Global Phosphates Industry

  • February 2012
  • -
  • Global Industry Analysts

This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Phosphates in Thousand Metric Tons by the following End-Use Segments: Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition, and Others (including Detergents, Food & Beverages and Flame Retardants). The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2009 through 2017. Also, a six-year historic analysis is provided for these markets. The report profiles 114 companies including many key and niche players such as Agrium, Inc., CF Industries, Inc., CJSC PhosAgro AG, EuroChem Mineral and Chemical Company, ICL Group Ltd., Innophos, Inc., JSC Acron, OCP Group, PotashCorp., Prayon Group, Rhodia Novecare, Sichuan Chuanxi Xingda Chemical Co. Ltd., and The Mosaic Company. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based upon search engine sources in the public domain.

Table Of Contents





I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY and PRODUCT DEFINITIONS
Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1
Disclaimers I-2
Data Interpretation and Reporting Level I-2
Quantitative Techniques and Analytics I-3
Product Definitions and Scope of Study I-3
Phosphate (PO4) I-3


II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW II-1
A Quick Primer II-1
Impact of Recession on Fertilizer and Agricultural Markets II-2
Decline in Phosphate Fertilizer Prices in 2009 II-2
Slump in Fertilizer Consumption II-2
Fertilizer Production Continues Northward Trend II-3
Gradual Recovery in Agricultural Market II-3
Market Dynamics II-3
Table 1: World Phosphate Fertilizer Market (2008): Breakdown
of Production Capacity of Select Leading Players (In Million
Tons) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-4

Table 2: World Ammonium Phosphate Production (2008):
Breakdown of Percentage Share by Top 5 Countries-China, US,
Morocco, Russia, Jordan and Others (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-4

Table 3: Global Ammonium Phosphate Market (2006): Production
Capacity Breakdown of Leading Players in Select Geographic
Markets (In 000 Metric Tons) II-5

Table 4: World Phosphate Fertilizer Market (2008): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Leading Producers - Mosaic, PotashCorp,
Groupe OCP (Office Cherifien des Phosphates), PhosAgro, CF
Industries, Inc and Others (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-7
Manufacturers Make Hay amid Supply Issues II-7
World Market for Phosphoric Acid II-8
Production Scenario (2009) II-8
Table 5: Global Phosphoric Acid Production and Trade
(2005-2009)- (In Mt) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-8
World Phosphoric Acid Capacity Expansions (2011-2015) II-8
Phosphoric Acid- End-Uses II-9
Table 6: Global Phosphoric Acid Market (2009): Percentage
Share Breakdown by Major End-Use Markets -Detergents and
Cleaners, Food and Beverage, Specialty Fertilizers, Water
Treatment, Metal Treatment, Toothpaste and Others (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-9
Phosphate Supply to Exceed Demand II-9
Table 7: Global Phosphoric Acid Demand and Supply Balance for
Years 2010-2014 (In Mt) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-10
Phosphate Acid Market II-10
Table 8: Global Phosphate Acid Market (2008): Percentage
Breakdown of Phosphate Acid Production by Region - North
America, East Asia, Middle East and Africa, East Europe and
Central Asia, Latin America, South Asia, West Europe, Central
Europe and Oceania (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-10
Import/Export Scenario II-11
Table 9: World Phosphates Exports (2008 and 2009): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Value Exports by Leading Countries -China,
Germany, US, Tunisia, Russia, Belgium, Mexico, Finland,
Kazakhstan, Israel and Others (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-11

Table 10: Global Phosphate Exports (Ammonium
Phosphate/Phosphate Rock/Phosphoric Acid) (2008): Percentage
Breakdown of Market Share by Companies - OCP (Morocco), JPMC
(Jordan), Gecopham (Syria), Ferphos (Algeria), Phosagro
(Russia) and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-12

Table 11: Global Phosphate Acid Imports (2006): Percentage
Breakdown of Import Volume by Region - South Asia, West
Europe, Middle East and Africa, Latin America and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-12
World Market for Phosphate Rock II-12
Production Scenario (2008 and 2009) II-12
Table 12: World Phosphate Rock Production (2008 and 2009):
Annual Breakdown in Thousand Metric Tons by Country - China,
United States, Morocco and Western Sahara, Russia, Tunisia,
Jordan, Brazil, Syria, Israel, Egypt, Australia, South
Africa, Canada, Togo, Senegal and Other Countries (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-13

