Imports$808.4 billion (2011 est.)
Exports$788 billion (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)-0.3% (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate4.6% (2011 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$35,200 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate3% (2010 est.)
Internet users99.182 million (2009)
Telephones - mobile cellular121 million (2009)
Population growth rate-0.077% (2012 est.)
Population127,368,088 (July 2012 est.)
In 1603, after decades of civil warfare, the Tokugawa shogunate (a military-led, dynastic government) ushered in a long period of relative political stability and isolation from foreign influence.
For more than two centuries this policy enabled Japan to enjoy a flowering of its indigenous culture.
Japan opened its ports after signing the Treaty of Kanagawa with the US in 1854 and began to intensively modernize and industrialize....
In the years following World War II, government-industry cooperation, a strong work ethic, mastery of high technology, and a comparatively small defense allocation (1% of GDP) helped Japan develop a technologically advanced economy.
Two notable characteristics of the post-war economy were the close interlocking structures of manufacturers, suppliers, and distributors, known as keiretsu, and the guarantee of lifetime employment for a substantial portion of the urban labor force.
Both features are now eroding under the dual pressures of global competition and domestic demographic change....
The Economist Intelligence Unit
The coalition led by the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) is likely to fall short of securing a two-thirds majority in the House of Councillors (the upper house of parliament) in the election scheduled ...
This report contains detailed forecasts and analysis for Japan, including trade and investment analysis, economic forecasts, political risk assessments and demographic trend analysis. Each ISA Country ...
The weaker yen profile and a gradual improvement in global trade is expected to support an ongoing recovery in exports during the course of 2017-18. Moreover, fiscal and monetary policy will remain supportive, ...