Nanotechnology: A Realistic Market Assessment

  • September 2012
  • -
  • BCC Research
  • -
  • 226 pages

INTRODUCTION

The previous (2010) edition of this report began by noting that the hype, both positive and negative, that had surrounded nanotechnology appeared to be growing less extreme. Today, bearing that out, rosy projections of a “trillion-dollar” nanotechnology market in 10 years, or apocalyptic predictions about a “Faustian bargain” or a “Pandora’s box”[1] are heard less often.

However, while the hype may have slowed somewhat, there is still some out there. Growing public awareness combined with the complex, diverse nature of the technologies that are commonly grouped together under the heading of nanotechnology virtually invites misunderstanding, if not actual misrepresentation.
For example, in 2010, a respected journalist wrote a series of stories for AOL News entitled “The Nanotech Gamble: Bold Science, Big Money, Growing Risks” that faulted the U.S. government’s performance in identifying and protecting the public against alleged health hazards posed by nanotechnology. One interviewee asked rhetorically, “How long should the public have to wait before the government takes protective action? Must the bodies stack up first?”

So stinging was the piece to the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) and the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office (NNCO) that the director of the NNCO felt compelled to issue a formal rebuttal. According to the rebuttal, the author “takes an alarmist perspective,” “uses irrelevant examples” and “fails to balance the risks against the benefits of nanotechnology.” As some observers have noted, the debate over the AOL News article (which was still simmering when this report was written) is at best a distraction from the research that needs to be done.

Business, academia, the media, all have an incentive to attempt to cash in on nanotechnology. Various manufacturers have tacked “nano” onto their products and processes, whether or not they deal in nano-size elements, in an attempt to boost sales. Companies that have nothing to do with nanotechnology have “nano” in their names to make them sound more technologically advanced than the competition. Some academic researchers worry that the buzzword nano is being misused to bring in research dollars for dubious technologies and applications at the expense of legitimate research.

Hype inevitably carries with it the risk of a backlash because it can create unrealistic expectations for nanotechnology. Then, when expectations are not met, people tend to withdraw, or worse, turn oppositional. A blog entry on The Bespoke Investment Group’s website observed that:

“Back in the ‘good ol’ days’ of the mid-2000s, investors were riding a bull market wave and looking for ‘the next big thing.’ One of those ‘next big things’ was nanotechnology. Ever since the collapse began in 2007, however, the nanotech craze seems all but forgotten. We can’t remember the last time we read or watched something about nanotech. …Stocks and ETFs relating to nanotech have also lost investor interest.”

As a result, legitimate nanotechnology products and applications are hurt along with the pseudos as funding and markets dry up. The dot.com boom and bust provides a cautionary example of the dangers of hype, but nanotechnology has a more tangible nature because it is a set of technologies. This report takes a realistic look at the nanotechnology field and offers a road map to the technologies and applications that are most likely to be commercialized in the next five years.

STUDY BACKGROUND

While it appears inevitable that nanotechnology will have a broad and fundamental impact on many sectors of the U.S. economy, various technical, marketing and other hurdles need to be overcome before nanotechnology fulfills this promise. These challenges and differences of opinion regarding commercial applications are reflected in the widely diverging estimates for the U.S. and global nanotechnology markets.

These differences reflect not only different analytical methods and assumptions, but also different definitions of the nanotechnology market (e.g., whether to include decades-old technologies such as carbon black rubber reinforcers and photographic silver, or whether to base the market value on nanotechnology inputs alone, as opposed to the total value of products that nanotechnology incorporates).

Perhaps as a reflection of the difficulty of quantifying the market for nanotechnologies, some analysts downplay the commercial dimensions of the nanotechnology market, focusing instead on the supply side—that is to say, the development of new nanoscale technologies and applications. These analysts have made valuable contributions, raising investors’ awareness of and interest in nanotechnologies.

However, by itself, the work of these analysts does not provide sufficient information in order to guide corporate or individual investment decisions. Investors require additional data such as the size of specific nanotechnology markets, prices and competition as well as potential regulation.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

The goal of this report is to provide investors and others with information on the commercial potential of various nanotechnologies and to complement the growing body of technical information. Specific objectives include identifying segments of the nanotechnology market with the greatest commercial potential in the near to mid-term (2012 through 2017), projecting future demand in these segments and evaluating the challenges that must be overcome for each segment to realize its potential in order to estimate the probability of successful commercialization.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

The report is especially intended for entrepreneurs, investors, venture capitalists, and other readers with a need to know where the nanotechnology market is headed in the next five years. Other readers who should find the report particularly valuable include nanotechnology marketing executives and government officials associated with the National Nanotechnology Initiative and other state-level programs that promote the development of the nanotechnology industry. The report’s findings and conclusions should also be of interest to the broader nanotechnology community.

SCOPE OF REPORT

The global market for nanotechnology applications will be addressed. Nanotechnology applications are defined comprehensively as the creation and utilization of materials, devices and systems through the manipulation of matter at scales of less than 100 nanometers. The study covers nanomaterials (nanoparticles, nanotubes, nanostructured materials and nanocomposites), nanotools (nanolithography tools and scanning probe microscopes) and nanodevices (nanosensors and nanoelectronics).

A pragmatic decision was made to exclude certain types of materials and devices from the report that technically fit the definition of nanotechnology. These exceptions include carbon black nanoparticles used to reinforce tires and other rubber products; photographic silver and dye nanoparticles; and activated carbon used for water filtration. These materials were excluded because they have been used for decades, long before the concept of nanotechnology was born, and their huge volumes (especially carbon black and activated carbon) would tend to swamp the newer nanomaterials in the analysis.

Nanoscale semiconductors are also excluded from the study, although the tools used to create them are included. Unlike carbon black and activated carbon, nanoscale semiconductors are a relatively new development. However, they have been analyzed comprehensively elsewhere, and, like carbon black and activated carbon, would tend to overwhelm other nanotechnologies by their sheer volume in the out-years towards 2017.

