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This BCC Research report provides a comprehensive understanding of advances in structural carbon materials manufacturing, their commercial applications, and worldwide markets. Includes forecast through 2020.

Use this report to:

Gain insight into the advances in structural carbon materials manufacturing, their commercial applications, and worldwide markets.
Identify the trends in the major types of structural carbon materials, including key physical and chemical properties, raw materials and manufacturing processes.
Evaluate present consumption and future demand for advanced structural carbon materials for the United States and other major geographical markets.
Assess the impact of governmental regulations.

Highlights

The U.S. market for advanced structural carbon materials totaled $2.3 billion in 2014. The market should reach more than $2.4 billion in 2015 and $3.3 billion in 2020, demonstrating a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.3% from 2015 to 2020.
The aerospace and defense sector is the largest U.S. market for structural carbon materials and totaled $1.2 billion in 2014 and nearly $1.3 billion in 2015. The market should grow at a CAGR of 3.4%, leading to a projected market of $1.5 billion by 2020.
Energy applications are the third-largest market for structural carbon materials, totaling $0.3 billion in 2014 and $0.4 billion in 2015. The market should reach $0.6.billion by 2020, demonstrating a CAGR of 11.1% from 2015 to 2020.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

The overall goal of this study is to provide a comprehensive understanding of advances in structural carbon materials manufacturing, their commercial applications, and worldwide markets. For the purposes of this report, these materials are defined to include all types of carbon fibers, carbon foams, monolithic structural graphite,
carbon-reinforced carbon composites and certain graphene materials.

Specific objectives of the study include describing the major types of structural carbon materials, including key physical and chemical properties, raw materials and manufacturing processes. Commercial applications in which these materials are used will be discussed.

Present consumption and future demand for these materials will be evaluated for the United States and other major geographical markets. Trends in technology will be analyzed and forecasted. The impact of governmental regulations will be assessed. The dynamics of the structural carbons industry will be outlined along with profiles of key manufacturers.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

This study is an update of an earlier BCC report that was published in 2013. The structural carbon materials industry and markets have continued to develop in the two years since the previous edition was published.
The structural carbon materials industry serves mature markets such as defense and aerospace, with a wide variety of products satisfying the requirements of well-established applications. However, continuous technical innovations and efforts to make structural carbon technologies available for new applications (at affordable
prices) are leading to the development of new markets.

Corporations in the structural carbons industry need to understand the significance of these trends to manage their enterprise and resources effectively. Users of structural carbons must also understand the effect of these changes in order to select the most cost-effective option among newly available products and technologies prior to committing significant capital resources.

SCOPE OF REPORT

This report covers technological, economic and business conditions in the structural carbons industry. Although this report is primarily a study of the U.S. market, analysis, forecasts are also provided for global markets. Included in this report are descriptions of market forces relevant to the structural carbons industry and their areas of application.
The U.S. market is presented by type of structural carbons along with growth forecasts through 2020. The driving forces in the industry and the structure of the industry are also examined.
International aspects of the structural carbons industry are discussed with respect to all the geographic regions and type of structural carbon material. Lastly, brief profiles of the major manufacturers are presented.

