Imports$11.06 billion (2011 est.)
Exports$6.03 billion (2011 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)3.7% (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate43.3% (2011 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$8,200 (2011 est.)
National product real growth rate0.7% (2010 est.)
Internet users1.422 million (2009)
Telephones - mobile cellular3.014 million (2009)
Population growth rate-0.003% (2012 est.)
Population4,622,292 (July 2012 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in October 1991 was followed by a declaration of independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs.
The Bosnian Serbs - supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro - responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a "Greater Serbia.
" In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina....
The interethnic warfare in Bosnia and Herzegovina caused production to plummet by 80% from 1992 to 1995 and unemployment to soar.
With an uneasy peace in place, output recovered in 1996-99 at high percentage rates from a low base; but output growth slowed in 2000-02.
Part of the lag in output was made up during 2003-08, when GDP growth exceeded 5% per year....
The Economist Intelligence Unit
NCAIS: 0 SIC: 0
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