The study format includes the following major elements:
Executive summary.
Definitions.
Milestones in the development of nanotechnology.
Current and potential nanotechnology applications.
Applications and end users with the greatest commercial potential through 2017.
Global nanotechnology market trends, 2011 through 2017.
Factors that will influence the long-term development of nanotechnology.
Market shares and industry structure.

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES

Projecting the market for emerging technologies, such as most nanotechnology applications whose commercial potential has not yet been proven, is a challenging task that may help to explain why many analysts focus on supply-side technology assessments. A multiphase approach was used in the preparation of this report to identify the nanotechnology applications with the greatest commercial potential and quantify the market for these applications, as described below.
In the first phase of the analysis, BCC Research identifies a long list of potential nanotechnology applications (including applications that are still under development) and maps them against potential end-user industries, such as information technology/electronics, biotechnology and health care. In the second phase, BCC eliminates those nanotechnology applications that appear to have little likelihood of making it into commercial production in the next five years. This was accomplished through a literature review and interviews with industry sources. The result of phase two is a short list of applications and end-user industries with the greatest near- to mid-term commercial potential.

The third phase focuses on quantifying the potential broader market for each short-listed nanotechnology application and identifying the main prerequisites for commercial success. Various methodologies and data sources were used to develop the projections, including trend-line projections, input-output analysis and estimates of future demand from industry sources.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

Andrew McWilliams, the author of this report, is a partner in the Boston-based international technology and marketing consulting firm 43rd Parallel, LLC. He is the author of numerous other BCC Research nanotechnology studies, including the predecessor to this study, Nanotechnology: A Realistic Market Assessment (NAN031D); Global Medical Markets for Nanoscale Materials and Devices (HLC058A): Nanostructured Materials for the Biomedical, Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Markets (NAN017D); Nanostructured Materials for Energy, Catalysis and Structural Applications (NAN017E); Nanostructured Materials: Electronic/ Magnetic/Optoelectronic (NAN017F); Nanotechnology in Energy Applications (NAN044A); Advanced Ceramics and Nanoceramic Powders (NAN015E); Global Markets for Nanocomposites, Nanoparticles, Nanoclays and Nanotubes (NAN021E); Nanopatterning (NAN041A); Nanotechnology in Life Sciences Applications (NAN038A); Nanotechnology for Consumer Products (NAN037A); Nanotechnology for Photonics (NAN036B); Nanocatalysts (NAN028A); and Nanosensors (NAN035A).

