Imports$15.32 billion (2011 est.)
Exports$12.75 billion (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)8.7% (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate11% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$3,100 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate4.7% (2010 est.)
Internet users1.297 million (2009)
Telephones - mobile cellular17.436 million (2009)
Population growth rate1.787% (2012 est.)
Population25,241,998 (July 2012 est.)
Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence.
Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt.
Jerry RAWLINGS took power in 1981 and banned political parties....
Ghana is well endowed with natural resources and agriculture accounts for roughly one-third of GDP and employs more than half of the workforce, mainly small landholders.
The services sector accounts for 50% of GDP.
Gold and cocoa production and individual remittances are major sources of foreign exchange....