Imports$1.456 billion (2011 est.)
Exports$1.178 billion (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)2.2% (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate11% (2007)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$7,600 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate2.5% (2010 est.)
Internet users189,600 (2009)
Telephones - mobile cellular555,400 (2005)
Population growth rate-0.327% (2012 est.)
Population741,908 (July 2012 est.)
Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession.
The abolition of slavery led to black settlement of urban areas and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations.
This ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics....
The Guyanese economy exhibited moderate economic growth in recent years and is based largely on agriculture and extractive industries.
The economy is heavily dependent upon the export of six commodities - sugar, gold, bauxite, shrimp, timber, and rice - which represent nearly 60% of the country's GDP and are highly susceptible to adverse weather conditions and fluctuations in commodity prices.
Guyana's entrance into the Caricom Single Market and Economy (CSME) in January 2006 has broadened the country's export market, primarily in the raw materials sector....