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Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone : economy statistics and industry reports

  • Updated on : 27 August 2012  Source : The World Factbook


$1.314 billion (2011 est.)
$735.9 million (2010 est.)


$472.3 million (2011 est.)
$362.9 million (2010 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices)

18% (2011 est.)
16.6% (2010 est.)

Unemployment rate


GDP - per capita (PPP)

$900 (2011 est.)
$800 (2010 est.)
$800 (2009 est.)
note: data are in 2011 US dollars

National product real growth rate

5.2% (2010 est.)
4.4% (2009 est.)
5.5% (2008 est.)

Internet users

14,900 (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular

2 million (2009)

Population growth rate

2.277% (2012 est.)


5,485,998 (July 2012 est.)

Historical background

Democracy is slowly being reestablished after the civil war from 1991 to 2002 that resulted in tens of thousands of deaths and the displacement of more than 2 million people (about a third of the population).

The military, which took over full responsibility for security following the departure of UN peacekeepers at the end of 2005, is increasingly developing as a guarantor of the country's stability.

The armed forces remained on the sideline during the 2007 presidential election but still look to the UN Integrated Office in Sierra Leone (UNIOSIL) - a civilian UN mission - to support efforts to consolidate peace.

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Sierra Leone

Economic overview

Sierra Leone is an extremely poor nation with tremendous inequality in income distribution.

While it possesses substantial mineral, agricultural, and fishery resources, its physical and social infrastructure has yet to recover from the civil war, and serious social disorders continue to hamper economic development.

Nearly half of the working-age population engages in subsistence agriculture.

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