Imports$53.97 billion (2011 est.)
Exports$27.91 billion (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)10.2% (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate12.2% (2011 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$6,600 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate5.3% (2010 est.)
Internet users20.136 million (2009)
Telephones - mobile cellular70.661 million (2009)
Population growth rate1.922% (2012 est.)
Population83,688,164 (July 2012 est.)
The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world's great civilizations.
A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.
Occupying the northeast corner of the African continent, Egypt is bisected by the highly fertile Nile valley, where most economic activity takes place.
Egypt's economy was highly centralized during the rule of former President Gamal Abdel NASSER but opened up considerably under former Presidents Anwar EL-SADAT and Mohamed Hosni MUBARAK.
Cairo from 2004 to 2008 aggressively pursued economic reforms to attract foreign investment and facilitate GDP growth....
The Economist Intelligence Unit
The president, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, will continue to tighten his grip over the political process, assisted by a loyal security apparatus and a co-operative parliament, which is dominated by pro-government ...
This report contains detailed forecasts and analysis for Egypt, including trade and investment analysis, economic forecasts, political risk assessments and demographic trend analysis. Each ISA Country ...
The Egyptian economy remains under pressure, in part the result of recent reforms. Private consumption growth is set to remain weak in the short term due to a loss of purchasing power, while fiscal consolidation ...