Global Cogeneration Equipment Industry

  • July 2012
  • -
  • Global Industry Analysts
  • -
  • 710 pages

This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Cogeneration Equipment in US$ Million by the following Product Segments: Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines, and Others (includes Heat Recovery Steam Generator and Fuel-fired Boiler). The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2010 through 2018. Also, a six-year historic analysis is provided for these markets. The report profiles 72 companies including many key and niche players such as ABB Group, Alstom Power, ANDRITZ Energy & Environment GmbH, Baxi Group, Brush Electrical Machines, Ltd., Cogenco, Ltd., Cogenra Solar, Inc., Foster Wheeler AG, GE Energy, Innovative Steam Technologies, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd., Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Rolls Royce Plc, Siemens Energy, Solar Turbines, Inc., Turbomach S.A, and The Viessmann Group. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based upon search engine sources in the public domain.

Table Of Contents



I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY and PRODUCT DEFINITIONS
Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1
Disclaimers I-2
Data Interpretation and Reporting Level I-2
Quantitative Techniques and Analytics I-3
Product Definitions and Scope of Study I-3
Gas Turbines I-3
Steam Turbines I-4
Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG) I-4
Fuel-Fired Boiler I-4


II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW II-1
Cogeneration: A Promising Alternative to Conventional Power
Generation Technology II-1
Impact of Recession on the Cogeneration Market II-1
Cogeneration Equipment Market: Favorable Prospects II-2
Growth Drivers II-2
Market Challenges II-3
Rising Fuel Costs II-3
Governmental Policies II-3
Environmental Concerns II-3
End Use Applications II-4
Table 1: Heat-to-Power Ratio in Certain Energy Intensive
Industries (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-4
Industrial Sector: High Potential for Cogeneration Technology II-4
CHP in Buildings Sector II-4
Table 2: Energy Savings in the Buildings Sector (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Savings for Residential and
Services Segments (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-5
Noteworthy Trends and Issues II-6
Climate Change Issues and Escalating Power Demand Favor
Cogeneration Market II-6
Economic and Environmental Advantages of Cogeneration Technology II-6
Cogeneration Systems: High Initial Costs II-6
Need for Reliable Power Supply Drives Demand for Distributed
CHP Units II-6
Small Capacity CHPs: Facilitating Distributed Power Generation II-7
CHP with Biogas - An Effective Approach to Use Distributed
Energy II-7
Gas Turbines Gain in Popularity II-7
Bagasse Cogeneration: Enormous Potential in Sugar Producing
Countries II-7
Re-Powering Old Power Plants - A High Potential Segment II-8
Industries in Rural Areas Depend More on Cogeneration II-8
Trigeneration - A Step Forward from Cogeneration II-8

2. THE POWER OF COGENERATION II-9
World Wakes to the Power of Cogeneration II-9
Cogeneration: A Conceptual Overview II-9
Cogeneration Technology Vs Separate Heat and Power Generation II-10
Cogeneration System Vs Conventional Power System II-11
Cogeneration Process II-11
Heat-to-Power Ratio of Cogeneration Systems II-12
Table 3: Heat to Power Ratio of Cogeneration Systems II-12
Application of Cogeneration Systems II-12
Industrial CHP: High Potential Sector II-13
District Heating and Cooling II-13
Combined Cooling Heat and Power (CCHP) II-13
Packaged and Mini-CHP II-14
MicroCHP II-14
Engine Technologies and Types II-15
Fuel Source II-15
Engines II-15
Fuel Cell-Based Micro-CHP II-15
Biofuel Engine CHP plants II-16
Gas Engine CHP Plants II-16
Classification of Cogeneration Systems by Operating Scheme II-16
Base Electrical Load Matching II-16
Base Thermal Load Matching II-16
Electrical Load Matching II-16
Thermal Load Matching II-17
Heat Generation from CHP Units II-17
Issues Related to Environment II-17
Fuel Sources for CHP Systems II-17
Where Can CHP be Installed? II-18
An Insight into Renewable Cogeneration Technologies II-18
Biomass II-18
Table 4: Biomass CHP as % of Total CHP Generation in Select
Countries (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-19
Geothermal II-19
Concentrating Solar Power II-19
Advantages of Cogeneration Technology II-20
For End-Users II-20
For Community/Country II-20
Challenges Facing Cogeneration Technology II-21
High Capital Investment II-21
Connectivity to Grid II-21
Lack of Interconnection Standards II-21
Unfavorable Environmental Regulations II-21
Need for RandD II-21

