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Colombia : economy statistics and industry reports

  • Updated on : 27 August 2012  Source : The World Factbook


$54.7 billion (2011 est.)
$37.51 billion (2010 est.)


$56.22 billion (2011 est.)
$39.55 billion (2010 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices)

3.4% (2011 est.)
2.3% (2010 est.)

Unemployment rate

10.8% (2011 est.)
11.8% (2010 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$10,400 (2011 est.)
$9,900 (2010 est.)
$9,600 (2009 est.)
note: data are in 2011 US dollars

National product real growth rate

4.4% (2010 est.)
0.8% (2009 est.)
2.7% (2008 est.)

Internet users

22.538 million (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular

43.405 million (2009)

Population growth rate

1.128% (2012 est.)


45,239,079 (July 2012 est.)

Historical background

Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela).

A four-decade long conflict between government forces and anti-government insurgent groups, principally the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) heavily funded by the drug trade, escalated during the 1990s.

The insurgents lack the military or popular support necessary to overthrow the government, and violence has been decreasing since about 2002.

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Economic overview

The SANTOS administration has highlighted five "locomotives" to stimulate economic growth: extractive industries; agriculture; infrastructure; housing; and innovation.

Colombia is third largest exporter of oil to the United States.

President SANTOS, inaugurated in August 2010, introduced unprecedented legislation to better distribute extractive industry royalties and compensate Colombians who lost their land due to decades of violence.

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The Economist Intelligence Unit

Country Forecast Colombia May 2016 Updater

Country Forecast Colombia May 2016 Updater

  • $ 635
  • Country report
  • May 2016
  • by The Economist Intelligence Unit

The president, Juan Manuel Santos of the centre-right Partido Social de Unidad Nacional, will aim to conclude and implement peace accords with the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) rebels, ...

  • Countries : Colombia

Dun and Bradstreet (Altares)

D&B Country Insight Report: Colombia

D&B Country Insight Report: Colombia

  • $ 650
  • Country report
  • February 2016
  • by Dun and Bradstreet (Altares)

Report Summary If you are involved in cross-border business, developing relationships or identifying opportunities overseas, you are exposed to the risk associated with a country’s overall political, ...

  • Countries : World, Colombia


Colombia - ISA Country Report

Colombia - ISA Country Report

  • $ 99
  • Country report
  • May 2016
  • by ISA

This report contains detailed forecasts and analysis for Colombia, including trade and investment analysis, economic forecasts, political risk assessments and demographic trend analysis. Each ISA Country ...

  • Countries : Colombia

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