Table Of Contents

Advanced Structural Carbon Products: Fibers, Foams and Composites
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
INTENDED AUDIENCE 2
SCOPE OF REPORT 3
METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES 3
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS 4
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 4
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 5
DISCLAIMER 5
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 7
SUMMARY TABLE U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED STRUCTURAL CARBON PRODUCTS
BY USER SEGMENT, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 7
SUMMARY FIGURE U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED STRUCTURAL CARBON PRODUCTS
BY USER SEGMENT, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS) 7
CHAPTER 3 INDUSTRY AND MARKETS OVERVIEW 10
UNITED STATES MARKET 10
FIGURE 1 U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED STRUCTURAL CARBONS BY TYPE, 2014 (%) 10
FIGURE 2 PROJECTED GROWTH RATE IN U.S. STRUCTURAL CARBONS MARKET,
2014-2020 (CAGR%) 11
GLOBAL MARKETS 12
FIGURE 3 GLOBAL ADVANCED STRUCTURAL CARBON PRODUCTS MARKET BY TYPE,
2014 (%) 12
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL STRUCTURAL CARBON PRODUCTS MARKET SHARE BY REGION,
2014 (%) 12
RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY TRENDS 13
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 14
CHAPTER 4 TECHNICAL OVERVIEW 17
INTRODUCTION TO ADVANCED STRUCTURAL CARBON PRODUCTS 17
IMPORTANCE OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES 17
CARBON FIBERS 17
RAW MATERIALS FOR CARBON FIBERS 18
Types of Raw Materials 18
Rayon 19
PAN 19
Pitch 19
Raw Material and Fiber Properties Relationship 20
TABLE 1 DEPENDENCE OF CARBON FIBER PROPERTIES ON RAW MATERIALS 20
PAN-Based Fibers 20
Pitch-Based Fibers 21
Rayon-Based Fibers 21
MANUFACTURING PROCESS 21
PAN Carbon Fiber Process 22
Precursor Preparation 22
Polymerization 22
Spinning and Stretching 22
Stabilization 23
Carbonization 23
Surface Treatment 24
Sizing 24
Pitch Carbon Fiber Process 24
Precursor Preparation 25
Pitch Refining 25
Isotropic Pitch 25
Anisotropic or Mesophase Pitch 26
Thermal Modifications 26
Solvent Modification 26
Chemical Modification 26
Catalytic Modification 27
Melt Spinning 27
Stabilization 27
Carbonization 27
Graphitization 28
Viscose Rayon Carbon Fiber Process 28
Vapor-Grown Carbon Fibers 29
CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES 29
Structural Property Relationship for Carbon Fibers 29
Density 29
Modulus 29
Impact of Fiber Diameter 30
Electrical and Thermal Conductivity 30
Thermal Stability 30
TABLE 2 STRUCTURAL PROPERTY RELATIONSHIPS FOR CARBON FIBERS DERIVED
FROM VARIOUS PRECURSORS 30
CARBON FIBER PRODUCT FORMS 31
Carbon Fiber Product Grades 31
PAN-Derived Fibers 31
Pitch-Derived Fibers 31
Tow 32
Carbon Fiber Cloth 32
Prepreg 32
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES 32
Microwave-Assisted Plasma (MAP) Process 32
Low-cost Carbon Fiber from Renewable Resources 33
Low-cost Carbon Fiber from Polyolefin 34
Converting Polyethylene into Carbon Fiber 34
Ultraviolet (UV) Stabilization of PAN-based Carbon Fibers 34
Rapid Oxidation Step 35
Surface Modification of Carbon Fibers 35
Carbon Nanotube Reinforcement of Carbon Fibers 36
Continuous Carbon Fiber Produced from Carbon Nanotubes 36
Carbon Nanofibers 37
Activated Carbon Fibers 37
Diamond Nanofibers 38
MANUFACTURERS OF PAN-BASED FIBERS 38
Small-tow Manufacturers 38
Cytec's Carbon Fiber Production 39
Hexcel's Carbon Fiber Production 39
Other Manufacturers 40
Large-Tow Carbon Fiber Manufacturers 41
Zoltek Companies Inc. 41
Toho Tenax America 42
SGL Carbon Fibers and Composites 42
MANUFACTURERS OF PITCH-BASED CARBON FIBERS 43
CARBON FIBER COMPOSITES 44
Carbon-Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites (CFRP) 44
Manufacturing Processes 44
Molding Processes 44
Roving Processes 45
