Imports$843.3 million (2010 est.)
Exports$544.5 million (2010 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)7.7% (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate4% (2009)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$6,200 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate6.8% (2010 est.)
Internet users50,000 (2009)
Telephones - mobile cellular394,300 (2009)
Population growth rate1.175% (2012 est.)
Population716,896 (July 2012 est.)
In 1865, Britain and Bhutan signed the Treaty of Sinchulu, under which Bhutan would receive an annual subsidy in exchange for ceding some border land to British India.
Under British influence, a monarchy was set up in 1907; three years later, a treaty was signed whereby the British agreed not to interfere in Bhutanese internal affairs and Bhutan allowed Britain to direct its foreign affairs.
This role was assumed by independent India after 1947....
The economy, one of the world's smallest and least developed, is based on agriculture and forestry, which provide the main livelihood for more than 60% of the population.
Agriculture consists largely of subsistence farming and animal husbandry.
Rugged mountains dominate the terrain and make the building of roads and other infrastructure difficult and expensive....