3. INTRODUCTION TO COGENERATION EQUIPMENT II-22
Introduction II-22
Prime Mover II-22
Performance Characteristics of CHP Technologies II-22
Advantages and Disadvantages of CHP Technologies II-23
Gas Turbines II-23
Steam Turbines II-23
Reciprocating Engines II-24
Microturbines II-24
Fuel Cells II-25
Other Equipment II-25
Boiler II-25
Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG) II-26
Modular HRSG II-26
Packaged HRSG II-26
Other HRSGs II-27
Once Through Steam Generators (OTSG) II-27
Desiccant Dehumidifiers and Absorption Chillers II-27

4. AN INSIGHT INTO MICRO CHP MARKET II-28
An Overview II-28
Table 5: Worldwide Sales of Micro CHP Units (2005- 2009) (In
‘000s) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-29

Table 6: Global Micro CHP Market by Type of Technology
(2010): Percentage Share Breakdown of Unit Sales for
Internal Combustion Engine, Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel
Cell, Stirling Engine, and Rankine Cycle (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-29
Technology in Microgeneration II-30
Good Bye to Harsh Winters! II-30
Leading Adopters of Micro CHP Technology II-31
Micro CHP Systems Based on Fuel Cells II-31
Fuel Cell-Based Micro CHP Systems in Residential Sector II-32
Commercial Availability of Fuel Cell-Based Micro-CHP Systems II-33

5. HEAT GENERATION II-34
Heat: A Major Energy Consumer II-34
Table 7: Global Energy Consumption by Sector (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown for Electricity, Transport,
Non-Energy Use, and Heat (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-34

Table 8: Global Heat Production by Fuel Mix (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown by Fuel Used for Producing Heat
Component - Gas, Combustible Renewable and Waste, Coal and
Peat, Petroleum and Crude Oil, Commercial Heat, and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-34

Table 9: Global Energy Consumption for Heat (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown by Sector for Industry,
Residential, Commercial and Public Services, and Agricultural,
Forestry/Fishing and Others (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-35
Commercial Heat II-35
Table 10: % of Renewables in Commercial Heat in Select
Countries (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-35
District Heating and Cooling II-36
District Heating II-36
Table 11: PEF for Different Heating Alternatives (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-36
District Cooling II-36
DHC and Cogeneration II-36
Heat Sources II-37

6. PRODUCT INNOVATIONS/INTRODUCTIONS II-38
Yanmar Introduces Gas Cogeneration System II-38
Siemens Energy Introduces SGT-750 Industrial Gas Turbine II-38
GE Energy Incorporates DLE-2 Technology into LMS100â„¢ II-38
Kawasaki Heavy Industries Unveils M1A-17 New Gas Turbine Engine II-38
Cogenra Inaugurates Solar Cogeneration Project at Sonoma Wine
Company II-39
GE Energy Launches Advanced Next Generation Jenbacher Type 6
Gas Engine II-39

7. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY II-40
Black and Veatch and Marubeni Complete Cogeneration Plant in
Thailand II-40
Caterpillar Acquires MWM II-40
GE Upgrades Tortosa Energía Cogeneration Plant II-40
Cogenra Partners with Tucson for Solar Cogeneration Array II-41
IPSA Restarts Cogeneration Plant Operations II-41
E.ON Commences Operations of Cogeneration Unit in Slovakia II-41
Siemens Bags Gas Turbines Supply Contracts in Thailand II-41
NYU Upgrades Cogeneration Plant II-42
Ameresco Bags Contract to Energy Saving Solutions at North
Carolina State University II-42
Mitsubishi to Supply Gas Turbines for Saudi Aramco’s Wasit
Gas Plant II-42
ReEnergy Holdings to Purchase Rumford Paper’s Cogeneration
Assets II-43
AGL to Construct New Cogeneration Plant for Qenos Pty II-43
Innovente Purchases Cogeneration Facility from Newfoundland
Labrador Hydro II-43
Siemens Energy Receives Orders for Industrial Gas Turbines in
Thailand II-43
IOL Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Commissions New
Cogeneration Plant II-44
Mitsubishi Bags Order to Supply Gas and Steam Turbines to VEPCO II-44
Nava Nakorn to Co-Invest in Cogeneration Plant II-44
CEZ to Enter into Small Cogeneration Electricity Sources Market II-45
Clenergen Initiates Operations at New Cogeneration Plant in
Tamil Nadu II-45
Sembcorp Selects Alstom Power to Develop Gas Fired
Cogeneration Plant II-45
GE Performs World’s First ‘Flange-to-Flange’ Upgrade for
Frame 6B Gas Turbine II-45
Sravanthi Energy to Use GE Energy’s Gas Turbine for Kashipur
Combined-Cycle Plant II-45
U.S. DoD Selects Cogenra II-46
Honda and Vaillant Forge Partnership for Compact Cogeneration
System II-46
Kawasaki Heavy Industries and Sojitz Ink Agreement with Far
Eastern Center II-46
2G-CENERGY Power Systems Bags Order for Biogas Cogeneration
Plant II-47
Foster Wheeler’s Subsidiary Bags Cogeneration Plant EPCm
Contract II-47
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Receives Order for Gas Turbines II-48
Marubeni Receives EPC Contract from TP Utilities for
Cogeneration Plant II-48
Macpherson Energy and DTE Energy Services Acquire Mt. Poso II-48
Doosan Bags Contract to Supply Cogeneration Power Plant
Equipment from Siemens II-48
GE Energy Receives Gas Turbine Combined Cycle Contract from
Reliance Power II-49
Siemens Energy Hands Over Energy Unit to PowerSeraya II-49
EuroSite Power Receives Exclusive Rights to Market Tecogen
Products in Europe II-49
Ponni Sugars Plans to Set Up Cogeneration Power Unit II-49
Huadian Energy to Purchase Heilongjiang Asiapower Xinbao
Heating Power II-49
GE and Abengoa to Co-Invest in Developing Mexico’s
Cogeneration Power Unit II-50
Sukhbir Agro Energy to Establish Two Cogeneration Plants in
Punjab II-50
Foster Wheeler to Supply HRSG for REPSOL PETROLEO’s
Cogeneration Plant II-50
Jacobs Engineering Group Bags Contract from Corus Staal II-50
Jiangsu Zhongneng Acquires GCL-Poly Energy Holdings II-51
EQT and Fortistar to Acquire Midland Cogeneration Venture II-51
Peregrine Energy to Set Up Cogeneration Plant at Sonoco’s Mill II-51
Seneca Sawmill to Establish Wood Based Cogeneration Plant II-52
Innovative Steam Technologies Bags Contracts to Supply OTSG
Units II-52
Alstom to Supply Steam Turbine and Boiler Technology II-52
BHEL Bags Order to Establish Gas Turbine Generator Based
Cogeneration Plant II-52
GE Energy Receives Order for Jenbacher Cogeneration Units
from Italian Hospitals II-53
Deustche Borse Installs GE Energy’s Jenbacher Cogeneration Unit II-53
AZZ Infrastructure to Establish 20 MW Cogeneration Plant in
Punjab II-53
Coca-Cola Hellenic’s First Cogeneration Plant Commences
Operation II-53
Kawasaki Receives Cogeneration System Order from PT Amerta
Indah Otsuka II-53
Soave Enterprises Inaugurates Cogeneration Plant for
Commercial Greenhouses II-54
Biomass Secure Power Signs Agreement with Lower Nicola Indian
Band for JV II-54
DETISA Orders GE Frame 6B Gas Turbine Generator for Lubrisur
Cogeneration Plant II-54
GE Energy’s Frame 6B Turbine Technology Selected for PTA
Production Plant II-55
enercity Selects GE Energy’s Gas Turbine Technology II-55

8. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS II-56
ABB Group (Switzerland) II-56
Alstom Power (France) II-56
ANDRITZ Energy and Environment GmbH (Austria) II-56
Baxi Group (UK) II-57
Brush Electrical Machines, Ltd. (UK) II-57
Cogenco, Ltd. (UK) II-58
Cogenra Solar, Inc. (US) II-58
Foster Wheeler AG (Switzerland) II-58
GE Energy (US) II-59
Innovative Steam Technologies (Canada) II-59
Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. (Japan) II-59
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (Japan) II-60
Rolls Royce Plc. (UK) II-60
Siemens Energy (Germany) II-61
Solar Turbines, Inc. (US) II-61
Turbomach S.A. (Switzerland) II-62
The Viessmann Group (Germany) II-62

9. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE II-63
Table 12: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Cogeneration Equipment by Geographic Region - US, Canada,
Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenue Figures in US$
Million for Years 2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-63

Table 13: World Historic Review for Cogeneration Equipment by
Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Revenue Figures in US$ Million for Years 2004 through 2009
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-64

Table 14: World 15-Year Perspective for Cogeneration Equipment
by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Annual
Revenues for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest
of World Markets for Years 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-65

Table 15: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Gas Turbines by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed
with Annual Revenue Figures in US$ Million for Years 2010
through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-66

Table 16: World Historic Review for Gas Turbines by Geographic
Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenue
Figures in US$ Million for Years 2004 through 2009 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-67

Table 17: World 15-Year Perspective for Gas Turbines by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Annual Revenues
for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
Markets for Years 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-68

Table 18: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Steam Turbines by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan,
Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Revenue Figures in US$ Million for Years
2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-69

Table 19: World Historic Review for Steam Turbines by
Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Revenue Figures in US$ Million for Years 2004 through 2009
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-70

Table 20: World 15-Year Perspective for Steam Turbines by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Annual Revenues
for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of
World Markets for Years 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-71

Table 21: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Other Equipment by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan,
Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Revenue Figures in US$ Million for Years
2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-72

Table 22: World Historic Review for Other Equipment by
Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Revenue Figures in US$ Million for Years 2004 through 2009
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-73

Table 23: World 15-Year Perspective for Other Equipment by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Annual Revenues
for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of
World Markets for Years 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-74


III. MARKET

1. THE UNITED STATES III-1
A.Market Analysis III-1
North American Cogeneration Equipment Market - An Overview III-1
Cogeneration Equipment Market - A Primer III-1
A Brief History of US Cogeneration Market III-1
The Unlikely Consequences of PURPA III-2
Present Scenario III-2
Table 24: US Recent Past, Current and Future Installed CHP
Capacity in GW for Years 2009 through 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-3

Table 25: US Cogeneration Capacity by Fuel (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown for Natural Gas, Coal, Wood and
Waste, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-4

Table 26: Installed Cogeneration Capacity by State in the
US (2010): Percentage Share Breakdown of Capacity for
Texas, California, Louisiana, New York, Florida, New
Jersey, Alabama, Pennsylvania, and Others (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-4

Table 27: CHP Installed Capacity by End-Use Sector in the
US (2011): Percentage Share Breakdown for Chemicals,
Refining, Paper, Commercial/Institutional, Food, Metals,
and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-5

Table 28: US Cogeneration Capacity by Technology (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown for Combined Cycle,
Boiler/Steam Turbine, Combustion Turbine, and
Reciprocating Engine (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-5

Table 29: Cogeneration Sites by Type of System in the US
(2010): Percentage Share Breakdown for Reciprocating
Engine, Boiler/Steam Turbine, Combustion Turbine, Combined
Cycle, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-5
Capacity Retired and New Additions III-6
Table 30: US CHP Installed Capacity Retired (2005-2011):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Capacity by State (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-6

Table 31: US CHP Installed Capacity Retired (2005-2011):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Capacity by Application
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-6

Table 32: CHP New Capacity Additions by US State (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Capacity for Texas, New
York, Connecticut, Nebraska, California, Massachusetts,
and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-7

Table 33: CHP New Capacity Additions in the US
(2010-2011): Percentage Share Breakdown of Capacity by
Application (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-7

Table 34: CHP Capacity Additions in the US (2010-2011):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Number of Sites by State
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-8

Table 35: CHP Capacity Additions in the US (2010-2011):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Number of Sites by
Application (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-8
State-wide Support for CHP Technology III-8
Massachusetts: A Major US State in CHP Installations III-8
Small CHP Systems Market in the US III-9
Table 36: Small CHP Sites in the US (2010): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Number of Sites by Size of CHP Unit
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-9

Table 37: Small CHP Units in the US (2010): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Electricity Generation Capacity by Size
of Unit (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-9

Table 38: Small CHP Sites in the US (2010): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Number of Sites by Fuel Used (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-10

Table 39: Small CHP Sites in the US (2010): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Generation Capacity by Fuel
Used(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-10