Table 13: Global Phosphate Rock Market (2008): Breakdown of
Phosphate Rock Reserves by Country -Morocco and Western
Sahara, China, South Africa, Jordan, United States, Brazil,
Russia, Israel, Egypt, Syria, Tunisia, Australia and Others
(In Million Metric Tons) (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-14

Table 14: Global Phosphate Rock Production and Trade
(2005-2009)- (In Mt) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-14
Production Trends in the Recent Past II-14
Table 15: Global Phosphate Rock Market (2006 and 2007):
Percentage Breakdown of Production Volume by Country - United
States, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Egypt, Israel,
Jordan, Morocco and Western Sahara, Russia, Senegal, South
Africa, Syria, Togo, Tunisia and Other countries (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-15
Phosphate Rock Consumption Worldwide II-16
Table 16: World Market for Phosphate Rock (2007): Percentage
Breakdown of Consumption Volume by Region (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-16
Phosphate Rock Trade II-16
Table 17: World Phosphate Rock Market (2008): Percentage
Breakdown of Volume Exports by Country (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-16

Table 18: World Phosphate Rock Market (2008): Percentage
Breakdown of Import Volume by Country (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-17
Competitive Scenario II-17
Table 19: Leading Phosphate Rock Producers (2008): Percentage
Breakdown of Market Share by Companies - OCP, JPMC, Gecopham,
Ferphos, Phosagro and Others (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-17
World Phosphate Rock Proposed Capacity Expansion (2010-2020) II-18

2. TRENDS AND ISSUES II-19
Reserves of Phosphate Rock Fast Running Out - A Major Area of
Concern II-19
Demand for Food and Rising Income Levels Spur Demand for the
Mineral II-19
Demand for Biofuels Sparks Off Price Rise in Phosphate
Fertilizers II-20
Geopolitical Repercussions Resulting from High Fertilizer Prices II-20
Phosphates: A Threat to Environment II-20
Stringent Norms for Closure of Phosphate Plants II-20
STPP on Rough Turf II-21
Ban on Phosphates in Detergents Leads to Industry Consolidation II-21
Feed Phosphates Market Experiences Upward Trend in Demand II-21
World Diammonium Phosphate (DAP) Market II-22
Table 20: Global Diammonium Phosphates Market (2008):
Percentage Breakdown of Production (P2O5 Nutrients) by Region-
North America, East Asia, South Asia, Africa, East Europe and
Central Asia, Middle East, Oceania, Central Europe, West
Europe and Latin America (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-22
Exports and Imports Scenario of DAP in the Recent Past II-23
Table 21: Global Diammonium Phosphates Exports (2006):
Percentage Breakdown of Export Volume by Region - North
America, East Europe and Central Asia, Africa, East Asia,
Middle East, Central Europe, West Europe, Oceania and Latin
America (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-23

Table 22: Global Diammonium Phosphates Imports (2006):
Percentage Breakdown of Import Volume by Region - South Asia,
East Asia, Latin America, West Europe, Middle East, Africa,
Oceania, North America, Central Europe and East Europe and
Central Asia (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-23
Developed Regions Witness Rise in Demand for Phosphate Flame-
Retardants II-24
Global Food Phosphate Market Stabilizes After Major Acquisitions II-24
Industrial and Food Phosphates - A Growing Market II-24
Government-Owned Phosphoric Acid Production on a Decline II-24
Phosphate Producers to Overcome Market Restraints II-24
Phosphate Producers Stay Optimistic II-24
Influx of Food Products: Bodes High Demand for Phosphates II-25
Impressive Growth in Feed Phosphates Market II-25
Domestic Production: Leveraging Import Demand for Phosphates II-25
Fertilizers Market: A New Vigor II-25
Factors Restraining the Growth II-25

3. PRODUCT OVERVIEW II-26
Phosphate (PO4) II-26
Role in Living Beings II-26
Sources of Phosphate II-26
Table 23: Amount of Phosphorus in mg/100 grams of Food Items
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-26
Quality of Phosphate Rock II-27
Types of Phosphates II-27
Phosphate Rock II-27
Phosphoric Acid II-27
Diammonium Phosphate II-27
Monoammonium Phosphate II-27
Super Phosphate II-27
Triple Super Phosphate II-27
Trioctyl Phosphate II-28
Sodium Tripolyphosphate (STPP) II-28
The Mining of Phosphate II-28
Chemical Processing II-29
Phosphate Consumption II-29
Pricing and Demand Scenario II-29

