Imports$2.533 billion (2011 est.)
Exports$2.253 billion (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)2.9% (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate30% (2004 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$1,100 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate5.2% (2010 est.)
Internet users249,800 (2009)
Telephones - mobile cellular7.326 million (2009)
Population growth rate2.613% (2012 est.)
Population14,533,511 (July 2012 est.)
The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of France in 1960 as the Mali Federation.
When Senegal withdrew after only a few months, what formerly made up the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali.
Rule by dictatorship was brought to a close in 1991 by a military coup that ushered in a period of democratic rule....
Among the 25 poorest countries in the world, Mali is a landlocked country highly dependent on gold mining and agricultural exports for revenue.
The country's fiscal status fluctuates with gold and agricultural commodity prices and the harvest.
Mali remains dependent on foreign aid....
The Economist Intelligence Unit
Outlook for 2016-17 Political stability will improve slowly, although the consolidation of security gains following the peace deal signed with Tuareg and rebel groups in 2015 will continue to dominate ...