Imports$1.434 billion (2011 est.)
Exports$1.583 billion (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)19.5% (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate9% (2008)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$9,600 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate3.5% (2010 est.)
Internet users163,000 (2009)
Telephones - mobile cellular890,000 (2009)
Population growth rate1.222% (2012 est.)
Population560,157 (July 2012 est.)
First explored by the Spaniards in the 16th century and then settled by the English in the mid-17th century, Suriname became a Dutch colony in 1667.
With the abolition of slavery in 1863, workers were brought in from India and Java.
Independence from the Netherlands was granted in 1975....
The economy is dominated by the mining industry, with exports of alumina, gold, and oil accounting for about 85% of exports and 25% of government revenues, making the economy highly vulnerable to mineral price volatility.
In 2000, the government of Ronald VENETIAAN, returned to office and inherited an economy with inflation of over 100% and a growing fiscal deficit.
He quickly implemented an austerity program, raised taxes, attempted to control spending, and tamed inflation....