4. END-USE MARKET ANALYSIS II-30
Fertilizers II-30
Surplus Fertilizers to Stimulate Food and Bio-Fuel Production
in Future II-30
DAP Prices Take a Deep Plunge in 2009 II-30
Overview of the Phosphate Fertilizer Market II-30
Table 24: Global Phosphate Fertilizer Market (2008):
Percentage Breakdown of Phosphate Fertilizer Used in
Agricultural Crops - Cereal (Wheat, Rice, Maize, and Other
coarse grains), Oil Crops (Soybean, Palm Oil, and Other
Oilseeds), Cotton, Sugar Crops, Fruits and Vegetables, and
Other Crops (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-31

Table 25: Global Phosphate Fertilizer Market (2007):
Breakdown of Volume Consumption by Type (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-31
Detergents II-32
Animal Nutrition II-32
World Phosphate Feed Consumption (2008) - Ranking by Region/
Country II-33
Table 26: World Feed Phosphate Market (2007): Percentage
Breakdown of Production Capacity by Leading Producers -
Potash Corp, Mosaic, Tessenderlo, Lomon, Bunge and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-33
Flame Retardants II-33
Food and Beverages II-34
Others II-34

5. TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS/ BREAKTHROUGHS II-35
High Analysis Phosphate Fertilizer II-35
Softwall Mining Method and Device (Softwall Method) II-35

6. PRODUCT INNOVATIONS/INTRODUCTIONS II-36
Sagent Pharmaceuticals Launches New Fludarabine and Epirubicin
Products II-36
Genzyme Unveils Renvela, the Phosphate Binder II-36

7. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY II-37
Solvay Acquires Rhodia II-37
Vale Acquires Majority Stake in Fosfertil II-37
CI Resources to Acquire Additional Stake in Phosphate Resources II-37
Vale to Expand Capacity at Bayovar Mine II-37
Guangxi Ruitai Chemical to Set Up Dicalcium Phosphate Plant in
Tiandong II-38
OCP Secures Loan to Construct Phosphate Transfer Pipeline II-38
Sunkar to Commence Production at Phosphate Mine in Kazakhstan II-38
Ma'aden to Expand Phosphate Mining Operations II-38
PhosChem Enters into DAP Supply Agreement with IPL and IFFCO II-38
SNC-Lavalin Bags Phosphoric Acid Complex Contract from JIFCO II-39
AFCONS Bags Contract from Jordan Phosphate for Developing
Phosphate Terminal II-39
Paradeep Phosphate to Increase Capacity of Fertilizer Plant II-39
Coromandel International to Extend Production Capacity II-39
Petrogres and PT Pupuk to Set Up New Fertilizer Facilities in
Indonesia II-39
Industries Chimiques du Senegal to Build NPK Fertilizer
Facility in West Java II-40
Mitsui and Co. Buys Minority Stake in Phosphate Mine II-40
Jordan Phosphate Mines Purchases Majority Stake in Indo-Jordan
Chemicals II-40
Jubilant to Spin-Off Phosphate Fertilizer Business II-40
Northern Uranium Signs Agreement with FSL Resources for
Phosphate JV II-40
Wuhan Inorganic to Transfer Operations to Hongshan district II-40
Engro to Expand Operations in North Africa II-41
Jinkuizi Acquires Hubei Phosphate Mine II-41
The Panjit Group Acquires LiFeTech II-41
BioMarin Pharmaceutical Takes Over Huxley Pharmaceuticals II-41
China Blue Chemical Acquires 83.17% Stake in Hubei and 100%
Stake in ZHJ II-41
Sunkar Acquires 100% Stake in Temir Services II-42
CF Industries to Acquire Terra Industries II-42
ICP Fertilizer Acquires Thai Business of Mosaic II-42
Agrium Intends to Acquire Entire Capital Stock of CF Industries II-42
Sultan Corporation to Take Over Chamaguel Phosphate Project II-43
Lynas Inks Agreement to Take Over Mount Weld Mining Rights
from CSBP II-43
IFFCO to Establish Phosphoric Acid Manufacturing Unit in Jordan II-43
VINACHEM Commences Construction of Second DAP Fertilizer Facility II-43
Indian Rare Earths to Establish Monazite Processing Facility
in Orissa II-44
Bonaparte Diamond Mines to Establish Underwater Phosphate
Mining Facility II-44
Mosaic Undertakes Consolidation of Business Units II-44
EuroChem to Set Up Fertilizer Complex in Kazakhstan II-44
Hubei Sanning Chemical to Set Up Fertilizer Plant in Zhejiang II-45
Tedco Granite to Expand Production Capacity of Amirgadh
Fertilizer Unit II-45
Flinders Mines to Expand Phosphate, Diamond Assets II-45
Iffco Inks MOU with Kazphosphate for Supply of Phosphate Rock II-45
Outotec Bags Turnkey Contract for Upgrading Yara’s Phosphate
Concentrator Facility II-45
Cerne Sales Enters into an Agreement with Sichuan Lomon
Phosphorous Products II-45
P4 Production Inks Agreement for Cleanup Programs of 3
Phosphate Mines II-46
Kaltim to Build NPK Fertilizer Plant II-46
IDC to Divest 26% Stake in Fertilizer Manufacturing Business,
Foskor II-46
RMP Resources to Divest Paris Hills Phosphate/ Vanadium Property II-46