Mechanical Properties 45
TABLE 3 TYPICAL MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CARBON-FIBER-REINFORCED
POLYMER COMPOSITES 45
Carbon-Fiber-Reinforced Metal Composites (CFRM) 46
Manufacturing Processes 46
Mechanical Properties 46
TABLE 4 TYPICAL MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CARBON-FIBER-REINFORCED
METAL COMPOSITES 46
CARBON FOAMS 47
RAW MATERIALS 47
TABLE 5 PROPERTIES OF PITCH RAW MATERIALS USED FOR CARBON FOAM
MANUFACTURING (°C/%) 48
MANUFACTURING PROCESS 48
Flash Process 48
Blowing Gases 48
Sol-Gel Process 49
CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES 49
TABLE 6 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF PITCH-DERIVED CARBON FOAMS 49
RECENT TRENDS IN CARBON FOAM TECHNOLOGY 50
Uniform-Density-Gradient Carbon Foams 50
Reinforced Carbon Foams 50
High-Thermal-Conductivity Carbon Foams 51
Magnetic Carbon Nanofoams 52
Low-cost Carbon Foams 52
MANUFACTURERS OF CARBON FOAMS 53
Honeywell 53
POCO Graphite 53
Touchstone Research Laboratory 54
University of Dayton and Wright U.S. Air Force Laboratory Alliance 54
STRUCTURAL GRAPHITE 55
TYPES AND MANUFACTURING OF GRAPHITE MATERIALS 55
Natural Graphite 55
Synthetic Graphite 55
FIGURE 5 SCHEMATIC OF MANUFACTURING PROCESS FOR SYNTHETIC GRAPHITE 55
PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES 56
Crystalline Structure 56
FIGURE 6 CRYSTALLINE STRUCTURE OF GRAPHITE 56
Lubrication 57
Thermal Properties 57
Oxidation Resistance 58
Chemical Resistance 58
Mechanical Properties 58
TABLE 7 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF GRAPHITE MATERIALS 58
EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES 59
Porous Graphite 59
High-Temperature Graphite Process 60
Expandable Graphite 60
CARBON-CARBON STRUCTURAL COMPOSITES 60
TYPES OF STRUCTURAL COMPOSITE MATERIALS 60
CARBON-REINFORCED CARBON MATRIX COMPOSITES 61
TABLE 8 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES 62
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN GRAPHITE AND CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES 63
TABLE 9 COMPARISON OF PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF GRAPHITE AND
CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES 63
CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES 63
REINFORCEMENT ARCHITECTURE 64
One-Dimensional Architecture 65
Two-Dimensional Architecture 65
Three-Dimensional Architecture 65
Multidimensional Architecture 66
Foam Reinforcement 66
MANUFACTURING PROCESSES 66
Infiltration of Matrix Phase 67
Raw Materials for Matrix Phase 67
Chemical Vapor Infiltration Process 67
Temperature Gradient Process 68
Isothermal Process 68
Pressure Gradient Process 68
Liquid Pitch Infiltration Process 69
Raw Materials 69
Manufacturing Process 69
Low-Pressure Process 69
High-Pressure Process 70
Thermosetting Resins as Matrix Precursors 70
FIGURE 7 REPRESENTATION OF CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITE MANUFACTURING
PROCESS 70
STRUCTURE AND PROPERTY RELATIONSHIPS 71
Microstructural Features 71
TABLE 10 COMPARISON OF CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES PROPERTIES
MANUFACTURED BY VARIOUS PROCESSING ROUTES 72
Mechanical Properties 73
Young's Modulus 73
Strength 73
Fatigue and Creep 74
Effect of Temperature on Mechanical Properties 74
Effect of Oxidation on Mechanical Properties 74
Thermal Properties 74
Friction and Wear Properties 75
OXIDATION PROTECTION FOR CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES 75
TECHNOLOGY TRENDS 76
Oxidation Inhibition of Carbon-Carbon Composites 76
Rapid-Oxidative-Stabilization Composites 76
High-purity Carbon-Carbon Composites 77
High-density Carbon-Carbon Composites 77
Elimination of Need for Oxidative Stabilization of Carbon Composites 77
High Thermal Conductivity Carbon-Carbon Composites 78
Sequential Deposit of Carbon Matrix and In Situ Polymerization 79
Rapid Processing of Carbon-Carbon Composites 79
Protective Coatings 79