Table Of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
STUDY BACKGROUND 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
INTENDED AUDIENCE 2
SCOPE OF REPORT 2
METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES 3
ANALYST CREDENTIALS 3
RELATED BCC REPORTS 4
BCC ONLINE SERVICES 5
DISCLAIMER 5
CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 7
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL NANOTECHNOLOGY MARKET THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 7
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL NANOTECHNOLOGY MARKET, 2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 7
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW: POTENTIAL NANOTECHNOLOGY END USERS AND APPLICATIONS 10
GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF NANOTECHNOLOGY 10
DEFINITION 10
BRIEF HISTORY OF NANOTECHNOLOGY 10
NANOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS 12
NANOMATERIALS 12
TABLE 1 MAJOR CATEGORIES OF NANOMATERIALS 13
Solid Nanoparticles 13
General Description 13
Fabrication 14
Gas Phase Processing 14
Gas Condensation with Thermal Evaporation 14
Vacuum Evaporation on Running Liquids 14
Plasma Synthesis 15
Combustion Synthesis 15
Wet Phase Processing 15
Chemical Precipitation 15
Hydrothermal Processing 15
Sol-Gel Processing 16
Radiolysis 16
Mechanical Processing 16
High-Energy Ball Milling 16
Mechanochemical Synthesis 17
Types of Nanoparticles and Their Applications 17
Established Commercial Applications 17
TABLE 2 ESTABLISHED COMMERCIAL NANOPARTICLE APPLICATIONS, 2012 17
Inks and Pigments 19
Coatings and Adhesives 19
Chemical-Mechanical Polishing (CMP) Compounds 20
Sunscreens and Other Personal Care Products 20
Other UV Protection Products 21
Synthetic Bone and Tooth Enamel 21
Ferrofluids 22
Drug Delivery Vehicles 22
Fabrics and Fabric Treatments 23
Biomedical Markers and Detection Aids 23
Transfection Reagents 24
Dietary Supplements 25
Filtration Systems 25
Magnetic Separations 25
MRI Contrast Agents 26
Antioxidants 26
Surface Disinfectants 27
Diesel Fuel Additives 27
Fuel and Explosive Additives 27
Hazardous Chemical Neutralizers 27
Diode Lasers 28
Petroleum Refining 28
Multilayer Ceramic Capacitors 28
Printed Electronics 29
Rechargeable Lithium Ion Batteries 30
Proteomics Applications 31
Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) 31
Thermal Interface Materials 32
Emerging Nanoparticle Applications 32
TABLE 3 DEVELOPMENTAL NANOPARTICLE APPLICATIONS, 2012 32
Molecular Imaging Agents 32
Flat Panel Displays 33
Digital Image Sensors 33
Electrochromic Displays 34
Nanosensors 34
Hollow Nanoparticles 35
General Description 35
Fabrication 35
Arc Discharge 35
Laser Ablation 35
Chemical Vapor Deposition 35
Flame Synthesis 36
Hollow Nanoparticle Applications 36
Established Commercial Applications 36
Scanning Microscope Tips 36
Nanosensors 36
Developmental Applications 36
TABLE 4 DEVELOPMENTAL NANOTUBE APPLICATIONS, 2012 37
Field Emission Devices 37
Drug Delivery Systems 38
Semiconductors 39
Printed Electronics 40
Computer Memory 40
Hydrogen 41
Conductive Fibers 41
Batteries 42
Ultracapacitors 42
Nanoscale Thin Films and Coatings 43
General Description 43
Fabrication 43
Nanoparticulate Precursor Methods 43
Dip Coating 43
Spin Coating 44
Electrophoretic Deposition 44
Thermal Spray Coating 44
Pulsed Laser Deposition 44
Direct Production of Nanoscale Thin Film Coatings 45
Electrodeposition 45
Amorphous Crystallization 45
Nanoscale Thin Film Applications 45
Established Commercial Applications 46
TABLE 5 COMMERCIAL NANOSCALE THIN FILM APPLICATIONS, 2012 46
Catalytic Converters 47
Fuel Cells 47
Flat-Panel Displays 48
Nanoporous Membranes 48
Eyeglass and Other Lens Coatings 49
Antimicrobial Dressings 49
Optical Recording Media 49
Hard Disk Media and Heads 50
Magnetic Recording Tapes 50
Optical Fiber Cladding 50
Nanostructured Steel 51
Photocatalytic Coatings 51
Low-k Dielectric Coatings 52
Anti-Scratch/Anti-Stick Coatings 52
Electroconductive Coatings 53
Thermal Spray Coatings 53
Photovoltaics 54
Lighting 54
Developmental Applications 55
TABLE 6 DEVELOPMENTAL NANOSCALE THIN FILM APPLICATIONS, 2012 55
Transparent Electrodes 55
MRI-Safe Coatings for Medical Devices 55
Biocompatible Coatings for Medical Devices and Implants 56
Superlenses 56
Nanostructured Monolithics 57
General Description 57
Fabrication 58
Consolidation of Nanoparticles into Monolithics 58
Severe Plastic Deformation 58
Aerogels 58
Nanostructured Monolithic Applications 59
Established Commercial Applications 59
TABLE 7 COMMERCIAL NANOSTRUCTURED MONOLITHIC APPLICATIONS, 2012 59
High-Pressure Discharge Lamp Tubes 59
Building Insulation 59
Catalysts 60
Fuel Cell Membranes 60
Energy Recovery Ventilators 60
Water Filtration Membranes 61
Developmental Applications 61
TABLE 8 DEVELOPMENTAL NANOSTRUCTURED MONOLITHIC APPLICATIONS, 2012 61
Medical Implants 61
Electrochemical Devices 62
Nanocomposites 63
General Description 63
Fabrication 63
Clay/Polymer Nanocomposites 63
Carbon Nanotube Composites 64
Oriented Nanocomposite Extrusion Process 64
Layered Fabrication 64
Nanocomposite Fibers 64
Nanocomposite Applications 65
Established Commercial Applications 65
TABLE 9 COMMERCIAL NANOCOMPOSITE APPLICATIONS, 2012 65
Automotive Parts 65
Packaging 66
Wire and Cable Sheathing 66
ESD Applications 66
Electrical and Electronic Devices 67
Sporting Goods 67
Electronics Shielding 68
Hydrophobic/Oleophobic Nanocomposites 69
Developmental Nanocomposite Applications 69
TABLE 10 DEVELOPMENTAL NANOCOMPOSITE APPLICATIONS, 2012 69
Nanocomposite Fuel Cell Membranes 70
Tungsten Carbide Tools 71
Protective Clothing 71
Channel Add/Drop Filters 71
Optical Switches 71
Optical Amplifiers 72
Bone Replacements and Cements 72
Water Purification 73
Miscellaneous Structural Applications 73
NANOTOOLS 74
General Description 74
Nanotool Applications 74
Established Commercial Applications 74
TABLE 11 COMMERCIAL NANOTOOL APPLICATIONS, 2012 74
Nanomanipulators 74
Near-Field Optics 75
Nanomachining Tools 76
Advanced Optical Nanolithography Tools 76
TABLE 12 ITRS TECHNOLOGY NODES, 2011-2017 (MINIMUM LINE WIDTH/YEAR) 77
Developmental Applications 77
Next-Generation Nanolithography Tools 78
NANODEVICES 78
General Description 78
Nanodevice Applications 79
Established Commercial Applications 79
TABLE 13 COMMERCIAL NANODEVICE APPLICATIONS, 2012 79
Nano-High-Performance Liquid Chromatography 80
Nanosensors 80
Drug Production and Mixing Systems 81
Developmental Nanodevice Applications 81
TABLE 14 DEVELOPMENTAL NANODEVICE APPLICATIONS, 2012 81
Holographic Memory 82
CHAPTER 4 PATENT ANALYSIS 84
PATENTS BY TYPE OF NANOTECHNOLOGY 84
TABLE 15 U.S. NANOTECHNOLOGY PATENTS ISSUED JANUARY 1, 2005 TO JUNE 30, 2012
(NUMBER OF PATENTS/% OF TOTAL) 84
NANOTECHNOLOGY PATENT HOLDERS 84