8. STRATEGIC CORPORATE DEVELOPMENTS - A HISTORIC PERSPECTIVE BUILDER II-47
Pacific Ridge Acquires Phos Property II-47
Yara Inks Agreement to Acquire Saskferco - Mosaic’s Subsidiary II-47
Lara Exploration Signs LOI for a Strategic Alliance with
Sprott Resource Corp II-47
OCP and LAIP Ink MOU to Build Three Phosphate Plants in
Morocco and Libya II-48
PetroVietnam to Ink MOU with OCP for setting up a JV
Fertilizer Plant II-48
Galvani Secures Rights to Explore Itatiaia Phosphate/ Uranium
Mine II-48
Quimpac to Double Capacity of Callao and Oquendo Plants II-49
JPMC and Petrokimia to Establish Phosphoric Acid Joint Venture
in Indonesia II-49
SRC Integrates Subsidiary with Stonegate Minerals II-49
Uhde India Bags Contract to Build Two Fertilizer Manufacturing
Plants in Morocco II-49
ICL to Develop Base for Phosphate Chemical in China’s Leshan City II-50
China BlueChemical, YMDC and YGEL to Set up JV for Phosphate
Mining II-50
Israel Chemicals to Boost Phosphates Production II-51
Rashtriya Chemicals to Float Joint Venture with Key South
African Firms II-51
DCM Shriram Acquires Stakes in Shri Ganpati Fertilizers Ltd II-51
Basant Agro Pockets SSP Plant in Madhya Pradesh II-51
RCF’s Joint Venture to Establish Phosphoric Acid Plant in
Mozambique II-51
Maaden Phosphate Company Kicks Off DAP Fertilizer Complex II-52
IFFCO to Source Phosphate from Legend International II-52
Coromandel Floats Joint Venture with Getax Ocean Trades II-52
OCP, LAIP to Construct three Phosphate Derivatives Plants II-52
China BlueChemical to Float Phosphate Joint Venture in Yichang II-52
Engro Chemical, Perphos Plans for JV in Algeria II-53
Kemira GrowHow to Increase Rock Phosphate Capacity in Finland II-53
CF Industries to Gain 50% Ownership in Keytrade II-53
IFFCO Acquires Oswal's Fertilizer Facilities II-53
Israel Chemicals Completes Supresta Acquisition II-53
IFFCO to Increase Stake in ICS II-54
Carus Phosphates Acquires CalciQuest II-54
Kemira GrowHow, Thermphos Set up Joint Venture Company II-54
Albright and Wilson Chemicals to Divest Phosphates Business II-54
RCF Enters Into Joint Venture with RSMML II-54
Budenheim Takes Over Calcium Phosphates Operations of Thermphos II-55
Engineering Dobersek Upgrades Kyzylkum Phosphate Facility II-55
IFFCO Joined Forces with JPMC II-55
ICL-IP to Produce Phosphorus-based Flame Retardants in China II-55
CNOOC to Purchase Controlling Stake in Hubei Dayukou Chemical II-56
Sud-Chemie to Boost Production of Lithium Iron Phosphate in
Canada II-56
Bunge Limited, OCP Form 50/50 Joint Venture II-56
Yara Obtains EU Nod for Acquisition of Kemira GrowHow II-56
Sinochem Fertilizer on Expansion Mode in China II-56

9. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS II-57
Agrium, Inc. (Canada) II-57
CF Industries, Inc. (USA) II-57
CJSC PhosAgro AG (Russia) II-57
EuroChem Mineral and Chemical Company (Russia) II-58
ICL Group Ltd. (Israel) II-58
Innophos, Inc (USA) II-58
JSC Acron (Russia) II-58
OCP Group (Morocco) II-59
PotashCorp (Canada) II-59
Prayon Group (Belgium) II-60
Rhodia Novecare (France) II-60
Sichuan Chuanxi Xingda Chemical Co. Ltd (China) II-60
The Mosaic Company (USA) II-61
Table 27: Effective Phosphate Capacity of “The Mosaic
Company”in the US (2010): Breakdown by Plant (In Million
Tons) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-61

10. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE II-62
Table 28: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Phosphates by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures
in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2017 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-62

Table 29: World Historic Review for Phosphates by Geographic
Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding
Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for
Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-63

Table 30: World 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for
US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2003, 2011 and
2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-64
Phosphates Market by End-Use Segment II-65
Table 31: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Phosphates in Fertilizers by Geographic Region - US, Canada,
Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America
and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Sales Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009 through
2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-65

Table 32: World Historic Review for Phosphates in Fertilizers
by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-66

Table 33: World 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates in
Fertilizers by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for
Years 2003, 2011 and 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-67

Table 34: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Phosphates in Animal Nutrition by Geographic Region - US,
Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin
America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Sales Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009
through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-68

Table 35: World Historic Review for Phosphates in Animal
Nutrition by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures
in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-69

Table 36: World 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates in Animal
Nutrition by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for
Years 2003, 2011 and 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-70

Table 37: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Phosphates in Detergents, Food and Beverages, and Flame
Retardants by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009 through
2017(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-71

Table 38: World Historic Review for Phosphates in Detergents,
Food and Beverages, and Flame Retardants by Geographic Region -
US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed
with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years
2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-72

Table 39: World 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates in
Detergents, Food and Beverages, and Flame Retardants by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for
US, Canada, Japan, Europe,Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2003, 2011
and 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-73


III. MARKET

1. THE UNITED STATES III-1
A.Market Analysis III-1
The Market by 2009 III-1
Production III-1
Imports/Exports III-1
Major End-use Segments III-1
Phosphate Mining in the US (2007-2008) III-2
Phosphate Production in the US Falters (2007) III-3
Florida - Last Viable Phosphate Mining Site in the US III-3
Deposits in Florida III-3
Competitive Scenario III-4
Mining History III-4
Future Mining Prospects in Florida III-4
Phosphate Rock Mines Active in the United States During 2006 III-5
Imports and Exports Scenario III-5
Table 40: US Exports of Diammonium Phosphate (2007 and
2008): Annual Breakdown of Export Volume by Select
Destination Countries - India, Mexico, Brazil, China,
Japan, Argentina, Colombia, Chile, Australia, Canada,
Peru, Thailand and Others (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-6

Table 41: US Exports of Monoammonium Phosphate (2007 and
2008): Percentage Breakdown of Export Volume by Select
Destination Countries - Canada, Australia, Brazil,
Argentina, Mexico, Colombia, Japan, India, China and
Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-6

Table 42: US Exports of Phosphoric Acid (2007 and 2008):
Percentage Breakdown of Export Volume by Select
Destination Countries - Mexico, Brazil, India, Canada and
Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-7

Table 43: US Exports of Sodium Triphosphate (Sodium
Tripolyphosphate) (2008 and 2009): Percentage Breakdown of
Export Value by Select Destination Countries - Canada,
Mexico, Dominican Republic, China, Belgium, Venezuela,
Brazil, Saudi Arabia, Netherlands, France and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-7

Table 44: US Imports of Phosphate Rock and Phosphatic
Materials (2008): Breakdown of Import Value by Select
Phosphatic Materials (In US$ '000) (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-8

Table 45: US Imports of Sodium Triphosphate (Sodium
Tripolyphosphate) (2008 and 2009): Percentage Breakdown of
Import Value by Country of Origin - Mexico, Canada, China,
Israel, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Thailand,
South Korea and Others (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-9

Table 46: US Imports of Diammonium Phosphates (2006):
Percentage Breakdown of Import Value by Country of Origin -
Russia, Mexico, China, Belgium and Others (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-10

