 96
TABLE 19 U.S. POLYSULFONE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 97
LIQUID CRYSTAL POLYMER (LCP) FILMS 97
LIQUID CRYSTAL POLYMER PROPERTIES 98
LCP SUPPLIERS AND TRADE NAMES 98
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 98
POLYETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE (PEN) FILMS 99
PEN SUPPLIERS AND TRADE NAMES 99
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 100
TABLE 20 U.S. POLYETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE (PEN) FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 100
PEN FILM APPLICATIONS 100
OTHER HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM RESINS 101
POLYKETONE FILMS 101
Polyketone Properties 102
PEEK Suppliers 103
PEEK Film Applications 103
BENZOCYCLOBUTENE (BCB) FILMS 103
BCB Film Fabrication 105
BCB Film Applications 106
Types and Grades of BCB Film Resins 106
POLYACETAL FILMS 106
Polyacetal Properties 107
Polyacetal Producers 107
Polyacetal Film Fabrication 107
Polyacetal Film Applications 107

CHAPTER 4 MARKETS BY APPLICATIONS 109
INTRODUCTION 109
OVERALL HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM APPLICATIONS MARKET ESTIMATE AND
FORECAST 110
TABLE 21 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILMS BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 110
PACKAGING 111
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 112
TABLE 22 HIGH-PERFORMANCE PACKAGING FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY RESIN
VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 112
FOOD PACKAGING 113
Flexible Food Packaging 113
TABLE 23 FLEXIBLE FOOD PACKAGING FABRICATION PROCESSES, APPLICATIONS,
AND STRUCTURES 114
Rigid Plastic Food Containers 115
TABLE 24 RIGID FOOD PACKAGING: FABRICATION PROCESSES, APPLICATIONS AND
STRUCTURES 115
MEDICAL PACKAGING 115
ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONICS (E/E) 116
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 116
TABLE 25 ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONICS HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE
BY RESIN VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 116
ELECTRICAL INSULATION 117
CAPACITORS 118
PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS 119
TAPE AUTOMATED BONDING (TAB) 120
MEMBRANE SWITCHES 120
RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION (RFID) 120
AUTOMOTIVE 120
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 121
TABLE 26 AUTOMOTIVE HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY RESIN
VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 122
KEY AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS 122
Electric Vehicles 122
Paint Films 123
Automotive and Other Fuel Tanks 123
RELEASE FILMS 124
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 124
TABLE 27 RELEASE FILM HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY RESIN
VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 124
LABELS AND DECALS 125
PRESSURE-SENSITIVE TAPES 125
OTHER RELEASE FILM APPLICATIONS 126
PHOTOGRAPHIC/REPROGRAPHIC FILMS 126
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 126
MOTION PICTURE FILMS 126
OTHER DEFINABLE MARKETS 127
MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 127
TABLE 28 OTHER DEFINABLE HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 128
TABLE 29 OTHER DEFINABLE HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 128
OFFICE PRODUCTS 128
HOT STAMPING FILMS 129
BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION 129
Surface Panels 129
Window Glazing 130
Tank Construction 130
SIGNS/NAMEPLATES/OPTICAL 130
AIRCRAFT AND AEROSPACE 131
INDUSTRIAL MEMBRANES 132
PHOTOVOLTAICS (PV) 133
PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGY 133
PHOTOVOLTAIC FILM APPLICATIONS 134
Back Sheets 135
Front Sheets 135
Encapsulants 136
OTHER APPLICATIONS 136
MEDICAL (NON-PACKAGING) 136
LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAYS (LCDS) 137
CLOTHING 138
CHAPTER 5 PLASTIC FILM FABRICATION TECHNOLOGY 140
OVERVIEW 140
