Chad : economy statistics and industry reports

  • Updated on : 27 August 2012  Source : The World Factbook


$3.512 billion (2011 est.)
$2.94 billion (2010 est.)


$4.114 billion (2011 est.)
$3.16 billion (2010 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices)

2% (2011 est.)
-2% (2010 est.)

Unemployment rate


GDP - per capita (PPP)

$1,900 (2011 est.)
$1,900 (2010 est.)
$1,700 (2009 est.)
note: data are in 2011 US dollars

National product real growth rate

2% (2010 est.)
-1.6% (2009 est.)
10.7% (2008 est.)

Internet users

168,100 (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular

2.614 million (2009)

Population growth rate

1.98% (2012 est.)


10,975,648 (July 2012 est.)

Historical background

Chad, part of France's African holdings until 1960, endured three decades of civil warfare as well as invasions by Libya before a semblance of peace was finally restored in 1990.

The government eventually drafted a democratic constitution and held flawed presidential elections in 1996 and 2001.

In 1998, a rebellion broke out in northern Chad, which has sporadically flared up despite several peace agreements between the government and the rebels.

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Economic overview

Chad's primarily agricultural economy will continue to be boosted by major foreign direct investment projects in the oil sector that began in 2000.

At least 80% of Chad's population relies on subsistence farming and livestock raising for its livelihood.

Chad's economy has long been handicapped by its landlocked position, high energy costs, and a history of instability.

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