Table 47: US Imports of Monoammonium Phosphates and
Mixtures of Diammonium Phosphates (2006): Percentage
Breakdown of Import Value by Country of Origin - Canada,
Russia, Mexico, Israel, China, Belgium, Italy, Germany and
Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-10
Trends and Issues III-10
Feed Phosphates Market: Possible Upswing III-10
Phosphate Plants - Escalating Environmental Threat III-11
Phosphate in Detergents - A Major Cause for Eutrophication III-11
Phosphate Fertilizer Market on a Rough Turf III-12
Industrial Phosphates Market Facing Tough Times III-12
Decline in Phosphate Production Impacts Demand for Sulfur III-12
Phosphate Rock III-12
Regulatory Environment III-12
Pricing Scenario III-13
Key Players III-13
B.Market Analytics III-14
Table 48: US Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Phosphates by End-Use Segment - Fertilizers, Animal
Nutrition and Others Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-14

Table 49: US Historic Review for Phosphates by End-Use
Segment - Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-15

Table 50: US 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates by End-Use
Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for
Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others for Years 2003, 2011
and 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-16

2. CANADA III-17
A.Market Analysis III-17
Phosphate Fertilizer Sales in Canada III-17
Table 51: Canadian Market for Monoammonium Phosphate
Fertilizer (2008): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Retail
Sales By Province - Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba,
Ontario, Quebec, British Columbia and Atlantic (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-17

Table 52: Canadian Market for Ammonium Polyphosphate
Fertilizer (2008): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Retail
Sales By Province - Ontario, British Columbia, Quebec,
Saskatchewan, Alberta and Manitoba (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-17

Table 53: Canadian Market for Diammonium Phosphate
Fertilizer (2008): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Retail
Sales By Province - Quebec, Atlantic, Ontario and Manitoba
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-18
Regulatory Environment III-18
Fertilizers Market: Driving Phosphates Demand III-19
Import and Export Statistics III-19
Table 54: Canadian Imports of Sodium Triphosphate/ Sodium
Tripolyphosphate (2008 and 2009): Percentage Breakdown of
Import Value by Country of Origin - Iceland, Israel, China,
US, Germany, Canada, Thailand, Belgium, Mexico, Italy and
Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-19

Table 55: Canadian Exports of Sodium Triphosphate/Sodium
Tripolyphosphate (2008 and 2009): Percentage Breakdown of
Export Value by Key Destination Countries - US, China,
Japan, Chile, Argentina, Venezuela, Dominican Republic,
Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Costa Rica and Others (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-20

Table 56: Canadian Imports of Diammonium Phosphates (2006):
Percentage Breakdown of Import Value by Country of Origin -
US, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Germany and Others (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-21

Table 57: Canadian Imports of Potassium Phosphates (2006):
Percentage Breakdown of Import Value by Country of Origin -
US, Israel, Germany, Belgium, China, France, Japan and
Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-21

Table 58: Canadian Exports of Calcium Phosphates (2006):
Percentage Breakdown of Export Value by Key Destination
Countries - US, Barbados, Cuba, Mexico and Others (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-21
Key Players III-22
B.Market Analytics III-22
Table 59: Canadian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Phosphates by End-Use Segment - Fertilizers, Animal
Nutrition and Others Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-22

Table 60: Canadian Historic Review for Phosphates by End-Use
Segment - Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-23

Table 61: Canadian 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates by
End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for
Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others for Years 2003, 2011
and 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-24

3. JAPAN III-25
Market Analysis III-25
Table 62: Japanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Phosphates by End-Use Segment - Fertilizers, Animal
Nutrition and Others Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-25

Table 63: Japanese Historic Review for Phosphates by End-Use
Segment - Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-26

Table 64: Japanese 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates by
End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for
Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others for Years 2003, 2011
and 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-27

4. EUROPE III-28
A.Market Analysis III-28
Trends and Issues III-28
Non-Halogenated Flame-Retardants on the Rise III-28
Movement against Phosphate in Detergents Intensifies III-28
Fertilizers Demand Dampen in Western Europe III-28
Phosphate Rock Production III-29
Table 65: Phosphate Rock Market in Europe and Central Eurasia
(2009 and 2011): Breakdown of Phosphate Rock Production by
Select Country (In 000 Metric Tons) (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-29
Regulatory Environment III-29
EU Contemplates Total Ban on Phosphates in Detergents III-29
STPP on a Go in Europe III-30
Yara, the Major Phosphate Miner in Europe III-30
B.Market Analytics III-31
Table 66: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Phosphates by Geographic Region - France, Germany,
Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Independently
Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand Metric Tons
for Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-31

Table 67: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Phosphates by End-Use Segment - Fertilizers, Animal
Nutrition and Others Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-32