TABLE 16 COMPANIES AND INSTITUTIONS GRANTED THE LARGEST NUMBER OF U.S.
NANOTECHNOLOGY PATENTS JANUARY 1, 2005 THROUGH JUNE 30, 2012 (NUMBER OF
PATENTS)
85
CHAPTER 5 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY PRODUCTS 87
TOTAL MARKET SIZE 87
TABLE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 87
FIGURE 1 GLOBAL MARKETS FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY PRODUCTS, 2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 87
NANOTECHNOLOGY MARKET BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY 87
TABLE 18 GLOBAL NANOTECHNOLOGY MARKET BY TYPE THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 88
FIGURE 2 GLOBAL NANOTECHNOLOGY MARKET SHARES, 2011 VERSUS 2017 (%) 88
NANOMATERIALS 89
Total Market 89
TABLE 19 GLOBAL NANOMATERIALS SALES BY TYPE, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 89
FIGURE 3 GLOBAL NANOMATERIALS MARKET SHARES 2011 VERSUS 2017 (% OF TOTAL
NANOMATERIALS SALES) 89
Nanomaterials Sales by Type 91
Solid Nanoparticles 91
TABLE 20 GLOBAL SOLID NANOPARTICLE MARKET BY CURRENT STAGE OF
COMMERCIALIZATION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 91
Established Commercial Nanoparticle Applications 91
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ESTABLISHED COMMERCIAL NANOPARTICLE
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 92
Coatings and Adhesives 92
TABLE 22 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF PGM POLYMER NANOPARTICLES USED IN COATINGS
AND ADHESIVES, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 93
Ultrafine Polishing Compounds 93
TABLE 23 GLOBAL TREND IN GLOBAL SEMICONDUCTOR SALES THROUGH 2017 ($ BILLION) 93
TABLE 24 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SILICA AND ALUMINA NANOPARTICLES USED IN
CMP COMPOUNDS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 94
UV Absorbers 94
TABLE 25 GLOBAL SUNSCREEN SALES, THROUGH 2017 ($ BILLION) 95
TABLE 26 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF TI02 AND ZNO NANOPARTICLES USED IN
SUNSCREENS AND OTHER PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 95
Synthetic Bone and Tooth Enamel 95
TABLE 27 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOPARTICLE-BASED SYNTHETIC BONE AND TOOTH
ENAMELS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 96
Ferrofluids 96
TABLE 28 GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF ELECTRONIC DEVICES INCORPORATING
FERROFLUIDS, THROUGH 2017 (MILLION UNITS) 96
TABLE 29 GLOBAL MARKET FOR IRON OXIDE NANOPARTICLES USED IN FERROFLUIDS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 97
Pharmaceuticals 97
TABLE 30 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOPARTICLES USED TO DELIVER DRUGS, THROUGH
2017 ($ MILLIONS) 97
Fabric Treatment 98
TABLE 31 GLOBAL MARKET FOR POLYMER NANOPARTICLES USED IN FABRIC
TREATMENTS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 98
Biomedical Markers and Detection Aids 98
FIGURE 4 NANOPARTICLES USED IN BIOLOGICAL MARKER AND DETECTION AID
APPLICATIONS, 2011 (% OF TOTAL SALES) 99
TABLE 32 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOPARTICLES USED AS BIOMEDICAL MARKERS AND
DETECTION AIDS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 100
Transfection Reagents 100
TABLE 33 GLOBAL MARKET FOR DENDRIMERS USED IN TRANSFECTION REAGENTS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 101
Dietary Supplements 101
TABLE 34 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SILVER AND SILICA NANOPARTICLES USED IN DIETARY
SUPPLEMENTS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 101
Filtration Systems 102
TABLE 35 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOPARTICULATE ALUMINA USED IN ULTRAFILTRATION
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 102
Magnetic Separations 102
TABLE 36 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOPARTICULATE IRON OXIDE USED IN BIOMAGNETIC
SEPARATION APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 102
MRI Contrast Agents 103
TABLE 37 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOPARTICULATE IRON OXIDE USED IN MRI CONTRAST
MEDIA, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 103
Surface Disinfectants 103
TABLE 38 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OIL NANOSPHERES USED IN SURFACE DISINFECTANTS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 104
Diesel Fuel Additives 104
TABLE 39 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOPARTICULATE CERIUM OXIDE USED IN DIESEL FUEL
ADDITIVES, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 104
Fuel and Explosive Additives 104
TABLE 40 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOPARTICULATE ALUMINA AND IRON OXIDE FOR FUEL
AND EXPLOSIVE ADDITIVES, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 105
Diode Lasers 105
TABLE 41 GLOBAL MARKET FOR QUANTUM DOT LASER DIODES, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 105
Photovoltaics 105
TABLE 42 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOPARTICLES USED IN PHOTOVOLTAICS, THROUGH
2017 ($ MILLIONS) 106
Refinery Catalysts 106
TABLE 43 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOPARTICLES USED IN PETROLEUM REFINING,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 106
Multi-Layer Ceramic Capacitors 106
TABLE 44 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOPARTICLES IN MULTILAYER CERAMIC
CAPACITOR APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 107
Printed Electronics 107
TABLE 45 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES IN ELECTRONIC PRINTING
INKS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 108
Rechargeable Batteries 108
TABLE 46 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOPARTICLES USED IN RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM
ION BATTERIES, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 108
Proteomics 109
TABLE 47 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF APTAMERS FOR PROTEOMICS APPLICATIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 109
Light Emitting Diodes 109
TABLE 48 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOPARTICLES IN LED FABRICATION, THROUGH
2017 ($ MILLIONS) 110
Developmental Applications 110
TABLE 49 GLOBAL MARKET FOR COMMERCIALLY PROMISING NANOPARTICLE
APPLICATIONS STILL UNDER DEVELOPMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 110
Molecular Imaging Agents 110
TABLE 50 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF APTAMERS FOR MOLECULAR IMAGING
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 111
Flat-panel Displays 111
TABLE 51 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOPARTICLES IN FLAT PANEL DISPLAYS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 111
Digital Image Sensors 111
