Specialty Fibers: Technologies and Global Markets

  • August 2014
  • -
  • BCC Research
  • -
  • 178 pages

This BCC Research report covers the underlying economic issues driving the specialty fiber and materials business as well as assessments of new and potential products that companies are developing. It also provides realistic market data and forecasts for specialty fibers for the period 2014 through 2019.

Use this report to:
- Receive a detailed and comprehensive multi-client study of the North American market for carbon, aramid, partially oxidized polyacrylonitrile, polybenzimidazole, and other specialty fibers used in aircraft and aerospace, sporting goods, automotive, and other industrial products.
- Receive information on the regulatory, economic, and technological environment.
- Identify the new directions of technology by analysis of patent trends.
- Receive comprehensive company profiles of major players in the industry.

Highlights
- The global market for specialty fibers reached 578.5 million pounds in 2014. This market is expected to grow to nearly 841.7 million pounds in 2019, a compound annual growth (CAGR) of 7.8%.
- The aviation/aerospace market reached 64.3 million pounds in 2014. This market is expected to grow to nearly 89.6 million pounds in 2019, a CAGR of 6.9%.
- The automotive market reached 53.4 million pounds in 2014. This market is expected to grow to nearly 71.7 million pounds in 2019, a CAGR of 6.1%.

INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
The goal of this report is to provide a detailed and comprehensive multi-client study of the North American market for carbon, aramid, partially oxidized polyacrylonitrile,
polybenzimidazole, and other specialty fibers used in aircraft and aerospace, sporting goods, automotive, and other industrial products. As well, we will examine the potential business opportunities for these fibers in the market. The report’s objectives include thorough coverage of the underlying economic issues driving the specialty fiber and materials business as well as assessments of new and potential products that companies are developing. Social, political and regulatory issues are also covered, as
are international markets. Another important objective is to provide realistic market data and forecasts for specialty fibers.

This technology/marketing report starts with an overview of specialty fiber types including a history of fiber development and the overall composites marketplace. The report then moves on to cover processing technology trends and secondary processing and fabrication methods before proceeding to a detailed assessment of markets and product applications. This includes the market growth, materials, production, status of commercial development, barriers to entry and market leaders. A comprehensive analysis of the industry structure is provided and the report ends with profiles of the leading specialty fiber companies.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
This report is an update of an earlier (2012) BCC Research report. A small yet strategic global market, specialty fibers are a critical and essential element in many advanced
technologies. The specialty fibers industry, however, has changed significantly since the last update of this report. The global economy continues its recovery from the 2008 to 2009 financial crisis, which adversely affected industrial and other end-use markets for specialty fibers, leading to diminished demand. At the same time, new entrants in China and expansions by existing producers have resulted in additional capacity. In turn, this has led to a more competitive market and pricing pressures. These drivers will continue. In the long term the market for specialty fibers will expand as a result of technological advancements and strength in several end-use markets. With the rapid changes in the industry structure and in the accelerated rise of new, expanding applications, a technology/marketing report with an updated unified view of materials and applications is needed.

INTENDED AUDIENCE
In a multi-client format, this study provides the most complete accounting of specialty fiber developments currently available. It provides the most thorough and up-to-date
assessment on the subject that can be found anywhere. The study also provides extensive quantification of the many important facets of market developments in specific fibers. This, in turn, contributes to the determination of what kind of strategic response suppliers may adopt in order to compete in this market. Audiences for this study include marketing executives, business unit managers, commercial development directors and other decision-makers in specialty fiber companies. Technology suppliers, fabricators and assemblers, suppliers of competing and ancillary materials, suppliers of plastic resins, end-use product manufacturing companies and other companies peripheral to this business also represent a key audience.

SCOPE OF REPORT
The scope of this report is comprehensive, covering the present status of and future prospects for specialty fibers and products in North America. As defined in this report,
North America includes the U.S. and Canada. Basically, the scope of the report includes diverse segments such as sporting goods, light vehicles, aircraft/aerospace and various
industrial applications. Fibers covered include carbon, aramid, partially oxidized polyacrylonitrile, polybenzimidazole and other specialty fibers (metal matrix composite,
polyphenylene sulfide, boron, carbon-silicon carbide and other advanced fibers). These are analyzed in detail, as are technology developments, market conditions and
opportunities, and five-year forecasts. The role of new technologies is reviewed in this comprehensive report. This BCC Research study analyzes the current North American
market in detail and identifies the most promising market opportunities for the next five years. The markets in Western Europe, Japan, China and other global markets are
covered as well.

