Iran

Iran : economy statistics and industry reports

  • Updated on : 27 August 2012  Source : The World Factbook

Imports

$76.1 billion (2011 est.)
$68.45 billion (2010 est.)

Exports

$131.8 billion (2011 est.)
$108.6 billion (2010 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices)

22.5% (2011 est.)
12.4% (2010 est.)
note: official Iranian estimate

Unemployment rate

15.3% (2011 est.)
14.6% (2010 est.)
note: data are according to the Iranian Government

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$13,200 (2011 est.)
$13,200 (2010 est.)
$12,600 (2009 est.)
note: data are in 2011 US dollars

National product real growth rate

3% (2010 est.)
1.5% (2009 est.)
2.5% (2008 est.)

Internet users

8.214 million (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular

67.5 million (2009)

Population growth rate

1.247% (2012 est.)

Population

78,868,711 (July 2012 est.)

Historical background

Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza PAHLAVI was forced into exile.

Conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts - a popularly elected 86-member body of clerics.

US-Iranian relations have been strained since a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran on 4 November 1979 and held it until 20 January 1981.

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Iran

Economic overview

Iran's economy is marked by an inefficient state sector, reliance on the oil sector, which provides the majority of government revenues, and statist policies, which create major distortions throughout the system.

Private sector activity is typically limited to small-scale workshops, farming, and services.

Price controls, subsidies, and other rigidities weigh down the economy, undermining the potential for private-sector-led growth.

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The Economist Intelligence Unit

Country Forecast Iran November 2014 Updater

Country Forecast Iran November 2014 Updater

  • $ 635
  • Country report
  • November 2014
  • by The Economist Intelligence Unit

The supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, will maintain his authority throughout the forecast period. The issue of succession will loom larger in the coming years, given concerns about Ayatollah Khamenei's ...

  • Countries : Iran

PRS Group

Country Forecasts (Subscription, two issues per year, April & October)

Country Forecasts (Subscription, two issues per year, April & October)

  • $ 882
  • Country report
  • October 2014
  • by PRS Group

Country Forecasts is a 480-page perfect-bound volume published in April and October. This publication provides a four-page summary of forecasts and data for each of the 100 countries monitored by Political ...

  • Countries : World, South America, Asia, Europe, North America, Africa, Dominican Republic, Czech Republic, South Korea, Philippines, Guinea, Congo, Democratic Republic Of, Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, Australia, Venezuela, Argentina, United States, Nicaragua, Guatemala, El Salvador, Dominica, Costa Rica, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Netherlands, United Arab Emirates, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Saudi Arabia, Kazakhstan, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Azerbaijan, South Africa, Uruguay, Suriname, Paraguay, Guyana, Ecuador, Chile, Colombia, Bolivia, Brazil, Panama, Mexico, Jamaica, Honduras, Haiti, Canada, Ukraine, Sweden, Spain, Slovakia (slovak Republic), Russian Federation, Romania, Portugal, Poland, Norway, Italy, Ireland, Hungary, Greece, France, Germany, Finland, Denmark, Bulgaria, Belgium, Austria, Vietnam, Thailand, Taiwan, Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, Myanmar, Malaysia, Kuwait, Japan, Israel, India, China, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Tunisia, Sudan, Nigeria, Morocco, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Kenya, Ivory Coast (cote D'ivoire), Gabon, Ghana, Egypt, Cameroon, Botswana, Angola, Algeria, Oceania, Peru, Cuba, Oman, Iraq, Iran

Oxford Economics

Country Economic Forecasts > Iran Islamic Rep

Country Economic Forecasts > Iran Islamic Rep

  • $ 185
  • Country report
  • September 2014
  • by Oxford Economics

GDP is now estimated to have fallen by 2.9% in 2013/14, after a 6.6% decline in 2012/13, as sanctions, falling oil prices, poor policies and uncertain politics all continued to weigh on the economy. But ...

  • Countries : Iran

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