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Rwanda

Rwanda : economy statistics and industry reports

  • Updated on : 27 August 2012  Source : The World Factbook

Imports

$1.372 billion (2011 est.)
$1.084 billion (2010 est.)

Exports

$372.9 million (2011 est.)
$297 million (2010 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices)

3.9% (2011 est.)
2.3% (2010 est.)

Unemployment rate

NA%

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$1,400 (2011 est.)
$1,300 (2010 est.)
$1,200 (2009 est.)
note: data are in 2011 US dollars

National product real growth rate

6% (2010 est.)
4.5% (2009 est.)
11.2% (2008 est.)

Internet users

450,000 (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular

3.549 million (2009)

Population growth rate

2.751% (2012 est.)

Population

11,689,696 (July 2012 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Historical background

In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king.

Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries.

The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990.

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Rwanda

Economic overview

Rwanda is a poor rural country with about 90% of the population engaged in (mainly subsistence) agriculture and some mineral and agro-processing.

In 2008, minerals overtook coffee and tea as Rwanda's primary foreign exchange earner.

The 1994 genocide decimated Rwanda's fragile economic base, severely impoverished the population, particularly women, and temporarily stalled the country's ability to attract private and external investment.

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Oxford Economics

Country Economic Forecasts > Rwanda

Country Economic Forecasts > Rwanda

  • $ 185
  • Country report
  • June 2013
  • by Oxford Economics

We estimate that GDP grew by 7.7% in 2012, driven by construction and the service sector. These areas will continue to provide impetus to the economy this year as well, with GDP seen rising 7.3%. Furthe ...

  • Countries : Rwanda

The Economist Intelligence Unit

Country Report Rwanda 1st Quarter 2014

Country Report Rwanda 1st Quarter 2014

  • $ 285
  • Country report
  • February 2014
  • by The Economist Intelligence Unit

Outlook for 2014-15 The president, Paul Kagame, will dominate the political scene, and the governing Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) will face little political opposition.The presence of dozens of militias ...

  • Countries : Rwanda

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