Imports$980.5 million (2011 est.)
Exports$191.4 million (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)4.5% (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate21% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$4,000 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate4.5% (2010 est.)
Internet users150,000 (2009)
Telephones - mobile cellular371,900 (2009)
Population growth rate1.428% (2012 est.)
Population523,568 (July 2012 est.)
About this country
The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; Cape Verde subsequently became a trading center for African slaves and later an important coaling and resupply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping.
Following independence in 1975, and a tentative interest in unification with Guinea-Bissau, a one-party system was established and maintained until multi-party elections were held in 1990.
Cape Verde continues to exhibit one of Africa's most stable democratic governments....
This island economy suffers from a poor natural resource base, including serious water shortages exacerbated by cycles of long-term drought and poor soil for agriculture on several of the islands.
The economy is service oriented with commerce, transport, tourism, and public services accounting for about three-fourths of GDP.
Although nearly 70% of the population lives in rural areas, the share of food production in GDP is low....
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