Imports$900 million (2011 est.)
Exports$415.4 million (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)20% (2011 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$700 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate4% (2010 est.)
Internet users200,000 (2008)
Telephones - mobile cellular185,300 (2009)
Population growth rate2.418% (2012 est.)
Population6,086,495 (July 2012 est.)
About this country
The UN awarded Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation.
Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum.
A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000....
Since independence from Ethiopia in 1993, Eritrea has faced the economic problems of a small, desperately poor country, accentuated by the recent implementation of restrictive economic policies.
Eritrea has a command economy under the control of the sole political party, the People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ).
Like the economies of many African nations, a large share of the population - nearly 80% - is engaged in subsistence agriculture, but they produce only a small share of total output....
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