In order to generate the information necessary to construct a reasonable future market for specialty fibers, it is necessary to undertake an examination of the advantages and
disadvantages of the various types of materials and technologies. In addition to various fiber types, this examination also covers the many issues concerning the merits and
future prospects of the business, including corporate strategies, technologies and the means for providing these products and service offerings. It also covers in detail the
regulatory and economic issues that so many regard as critical to the industry’s current state of change. The report provides a review of the specialty fibers industry, its structure and the many companies involved in providing these materials and technologies. The competitive position of the main players in the market and the strategic options they face are also discussed, as well as such competitive factors as marketing, distribution and operations.

In this report, the term revenue is equivalent to, and is used interchangeably with the terms purchases, demand and sales. All growth rates mentioned both in the tables and
in the text are based on the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) from 2014 through 2019. In most cases, the actual quantity or volume (in pounds) is measured, and the
calculated growth rates are easy to comprehend. Because current dollar measures are used to measure revenues, these growth rates reflect the growth in volume or real
growth, including the effects of price changes and changes in product/service mix. The sum of the components in tables may not add to the total due to independent rounding. The research methodology was qualitative in nature and employed a triangulating approach, which aids validity. The research involved two stages, one involving
secondary research and the other primary research.

Initially, a patent search and analysis was conducted. This strategy identified companies and market applications and was the initiating force in research direction. Next, a comprehensive and exhaustive search of the literature on carbon, aramid and other specialty fibers was conducted. These secondary sources included automotive and related journals and related books, trade literature, marketing literature, other product/promotional literature, annual reports, security analyst reports and other publications. In a second phase, a series of semi-structured interviews were conducted with marketing executives, engineers, business unit managers, design engineers and other personnel at the specialty fiber companies. Other sources include academics, technology and materials suppliers, technical experts, trade association officials, government officials and consulting companies. These were a rich source of data. Subsequent analysis of the documents and interview notes was iterative.

Table Of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
INTENDED AUDIENCE 2
SCOPE OF REPORT 3
AUTHOR'S CREDENTIALS 4
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 4
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 5
DISCLAIMER 5
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 7
SUMMARY TABLE THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPECIALTY FIBERS THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 9
SUMMARY FIGURE THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPECIALTY FIBERS, 2013-2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 9
CHAPTER 3 REGULATORY, ECONOMIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT 11
OVERVIEW 11
REGULATORY CONSIDERATIONS 11
REGULATIONS PROMOTING DEMAND 11
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES 12
COMPOSITE STRUCTURE END-OF-LIFE ISSUES 13
PRODUCT SAFETY 14
DEVELOPMENTS IN END-USE MARKETS 14
TABLE 1 GLOBAL ECONOMIC, TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION GROWTH,
THROUGH 2019 (PERCENT CHANGE PER YEAR IN OUTPUT VOLUME) 15
AIRCRAFT/AEROSPACE 15
TABLE 2 SPECIALTY FIBERS USED IN THE GLOBAL AIRCRAFT/AEROSPACE MARKET,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 15