Detecting Flaws in the Carbon Composites 80
Carbon-Carbon Composites from Densified Carbon Foam 80
Low-Temperature Densification Using Sugar Pyrolysis 80
Thick Three-dimensional Preforms for Carbon-Carbon Composites 81
High-Strength Composites Developed by NASA and JPL 81
Carbon-Carbon Frictional Composites for Elevator Brakes 81
Joining Carbon-Carbon Composites 82
Nanotubes in Carbon-Carbon Composites 82
Low-cost Production of Carbon-Carbon Composites 83
GRAPHENE 83
PROPERTIES 83
RAW MATERIALS AND PRODUCTION PROCESSES 84
Established Technologies 84
"Scotch Tape" Method 84
Epitaxial Method 85
Graphite Oxide Reduction Method 85
Experimental Approaches 86
Metal-Carbon Melt Method 86
Pyrolysis of Sodium Ethoxide Method 86
Production of Graphene from Carbon Nanotubes 86
Production of Graphene from Table Sugar 87
Dissolving Graphite in Chlorosulphonic Acid 87
"Molecular Wedge" Method 87
Radio Frequency Catalytic Chemical Vapor Deposition 88
Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition 88
Carbon Dioxide Reduction 88
Dry Ice-Based Production Processes 88
COMPANIES DEVELOPING GRAPHENE STRUCTURAL MATERIALS 89
Allotropica Technologies 89
General Motors 89
Graftech 89
Graphene Devices Ltd. 89
Graphenea 90
CHAPTER 5 COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS 92
CARBON FIBER APPLICATIONS 92
TABLE 11 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS OF CARBON FIBERS 92
AEROSPACE AND DEFENSE INDUSTRY 93
Space Vehicles 93
Unmanned Spacecraft 93
Manned Spacecraft 94
Launch Vehicles 94
Total U.S. Space Market 94
TABLE 12 U.S. SPACE VEHICLE MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS) 94
Defense Market 95
Defense Aviation 95
TABLE 13 U.S. MILITARY AIRCRAFT MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS) 96
Missiles 96
TABLE 14 U.S. MISSILE SHIPMENTS, THROUGH- 2020 ($ BILLIONS) 97
Commercial Aviation 97
Large Aircraft 97
TABLE 15 DELIVERIES OF LARGE U.S.-MADE COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT BY TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 (UNITS) 98
Carbon Fiber Consumption 98
TABLE 16 CONSUMPTION OF CARBON-FIBER-REINFORCED COMPOSITES IN
U.S.-MADE COMMERCIAL AIRLINERS (LBS/%) 99
GROUND TRANSPORT 99
Trains and Locomotives 100
Motor Vehicles 100
INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS 102
WIND ENERGY 103
TABLE 17 U.S. WIND POWER CAPACITY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 103
TABLE 18 U.S. PRODUCTION OF WIND TURBINE ROTOR BLADES, THROUGH 2020
(NUMBER OF BLADES) 103
SPORTING GOODS 104
Golf Clubs 104
TABLE 19 U.S. MARKET FOR CARBON FIBER COMPOSITE GOLF CLUBS, THROUGH
2020 ($ MILLIONS) 105
Bicycles 105
Recreational Boating 105
Sport Fishing 106
TABLE 20 U.S. SHIPMENTS OF CARBON FIBER FISHING RODS, THROUGH-2020 ($
MILLIONS) 106
Other Applications 106
INFRASTRUCTURE 107
New Bridge Construction 108
Bridge Repairs 109
Column Repairs 110
Seismic Retrofit 110
High-Strength Building Construction 111
Engineered Wood Products 112
Deepwater Oil and Gas Structures Made from Carbon Composites 112
Smarter and Stronger Concrete 113
New Manufacturing Process for Reinforced Concrete 114
THERMAL MANAGEMENT 114
Conductive Plastics 115
Carbon Nanotubes 116
OTHER APPLICATIONS 117
Biocompatibility Applications 117
Electrochemical Applications 117
Static Dissipation Applications 117
Lightweight Telescope Mirrors 117
Hollow Carbon Fibers in Molecular Sieve Applications 118
Emerging Energy Systems 118
Turtle Airship Uses Carbon Composites 118
CARBON FIBERS MARKET GROWTH 119
TABLE 21 U.S. CONSUMPTION OF CARBON FIBERS BY INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2020
(THOUSAND LBS.) 119
FIGURE 8 U.S. CONSUMPTION SHARE OF CARBON FIBER BY INDUSTRY, 2014 VS.
2020 (%) 120
TABLE 22 U.S. MARKET FOR CARBON FIBERS BY INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2020 ($
MILLIONS) 121
FIGURE 9 U.S. MARKET SHARE FOR CARBON FIBER BY INDUSTRY, 2014 VS. 2020
(%) 121
