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Rwanda : economy statistics and industry reports

  • Updated on : 27 August 2012  Source : The World Factbook


$1.372 billion (2011 est.)
$1.084 billion (2010 est.)


$372.9 million (2011 est.)
$297 million (2010 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices)

3.9% (2011 est.)
2.3% (2010 est.)

Unemployment rate


GDP - per capita (PPP)

$1,400 (2011 est.)
$1,300 (2010 est.)
$1,200 (2009 est.)
note: data are in 2011 US dollars

National product real growth rate

6% (2010 est.)
4.5% (2009 est.)
11.2% (2008 est.)

Internet users

450,000 (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular

3.549 million (2009)

Population growth rate

2.751% (2012 est.)


11,689,696 (July 2012 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Historical background

In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king.

Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries.

The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990.

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Economic overview

Rwanda is a poor rural country with about 90% of the population engaged in (mainly subsistence) agriculture and some mineral and agro-processing.

In 2008, minerals overtook coffee and tea as Rwanda's primary foreign exchange earner.

The 1994 genocide decimated Rwanda's fragile economic base, severely impoverished the population, particularly women, and temporarily stalled the country's ability to attract private and external investment.

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Oxford Economics

Country Economic Forecasts > Rwanda

Country Economic Forecasts > Rwanda

  • $ 185
  • Country report
  • June 2016
  • by Oxford Economics

Over the period 2016-2020 the economy is expected to grow on average by 7.1%. This compares to the average annual growth of 7.1% in the years 2011 to 2015.  

  • Countries : Rwanda

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