Imports$1.372 billion (2011 est.)
Exports$372.9 million (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)3.9% (2011 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$1,400 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate6% (2010 est.)
Internet users450,000 (2009)
Telephones - mobile cellular3.549 million (2009)
Population growth rate2.751% (2012 est.)
Population11,689,696 (July 2012 est.)
In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king.
Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries.
The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990....
Rwanda is a poor rural country with about 90% of the population engaged in (mainly subsistence) agriculture and some mineral and agro-processing.
In 2008, minerals overtook coffee and tea as Rwanda's primary foreign exchange earner.
The 1994 genocide decimated Rwanda's fragile economic base, severely impoverished the population, particularly women, and temporarily stalled the country's ability to attract private and external investment....
Over the period 2016-2020 the economy is expected to grow on average by 7.1%. This compares to the average annual growth of 7.1% in the years 2011 to 2015.
The Economist Intelligence Unit
Outlook for 2016-17 We expect the president, Paul Kagame, to win the 2017 election. He and the ruling Rwanda Patriotic Front will continue to dominate the political scene throughout the forecast period, ...