CARBON FOAM APPLICATIONS 122
AEROSPACE AND DEFENSE 123
Radiators 123
Fire Barrier Applications 123
Brakes 123
GROUND TRANSPORTATION 123
Automotive Radiators 123
Shock Absorbers and Bumpers 124
Other Automotive Applications 124
INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS 124
Sandwich Panels 124
Electronic Heat Sinks 124
Phase-Change Materials 125
ENERGY 125
Batteries 125
Fuel Cells 126
Radiators 126
Humidifiers 127
Bipolar Plates 127
Supercapacitors 127
Nuclear Reactor Cores 127
Gas Storage 127
OTHER APPLICATIONS 128
Air Filtration Devices 128
Personal Cooling Devices 128
Health Care Applications 128
Acoustic Absorber Materials 128
CARBON FOAM MARKET GROWTH 128
TABLE 23 U.S. CONSUMPTION OF CARBON FOAM, THROUGH 2020 (THOUSAND
LBS.) 128
FIGURE 10 U.S. CONSUMPTION SHARE OF CARBON FOAM BY INDUSTRY, 2014 VS.
2020 (%) 129
TABLE 24 U.S. CARBON FOAM MARKET BY INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 130
STRUCTURAL GRAPHITE APPLICATIONS 130
AEROSPACE AND DEFENSE 131
GROUND TRANSPORTATION 131
INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS 132
Chemical Industry Applications 132
Mechanical Applications 133
Bearings and Brushes 133
TABLE 25 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS FOR GRAPHITE BEARINGS 134
Seals 134
Friction Materials 134
Metallurgy 135
Glassware 135
Refractory Applications 136
ENERGY 136
Fuel Cells 136
Nuclear Industry Applications 137
Hydrogen Storage 137
STRUCTURAL GRAPHITE MARKET GROWTH 138
TABLE 26 U.S. CONSUMPTION OF STRUCTURAL GRAPHITE BY INDUSTRY, THROUGH
2020 (THOUSAND LBS.) 138
FIGURE 11 U.S. CONSUMPTION SHARE OF STRUCTURAL GRAPHITE BY INDUSTRY,
2014 VS. 2020 (%) 139
TABLE 27 U.S. MARKET FOR STRUCTURAL GRAPHITE BY INDUSTRY, THROUGH
2020 ($ MILLIONS) 140
CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES APPLICATIONS 140
AEROSPACE 140
Space Vehicle Thermal Protection Systems 140
Aircraft Engine Components 142
Aircraft Brakes 143
Other Aerospace Applications 144
GROUND TRANSPORTATION 144
INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS 145
Refractory Structures 145
Glass Industry 146
Corrosion-Resistant Structures 146
Thermal-Management Solutions 147
ENERGY 147
OTHER APPLICATIONS 147
Biocompatible Structures 147
CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES MARKET GROWTH 148
TABLE 28 U.S. CONSUMPTION OF CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES BY INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2020 (THOUSAND LBS.) 148
FIGURE 12 U.S. CONSUMPTION SHARE OF CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES BY
INDUSTRY, 2014 VS. 2020 (%) 149
TABLE 29 U.S. MARKET FOR CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES BY INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 150
STRUCTURAL GRAPHENE APPLICATIONS 150
INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS 150
Thermal Management Solutions 150
ENERGY 151
Hydrogen Storage 151
Oxidized Graphene Sheets 152
Corrugated Graphene 152
Other Developments 152
Batteries 153
OTHER APPLICATIONS 154
TABLE 30 POSSIBLE TYPES OF GRAPHENE COMPOSITES AND THEIR PROPERTIES 154
MARKET GROWTH 155
TABLE 31 U.S. CONSUMPTION OF STRUCTURAL GRAPHENE BY INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 155
MARKETS FOR ADVANCED STRUCTURAL CARBONS 156
TABLE 32 U.S. CONSUMPTION OF STRUCTURAL CARBONS BY MATERIAL TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 (THOUSAND LBS.) 156
FIGURE 13 U.S. CONSUMPTION SHARE OF STRUCTURAL CARBONS BY MATERIAL
TYPE, 2014 VS. 2020 (%) 157
TABLE 33 U.S. MARKET FOR STRUCTURAL CARBON PRODUCTS BY TYPE, THROUGH
2020 ($ MILLIONS) 158
FIGURE 14 U.S. MARKET SHARE FOR STRUCTURAL CARBON PRODUCTS BY TYPE,
2014 VS. 2020 (%) 158
CHAPTER 6 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND MARKET DRIVERS 161
MARKETS FOR STRUCTURAL CARBON MATERIALS 161
MANUFACTURERS OF STRUCTURAL CARBONS 161
Carbon Fibers 161
FIGURE 15 U.S. CONSUMPTION SHARE OF CARBON FIBER BY LEADING SUPPLIERS,
