1. Market Research
  2. > Energy & Environment
  3. > Energy
  4. > Oil and Gas Market Trends
Fracking Water Treatment: The North American Market

Fracking Water Treatment: The North American Market

  • May 2014
  • 181 pages
  • ID: 2158726
  • Format: PDF
  • BCC Research


Table of Contents

Use this report to:

- Identify reasons behind re-evaluating water as a strategic element in the value chain as seen by oil and gas companies.
- Learn about treatment technologies which includes performance data as well as capital and operating-cost information.
- Gain information on the role of government in support of global markets, including regulatory support, government requirements and promotional incentives for various


- BCC Research estimates that the North American market for wastewater treatment equipment for hydraulically fractured oil and gas wells will increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.1% over the next five years increasing from $216 million in 2013 to $350 million in 2018.
- The market for hydraulically fractured gas wells should increase from $156 million in 2013 to $248 million in 2018, a projected CAGR of 9.7% from 2013 to 2018.
- The market for hydraulically fractured oil wells will increase at a CAGR of 11.2% growing from $60 million in 2013 to $102 million by 2018.


Until renewable, sustainable energy sources are fully developed, the demand for fossil fuels will continue to grow. Recently, however, there has been a global shift in both
demand and production centers. According to the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) most recent World Energy Outlook (WEO2013), “Many of the long-held tenets of the
energy sector are being rewritten. Major importers are becoming exporters, while countries long-defined as major energy exporters are also becoming leading centers of
global demand growth. The right combination of policies and technologies is proving that the links between economic growth, energy demand and energy-related CO2
emissions can be weakened. The rise of unconventional oil and gas and of renewables is transforming our understanding of the distribution of the world’s energy resources.”
The capacity of technologies to unlock new types of resources, such as light tight oil, has driven up estimates of the amount of oil that remains to be produced. Although this does not mean the world is on the cusp of a new era of oil abundance, the development of the new resources is making the U.S. the largest global oil producer.

The IEA forecasts a bright future, even a golden age, for natural gas, especially for so-called unconventional gas, such as shale gas and coalbed methane (CBM). Unconventional gas now accounts for 50% of the estimated natural gas resource base. By 2035, unconventional gas is predicted to rise to 20% of total gas production,
although the pace of development will vary considerably by region. The growth in output also will depend on the gas industry dealing successfully with the environmental challenges. “A golden age of gas,” says the IEA, “will require golden standards for production.” The demand for carbon-based energy is a major market driver for products and
services used to treat the water produced during oil and gas exploration and production (E&P). Produced water and flowback, the effluent that rises to the surface during E&P, includes naturally occurring water in energy deposits and water injected into formations during hydraulic fracturing. This water comprises approximately 98% of the total waste volume generated by the industry. With the need to manage such large water volumes, the oil and gas production industry has become as much about water
as it is about energy.

In addition to large water volumes and high disposal costs, energy developers using traditional produced water practices are facing increased opposition from environmental activists, local and state governments, and the public. These groups are concerned that the water is leaking from traditional containment pits and entering groundwater and surface water bodies. Historically, produced water has been contained temporarily in pits and then either transported to treatment plants or evaporated. Throughout the well’s service life, the produced water must be separated from the oil it contains. Following treatment, the water may be handled via one of three methods: safely discharged (used mainly in offshore applications), reinjected into the hydrocarbon formation (deep well disposal), or reused (subsequent fracking jobs or in other beneficial applications). In most world regions and for all of the end uses/disposal options, treated water quality must meet certain standards, including low toxicity, high biodegradability and low potential for bioaccumulation in the food chain.

A number of water treatment technologies and equipment types are commercially available for use at oil or gas production sites. These processes can reduce the cost,
inefficiency and risks associated with treatment pits and the transport of toxic water. The treatment technologies include methods for de-oiling, desanding, desalinating and
disinfecting produced water. Numerous systems types are on the market. Choices include: separators; hydrocyclones; and distillation-, ion exchange-, adsorbent- and
membrane-based units; as well as proprietary equipment and combinations of equipment. Some of these products and technologies enable the treatment of produced water to a quality suitable for beneficial reuse. Presently, most of the water reused is employed for reinjection in enhanced oil recovery (EOR) operations. However, there is also future potential for recycling the water in agriculture or as a new source of municipal or industrial water supply, especially where water scarcity is an issue. Implementing these technologies will likely require regulation. Although some operators may adopt best practices, standards must be implemented to give all oil and gas field developers equal opportunity. If applied properly, the regulations could drive innovation by creating a market for new technologies. The implementation of such technological innovation is essential to making hydraulically fractured hydrocarbons sustainable resources.