Table 40: Small CHP Sites in the US (2010): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Number of Sites by CHP Technology
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-10

Table 41: Small CHP Sites in the US (2010): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Generation Capacity by CHP Technology
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-11

Table 42: Small CHP Market by End-Use Sector (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Generation Capacity for
Commercial, Industrial, and Other Sectors (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-11

Table 43: Small CHP Market by End-Use Sector (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Number of Sites for
Commercial, Industrial, and Other Sectors (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-11

Table 44: Small CHP Projects in the Commercial Sector
(2010): Percentage Share Breakdown of Generation Capacity
by Facility Size (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-12
Economic Crisis and Environmental Challenges III-12
CHP at Wastewater Treatment Facilities: An Overview III-12
Table 45: Digester Wastewater CHP Systems by US State
(2011): Percentage Share Breakdown of Installed Capacity
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-13
Potential Market Opportunity for CHP Technology at WWTFs III-14
Table 46: Percentage of WWTFs with Anaerobic Digestion in
the US (2008) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-14

Table 47: Wastewater Flow (%) to WWTFs with Anaerobic
Digestion (2008) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-14
CHP Potential in Data Centers III-15
Growth Drivers III-15
Growth Restraints III-15
Financial Incentives for CHP Projects III-16
Loans and Grants III-16
Tax Credits and Exemptions III-17
Rebates and Bonds III-17
Output-based Emission Standards III-17
Legislative Support III-17
Product Launches III-18
Strategic Corporate Developments III-19
Key Players III-22
B.Market Analytics III-24
Table 48: US Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Cogeneration Equipment by Product Segment - Gas Turbines,
Steam Turbines and Other Equipment Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Revenue Figures in US$ Million for
Years 2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-24

Table 49: US Historic Review for Cogeneration Equipment by
Product Segment - Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines and Other
Equipment Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenue
Figures in US$ Million for Years 2004 through 2009
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-25

Table 50: US 15-Year Perspective for Cogeneration Equipment
by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Annual
Revenues for Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines, and Other
Equipment Markets for Years 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-26

2. CANADA III-27
A.Market Analysis III-27
Outlook III-27
Table 51: Canadian CHP Market - Installed Capacity in GW
for Years 2009 through 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-27
District Heating Systems III-27
Strategic Corporate Developments III-28
Key Players III-29
B.Market Analytics III-30
Table 52: Canadian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Cogeneration Equipment by Product Segment - Gas
Turbines, Steam Turbines and Other Equipment Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenue Figures in US$
Million for Years 2010 through 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-30

Table 53: Canadian Historic Review for Cogeneration
Equipment by Product Segment - Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines
and Other Equipment Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Revenue Figures in US$ Million for Years 2004
through 2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-31

Table 54: Canadian 15-Year Perspective for Cogeneration
Equipment by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Annual Revenues for Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines and Other
Equipment Markets for Years 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-32

3. JAPAN III-33
A.Market Analysis III-33
Outlook III-33
CHP Market: A Glance at the Past III-33
Power Shortage Hits Japan III-33
Natural Calamity and Nuclear Crisis Fuel Prospects for CHP III-33
Table 55: Japanese Recent Past, Current and Future Installed
CHP Capacity in GW for Years 2009 through 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-34

Table 56: Japanese CHP Market by Sector (2010): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Number of Sites and Installed Capacity
for Industrial and Commercial Sectors (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-35
Number of CHP Units III-35
Table 57: CHP Units by Sector in Japan (2010): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Number of Units for Industrial and
Commercial Sectors (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-35

Table 58: CHP Market by Type of Engine in Japan (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Number of Units and
Capacity for Gas Engines, Diesel Engines, Gas Turbines,
and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-36
Fuel Options in CHP Units III-36
Table 59: CHP Market by Fuel Source in Japan (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Capacity for Piped City
Gas, Heavy Fuel Oil, Biofuel (Woody Biomass and Other
Biofuels), and Others (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-36
Industrial CHP Sector in Japan III-37
Table 60: Industrial CHP Market by Sector in Japan (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Number Sites and Capacity
for Chemical and Petrochemical, Machinery, Refineries and
Energy, Electronics, Steel and Metal, Food Processing, Pulp,
Paper and Print, and Others (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-37
CHP in Commercial Sector III-38
Table 61: Commercial CHP Market by Sector in Japan
(2010): Percentage Share Breakdown of Number of Units and
Capacity (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-38
The Leader in Micro CHP Market III-39
CHP Fuel Cell Adoption in Japan III-39
Gas CHP in Japan III-39
Policy Framework III-40
Strategic Corporate Developments III-40
Key Players III-40
B.Market Analytics III-42
Table 62: Japanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Cogeneration Equipment by Product Segment - Gas
Turbines, Steam Turbines and Other Equipment Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenue Figures in US$
Million for Years 2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-42