2014 (%) 162
Carbon Foams 162
FIGURE 16 U.S. CONSUMPTION SHARE OF CARBON FOAM BY LEADING SUPPLIERS,
2014 (%) 162
Structural Graphite 163
FIGURE 17 U.S. CONSUMPTION SHARE OF STRUCTURAL GRAPHITE BY LEADING
SUPPLIERS, 2014 (%) 163
Carbon-Carbon Composites 164
FIGURE 18 U.S. CONSUMPTION SHARE OF CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES BY
LEADING SUPPLIERS, 2014 (%) 164
SWOT ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURAL CARBONS INDUSTRY 165
Strengths 165
Weaknesses 165
Opportunities 165
Threats 166
MARKET DRIVERS 166
ECONOMIC FACTORS 166
LEGAL AND REGULATORY FACTORS 167
Price-Fixing in the Carbon Fibers and Composites Industry 167
Price-Fixing in the Graphite Industry 168
INDUSTRY FACTORS 168
Capacity Trends 168
Price Trends 168
New Technologies and New Entrants to the Business 168
Influence and Leverage 169
Buyers' Influence and Leverage 169
Suppliers' Influence and Leverage 169
Substitute Products 170
COMPETITIVE STRATEGIES IN THE STRUCTURAL CARBONS INDUSTRY 170
NEW BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT 170
COMPETITIVE PRICING 171
VERTICAL INTEGRATION 171
GLOBAL STRATEGIC ALLIANCES 172
SGL-BMW Joint Venture 172
SGL-Mitsubishi Joint Venture 172
Mitsubishi Rayon's Expansion Plans and Alliance with SGL 172
Zoltek-DeWind Supply Agreement 172
Zoltek and Chomarat 173
GrafTech and Ballard Power Systems 173
Zoltek and Leggett and Pratt 173
Hexcel and Airbus Industries 173
Hexcel and Boeing 174
Chinese - Russian Alliance 174
CHAPTER 7 INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND TECHNOLOGY TRENDS ANALYSIS 176
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ANALYSIS 176
TABLE 34 PATENTS ISSUED TO LEADING MANUFACTURES IN STRUCTURAL CARBON
MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY, 1996-SEPTEMBER, 2015 177
TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT TRENDS 177
CHAPTER 8 INTERNATIONAL ASPECTS OF STRUCTURAL CARBONS BUSINESS 180
TABLE 35 GLOBAL MARKET FOR STRUCTURAL CARBON MATERIALS BY TYPE, 2014
($ MILLIONS) 180
FIGURE 19 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR STRUCTURAL CARBON MATERIALS BY
TYPE, 2014 (%) 180
TABLE 36 GLOBAL STRUCTURAL CARBON MATERIALS MARKET BY REGION,
THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 182
CHAPTER 9 PROFILES OF MANUFACTURERS 184
U.S. MANUFACTURERS 184
ADVANCED CARBON TECHNOLOGIES INC. 184
ADVANCED COMPOSITES INC. 184
AEROSPACE COMPOSITE PRODUCTS CO. 185
ALBANY ENGINEERED COMPOSITES 185
APPLIED SCIENCES INC. 185
ASBURY CARBONS 186
BOEING CO. 186
CARBON-CARBON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES INC. 186
CHOMARAT NORTH AMERICA 187
CYTEC CORP. 187
FIBER MATERIALS INC. 188
GENERAL MOTORS CO. 188
GRAPHITE METALLIZING CORP. 188
GRAPHITE SALES INC. 189
GRAFTECH INTERNATIONAL LTD. 189
GRAPHTEK LLC 189
HELWIG CARBON PRODUCTS INC. 190
HEXCEL CORP. 190
HITCO CARBON COMPOSITES INC. 191
HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC. 191
KIRKWOOD HOLDING INC. 191
MER CORP. 192
MINERALS TECHNOLOGIES INC. 192
MITSUBISHI RAYON CARBON FIBER AND COMPOSITES. 193
MORGAN ADVANCED MATERIALS 193
POCO GRAPHITE INC. 193
ROC CARBON CO. 194
SCHUNK GRAPHITE TECHNOLOGY LLC 194
SGL GROUP - THE CARBON COMPANY 194
SIOUX MANUFACTURING CORP. 195
SPENCER COMPOSITE CORP. 195
ST. MARYS CARBON CO. 195
SUPERIOR GRAPHITE CO. 196
TOHO TENAX AMERICA INC. 196
TORAY CARBON FIBERS AMERICA INC. 197
TOUCHSTONE RESEARCH LABORATORY LTD. 197
TPI COMPOSITES INC. 197
ULTRAMET INC. 198
UTC AEROSPACE SYSTEMS 198
V2 COMPOSITE INC. 198
ZOLTEK COMPANIES INC. 199
INTERNATIONAL MANUFACTURERS 199
ANAORI CARBON CO. LTD. 199
ATLAS COMPOSITES LTD. 199
GRAPHENEA 200
GRUPO ANTOLIN INGENIERIA S.A 200
MERSEN GROUP 200
MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORP. 201
MITSUBISHI RAYON CO. LTD. 201
NIPPON GRAPHITE FIBER CORP 201
TAIWAN CARBON TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD. 202
TOHO TENAX CO. LTD. 202
TORAY INDUSTRIES INC. 203

LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE U.S. MARKET FOR ADVANCED STRUCTURAL CARBON PRODUCTS
BY USER SEGMENT, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 7
TABLE 1 DEPENDENCE OF CARBON FIBER PROPERTIES ON RAW MATERIALS 20
TABLE 2 STRUCTURAL PROPERTY RELATIONSHIPS FOR CARBON FIBERS DERIVED
FROM VARIOUS PRECURSORS 30
TABLE 3 TYPICAL MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CARBON-FIBER-REINFORCED
POLYMER COMPOSITES 45
TABLE 4 TYPICAL MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CARBON-FIBER-REINFORCED METAL
COMPOSITES 46
TABLE 5 PROPERTIES OF PITCH RAW MATERIALS USED FOR CARBON FOAM
MANUFACTURING (°C/%) 48
TABLE 6 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF PITCH-DERIVED CARBON FOAMS 49
TABLE 7 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF GRAPHITE MATERIALS 58
TABLE 8 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES 62
TABLE 9 COMPARISON OF PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF GRAPHITE AND
CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES 63
TABLE 10 COMPARISON OF CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES PROPERTIES
MANUFACTURED BY VARIOUS PROCESSING ROUTES 72
TABLE 11 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS OF CARBON FIBERS 92
TABLE 12 U.S. SPACE VEHICLE MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS) 94
TABLE 13 U.S. MILITARY AIRCRAFT MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ BILLIONS) 96
TABLE 14 U.S. MISSILE SHIPMENTS, THROUGH- 2020 ($ BILLIONS) 97
TABLE 15 DELIVERIES OF LARGE U.S.-MADE COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT BY TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 (UNITS) 98
TABLE 16 CONSUMPTION OF CARBON-FIBER-REINFORCED COMPOSITES IN
U.S.-MADE COMMERCIAL AIRLINERS (LBS/%) 99
TABLE 17 U.S. WIND POWER CAPACITY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 103
TABLE 18 U.S. PRODUCTION OF WIND TURBINE ROTOR BLADES, THROUGH 2020

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  • July 2016
  • by MarketsandMarkets

The global non-woven glass fiber prepreg market is projected to reach USD 834.5 million by 2021, at a CAGR of 8.8% between 2016 and 2021. The growth of this market is driven by the growing demand of wind ...

Global Carbon Fiber Industry

June 2016 $ 4 500

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Fiber Industry

1 month ago

ref:plp2016

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