Rwanda : economy statistics and industry reports

  • Updated on : 27 August 2012  Source : The World Factbook


$1.372 billion (2011 est.)
$1.084 billion (2010 est.)


$372.9 million (2011 est.)
$297 million (2010 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices)

3.9% (2011 est.)
2.3% (2010 est.)

Unemployment rate


GDP - per capita (PPP)

$1,400 (2011 est.)
$1,300 (2010 est.)
$1,200 (2009 est.)
note: data are in 2011 US dollars

National product real growth rate

6% (2010 est.)
4.5% (2009 est.)
11.2% (2008 est.)

Internet users

450,000 (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular

3.549 million (2009)

Population growth rate

2.751% (2012 est.)


11,689,696 (July 2012 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Historical background

In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king.

Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries.

The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990.

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Economic overview

Rwanda is a poor rural country with about 90% of the population engaged in (mainly subsistence) agriculture and some mineral and agro-processing.

In 2008, minerals overtook coffee and tea as Rwanda's primary foreign exchange earner.

The 1994 genocide decimated Rwanda's fragile economic base, severely impoverished the population, particularly women, and temporarily stalled the country's ability to attract private and external investment.

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Oxford Economics

Country Economic Forecasts > Rwanda

Country Economic Forecasts > Rwanda

  • $ 185
  • Country report
  • August 2014
  • by Oxford Economics

GDP growth slowed to 4.6% in 2013 on weaker agricultural output and delays in disbursing the government budget. But the agricultural sector experienced a better harvest this year and annual GDP growth ...

  • Countries : Rwanda

The Economist Intelligence Unit

Country Report Rwanda 1st Quarter 2015

Country Report Rwanda 1st Quarter 2015

  • $ 285
  • Country report
  • February 2015
  • by The Economist Intelligence Unit

Outlook for 2015-16 The president, Paul Kagame, will dominate the political scene, and the governing Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) will face little political opposition. The repressive political climate ...

  • Countries : Rwanda

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