Table 63: Japanese Historic Review for Cogeneration
Equipment by Product Segment - Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines
and Other Equipment Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Revenue Figures in US$ Million for Years 2004
through 2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-43

Table 64: Japanese 15-Year Perspective for Cogeneration
Equipment by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Annual Revenues for Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines and Other
Equipment Markets for Years 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-44

4. EUROPE III-45
A.Market Analysis III-45
Outlook III-45
A Peek into EU Level Activism III-45
Impact of Recession on Cogeneration Market III-45
Impact of Eurozone Crisis on the European Gas Turbine Industry III-46
Present Scenario III-46
Table 65: CHP as % of Gross Electricity Generation in the
EU (2009) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-47
Long-Term Outlook III-48
Table 66: Energy Demand by Sector in Europe (2050):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Energy Consumption for
Transport, Residential, Industrial, and Commercial
Sectors (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-48

Table 67: Heat Demand by Sector in Europe (2050):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Consumption for Residential,
Industry, and Commercial Sectors (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-49
Fuel Used in CHP Systems III-49
Table 68: Fuel Used in CHP Plants in EU-27 (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown for Natural Gas, Solid Fossil
Fuels, Renewables, Oil and Oil Products, and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-49
Major End-Use Sectors III-50
Adoption across European Cities III-50
Challenges Facing European CHP Market III-50
Micro CHP Emerges as a Preferred Heating Technology III-50
European Companies Launch Micro CHP Units for Households III-51
Small and Medium CHP Projects to Make Gains III-51
Cogeneration for Buildings III-51
Favorable Government Policies - Essential for
Cogeneration’s Success III-52
Product Launches III-52
Strategic Corporate Developments III-52
B.Market Analytics III-54
Table 69: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Cogeneration Equipment by Geographic Region - France,
Germany, Italy, UK and Rest of World Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Revenue Figures in US$ Million for
Years 2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-54

Table 70: European Historic Review for Cogeneration
Equipment by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK
and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Revenue Figures in US$ Million for Years 2004 through 2009
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-55

Table 71: European 15-Year Perspective for Cogeneration
Equipment by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
Annual Revenues for France, Germany, Italy, UK and Rest of
Europe Markets for Years 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-56

Table 72: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Cogeneration Equipment by Product Segment - Gas
Turbines, Steam Turbines and Other Equipment Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenue Figures in US$
Million for Years 2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-57

Table 73: European Historic Review for Cogeneration
Equipment by Product Segment - Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines
and Other Equipment Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Revenue Figures in US$ Million for Years 2004
through 2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-58

Table 74: European 15-Year Perspective for Cogeneration
Equipment by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Annual Revenues for Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines and Other
Equipment Markets for Years 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-59

4a. FRANCE III-60
A.Market Analysis III-60
Outlook III-60
Table 75: French CHP Market - Installed Capacity in GW for
Years 2009 through 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-60

Table 76: Fuel Used in CHP Plants in France (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown for Natural Gas, Renewables,
Solid Fossil Fuels, Oil and Oil Products, and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-60
Alstom Power - A Key Player III-61
B.Market Analytics III-62
Table 77: French Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Cogeneration Equipment by Product Segment - Gas Turbines,
Steam Turbines and Other Equipment Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Revenue Figures in US$ Million for
Years 2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-62

Table 78: French Historic Review for Cogeneration Equipment
by Product Segment - Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines and Other
Equipment Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenue
Figures in US$ Million for Years 2004 through 2009
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-63

Table 79: French 15-Year Perspective for Cogeneration
Equipment by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Annual Revenues for Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines and Other
Equipment Markets for Years 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-64

4b. GERMANY III-65
A.Market Analysis III-65
Outlook III-65
The Largest CHP Market III-65
Table 80: German CHP Market - Installed Capacity in GW
for Years 2009 through 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-66