TABLE 30 PROCESS TECHNOLOGY MILESTONES FOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILMS 140
EXTRUSION AND MELT FILM FABRICATION 141
EXTRUSION 141
MELT FILM FABRICATION 142
BLOWN FILMS 142
FILM CASTING 144
SOLVENT CASTING 146
PTFE FABRICATION TECHNIQUES 147
DISPERSION CASTING 147
PASTE EXTRUSION 147
PEELING 147
FILM DRAWING 148
MULTILAYER LAMINATION AND CO EXTRUSION 148
LAMINATION 148
COEXTRUSION 149
BARRIER TECHNOLOGY 151
MOISTURE 151
OXYGEN AND OTHER GASES 151
LIGHT 153
ODORS AND OTHERS 153
BARRIER FILMS 154
Metallized Films 154
Silicon Oxide Films 154
NANOCOMPOSITE BARRIERS 155
POLYMER AND FILM ORIENTATION 155
TABLE 31 KEY ASPECTS OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM FABRICATION 157
COMPETITIVE PROCESSES, METHODS AND PRODUCTS 157
CHAPTER 6 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE FACTORS 160
INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW 160
INTEGRATED FILM FABRICATORS 160
VERTICAL INTEGRATION 161
HORIZONTAL INTEGRATION 161
NONINTEGRATED FILM FABRICATORS 161
CAPTIVE CONSUMPTION 162
INDUSTRY CONCENTRATION 162
KEY PLAYERS 162
TABLE 32 TOP 20 U.S. HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM PRODUCERS (ESTIMATED
PROJECTED 2013 SALES, $ MILLIONS) 163
END-USER FILM SELECTION CRITERIA 164
PERFORMANCE 164
COST 164
REPLACEMENT OF OTHER MATERIALS 164
NEW APPLICATIONS OR NEW PROCEDURES 165
CLARITY AND OTHER APPEARANCE FACTORS 165
IMPORTED PRODUCTS 165
MATERIAL AVAILABILITY 165
ENVIRONMENTAL AND/OR SOCIAL CRITERIA 165
PRODUCT DIFFERENTIATION/MARKET SUBSTITUTION 165
BETTER PROPERTIES 166
DIFFERENT GRADES 166
COMPETITION FROM OTHER PERFORMANCE FILMS 166
COMPETITION FROM COMMODITY FILMS 166
NEW FILM STRUCTURES 166
SUBSTITUTION FOR AND BY NONPLASTIC MATERIALS 166
MARKETING 166
DISTRIBUTION 167
Direct Sales 167
Converters and Distributor Firms 167
Exports and Imports 168
PRICING AND PROFITABILITY 168
CHAPTER 7 COMPANY PROFILES 171
3M COMPANY (MINNESOTA MINING AND MANUFACTURING COMPANY) 171
AGC CHEMICALS AMERICAS INC. 171
AJEDIUM FILMS 172
ALTUGLAS INTERNATIONAL 173
AMERICAN DURAFILM CO. INC. 173
ARKEMA INC. 174
BASF CORP. 174
BAYER MATERIALSCIENCE FUNCTIONAL FILMS 174
BEMIS COMPANY INC. 175
BIAXIS PACKAGING SALES INC. 175
CLOPAY PLASTIC PRODUCTS CO. 176
COBURN GRAPHIC FILMS INC. 176
COORSTEK 176
DAIKIN AMERICA INC. 177
DEWAL INDUSTRIES INC. 177
DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY, THE 177
E.I. DUPONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY 178
DUPONT TEIJIN FILMS U.S. LIMITED PARTNERSHIP 179
EASTMAN CHEMICAL COMPANY 179
EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY 180
ENSINGER/PENN FIBRE 180
EVONIK CORP. 181
EXOPACK PERFORMANCE FILMS INC. 182
FILMQUEST GROUP INC. 182
FILMTECH CORP. 183
GRIFF DECORATIVE FILMS 183
HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC. 183
INNOVIA FILMS INC. 184
INVISTA INC. 184
KANEKA TEXAS CORP. 185
KLOCKNER PENTAPLAST OF AMERICA INC. 185
KNF CORP. 185
KURARAY AMERICA INC. 186
MandQ PLASTIC CORP./MandQ PLASTIC PRODUCTS INC. 187
MITSUBISHI POLYESTER FILM INC. 187
MITSUI CHEMICALS AMERICA INC. 188
MULTIFILM PACKAGING CORP. 188
NORDSON EXTRUSION DIES INDUSTRIES LLC 189
PARKINSON TECHNOLOGIES INC. 189
PIEDMONT PLASTICS INC. 189
POLYONICS INC. 190
RMS PACKAGING/AURORA SPECIAL EFFECT FILMS 190
ROWLAND TECHNOLOGIES INC. 190
SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS 191
SAINT-GOBAIN PERFORMANCE PLASTICS 191
SEKISUI SPECIALTY CHEMICALS AMERICA LLC 192
SKC INC. 192
SOARUS LLC 193
SOLIANT LLC/AKZO NOBEL 193
SOLUTIA PERFORMANCE FILMS 194
SPARTECH CORP./POLYONE DESIGNED STRUCTURES AND SOLUTIONS LLC 194
TEKNI-PLEX INC./TEKNI-FILMS 195
TOPAS ADVANCED POLYMERS INC. 196
TORAY PLASTICS (AMERICA) INC. 196
TREDEGAR FILM PRODUCTS CORP./TERPHANE 197
UBE AMERICA INC. 197
UNITIKA AMERICA CORP. 197
VICTREX USA INC. 198
WELCH FLUOROCARBON INC. 198
WESTLAKE PLASTICS 199
WIMAN CORP. 199
WINPAK LTD. 199
ZEON CHEMICALS LP 200
CHAPTER 8 APPENDIX QUICK GUIDE TO HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILMS 202
TABLE 33 HIGH PERFORMANCE FILMS 202


LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE OVERALL U.S. HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY
RESIN VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 12
TABLE 1 OVERALL U.S. HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY RESIN
VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 16
TABLE 2 MARKET SEGMENTS FOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILMS 17
TABLE 3 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR POLYESTER FILMS BY APPLICATION, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION LBS) 20
TABLE 4 DOMESTIC POLYESTER FILM PRODUCERS 22
TABLE 5 POLYESTER (PET) FILM APPLICATIONS 24
TABLE 6 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR POLYOLEFIN-BASED HIGH-PERFORMANCE
FILMS BY RESIN VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 32
TABLE 7 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR POLYOLEFIN-BASED FILMS BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 32
TABLE 8 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR POLYAMIDE (NYLON) FILMS BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 42
TABLE 9 NYLON FILM FABRICATORS 46
TABLE 10 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR POLYCARBONATE FILMS BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 49
TABLE 11 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE BIOPLASTIC FILMS BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 59
TABLE 12 FLUOROPOLYMER NAMES AND ACRONYMS 62
TABLE 13 FLUOROPOLYMER PROPERTIES AND THE EFFECTS OF INCREASING
FLUORINE CONTENT 63
TABLE 14 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR FLUOROPOLYMER FILMS BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 65
TABLE 15 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR FLUOROPOLYMER FILMS BY RESIN VOLUME,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 65
TABLE 16 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR ACRYLIC FILMS BY APPLICATION, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 78
TABLE 17 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR POLYIMIDE FILMS BY APPLICATION, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 82
TABLE 18 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR CYCLIC OLEFIN COPOLYMER (COC) FILMS BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 90
TABLE 19 U.S. POLYSULFONE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 97
TABLE 20 U.S. POLYETHYLENE NAPHTHALATE (PEN) FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 100
TABLE 21 U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILMS BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 110
TABLE 22 HIGH-PERFORMANCE PACKAGING FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY RESIN
VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 112
TABLE 23 FLEXIBLE FOOD PACKAGING FABRICATION PROCESSES, APPLICATIONS,
AND STRUCTURES 114
TABLE 24 RIGID FOOD PACKAGING: FABRICATION PROCESSES, APPLICATIONS AND
STRUCTURES 115
TABLE 25 ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONICS HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE
BY RESIN VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 116
TABLE 26 AUTOMOTIVE HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY RESIN
VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 122
TABLE 27 RELEASE FILM HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY RESIN
VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 124
TABLE 28 OTHER DEFINABLE HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 128
TABLE 29 OTHER DEFINABLE HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 128
TABLE 30 PROCESS TECHNOLOGY MILESTONES FOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILMS 140
TABLE 31 KEY ASPECTS OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM FABRICATION 157
TABLE 32 TOP 20 U.S. HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM PRODUCERS (ESTIMATED
PROJECTED 2013 SALES, $ MILLIONS) 163
TABLE 33 HIGH PERFORMANCE FILMS 202


LIST OF FIGURES

SUMMARY FIGURE OVERALL U.S. HIGH-PERFORMANCE FILM MARKET ESTIMATE BY
RESIN VOLUME, 2013 AND 2018 (MILLION LBS) 13

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