Imports$4.029 billion (2011 est.)
Exports$2.649 billion (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)10.4% (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate21% (1997 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$1,100 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate8.3% (2010 est.)
Internet users613,600 (2009)
Telephones - mobile cellular7.224 million (2009)
Population growth rate2.442% (2012 est.)
Population23,515,934 (July 2012 est.)
About this country
Popular search for Mozambique
Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975.
Large-scale emigration, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid 1990s.
The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frelimo) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy....
At independence in 1975, Mozambique was one of the world's poorest countries.
Socialist mismanagement and a brutal civil war from 1977-92 exacerbated the situation.
In 1987, the government embarked on a series of macroeconomic reforms designed to stabilize the economy....
The Economist Intelligence Unit
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