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Nigeria : economy statistics and industry reports

  • Updated on : 27 August 2012  Source : The World Factbook


$69.49 billion (2011 est.)
$53.46 billion (2010 est.)


$103.9 billion (2011 est.)
$73.7 billion (2010 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices)

10.8% (2011 est.)
13.7% (2010 est.)

Unemployment rate

21% (2011 est.)
4.9% (2011 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$2,600 (2011 est.)
$2,500 (2010 est.)
$2,400 (2009 est.)
note: data are in 2011 US dollars

National product real growth rate

6.8% (2010 est.)
5.6% (2009 est.)
6% (2008 est.)

Internet users

43.989 million (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular

87.298 million (2009)

Population growth rate

2.553% (2012 est.)


170,123,740 (July 2012 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Historical background

British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century.

A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy; independence came in 1960.

Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed.

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Economic overview

Oil-rich Nigeria has been hobbled by political instability, corruption, inadequate infrastructure, and poor macroeconomic management but in 2008 began pursuing economic reforms.

Nigeria's former military rulers failed to diversify the economy away from its overdependence on the capital-intensive oil sector, which provides 95% of foreign exchange earnings and about 80% of budgetary revenues.

Following the signing of an IMF stand-by agreement in August 2000, Nigeria received a debt-restructuring deal from the Paris Club and a $1 billion credit from the IMF, both contingent on economic reforms.

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The Economist Intelligence Unit

Country Forecast Nigeria September 2015 Updater

Country Forecast Nigeria September 2015 Updater

  • $ 635
  • Country report
  • September 2015
  • by The Economist Intelligence Unit

The transition to the new administration, victorious in the March and April elections, will result in significant upheaval as the patronage networks of the outgoing administration are dismantled.Ongoing ...

  • Countries : Nigeria

Dun and Bradstreet (Altares)

D&B Country Insight Report: Nigeria

D&B Country Insight Report: Nigeria

  • $ 650
  • Country report
  • August 2015
  • by Dun and Bradstreet (Altares)

Report Summary If you are involved in cross-border business, developing relationships or identifying opportunities overseas, you are exposed to the risk associated with a country’s overall political, ...

  • Countries : World, Nigeria


Nigeria - ISA Country Report

Nigeria - ISA Country Report

  • $ 99
  • Country report
  • October 2015
  • by ISA

This report contains detailed forecasts and analysis for Nigeria, including trade and investment analysis, economic forecasts, political risk assessments and demographic trend analysis. Each ISA Country ...

  • Countries : Nigeria

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