This report is intended to provide an in-depth analysis of the market for equipment used in oil and gas wastewater treatment in North America. To date, this region is the
world’s largest purchaser of systems and services for treating flowback and produced water. BCC Research assesses the North American market by country, by equipment type and by hydrocarbon resource. In the country analysis, market data are presented for the U.S., Canada and Mexico. Existing and expected regulations, unconventional oil and gas production levels, as well as the oil and gas industry’s desire to conserve water and improve its environmental stewardship will be examined as driving factors for market growth. The market evaluation by equipment type looks at produced water treatment systems within three broad categories: primary and secondary treatment oil separation
equipment (minimizes oil-in-water content to 25 parts per million [ppm] to 30 ppm); tertiary treatment equipment (further reduces oil in water to less than 10 ppm); and
advanced treatment (processes for desalinating produced water and/or enabling zero liquid discharge [ZLD]).

In the market analysis by hydrocarbon resource, value and growth are evaluated for equipment used in treating produced water from tight oil, tight gas, shale gas and CBM.
Technical and market drivers are considered in evaluating the current value of the technologies and in forecasting growth and trends over the next five years. The conclusions are illustrated with a wealth of statistical information on markets, applications, industry structure and dynamics along with technological developments. Because of the diverse and somewhat fragmented nature of the produced water treatment industry, it is difficult to find studies that gather such extensive data from such far-flung resources into one comprehensive document. This report contains a unique collection of information, analyses, forecasts and conclusions that are very hard or impossible to find elsewhere. Throughout this report, the term “produced water” is used to refer to both flowback and production phase water, since flowback is technically considered a subset of produced water. The generic term “wastewater” is also used to refer to both water types without differentiating between them.


Global population growth and economic expansion are driving energy demand, while simultaneously driving significant increases in the demand for water. The challenge of
meeting these demands is intensified by the nexus between water and energy. Large volumes of water are consumed to produce and generate energy, while vast amounts
of energy are used to treat and distribute clean water. Furthermore, there is growing competition for water from the municipal, agricultural and industrial sectors, which
exacerbates the mounting problem of global water scarcity. These issues pose a significant business risk to oil and gas companies seeking to achieve sustainable growth.

Major water-related challenges facing the oil and gas sector are: mature oilfields that increasingly require water-based enhanced oil recovery methods and produce more
water over time; growing E&P complexity due to emerging unconventional hydrocarbon resources and their large water needs; and greater environmental and
regulatory pressures related to water management and scarcity. For these reasons, oil and gas companies must re-evaluate water as a strategic element in their value chain. Water is no longer solely an environmental issue but is increasingly tied to production growth and cost. As a result, it must be handled through a strategy that recognizes its status as a critical component to ongoing viability in the oil and gas sector.


This report is designed to be of value to a wide array of readers. Those expected to have the greatest interest are players already active in oil and gas production and/or
produced water treatment. The study will be of value to start up companies with novel water treatment technology for the hydraulic fracturing sector, since that market is still
emerging and has no dominant players. Oilfield services businesses should find the report useful for its overview of treatment technologies, which includes performance
data, as well as capital and operating-cost information.

It should be of interest to venture investors, entrepreneurs and entrepreneurial companies interested in entering or expanding into the produced water treatment
sector. Other public- and private-sector interest groups, market analysts and general readers wishing to gain broader knowledge of the dynamics of the produced water
treatment-equipment market also are expected to find the report worthwhile.


The scope of this report is focused on the developing North American market for hydraulic fracturing flowback and produced water treatment equipment for the oil and
gas industry. The market is broken down by several different parameters, including country, equipment type and wastewater source.

There are a number of expenses related to upstream oil and gas wastewater management, including expenditures for services and equipment for downhole water
minimization, for lifting water to the surface, for treatment, for reinjection and for hauling and off-site disposal. This report will evaluate only oil- and gas sector
purchases for treatment equipment.

The study covers the industry in the U.S., Canada and Mexico in terms of the manufacture and deployment of treatment systems. BCC Research examines
government roles in support of global markets, including regulatory support, government requirements and promotional incentives for various technologies as
relevant and available.


Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this report. Research for this technical/marketing report began with an analysis of available
technical and business literature related to sludge treatment. Conversations with industry experts and company representatives provide the backbone for the analysis.

Internet, literature and patent searches were undertaken, and key industry participants were queried. Capital equipment expenditure estimates are based on anticipated
future treatment capacity, existing and expected regulatory standards, and alternatives for disposal of oil and gas field wastewater. Growth rates for each market were calculated based on expected revenues from sales of process equipment during the forecast period. Values and forecasts are given in current U.S. dollars. Construction,
engineering and design costs are excluded from market size calculations.

Get Industry Insights. Simply.

