Imports$42.13 billion (2011 est.)
Exports$88.89 billion (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)8.4% (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate5.4% (2011 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$13,200 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate7% (2010 est.)
Internet users5.299 million (2009)
Telephones - mobile cellular19.768 million (2009)
Population growth rate1.235% (2012 est.)
Population17,522,010 (July 2012 est.)
Ethnic Kazakhs, a mix of Turkic and Mongol nomadic tribes who migrated into the region in the 13th century, were rarely united as a single nation.
The area was conquered by Russia in the 18th century, and Kazakhstan became a Soviet Republic in 1936.
During the 1950s and 1960s agricultural "Virgin Lands" program, Soviet citizens were encouraged to help cultivate Kazakhstan's northern pastures....
Kazakhstan, geographically the largest of the former Soviet republics, excluding Russia, possesses enormous fossil fuel reserves and plentiful supplies of other minerals and metals, such as uranium, copper, and zinc.
It also has a large agricultural sector featuring livestock and grain.
In 2002 Kazakhstan became the first country in the former Soviet Union to receive an investment-grade credit rating, and from 2000 through 2007, Kazakhstan's economy grew more than 9% per year....
The Economist Intelligence Unit
The victory of Nursultan Nazarbayev at the early presidential election on April 26th 2015 will not dispel concerns about how an eventual transition of power will be managed. This will weigh on business ...
This report contains detailed forecasts and analysis for Kazakhstan, including trade and investment analysis, economic forecasts, political risk assessments and demographic trend analysis. Each ISA Country ...