TABLE 52 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF QUANTUM DOTS IN DIGITAL IMAGE SENSORS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 112
Electrochromic Displays 112
TABLE 53 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ELECTROCHROMIC DISPLAY MATERIALS, THROUGH
2017 ($ MILLIONS) 113
Nanotubes and Other Hollow Nanoparticles 113
TABLE 54 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOTUBES AND OTHER HOLLOW NANOPARTICLES,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 113
Established Commercial Nanotube Applications 113
TABLE 55 MARKET FOR ESTABLISHED CARBON NANOTUBE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2017
($ MILLIONS) 114
Scanning Microscope Tips 114
Nanosensors 114
TABLE 56 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF CARBON NANOTUBE SENSOR ELEMENTS, THROUGH
2017 ($ MILLIONS) 114
Developmental Applications 115
TABLE 57 MARKET FOR COMMERCIALLY PROMISING NANOTUBE APPLICATIONS STILL
UNDER DEVELOPMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 115
Field Emission Devices 115
TABLE 58 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF CARBON NANOTUBE MEDICAL X-RAY TUBES,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 116
Semiconductors 116
Printed Electronics 116
TABLE 59 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF CARBON NANOTUBE INKS IN PRINTED
ELECTRONICS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 117
Hydrogen Storage 117
Conductive Fibers 117
TABLE 60 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF CARBON NANOTUBE CONDUCTIVE FIBERS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 118
Batteries and Capacitors 118
TABLE 61 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF CARBON NANOTUBE ELECTRODE MATERIALS USED
IN ULTRATHIN BATTERIES AND CAPACITORS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 118
Nanoscale Thin Films 118
TABLE 62 GLOBAL NANOSCALE THIN FILM MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 119
Established Commercial Thin Film Applications 119
TABLE 63 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ESTABLISHED COMMERCIAL THIN FILM APPLICATIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 119
Catalytic Converters 120
TABLE 64 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSCALE THIN FILM MATERIALS IN CATALYTIC
CONVERTER, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 120
Fuel Cells 121
TABLE 65 GLOBAL FUEL CELL SALES BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 121
TABLE 66 FUEL CELL CONSUMPTION OF PLATINUM THIN FILM CATALYSTS, THROUGH
2017 ($ MILLIONS) 122
Flat Panel Displays 122
TABLE 67 CONSUMPTION OF OLED THIN FILM MATERIALS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 122
Nanoporous Membranes 123
TABLE 68 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOPOROUS THIN FILM MEMBRANES THROUGH
2017 ($ MILLIONS) 124
Eyeglass and Other Lens Coatings 124
TABLE 69 GLOBAL EYEGLASS COATING SALES, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 124
TABLE 70 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSCALE THIN FILM MATERIALS IN EYEGLASS
AND OTHER OPTICAL COATINGS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 124
Antimicrobial Dressings 125
TABLE 71 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSCALE THIN FILM MATERIALS IN
ANTIMICROBIAL DRESSINGS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 125
Optical Recording Media 125
TABLE 72 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSCALE THIN FILM MATERIALS IN OPTICAL
RECORDING MEDIA COATINGS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 126
Hard Disk Media and Heads 126
TABLE 73 GLOBAL HARD DISK MEDIA PRODUCTION AND THIN FILM MATERIALS
CONSUMPTION, THROUGH 2017 (MILLION UNITS/$ MILLION) 126
TABLE 74 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSCALE THIN FILM MATERIALS IN HARD DISK
MEDIA AND RECORDING HEADS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 127
Magnetic Recording Media 127
TABLE 75 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSCALE THIN FILM MATERIALS IN MAGNETIC
RECORDING MEDIA, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 127
Fiber Optic Cladding 128
TABLE 76 GLOBAL OUTPUT OF FIBER OPTIC CABLE, THROUGH 2017 (MILLION KM) 128
TABLE 77 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SILICA NANOMATERIALS FOR FIBER OPTIC CABLE,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 128
Photocatalytic Coatings 128
TABLE 78 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSCALE THIN FILM MATERIALS IN
PHOTOCATALYTIC COATINGS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 129
Anti-Scratch Coatings 129
TABLE 79 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ALUMINA AND OTHER METAL OXIDE
NANOPARTICLES USED IN SCRATCH-RESISTANT COATINGS THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 129
Low-k Dielectric Films 129
TABLE 80 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSCALE LOW-K DIELECTRIC FILM MATERIALS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 130
Electroconductive Coatings 130
TABLE 81 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSCALE MATERIALS FOR ELECTROCONDUCTIVE
COATINGS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 130
Thermal Spray Coatings 130
TABLE 82 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSCALE THERMAL SPRAY COATING MATERIALS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 131
Photovoltaics 131
TABLE 83 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSCALE THIN FILM MATERIALS IN
PHOTOVOLTAICS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 131
High-Strength Nanostructured Steel Coatings 132
TABLE 84 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSTRUCTURED STEEL COATINGS THROUGH
2017 ($ MILLIONS) 132
OLED Lighting 133
TABLE 85 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF OLED LIGHTING BY TYPE, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 133
Developmental Thin Film Applications 134
TABLE 86 GLOBAL MARKET FOR COMMERCIALLY PROMISING NANOTHIN FILM
APPLICATIONS STILL UNDER DEVELOPMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 134
Transparent Electrodes 134
TABLE 87 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOTUBES USED IN FIELD EMISSION DISPLAYS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 135
MRI-Safe Coatings 135
Biocompatible Coatings 135
Nanostructured Monolithics 136
TABLE 88 GLOBAL NANOSTRUCTURED MONOLITHIC MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 136
Commercial Monolithic Applications 136
TABLE 89 GLOBAL MARKET FOR COMMERCIAL NANOSTRUCTURED MONOLITHIC
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 136
High-pressure Discharge Lamp Tubes 136
TABLE 90 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ALUMINA IN HIGH-PRESSURE DISCHARGE LAMP
TUBES, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 137