  • Latest reports & slideshows with insights from top research analysts
  • 150+ Million searchable statistics with tables, figures & datasets
  • More than 25,000 trusted sources
  • Single User License — provides access to the report by one individual.
  • Department License — allows you to share the report with up to 5 users
  • Site License — allows the report to be shared amongst all employees in a defined country
  • Corporate License — allows for complete access, globally.

ReportLinker may already be registered as a supplier with your company. If you want to Order by PO, check with us first and we'll let you know if we are a registered supplier and what the vendor number is. Otherwise, we'll provide you with the necessary information to register ReportLinker as a vendor.

Ahmad helps you find the right report:

The research specialist advised us on the best content for our needs and provided a great report and follow-up, thanks very much we shall look at ReportLinker in the future.

Kate Merrick

Global Marketing Manager at
Eurotherm by Schneider Electric

We were impressed with the support that ReportLinker’s research specialists’ team provided. The report we purchased was useful and provided exactly what we want.

Category Manager at

ReportLinker gave access to reliable and useful data while avoiding dispersing resources and spending too much time on unnecessary research.

Executive Director at
PwC Advisory

The customer service was fast, responsive, and 100% professional in all my dealings (...) If we have more research needs, I'll certainly prioritize working with ReportLinker!

Scott Griffith

Vice President Marketing at
Maurice Sporting Goods

The research specialist provided prompt, helpful instructions for accessing ReportLinker's product. He also followed up to make sure everything went smoothly and to ensure an easy transition to the next stage of my research

Jessica P Huffman

Research Associate at
American Transportation Research Institute

Excellent customer service. Very responsive and fast.

Director, Corporate Strategy at

I reached out to ReportLinker for a detailed market study on the Air Treatment industry. The quality of the report, the research specialist’s willingness to solve my queries exceeded my expectations. I would definitely recommend ReportLinker for in-depth industry information.

Mariana Mendoza

Global Platform Senior Manager at
Whirlpool Corporation

Thanks! I like what you've provided and will certainly come back if I need to do further research works.

Bee Hin Png

CEO at
LDR Pte Ltd

The research specialist advised us on the best content for our needs and provided a great report and follow-up, thanks very much we shall look at ReportLinker in the future.

Kate Merrick

Global Marketing Manager at
Eurotherm by Schneider Electric

  • How we can help
    • I am not sure if the report I am interested in will fulfill my needs. Can you help me?
    • Yes, of course. You can call us at +33(0) 4 37 65 17 03 or drop us an email at [email protected] to let us know more about your requirements.
    • We buy reports often - can ReportLinker get me any benefits?
    • Yes. Set up a call with a Senior Research Advisor to learn more - [email protected] or +33(0) 4 37 65 17 03.
    • I have had negative experiences with market research reports before. How can you avoid this from happening again?
    • We advise all clients to read the TOC and Summary and list your questions so that we can get more insight for you before you make any purchase decision. A research advisor will accompany you so that you can compare samples and reports from different sources, and choose the study that is right for you.

  • Report Delivery
    • How and when I will receive my Report?
    • Most reports are delivered right away in a pdf format, while others are accessed via a secure link and access codes. Do note that sometimes reports are sent within a 12 hour period, depending on the time zones. However, you can contact us to escalate this. Should you need a hard copy, you can check if this option is offered for the particular report, and pay the related fees.
  • Payment conditions
    • What payment methods do you accept?
      1. Credit card : VISA, American Express, Mastercard, or
      2. You can download an invoice to pay by wire transfer, check, or via a Purchase Order from your company, or
      3. You can pay via a Check made out in US Dollars, Euros, or British Pounds for the full amount made payable to ReportLinker
    • What are ReportLinker’s Payment Terms?
    • All payments must normally be submitted within 30 days. However, you can let us know if you need extended time.
    • Are Taxes and duties included?
    • All companies based in France must pay a 20% tax per report. The same applies to all individuals based in the EU. All EU companies must supply their VAT number when purchasing to avoid this charge.
    • I’m not satisfied. Can I be refunded?
    • No. Once your order has been processed and the publisher has received a notification to send you the report, we cannot issue any refund or cancel any order. As these are not ‘traditional’ products that can be returned, reports that are dispatched are considered to be ‘consumed’.
  • User license
    • The license that you should acquire depends on the number of persons that need to access the report. This can range from Single User (only one person will have the right to read or access the report), or Department License (up to 5 persons), to Site License (a group of persons based in the same company location), or Corporate License (the entire company personnel based worldwide). However, as publishers have different terms and conditions, we can look into this for you.


Reportlinker.com © Copyright 2021. All rights reserved.

ReportLinker simplifies how Analysts and Decision Makers get industry data for their business.

Make sure you don’t miss any news and follow us on