Table 81: Fuel Used in CHP Plants in Germany (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown for Natural Gas, Solid Fossil
Fuels, Renewables, Oil and Oil Products, and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-66
Industrial Applications III-66
District Heating Applications III-66
Small Commercial and Domestic CHP Applications III-67
Biogas CHP III-67
Government Initiatives III-67
Product Launches III-68
Strategic Corporate Developments III-68
Key Players III-70
B.Market Analytics III-71
Table 82: German Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Cogeneration Equipment by Product Segment - Gas Turbines,
Steam Turbines and Other Equipment Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Revenue Figures in US$ Million for
Years 2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-71

Table 83: German Historic Review for Cogeneration Equipment
by Product Segment - Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines and Other
Equipment Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenue
Figures in US$ Million for Years 2004 through 2009 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-72

Table 84: German 15-Year Perspective for Cogeneration
Equipment by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Annual Revenues for Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines and Other
Equipment Markets for Years 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-73

4c. ITALY III-74
A.Market Analysis III-74
Outlook III-74
Overview III-74
Table 85: Italian CHP Market - Installed Capacity in GW
for Years 2009 through 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-74

Table 86: Fuel Used in CHP Plants in Italy (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown for Natural Gas, Oil and Oil
Products, Renewables, Solid Fossil Fuels, and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-75
Hospitals Adopt Cogeneration III-75
B.Market Analytics III-76
Table 87: Italian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Cogeneration Equipment by Product Segment - Gas
Turbines, Steam Turbines and Other Equipment Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenue Figures in US$
Million for Years 2010 through 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-76

Table 88: Italian Historic Review for Cogeneration Equipment
by Product Segment - Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines and Other
Equipment Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenue
Figures in US$ Million for Years 2004 through 2009
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-77

Table 89: Italian 15-Year Perspective for Cogeneration
Equipment by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of
Annual Revenues for Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines and Other
Equipment Markets for Years 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-78

4d. THE UNITED KINGDOM III-79
A.Market Analysis III-79
Outlook III-79
Energy Consumption in the UK III-79
CHP Schemes in the UK III-79
Table 90: UK CHP Market - Installed Capacity in GW for
Years 2009 through 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-79

Table 91: CHP Schemes in the UK (2009): Percentage Share
Breakdown of Number of Schemes by Electrical Capacity Size
Range (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-80

Table 92: CHP Schemes in the UK (2009): Percentage Share
Breakdown of Electricity Capacity by Electrical Capacity
Size Range (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-80

Table 93: CHP Schemes by Technology in the UK (2009):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Electricity and Heat
Generation for Combined Cycle, Gas Turbine, Reciprocating
Engine, and Steam Turbine (Pass Out Condensing and Back
Pressure) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-80

Table 94: CHP Schemes by Technology in the UK (2009):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Electrical Capacity for
Combined Cycle, Reciprocating Engine, Gas Turbine, and
Steam Turbine (Pass Out Condensing and Back Pressure)
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-81
CHP Schemes by Type of Fuel Used III-81
Table 95: Fuel Used in UK CHP Schemes (2009): Percentage
Share Breakdown for Natural Gas, Refinery Gases,
Renewables, Coal, and Others (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-81

Table 96: CHP Market by Sector (2009): Percentage Share
Breakdown of Electrical Capacity for Oil and Gas;
Chemicals; Paper, Publishing and Printing; Food,
Beverages, and Tobacco; and Others (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-81
CHP Schemes by End-Use Sector III-82
Table 97: CHP Schemes in UK Buildings (2009): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Number of Schemes by Sector (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-82

Table 98: CHP Schemes in UK Buildings (2009): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Electrical Capacity by Sector
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-82
Micro CHP Boilers - An Energy Option for Residential Sector III-82
Government Policies Governing CHP Market III-83
Key Players III-83
B.Market Analytics III-85
Table 99: UK Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Cogeneration Equipment by Product Segment - Gas Turbines,
Steam Turbines and Other Equipment Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Revenue Figures in US$ Million for
Years 2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-85

Table 100: UK Historic Review for Cogeneration Equipment by
Product Segment - Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines and Other
Equipment Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenue
Figures in US$ Million for Years 2004 through 2009 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-86

Table 101: UK 15-Year Perspective for Cogeneration Equipment
by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Annual Revenues
for Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines and Other Equipment Markets
for Years 2004, 2011 and 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-87