Insulation 137
TABLE 91 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF AEROGELS FOR BUILDING INSULATION
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 137
Catalysts 138
TABLE 92 TRENDS IN GLOBAL DEMAND FOR CRACKING CATALYSTS, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 138
TABLE 93 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ZEOLITE NANOCATALYSTS, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 138
Fuel Cell Membranes 138
TABLE 94 FUEL CELL SALES BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 139
TABLE 95 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOPOROUS POLYMER FUEL CELL MEMBRANE
MATERIALS, THROUGH 2017 (METRIC TONS/$ MILLION) 139
Energy Recovery Ventilators 139
TABLE 96 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSTRUCTURED POLYMER ERV FILTERS,
THROUGH 2017 (METRIC TONS/$ MILLION) 139
Water Filtration Membranes 140
TABLE 97 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSTRUCTURED POLYMER WATER
DESALINATION MEMBRANE MATERIALS, THROUGH 2017 (METRIC TONS/$ MILLION) 140
Developmental Monolithic Applications 140
TABLE 98 GLOBAL MARKET FOR DEVELOPMENTAL NANOSTRUCTURED MONOLITHIC
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 141
Medical Implants 141
TABLE 99 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOYS IN ORTHOPEDIC
IMPLANTS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 141
TABLE 100 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOSTRUCTURED TITANIUM FOR MEDICAL
IMPLANT APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 142
Aerocapacitors and Other Electrochemical Devices 142
TABLE 101 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ADVANCED ELECTRONIC AND CAPACITIVE ENERGY
STORAGE DEVICES, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 142
TABLE 102 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF CARBON AEROGELS IN ELECTROCHEMICAL
DEVICES, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 143
Nanocomposites 143
TABLE 103 GLOBAL NANOCOMPOSITES MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 143
Established Nanocomposite Applications 143
TABLE 104 GLOBAL MARKET FOR COMMERCIAL NANOCOMPOSITE APPLICATIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 144
Automotive Components 144
FIGURE 5 GLOBAL NANOCOMPOSITE CONSUMPTION IN AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS, 2011
(% OF TOTAL CONSUMPTION BY VALUE) 144
TABLE 105 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOCOMPOSITES IN AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 145
Food Packaging 145
TABLE 106 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOCOMPOSITES IN FOOD PACKAGING
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 145
Wire and Cable Sheathing 146
TABLE 107 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOCOMPOSITES IN WIRE/CABLE SHEATHING
AND OTHER FIRE RETARDANT APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 146
ESD Applications 146
TABLE 108 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOCOMPOSITES FOR ESD APPLICATIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 147
Electrical and Electronic Devices 147
TABLE 109 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MAGNETIC NANOCOMPOSITES FOR ELECTRICAL
AND ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 147
Sporting Goods 147
TABLE 110 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOCOMPOSITES IN SPORTING GOODS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 148
Dental Adhesives 148
TABLE 111 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF POSS-CONTAINING NANOCOMPOSITES IN DENTAL
ADHESIVES, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 148
Electronics Protection 148
TABLE 112 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF POSS NANOCOMPOSITES USED FOR ELECTRONICS
SHIELDING, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 149
Hydrophobic/Oleophobic Nanocomposites 149
TABLE 113 GLOBAL MARKET FOR HYDROPHOBIC/OLEOPHOBIC NANOCOMPOSITES,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 149
Developmental Nanocomposite Applications 149
TABLE 114 GLOBAL MARKET FOR DEVELOPMENTAL NANOCOMPOSITE APPLICATIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 150
Fuel Cells 150
TABLE 115 FUEL CELL MEMBRANE CONSUMPTION, 2017 (MILLION SQUARE METERS) 151
TABLE 116 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOCOMPOSITES IN FUEL CELL MEMBRANES,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 151
Tungsten Carbide Tools 151
TABLE 117 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOCOMPOSITES IN TUNGSTEN CARBIDE TOOLS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 152
Protective Clothing 152
TABLE 118 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOCOMPOSITES IN PROTECTIVE CLOTHING,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 152
Photonic Add/Drop Filters 152
TABLE 119 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PHOTONIC CRYSTAL ADD/DROP FILTERS, THROUGH 2017
($ MILLIONS) 153
Optical Switches 153
TABLE 120 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF QUANTUM DOTS USED IN OPTICAL SWITCHES AND
GATES, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 153
Optical Amplifiers 153
TABLE 121 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF QUANTUM DOTS-BASED OPTICAL AMPLIFIERS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 154
Water Purification Filter 154
TABLE 122 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOCOMPOSITE WATER PURIFICATION
MEMBRANE MATERIALS, THROUGH 2017 (METRIC TONS/$ MILLION) 154
Orthopedic Implants 154
TABLE 123 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF NANOCOMPOSITE BONE SUBSTITUTE MATERIALS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 155
Miscellaneous Structural Applications 155
TABLE 124 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GRAPHENE POLYMER COMPOSITES, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 155
NANOTOOLS 155
TABLE 125 GLOBAL NANOTOOLS SALES, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 156
Commercial Applications 156
TABLE 126 `GLOBAL MARKET FOR COMMERCIAL NANOTOOL APPLICATIONS, THROUGH
2017 ($ MILLIONS) 156
Nanomanipulators 156
FIGURE 6 GLOBAL NANOMANIPULATOR SHARE OF SALES, 2011 (%) 156
TABLE 127 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF NANOMANIPULATORS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 157
Near-Field Optics 158
TABLE 128 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF SCANNING NEAR-FIELD OPTICAL MICROSCOPES,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 158
Nanomachining Tools 158
TABLE 129 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF NANOMACHINING TOOLS, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 158
Advanced Optical Nanolithography Tools 158