Opportunities from New Programs 16
FIGURE 1 TRENDS IN THE DIFFUSION OF COMPOSITES IN SELECTED COMMERCIAL
AND MILITARY APPLICATIONS SINCE 1970 (%) 18
FIGURE 2 MATERIAL COMPOSITION OF 787 DREAMLINER STRUCTURE (%) 19
Aerospace Market Dynamics 19
FIGURE 3 LARGE COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT DELIVERIES, 1998-2013 (NO. OF
AIRCRAFT) 20
SPORTING GOODS 22
TABLE 3 SPECIALTY FIBERS USED IN THE GLOBAL SPORTING GOODS MARKET,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 22
AUTOMOTIVE 23
TABLE 4 SPECIALTY FIBERS USED IN THE GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE MARKET,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 23
TABLE 5 GLOBAL LIGHT VEHICLE ASSEMBLIES BY REGION, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 24
INDUSTRIAL 25
TABLE 6 SPECIALTY FIBERS USED IN THE GLOBAL INDUSTRIAL MARKET THROUGH
2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 25
TABLE 7 INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION GROWTH OF SELECTED NATIONS, THROUGH
2019 (PERCENT CHANGE PER YEAR IN OUTPUT VOLUME) 26
CHAPTER 4 NEW DIRECTIONS OF TECHNOLOGY BY ANALYSIS OF PATENT TRENDS 28
FIGURE 4 SPECIALTY FIBER PATENTS ISSUED BY YEAR, 2003-2013 (NUMBER) 28
FIGURE 5 SPECIALTY FIBER PATENTS ISSUED BY MATERIAL, 2008-2013 (%) 29
FIGURE 6 SPECIALTY FIBER PATENTS BY NATION, 2008-2013 (%) 29
TABLE 8 SPECIALTY FIBER-RELATED PATENT ACTIVITY, BY ASSIGNEE WITH FIVE OR
MORE PATENTS, 2008-2013 31
CHAPTER 5 SPECIALTY FIBERS 33
OVERVIEW 33
TABLE 9 GLOBAL SPECIALTY FIBERS MARKET BY VOLUME, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 33
TABLE 10 GLOBAL SPECIALTY FIBERS MARKET BY VALUE, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 34
CARBON FIBERS 35
HISTORY OF CARBON FIBER 35
FIGURE 7 HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF CARBON FIBER, 1970 TO 2013 37
TECHNOLOGY 38
PAN-Based Fibers 38
Pitch-Based Fibers 38
FIGURE 8 HOW CARBON FIBER IS MADE 38
Rayon-Based Fibers 39
Chemical Vapor Deposition 40
Processing of Carbon Fibers 40
Continuous-Fiber Composites 40
Discontinuous-Fiber Composites 41
Non-Polymeric Matrixes 42
Forms Available 42
COMPETITIVE COMPARISON 43
TABLE 11 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES 43
NORTH AMERICA 44
Aircraft/Aerospace 45
FIGURE 9 NORTH AMERICAN AIRCRAFT/AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS FOR CARBON
FIBER, 2013 (%) 45
Military Aircraft Applications 46
TABLE 12 CURRENT U.S. MILITARY AIRCRAFT PROGRAMS INCORPORATING
CARBON FIBERS 47
Commercial Aircraft Applications 48
Regional/Business Aircraft Applications 49
Helicopter Applications 49
Space/Rocket Applications 50
Other Aircraft/Aerospace Applications 51
Sporting Goods 52
TABLE 13 NORTH AMERICAN SPORTING GOODS MARKETS FOR CARBON FIBERS,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 52
Automotive 53
TABLE 14 NORTH AMERICAN AUTOMOTIVE MARKETS FOR CARBON FIBERS
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 54
Wind Energy 54
TABLE 15 NORTH AMERICAN WIND ENERGY MARKETS FOR CARBON FIBERS
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 55
Other Industrial 55
TABLE 16 NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRIAL MARKETS FOR CARBON FIBERS,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 56
North American Outlook Summary 57
TABLE 17 NORTH AMERICAN OUTLOOK FOR CARBON FIBERS, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 57
WESTERN EUROPE 57
TABLE 18 WESTERN EUROPE OUTLOOK FOR CARBON FIBERS, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 58
Aircraft/Aerospace 58
Sporting Goods 59
Automotive 59
Other Industrial 59
JAPAN 60
TABLE 19 JAPAN'S OUTLOOK FOR CARBON FIBERS, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS
OF POUNDS) 60
Aircraft/Aerospace 61
Sporting Goods 61
Automotive 61
Other Industrial 62
CHINA 62
TABLE 20 CHINA’S OUTLOOK FOR CARBON FIBERS, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS
OF POUNDS) 63
REST OF THE WORLD 63
TABLE 21 REST OF THE WORLD OUTLOOK FOR CARBON FIBERS, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 64
