Imports$15.53 billion (2011 est.)
Exports$10.38 billion (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)4.9% (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate6.5% (2011 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$12,100 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate4% (2010 est.)
Internet users1.485 million (2009)
Telephones - mobile cellular3.035 million (2009)
Population growth rate1.288% (2012 est.)
Population4,636,348 (July 2012 est.)
About this country
Although explored by the Spanish early in the 16th century, initial attempts at colonizing Costa Rica proved unsuccessful due to a combination of factors, including: disease from mosquito-infested swamps, brutal heat, resistance by natives, and pirate raids.
It was not until 1563 that a permanent settlement of Cartago was established in the cooler, fertile central highlands.
The area remained a colony for some two and a half centuries....
Prior to the global economic crisis, Costa Rica enjoyed stable economic growth.
The economy contracted 0.
7% in 2009, but resumed growth at more than 3% in 2010....
The Economist Intelligence Unit
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