Imports$3.512 billion (2011 est.)
Exports$4.114 billion (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)2% (2011 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$1,900 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate2% (2010 est.)
Internet users168,100 (2009)
Telephones - mobile cellular2.614 million (2009)
Population growth rate1.98% (2012 est.)
Population10,975,648 (July 2012 est.)
Chad, part of France's African holdings until 1960, endured three decades of civil warfare as well as invasions by Libya before a semblance of peace was finally restored in 1990.
The government eventually drafted a democratic constitution and held flawed presidential elections in 1996 and 2001.
In 1998, a rebellion broke out in northern Chad, which has sporadically flared up despite several peace agreements between the government and the rebels....
Chad's primarily agricultural economy will continue to be boosted by major foreign direct investment projects in the oil sector that began in 2000.
At least 80% of Chad's population relies on subsistence farming and livestock raising for its livelihood.
Chad's economy has long been handicapped by its landlocked position, high energy costs, and a history of instability....
The Economist Intelligence Unit
Outlook for 2016-17 The president, Idriss Déby, who has been at the helm since 1990 and has consolidated his control over the political system, will remain in power throughout the forecast period, ...