PRICES 64
GLOBAL OUTLOOK 65
TABLE 22 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR CARBON FIBERS BY MARKET, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 66
TABLE 23 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR CARBON FIBERS BY REGION, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 66
FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS - CARBON FIBERS 67
Intensity of Rivalry 67
New Entrants 67
Substitute Products 68
Buyer Power 68
Supplier Power 68
FIGURE 10 CARBON FIBER SUPPLY CHAIN 69
CARBON FIBER INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 69
SUPPLIERS 70
Companies 70
FIGURE 11 GLOBAL CARBON FIBER MARKET SHARES (%) 70
Countries 71
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL CARBON FIBER CAPACITY BY NATION/REGION, 2013 (% OF
190.2 MILLION POUNDS) 71
ARAMID FIBERS 72
TECHNOLOGY 73
NORTH AMERICA 74
Aircraft/Aerospace 74
TABLE 24 NORTH AMERICAN AIRCRAFT/AEROSPACE MARKET FOR ARAMID FIBERS,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 74
Sporting Goods 75
Automotive 75
TABLE 25 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ARAMID FIBER IN FRICTION
PRODUCTS 75
TABLE 26 REASONS AGAINST USING ADDITIONAL ARAMID FIBER IN FRICTION
MATERIALS 77
TABLE 27 NORTH AMERICAN AUTOMOTIVE MARKET FOR ARAMID FIBERS,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 78
Industrial 78
TABLE 28 NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRIAL MARKET FOR ARAMID FIBERS, THROUGH
2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 78
Outlook 80
TABLE 29 NORTH AMERICAN OUTLOOK FOR ARAMID FIBERS, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 80
WESTERN EUROPE 80
TABLE 30 WESTERN EUROPEAN OUTLOOK FOR ARAMID FIBERS, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 81
JAPAN 81
TABLE 31 JAPAN'S OUTLOOK FOR ARAMID FIBERS, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS
OF POUNDS) 81
CHINA 82
TABLE 32 CHINA'S OUTLOOK FOR ARAMID FIBERS, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS
OF POUNDS) 82
REST OF THE WORLD 82
TABLE 33 REST OF THE WORLD OUTLOOK FOR ARAMID FIBERS, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 83
PRICES 83
OUTLOOK 83
TABLE 34 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR ARAMID FIBERS, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS
OF POUNDS) 84
SUPPLIERS 84
FIGURE 13 GLOBAL META-ARAMID FIBER MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 84
FIGURE 14 GLOBAL PARA-ARAMID MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 86
PARTIALLY OXIDIZED POLYACRYLONITRILE (POA) FIBERS 86
TECHNOLOGY 86
MARKETS 87
TABLE 35 MARKET FOR PARTIALLY OXIDIZED POLYACRYLONITRILE FIBERS IN
NORTH AMERICA, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 87
TABLE 36 MARKET FOR PARTIALLY OXIDIZED POLYACRYLONITRILE FIBERS IN
WESTERN EUROPE, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 88
TABLE 37 MARKET FOR PARTIALLY OXIDIZED POLYACRYLONITRILE FIBERS IN JAPAN,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 88
OUTLOOK 89
TABLE 38 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR PARTIALLY OXIDIZED POLYACRYLONITRILE
FIBERS, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 89
SUPPLIERS 89
FIGURE 15 GLOBAL PARTIALLY OXIDIZED POLYACRYLONITRILE FIBER MARKET
SHARE, 2013 (%) 90
HIGH-STRENGTH POLYETHYLENE FIBERS 90
TECHNOLOGY 91
MARKETS 91
OUTLOOK 92
TABLE 39 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR HIGH-STRENGTH POLYETHYLENE FIBERS BY
MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 92
TABLE 40 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR HIGH-STRENGTH POLYETHYLENE FIBERS BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 92
SUPPLIERS 93
FIGURE 16 GLOBAL HIGH-STRENGTH POLYETHYLENE FIBER MARKET SHARE, 2013
(%) 93
POLYBENZIMIDAZOLE (PBI) FIBERS 94
TECHNOLOGY 94
MARKETS 94
OUTLOOK 95
TABLE 41 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR POLYBENZIMIDAZOLE (PBI) FIBERS, THROUGH
2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 95
TABLE 42 NORTH AMERICAN OUTLOOK FOR POLYBENZIMIDAZOLE (PBI) FIBERS BY
MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 96
SUPPLIER 96
OTHER ADVANCED FIBERS 96
TABLE 43 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR OTHER ADVANCED FIBERS, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLION/THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 97
METAL MATRIX COMPOSITE (MMC) FIBERS 97
Manufacturing Technology 98
Barriers to Adoption 99
Markets 100
TABLE 44 MMC APPLICATIONS BY MARKET SEGMENT 101
Outlook 102
TABLE 45 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR METAL MATRIX COMPOSITE (MMC) FIBERS BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 102
TABLE 46 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR METAL MATRIX COMPOSITE (MMC) FIBERS BY
MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 102
Suppliers 103
POLYPHENYLENE SULFIDE (PPS) FIBERS 104
Manufacturing Technology 104
Markets 105
Outlook 105
TABLE 47 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR POLYPHENYLENE SULFIDE (PPS) FIBERS,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 106
Suppliers 106
FIGURE 17 GLOBAL POLYPHENYLENE SULFIDE (PPS) FIBER MARKET SHARE, 2013
(%) 106
POLYIMIDE FIBERS 107
Manufacturing Technology 107
Markets 108
Outlook 109
TABLE 48 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR POLYIMIDE FIBERS, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS/$ MILLIONS) 109
Supplier 109
POLYAMIDE-IMIDE (PAI) FIBERS 110
TABLE 49 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR POLYAMIDE-IMIDE (PAI) FIBERS, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 110
NOVOLOID FIBERS 111
TABLE 50 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR NOVOLOID FIBERS, THROUGH 2015
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 111
MISCELLANEOUS ADVANCED FIBERS 112
TABLE 51 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR MISCELLANEOUS ADVANCED FIBERS, THROUGH
2019 (POUNDS) 112
Boron 113
TABLE 52 FIGHTER JETS AND OTHER AIRCRAFT USING BORON FIBER 114
TABLE 53 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR BORON FIBERS BY MARKET, THROUGH 2019
(POUNDS) 115
TABLE 54 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR BORON FIBERS, THROUGH 2019 (POUNDS) 115
Carbon-Silicon Carbide 116
TABLE 55 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR CARBON-SILICON CARBIDE FIBERS, THROUGH
2019 (POUNDS) 117
Miscellaneous Advanced Fibers 117
Steel Fibers 118
CHAPTER 6 INTERNATIONAL MARKETS 120
OVERVIEW 120
TABLE 56 GLOBAL SPECIALTY FIBER OUTLOOK BY REGION, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 120
FIGURE 18 SHARE OF INCREMENTAL GLOBAL GROWTH IN DEMAND FOR SPECIALTY
FIBERS, 1999-2012 VERSUS 2013-2019 (%) 121
NORTH AMERICA 122
TABLE 57 NORTH AMERICAN SPECIALTY FIBERS MARKET BY FIBER, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 122
WESTERN EUROPE 123
TABLE 58 WESTERN EUROPEAN SPECIALTY FIBERS MARKET BY FIBER, THROUGH
2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 125
JAPAN 125
TABLE 59 JAPANESE SPECIALTY FIBERS MARKET BY FIBER, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 126
CHINA 127
TABLE 60 CHINESE SPECIALTY FIBERS MARKET BY FIBER, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 127
REST OF THE WORLD 128
TABLE 61 REST OF WORLD SPECIALTY FIBERS MARKET BY FIBER, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 129
CHAPTER 7 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 132
OVERVIEW 132
TABLE 62 STRATEGIC ANALYSIS OF THE NORTH AMERICAN SPECIALTY FIBERS
MARKET 133
INNOVATION AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 133
TECHNOLOGICAL STRATEGIES 134
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FUNDING 134
OTHER RESEARCH ACTIVITIES 134
FUTURE TRENDS IN RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT 136
MANUFACTURING STRATEGIES 136
SCALE ECONOMIES AND VERTICAL INTEGRATION 137
LABOR 137
COST STRUCTURE 138
FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE 138
MARKETING 138
PRICING AND BARGAINING POWER 139
MARKET SEGMENTATION 139
DIFFERENTIATION STRATEGIES 139
RELATIONS WITH OEM CUSTOMERS 140
GLOBAL MARKETING 141