4e. REST OF EUROPE III-88
A.Market Analysis III-88
Outlook III-88
Overview III-88
Table 102: Fuel Used in CHP Plants in Select European
Countries (2010): Percentage Share Breakdown by Type of
Fuel Source (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-89
Eastern Europe: Promising Growth Prospects III-90
Brief Review of Select Markets III-90
Czech Republic III-90
District Heating Systems in Czech Republic III-90
Table 103: Fuel Used in CHP Plants in Czech Republic
(2010): Percentage Share Breakdown for Solid Fossil
Fuels, Natural Gas, Renewables, Oil and Oil Products,
and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-90
Denmark III-90
Overview III-90
Table 104: Fuel Used in CHP Plants in Denmark (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown for Solid Fossil Fuels,
Natural Gas, Renewables, Oil and Oil Products, and
Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-91
District Heating System III-91
Copenhagen District Heating System III-91
Finland III-91
Overview III-91
Table 105: Fuel Consumption in CHP and District Heating
Facilities in Finland (2010): Percentage Share Breakdown
by Type of Fuel Source (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-92

Table 106: %Share of Cogenerated Heat in Total District
Heat Production in Finland (2000-2010) (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-92
Industrial Applications III-93
District Heating Applications III-93
Ireland III-93
CHP Installed Capacity III-93
CHP by Fuel Type III-94
Table 107: Number of Operational CHP Units in Ireland
(2010): Breakdown by Type of Fuel Source (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-94

Table 108: Installed Operational CHP Capacity in
Ireland (2010): Percentage Share Breakdown by Type of
Fuel Source (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-94
CHP by End-Use Sector III-94
Table 109: Number of Operational CHP Units by Sector in
Ireland (2010) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-95

Table 110: Installed Operational CHP Capacity in Ireland
(2010): Percentage Share Breakdown by Services
Sub-Sector (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-95

Table 111: Installed Operational CHP Capacity in Ireland
(2010): Percentage Share Breakdown by Industry
Sub-Sector (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-95

Table 112: Number of Operational CHP Units by Industry
Electrical Capacity Size Range in Ireland (2010)
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-96

Table 113: Installed Operational CHP Capacity in
Ireland (2010): Percentage Share Breakdown by
Electrical Capacity Size Range (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-96

Table 114: CHP Electricity as % of Gross Electricity
Consumption in Ireland (2000- 2010) (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-96
Russia III-97
Table 115: Russian CHP Market - Installed Capacity in GW
for Years 2009 through 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-97
Sweden III-97
Table 116: Fuel Used in CHP Plants in Sweden (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown for Renewables, Solid Fossil
Fuels, Oil and Oil Products, Natural Gas, and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-98
The Netherlands III-98
Table 117: Fuel Used in CHP Plants in the Netherlands
(2010): Percentage Share Breakdown for Natural Gas, Solid
Fossil Fuels, Oil and Oil Products, Renewables, and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-98
Strategic Corporate Developments III-99
Key Players III-102
B.Market Analytics III-104
Table 118: Rest of Europe Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Cogeneration Equipment by Product Segment -
Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines and Other Equipment Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenue Figures in US$
Million for Years 2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-104

Table 119: Rest of Europe Historic Review for Cogeneration
Equipment by Product Segment - Gas Turbines, Steam Turbines
and Other Equipment Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Revenue Figures in US$ Million for Years 2004 through
2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-105

Table 120: Rest of Europe 15-Year Perspective for
Cogeneration Equipment by Product Segment - Percentage
Breakdown of Annual Revenues for Gas Turbines, Steam
Turbines and Other Equipment Markets for Years 2004, 2011 and
2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-106

5. ASIA-PACIFIC III-107
A.Market Analysis III-107
Overview III-107
Cogeneration: Addressing Inefficiencies of Power Sector III-107
Major End-Use Applications III-108
Commercial and Industrial Cogeneration Adoption Set to
Increase III-108
China III-108
Overview III-108
Table 121: Chinese CHP Market - Installed Capacity in GW
for Years 2009 through 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-109
Power Transmission and Distribution Equipment Market III-109
India III-109
CHP and District Cooling Market - An Insight III-109
Table 122: Indian CHP Market - Installed Capacity in GW
for Years 2009 through 2018 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-110

Table 123: Grid Connected Renewable Power Generation
Capacity in India (2010): Percent

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