Imports$8.53 billion (2011 est.)
Exports$12.59 billion (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)13.5% (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate1% (2011 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$3,300 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate8.2% (2010 est.)
Internet users4.689 million (2009)
Telephones - mobile cellular20.952 million (2009)
Population growth rate0.94% (2012 est.)
Population28,394,180 (July 2012 est.)
Russia conquered the territory of present-day Uzbekistan in the late 19th century.
Stiff resistance to the Red Army after the Bolshevik Revolution was eventually suppressed and a socialist republic established in 1924.
During the Soviet era, intensive production of "white gold" (cotton) and grain led to overuse of agrochemicals and the depletion of water supplies, which have left the land degraded and the Aral Sea and certain rivers half dry....
Uzbekistan is a dry, landlocked country; 11% of the land is intensely cultivated, in irrigated river valleys.
More than 60% of the population lives in densely populated rural communities.
Export of hydrocarbons, including natural gas and petroleum, provided about 40% of foreign exchange earnings in 2009....
The Economist Intelligence Unit
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This report contains detailed forecasts and analysis for Uzbekistan, including trade and investment analysis, economic forecasts, political risk assessments and demographic trend analysis. Each ISA Country ...
President Karimov died in early-September, having ruled ruthlessly since 1989 and presiding over a closed and underperforming economy. Mirziyoyev, prime minister since 2003, took over as interim president ...