DISTRIBUTION AND OTHER MARKETING 141
OTHER CONSIDERATIONS 143
TYPES OF COMPANIES 143
CONCENTRATION 144
CONSOLIDATION 144
CHAPTER 8 COMPANY PROFILES 147
NORTH AMERICAN COMPANIES 147
3M COMPANY 147
ADVANCED COMPOSITES GROUP LTD. 148
ADVANCED COMPOSITE MATERIALS LLC 148
AEROCELL CORP. 149
ALBANY INTERNATIONAL CORP. 149
ALDILA INC. 149
ALLIANT TECHSYSTEMS INC. 150
AMERICAN METAL FIBERS INC. 150
ASTENJOHNSON INC. 151
CPS TECHNOLOGIES CORP. 151
CYTEC INDUSTRIES INC. 151
E.I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY 152
ELECTRO FIBER TECHNOLOGIES LLC 153
FMW COMPOSITE SYSTEMS INC. 154
GRAFIL INC. 154
HEXCEL CORP. 155
HITCO CARBON COMPOSITES INC. 155
HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC. 156
METAL MATRIX CAST COMPOSITES INC. 157
MOMENTIVE PERFORMANCE MATERIALS INC. 157
MUTUAL INDUSTRIES INC. 158
NELCOTE INC. 158
PBI PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS INC. 159
PERFORMANCE MATERIALS CORP. 159
QUANTUM COMPOSITES INC. 160
RIBBON TECHNOLOGY CORP. 160
RIO TINTO ALCAN INC. 161
SHAKESPEARE COMPANY LLC 161
SPECIALTY MATERIALS INC. 161
STARFIRE SYSTEMS INC. 162
TENCATE ADVANCED COMPOSITES 163
TRITON SYSTEMS INC. 163
UNIFRAX I LLC 164
ZOLTEK COMPANIES INC. 164
WESTERN EUROPEAN COMPANIES 165
COMPAGNIE DE SAINT-GOBAIN SA 165
DSM N.V. 166
EVONIK FIBRES GMBH 166
KERMEL SAS 167
N.V. BEKAERT S.A. 168
RATH AG 168
SGL CARBON 169
TORAY CARBON FIBERS EUROPE 170
JAPANESE COMPANIES 170
DENKA KAGAKU KOGYO K.K. 170
GUN EI CHEMICAL INDUSTRY CO., LTD. 171
KUREHA CORP. 171
MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL HOLDINGS CORP. 172
NICHIAS CORP. 173
NIPPON CARBON CO., LTD. 173
NIPPON GRAPHITE FIBER CORP. 173
OSAKA GAS CHEMICALS CO., LTD. 174
OTSUKA CHEMICAL CO., LTD. 174
SHIKOKU CHEMICALS CORP. 175
SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY, LIMITED 175
TAIMEI CHEMICALS COMPANY, LTD. 176
TEIJIN LIMITED 176
TOHO TENAX CO., LTD. 177
TOKAI CARBON CO., LTD. 178
TORAY INDUSTRIES INC. 179
TORAY MONOFILAMENT CO., LTD. 179
TOYOBO CO. LTD. 180
UBE INDUSTRIES, LTD. 180
CHINESE COMPANIES 181
ANSHAN EAST ASIA CARBON FIBERS CO., LTD. 181
CHINA WORLDBEST HOLDING LTD. 181
DALIAN XINGKE CARBON FIBER CO., LTD. 182
JIANGSU RUITAI SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD. 182
LIANYUNGANG ZHONGFU LIANZHONG COMPOSITES GROUP CO., LTD. 183
SHANGHAI SXCARBON TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD. 183
SICHUAN DEYANG SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD. 183
SINOSTEEL JILIN CARBON CO., LTD. 184
SRO GROUP LIMITED 184
YANTAI SPANDEX CO., LTD. 185
OTHER COMPANIES 185
AKSA AKRILIK KIMYA SANAYII A.S. 185
FORMOSA PLASTICS CORP. 186
LIST OF TABLES
SUMMARY TABLE THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPECIALTY FIBERS THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 9
TABLE 1 GLOBAL ECONOMIC, TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION GROWTH,
THROUGH 2019 (PERCENT CHANGE PER YEAR IN OUTPUT VOLUME) 15
TABLE 2 SPECIALTY FIBERS USED IN THE GLOBAL AIRCRAFT/AEROSPACE MARKET,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 15
TABLE 3 SPECIALTY FIBERS USED IN THE GLOBAL SPORTING GOODS MARKET,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 22
TABLE 4 SPECIALTY FIBERS USED IN THE GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE MARKET, THROUGH
2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 23
TABLE 5 GLOBAL LIGHT VEHICLE ASSEMBLIES BY REGION, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 24
TABLE 6 SPECIALTY FIBERS USED IN THE GLOBAL INDUSTRIAL MARKET THROUGH
2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 25
TABLE 7 INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION GROWTH OF SELECTED NATIONS, THROUGH
2019 (PERCENT CHANGE PER YEAR IN OUTPUT VOLUME) 26
TABLE 8 SPECIALTY FIBER-RELATED PATENT ACTIVITY, BY ASSIGNEE WITH FIVE OR
MORE PATENTS, 2008-2013 31
TABLE 9 GLOBAL SPECIALTY FIBERS MARKET BY VOLUME, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 33
TABLE 10 GLOBAL SPECIALTY FIBERS MARKET BY VALUE, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLIONS) 34
