Imports$6.292 billion (2011 est.)
Exports$1.613 billion (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)7.5% (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate12.7% (2011 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$9,100 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate-0.8% (2010 est.)
Internet users1.581 million (2009)
Telephones - mobile cellular3.103 million (2009)
Population growth rate0.714% (2012 est.)
Population2,889,187 (July 2012 est.)
The island - discovered by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1494 - was settled by the Spanish early in the 16th century.
The native Taino Indians, who had inhabited Jamaica for centuries, were gradually exterminated and replaced by African slaves.
England seized the island in 1655 and established a plantation economy based on sugar, cocoa, and coffee....
The Jamaican economy is heavily dependent on services, which now account for more than 60% of GDP.
The country continues to derive most of its foreign exchange from tourism, remittances, and bauxite/alumina.
Remittances account for nearly 15% of GDP and exports of bauxite and alumina make up about 10%....
The Economist Intelligence Unit
NCAIS: 0 SIC: 0