Imports$6.359 billion (2011 est.)
Exports$9.201 billion (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)8.7% (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate14% (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$1,600 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate7% (2010 est.)
Internet users816,200 (2009)
Telephones - mobile cellular4.947 million (2009)
Population growth rate3.034% (2012 est.)
Population14,309,466 (July 2012 est.)
The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the [British] South Africa Company from 1891 until it was taken over by the UK in 1923.
During the 1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration.
The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964....
Zambia's economy has experienced strong growth in recent years, with real GDP growth in 2005-08 about 6% per year.
Privatization of government-owned copper mines in the 1990s relieved the government from covering mammoth losses generated by the industry and greatly improved the chances for copper mining to return to profitability and spur economic growth.
Copper output has increased steadily since 2004, due to higher copper prices and foreign investment....
The Economist Intelligence Unit
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