Table 68: European Historic Review for Phosphates by
Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain,
Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed
with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years
2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-33

Table 69: European Historic Review for Phosphates by End-Use
Segment - Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-34

Table 70: European 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for
France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe
Markets for Years 2003, 2011 and 2017 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-35

Table 71: European 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates by
End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for
Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others for Years 2003, 2011
and 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-36

4a. FRANCE III-37
A.Market Analysis III-37
Key Player III-37
B.Market Analytics III-37
Table 72: French Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Phosphates by End-Use Segment - Fertilizers, Animal
Nutrition and Others Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-37

Table 73: French Historic Review for Phosphates by End-Use
Segment - Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-38

Table 74: French 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates by
End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for
Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others for Years 2003, 2011
and 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-39

4b. GERMANY III-40
Market Analysis III-40
Table 75: German Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Phosphates by End-Use Segment - Fertilizers, Animal
Nutrition and Others Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-40

Table 76: German Historic Review for Phosphates by End-Use
Segment - Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-41

Table 77: German 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates by
End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for
Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others for Years 2003, 2011
and 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-42

4c. ITALY III-43
Market Analysis III-43
Table 78: Italian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Phosphates by End-Use Segment - Fertilizers, Animal
Nutrition and Others Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-43

Table 79: Italian Historic Review for Phosphates by End-Use
Segment - Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-44

Table 80: Italian 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates by
End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for
Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others for Years 2003, 2011
and 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-45

4d. THE UNITED KINGDOM III-46
A.Market Analysis III-46
Import and Export Statistics III-46
Table 81: UK Imports of Phosphates (2007): Breakdown of
Import Value by Select Product Type (In £ '000s) (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-46

Table 82: UK Exports of Phosphates (2007): Breakdown of
Export Value by Select Product Type (In £ '000s) (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-47
B.Market Analytics III-47
Table 83: UK Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Phosphates by End-Use Segment - Fertilizers, Animal
Nutrition and Others Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-47

Table 84: UK Historic Review for Phosphates by End- Use
Segment - Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-48

Table 85: UK 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates by End-Use
Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for
Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others for Years 2003, 2011
and 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-49

4e. SPAIN III-50
Market Analysis III-50
Table 86: Spanish Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Phosphates by End-Use Segment - Fertilizers, Animal
Nutrition and Others Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-50

Table 87: Spanish Historic Review for Phosphates by End-Use
Segment - Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-51

Table 88: Spanish 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates by
End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for
Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others for Years 2003, 2011
and 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-52

4f. RUSSIA III-53
A.Market Analysis III-53
Industry Overview III-53
Key Statistics: III-53
Table 89: Russian Exports of Phosphate Fertilizer (2007):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Volume Exports by Select
Destination Regions - Asia, Latin America, CIS Region,
Middle East, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Africa and
Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-53

Table 90: Russian Exports of Phosphate Fertilizer (2007):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Volume Exports by Leading
Company - PhosAgro, Acron, Eurochem, Minudobvreniya
(Rossosh), and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-54
Key Players III-54
B.Market Analytics III-55
Table 91: Russian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Phosphates by End-Use Segment - Fertilizers, Animal
Nutrition and Others Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-55

Table 92: Russian Historic Review for Phosphates by End-Use
Segment - Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-56

Table 93: Russian 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates by
End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for
Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others for Years 2003, 2011
and 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-57

4g. REST OF EUROPE III-58
A.Market Analysis III-58
Key Player III-58
B.Market Analytics III-59
Table 94: Rest of Europe Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Phosphates by End-Use Segment - Fertilizers,
Animal Nutrition and Others Independently Analyzed with Annual
Sales Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009 through
2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-59

Table 95: Rest of Europe Historic Review for Phosphates by
End-Use Segment - Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-60

Table 96: Rest of Europe 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates
by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales
for Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others for Years 2005,
2010 and 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-61

5. ASIA-PACIFIC III-62
A.Market Analysis III-62
Phosphate Rock Production III-62
Table 97: Phosphate Rock Market in Asia-Pacific (2007 and
2008): Breakdown of Production by Select Country - China,
India, Australia, Vietnam and Sri Lanka (In 000 Metric
Tons) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-62
B.Market Analytics III-63
Table 98: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Phosphates by Geographic Region - China and
Rest of Asia- Pacific Independently Analyzed with Annual
Sales Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009 through
2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-63

Table 99: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Phosphates by End-Use Segment - Fertilizers,
Animal Nutrition and Others Independently Analyzed with Annual
Sales Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009 through
2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-64