TABLE 11 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES 43
TABLE 12 CURRENT U.S. MILITARY AIRCRAFT PROGRAMS INCORPORATING CARBON
FIBERS 47
TABLE 13 NORTH AMERICAN SPORTING GOODS MARKETS FOR CARBON FIBERS,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 52
TABLE 14 NORTH AMERICAN AUTOMOTIVE MARKETS FOR CARBON FIBERS
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 54
TABLE 15 NORTH AMERICAN WIND ENERGY MARKETS FOR CARBON FIBERS
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 55
TABLE 16 NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRIAL MARKETS FOR CARBON FIBERS, THROUGH
2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 56
TABLE 17 NORTH AMERICAN OUTLOOK FOR CARBON FIBERS, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 57
TABLE 18 WESTERN EUROPE OUTLOOK FOR CARBON FIBERS, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 58
TABLE 19 JAPAN'S OUTLOOK FOR CARBON FIBERS, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF
POUNDS) 60
TABLE 20 CHINA’S OUTLOOK FOR CARBON FIBERS, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS
OF POUNDS) 63
TABLE 21 REST OF THE WORLD OUTLOOK FOR CARBON FIBERS, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 64
TABLE 22 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR CARBON FIBERS BY MARKET, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 66
TABLE 23 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR CARBON FIBERS BY REGION, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 66
TABLE 24 NORTH AMERICAN AIRCRAFT/AEROSPACE MARKET FOR ARAMID FIBERS,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 74
TABLE 25 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ARAMID FIBER IN FRICTION
PRODUCTS 75
TABLE 26 REASONS AGAINST USING ADDITIONAL ARAMID FIBER IN FRICTION
MATERIALS 77
TABLE 27 NORTH AMERICAN AUTOMOTIVE MARKET FOR ARAMID FIBERS, THROUGH
2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 78
TABLE 28 NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRIAL MARKET FOR ARAMID FIBERS, THROUGH
2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 78
TABLE 29 NORTH AMERICAN OUTLOOK FOR ARAMID FIBERS, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 80
TABLE 30 WESTERN EUROPEAN OUTLOOK FOR ARAMID FIBERS, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 81
TABLE 31 JAPAN'S OUTLOOK FOR ARAMID FIBERS, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF
POUNDS) 81
TABLE 32 CHINA'S OUTLOOK FOR ARAMID FIBERS, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF
POUNDS) 82
TABLE 33 REST OF THE WORLD OUTLOOK FOR ARAMID FIBERS, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 83
TABLE 34 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR ARAMID FIBERS, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF
POUNDS) 84
TABLE 35 MARKET FOR PARTIALLY OXIDIZED POLYACRYLONITRILE FIBERS IN NORTH
AMERICA, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 87
TABLE 36 MARKET FOR PARTIALLY OXIDIZED POLYACRYLONITRILE FIBERS IN
WESTERN EUROPE, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 88
TABLE 37 MARKET FOR PARTIALLY OXIDIZED POLYACRYLONITRILE FIBERS IN JAPAN,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 88
TABLE 38 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR PARTIALLY OXIDIZED POLYACRYLONITRILE FIBERS,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 89
TABLE 39 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR HIGH-STRENGTH POLYETHYLENE FIBERS BY
MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 92
TABLE 40 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR HIGH-STRENGTH POLYETHYLENE FIBERS BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 92
TABLE 41 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR POLYBENZIMIDAZOLE (PBI) FIBERS, THROUGH
2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 95
TABLE 42 NORTH AMERICAN OUTLOOK FOR POLYBENZIMIDAZOLE (PBI) FIBERS BY
MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 96
TABLE 43 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR OTHER ADVANCED FIBERS, THROUGH 2019 ($