TABLE 130 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF ADVANCED OPTICAL NANOLITHOGRAPHY TOOLS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 159
Developmental Applications 159
TABLE 131 GLOBAL MARKET FOR DEVELOPMENTAL NANOTOOL APPLICATIONS, THROUGH
2017 ($ MILLIONS) 159
Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography 159
Maskless Optical Lithography 160
Nanoimprint Lithography 160
NANODEVICES 160
TABLE 132 GLOBAL NANODEVICE SALES, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 160
Commercial Applications 160
TABLE 133 GLOBAL MARKET FOR COMMERCIAL NANODEVICE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH
2017 ($ MILLIONS) 161
Nano HPLC 161
TABLE 134 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF NANO HIGH-PERFORMANCE LIQUID
CHROMATOGRAPHY INSTRUMENTS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 161
Nanosensors 162
TABLE 135 GLOBAL NANO CHEMICAL SENSOR SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 162
Microfluidic Drug Production Systems 162
TABLE 136 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF NANOPARTICULATE DRUG PRODUCTION SYSTEMS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 162
Developmental Applications 162
Nanoscale Holographic Memory 162
TABLE 137 GLOBAL NANOSTRUCTURED HOLOGRAPHIC STORAGE MARKET, THROUGH 2017
($ MILLIONS) 163
NANOTECHNOLOGY BY END-USER SEGMENT 163
TABLE 138 GLOBAL NANOTECHNOLOGY CONSUMPTION BY END-USER SEGMENT,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 163
FIGURE 7 GLOBAL NANOTECHNOLOGY END-USER MARKET SHARES 2011 VERSUS 2017 (%) 164
CHAPTER 6 DEVELOPMENTS THAT COULD INFLUENCE THE NANOTECHNOLOGY MARKET 167
ECONOMIC TRENDS 167
FIGURE 8 ANNUAL GROWTH RATE PERCENT OF WORLD GDP 2010-2017 (%) 167
ATTITUDE OF VENTURE CAPITALISTS 168
ENVIRONMENTAL/HEALTH/SAFETY AND OTHER IMPACTS OF NANOMATERIALS 169
POLITICAL/LEGAL/REGULATORY TRENDS 170
GOVERNMENT-FUNDED NANOTECHNOLOGY INITIATIVES 170
FIGURE 9 GLOBAL GOVERNMENT NANOTECHNOLOGY RandD INVESTMENTS, 2010 (PERCENT
OF TOTAL GOVERNMENT INVESTMENTS) 171
LAWS AND REGULATIONS 171
LONG-TERM MARKET PROSPECTS 172
CHAPTER 7 NANOTECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 174
NUMBER AND SIZE OF FIRMS 174
SIZE DISTRIBUTION OF FIRMS 174
TABLE 139 SIZE DISTRIBUTION OF NANOTECH COMPANIES IN BCC SAMPLE, 2011 (NO./%) 174
FIGURE 10 SIZE DISTRIBUTION PERCENT OF NANOTECH COMPANIES IN BCC SAMPLE,
2011 (%) 174
PRODUCTS 175
TABLE 140 NANOTECH COMPANIES IN BCC SAMPLE BY MAIN NANO PRODUCT LINE, 2010 175
FIGURE 11 NANOTECH COMPANIES IN BCC SAMPLE, PERCENT BY MAIN NANO PRODUCT
LINE, 2011 (%) 175
NATIONALITY 176
FIGURE 12 GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF NANOTECH COMPANIES IN BCC SAMPLE,
2011 176
MARKET SHARES 177
NANOMATERIALS 177
FIGURE 13 NANOMATERIALS MARKET SHARES, 2011 (%) 177
NANOTOOLS 178
FIGURE 14 NANOTOOLS MARKET SHARES, 2011 (%) 178
NANODEVICES 179
FIGURE 15 NANODEVICES MARKET SHARES, 2011 (%) 179
CHAPTER 8 COMPANY PROFILES 181
A123 SYSTEMS, INC. 181
ALMATIS GMBH 181
ALPS ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 181
ALTAIR NANOTECHNOLOGIES, INC. 182
ANTARIA LTD. 182
APHIOS CORP. 182
APPLIED PLASMONICS, INC. 182
ARGONIDE CORP. 183
ASPEN AEROGELS, INC. 183
BAIKOWSKI INTERNATIONAL CORP. 183
BANGS LABORATORIES, INC. 184
BASF AG 184
BAYER AG 185
BIOPHAN TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 185
CABOT MICROELECTRONICS CORP. 185
CAPSULUTION NANOSCIENCE AG 186
CATALYTIC SOLUTIONS, INC. 186
CATALYTIC MATERIALS, LLC 187
CIMA NANOTECH 187
CLARIANT AG 187
COOPER BUSSMAN 187
CYRIUM TECHNOLOGIES INC. 188
DAIS ANALYTIC CORP. 188
DENDRITIC NANOTECHNOLOGIES INC. 188
DE NORA NORTH AMERICA INC. 189
DIONEX CORP. 189
DONALDSON CO., INC. 189
DOW CHEMICAL CO. 189
DOWA METALS and MINING CO., LTD. 190
DYNAL BIOTECH ASA 190
E. I. DUPONT DE NEMOURS AND CO. 190
EASTMAN KODAK CO. 191
EKA CHEMICALS AB 191
ENER1, INC. 192
ENVIROSYSTEMS, INC. 192
ESPIN TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 193
EV GROUP 193
EVIDENT TECHNOLOGIES 193
EKSIGENT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC 194
EVONIK DEGUSSA GMBH 194
EXXON MOBIL CORP. 195
FERROTEC CORP. 195
FLAMEL TECHNOLOGIES SA 195
FORGE EUROPA LTD. 196
FOSTER CORP. 196
FRONTIER CARBON CORP. 196
FUJIMI CORP. 197
GENERAL MOTORS CORP. 197
GE PLASTICS 197
GENERAL NANOTECHNOLOGY, INC. 197
G24 INNOVATIONS, LTD. 198
GMA INDUSTRIES, INC. 198
HEADWATERS NANOKINETIX, INC. 198
HEWLETT-PACKARD 199
HOLMENKOL SPORT-TECHNOLOGIES GMBH 199
HONEYWELL SPECIALTY POLYMERS 200
HYPERION CATALYSIS INTERNATIONAL, INC. 200
HYPER-THERM HIGH TEMPERATURE COMPOSITES, INC. 200
IBM CORP. 201
INFRAMAT CORP. 201
INMAT LLC 201
INTEGRATED NANO-TECHNOLOGIES, LLC 202
INVISAGE TECHNOLOGIES 202
ISHIHARA SANGYO KAISHA, LTD. 203
JOHNSON MATTHEY PLC 203
KABELWERK EUPEN AG 203
KLEINDIEK NANOTECHNIK 204
KLOCKE NANOTECHNIK 204
KONARKA TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 204
LYONDELLBASELL POLYMERS 205
MACH 1, INC. 205
MEDIA AND PROCESS TECHNOLOGY, INC. 205
MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, INC. 206
MICROFLUIDICS INTERNATIONAL CORP. 206
MICRO-TECH SCIENTIFIC INC. 206
MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORP. 207
MOLECULAR IMPRINTS, INC. 207
MOLECULAR NANOSYSTEMS, INC. 207
NANOCARRIER CORP., LTD. 208
NANOCOR, INC. 208
NANOCRYSTALS TECHNOLOGY, LTD. 208
NANOFILM LTD. 209
NANOGATE AG 209
NANOGRAM CORP. 210
NANOH20, INC. 210
NANOINK, INC. 210
NANO MASK, INC. 211
NANOLEDGE 211
NANOMIX, INC. 211
NANONEX 212
NANOPHASE TECHNOLOGIES CORP. 212
NANOPORE, INC. 213
NANOSCALE CORP 213
NANOSOLAR, INC. 213
NANOSPECTRA BIOSCIENCES, INC. 214
NANOSPHERE, INC. 214
NANOSTRUCTURED and AMORPHOUS MATERIALS, INC. 215
NANOSYS, INC. 215
NANO-TEX, LLC 216
NANTERO, INC. 216
NEI CORP. 216
NEXTECH MATERIALS, LTD. 217
NPOINT, INC. 217
NTERA, INC. 217
NVE CORP. 218
NYACOL NANO TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 218
OBDUCAT AB 219
ORTHOVITA, INC. 219
PHARMASOL GMBH 220
PIONEER SURGICAL TECHNOLOGY 220
POLYSCIENCES INC. 220
PSIVIDA LTD. 221
QD VISION, INC. 221
QUANTUMSPHERE, INC. 221
RAVE, LLC 222
RHODIA SA 222
RITDISPLAY CORP. 222
ROHM AND HAAS CO. 223
ROSSETER HOLDINGS, LTD. 223
RBC LIFE SCIENCES, INC. 223
RTP CO. 224
SACHTLEBEN CHEMIE 224
SHENZHEN NANO-TECH PORT CO., LTD. 224
SHOWA DENKO K.K. 224
SIM COMPOSITES, INC. 225
SKYEPHARMA PLC 225
SOLARONIX SA 226
SOUTHERN CLAY PRODUCTS, INC. 226
SOUTHWEST NANOTECHNOLOGIES, INC. 226
SUD-CHEMIE AG 227
3RDTECH, INC. 227
TAYCA CORP. 227
TOHOKU PIONEER CORP. 228
TOTO LTD. 228
TPL, INC. 228
UBE INDUSTRIES, LTD. 229
UMICORE S.A./N.V. 229
UNIDYM 229
UNITIKA, LTD. 230
UNIVERSAL DISPLAY CORP. 230
U.S. NANOCORP, INC. 231
VEECO INSTRUMENTS, INC. 231
WILSON SPORTING GOODS CO. 231
XEROX CORP. 231
XINTEK, INC. 232
ZETTACORE 232
ZYVEX INSTRUMENTS LLC 233