Table 100: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Phosphates by
Geographic Region - China and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-65

Table 101: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Phosphates by
End-Use Segment - Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-66

Table 102: Asia-Pacific 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates
by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales
for China and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets for Years 2003,
2011 and 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-67

Table 103: Asia-Pacific 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates
by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales
for Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others for Years 2003,
2011 and 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-68

5a. CHINA III-69
A.Market Analysis III-69
Industrial Phosphates Market on the Rise III-69
China Playing Safe III-69
Strong Growth Back in Ammonium Phosphate Fertilizer Market III-69
Table 104: Chinese Phosphate Production by Type
(2006-2010): Breakdown of Volume Production in Million Tons
for Diammonium Phosphate and Monoammonium Phosphate III-70

Table 105: China Fertilizers Market (2008 and 2009): Annual
Breakdown by Types -Potash, Phosphate, Nitrogen and
Compound (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-70
High Fragmentation Typifies Phosphate Fertilizer Industry,
Consolidation in Progress III-71
Table 106: Leading Players in the Chinese Phosphate
Fertilizers Sector by Revenue in US$ Million (2010) III-71
Governmental Stimulus Plan to Support the Industry III-71
Consumption of Phosphate Fertilizers Weak Despite
Governmental Support III-72
Imports/Exports III-72
Table 107: Chinese Phosphate Compound Fertilizers Market
(2005 and 2015P): Percentage Breakdown of Capacity
Utilization and Planned Production of Phosphate Fertilizers
by Type - Single Super- Phosphate, Ammonium Phosphate,
Fused Calcium-Magnesium Phosphate, Triple Super-Phosphate
and Nitric Acid Phosphate (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-72
Key Trade Statistics in the Recent Past III-73
Table 108: Chinese Imports of Phosphate Fertilizers
(2006): Breakdown of Import Volume by Type - DAP, MAP and
NPK (In Tons) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-73

Table 109: Chinese Exports of Phosphate Fertilizers
(2006): Breakdown of Export Volume by Type - DAP, MAP, NPK
and SP (In Tons) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-73

Table 110: Chinese Market for Chemical Fertilizers (2005):
Percentage Breakdown of Import Volume by Type (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-73

Table 111: Chinese Market for Chemical Fertilizers (2005):
Percentage Breakdown of Export Volume by Type (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-74
China Witnesses Tremendous Capacity Increase III-74
Spectacular Growth in Domestic Production III-74
A New Dimension in Phosphates Key End Use Markets III-74
DAP Market III-75
Table 112: Leading DAP/MAP Producers in China (2007):
Breakdown of P2O5 Production Capacity by Select Companies
(In 000 Metric Tons) III-75
Domestic DAP Market Protection III-76
Technological Advancements III-76
Consumption of Phosphate Fertilizer in China III-76
Single Super-Phosphate in Demand III-76
Low Demand Compels to Put off Production of Triple Super-
phosphate III-76
Storage Terminals to Avoid Scarcity of Ammonium Phosphates III-76
Limitations III-77
Growth III-77
Trioctyl Phosphate in China III-77
Key Players III-77
B.Market Analytics III-78
Table 113: Chinese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Phosphates by End-Use Segment - Fertilizers, Animal
Nutrition and Others Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales
Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 2009 through 2017
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-78

Table 114: Chinese Historic Review for Phosphates by End-Use
Segment - Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others
Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand
Metric Tons for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-79

Table 115: Chinese 15-Year Perspective for Phosphates by
End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for
Fertilizers, Animal Nutrition and Others for Years 2003, 2011
and 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-80

5b. REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC III-81
A.Market Analysis III-81
Focus on Select Markets III-81
Australia III-81
Phosphate Fertilizer Market III-81
Share Prices of Phosphate Producers Increase with Rise in
Demand III-81
High Analysis Phosphate Fertilizer Impacts Demand for
Single Strength Fertilizer III-81
Australia: Mining in Nauru III-81
Future of Nauru III-82
Vietnam III-82
Fertilizer Prices Rise with Capacity Increase III-82
India III-83
Fertilizer Industry Faces Reduced Production and Capacity
Utilization of Components III-83
New Technologies to Reduce Large-Scale Dependence on
Phosphate Imports III-83
India: A Major Consumer of Phosphoric Acid III-83
Regulatory Environment III-84
Phosphate Detergents and Water Pollution III-84
Seasonal Influence

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