MILLION/THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 97
TABLE 44 MMC APPLICATIONS BY MARKET SEGMENT 101
TABLE 45 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR METAL MATRIX COMPOSITE (MMC) FIBERS BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 102
TABLE 46 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR METAL MATRIX COMPOSITE (MMC) FIBERS BY
MARKET, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 102
TABLE 47 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR POLYPHENYLENE SULFIDE (PPS) FIBERS,
THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 106
TABLE 48 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR POLYIMIDE FIBERS, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS
OF POUNDS/$ MILLIONS) 109
TABLE 49 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR POLYAMIDE-IMIDE (PAI) FIBERS, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 110
TABLE 50 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR NOVOLOID FIBERS, THROUGH 2015 (THOUSANDS
OF POUNDS) 111
TABLE 51 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR MISCELLANEOUS ADVANCED FIBERS, THROUGH
2019 (POUNDS) 112
TABLE 52 FIGHTER JETS AND OTHER AIRCRAFT USING BORON FIBER 114
TABLE 53 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR BORON FIBERS BY MARKET, THROUGH 2019
(POUNDS) 115
TABLE 54 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR BORON FIBERS, THROUGH 2019 (POUNDS) 115
TABLE 55 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR CARBON-SILICON CARBIDE FIBERS, THROUGH
2019 (POUNDS) 117
TABLE 56 GLOBAL SPECIALTY FIBER OUTLOOK BY REGION, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 120
TABLE 57 NORTH AMERICAN SPECIALTY FIBERS MARKET BY FIBER, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 122
TABLE 58 WESTERN EUROPEAN SPECIALTY FIBERS MARKET BY FIBER, THROUGH
2019 (THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 125
TABLE 59 JAPANESE SPECIALTY FIBERS MARKET BY FIBER, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 126
TABLE 60 CHINESE SPECIALTY FIBERS MARKET BY FIBER, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 127
TABLE 61 REST OF WORLD SPECIALTY FIBERS MARKET BY FIBER, THROUGH 2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 129
TABLE 62 STRATEGIC ANALYSIS OF THE NORTH AMERICAN SPECIALTY FIBERS
MARKET 133
LIST OF FIGURES
SUMMARY FIGURE THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR SPECIALTY FIBERS, 2013-2019
(THOUSANDS OF POUNDS) 9
FIGURE 1 TRENDS IN THE DIFFUSION OF COMPOSITES IN SELECTED COMMERCIAL
AND MILITARY APPLICATIONS SINCE 1970 (%) 18
FIGURE 2 MATERIAL COMPOSITION OF 787 DREAMLINER STRUCTURE (%) 19
FIGURE 3 LARGE COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT DELIVERIES, 1998-2013 (NO. OF AIRCRAFT) 20
FIGURE 4 SPECIALTY FIBER PATENTS ISSUED BY YEAR, 2003-2013 (NUMBER) 28
FIGURE 5 SPECIALTY FIBER PATENTS ISSUED BY MATERIAL, 2008-2013 (%) 29
FIGURE 6 SPECIALTY FIBER PATENTS BY NATION, 2008-2013 (%) 29
FIGURE 7 HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF CARBON FIBER, 1970 TO 2013 37
FIGURE 8 HOW CARBON FIBER IS MADE 38
FIGURE 9 NORTH AMERICAN AIRCRAFT/AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS FOR CARBON
FIBER, 2013 (%) 45
FIGURE 10 CARBON FIBER SUPPLY CHAIN 69
FIGURE 11 GLOBAL CARBON FIBER MARKET SHARES (%) 70
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL CARBON FIBER CAPACITY BY NATION/REGION, 2013 (% OF 190.2
MILLION POUNDS) 71
FIGURE 13 GLOBAL META-ARAMID FIBER MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 84
FIGURE 14 GLOBAL PARA-ARAMID MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 86
FIGURE 15 GLOBAL PARTIALLY OXIDIZED POLYACRYLONITRILE FIBER MARKET
SHARE, 2013 (%) 90
FIGURE 16 GLOBAL HIGH-STRENGTH POLYETHYLENE FIBER MARKET SHARE, 2013
(%) 93
FIGURE 17 GLOBAL POLYPHENYLENE SULFIDE (PPS) FIBER MARKET SHARE, 2013 (%) 106
FIGURE 18 SHARE OF INCREMENTAL GLOBAL GROWTH IN DEMAND FOR SPECIALTY
FIBERS, 1999-2012 VERSUS 2013-2019 (%) 121

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