LIST OF TABLES
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL NANOTECHNOLOGY MARKET THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 7
TABLE 1 MAJOR CATEGORIES OF NANOMATERIALS 13
TABLE 2 ESTABLISHED COMMERCIAL NANOPARTICLE APPLICATIONS, 2012 17
TABLE 3 DEVELOPMENTAL NANOPARTICLE APPLICATIONS, 2012 32
TABLE 4 DEVELOPMENTAL NANOTUBE APPLICATIONS, 2012 37
TABLE 5 COMMERCIAL NANOSCALE THIN FILM APPLICATIONS, 2012 46
TABLE 6 DEVELOPMENTAL NANOSCALE THIN FILM APPLICATIONS, 2012 55
TABLE 7 COMMERCIAL NANOSTRUCTURED MONOLITHIC APPLICATIONS, 2012 59
TABLE 8 DEVELOPMENTAL NANOSTRUCTURED MONOLITHIC APPLICATIONS, 2012 61
TABLE 9 COMMERCIAL NANOCOMPOSITE APPLICATIONS, 2012 65
TABLE 10 DEVELOPMENTAL NANOCOMPOSITE APPLICATIONS, 2012 69
TABLE 11 COMMERCIAL NANOTOOL APPLICATIONS, 2012 74
TABLE 12 ITRS TECHNOLOGY NODES, 2011-2017 (MINIMUM LINE WIDTH/YEAR) 77
TABLE 13 COMMERCIAL NANODEVICE APPLICATIONS, 2012 79
TABLE 14 DEVELOPMENTAL NANODEVICE APPLICATIONS, 2012 81
TABLE 15 U.S. NANOTECHNOLOGY PATENTS ISSUED JANUARY 1, 2005 TO JUNE 30, 2012
(NUMBER OF PATENTS/% OF TOTAL) 84
TABLE 16 COMPANIES AND INSTITUTIONS GRANTED THE LARGEST NUMBER OF U.S.
NANOTECHNOLOGY PATENTS JANUARY 1, 2005 THROUGH JUNE 30, 2012 (NUMBER OF
PATENTS)
85
TABLE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 87
TABLE 18 GLOBAL NANOTECHNOLOGY MARKET BY TYPE THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 88
TABLE 19 GLOBAL NANOMATERIALS SALES BY TYPE, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 89
TABLE 20 GLOBAL SOLID NANOPARTICLE MARKET BY CURRENT STAGE OF
COMMERCIALIZATION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 91
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ESTABLISHED COMMERCIAL NANOPARTICLE
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 92
TABLE 22 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF PGM POLYMER NANOPARTICLES USED IN COATINGS
AND ADHESIVES, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 93
TABLE 23 GLOBAL TREND IN GLOBAL SEMICONDUCTOR SALES THROUGH 2017 ($ BILLION) 93
TABLE 24 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF SILICA AND ALUMINA NANOPARTICLES USED IN CMP
COMPOUNDS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 94
TABLE 25 GLOBAL SUNSCREEN SALES, THROUGH 2017 ($ BILLION) 95
TABLE 26 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF TI02 AND ZNO NANOPARTICLES USED IN
SUNSCREENS AND OTHER PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 95
TABLE 27 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NANOPARTICLE-BASED SYNTHETIC BONE AND TOOTH
ENAMELS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 96
TABLE 28 GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF ELECTRONIC DEVICES INCORPORATING FERROFLUIDS,
THROUGH 2017 (MILLION UNIT

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