1. Market Research
Country Forecast United States May 2017

Country Forecast United States May 2017

  • May 2017
  • ID: 361668
  • Format: PDF
  • The Economist Intelligence Unit


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Policy towards private enterprise and competition

2017-18: The federal government reviews existing business regulations and pays particular attention to excessive red tape that constrains private-sector activity, particularly in the energy, construction, manufacturing and financial services sectors.

2019-21: Policymakers generally encourage entrepreneurship and competition by rolling back business regulations and easing the administrative and fiscal burden that regulations place on firms.

Policy towards foreign investment

2017-18: Foreign investments in politically sensitive sectors come under intense official scrutiny, but policy is generally welcoming, despite an increase in protectionist rhetoric.

2019-21: Policy remains generally unrestrictive, apart from continued national security concerns. Incentives to foreign investors offered by state governments could become more commonplace.

Foreign trade and exchange controls

2017-18: Investigation into sector-specific trade arrangements are carried out and selective new industry-specific import taxes are imposed. The North American Free-Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is subjected to renegotiation with a particular focus on local-content rules

2019-21: New bilateral trade deals are pursued with the EU, China, Japan and South Korea.


2017-18: Comprehensive reform of the tax code is put before Congress but proposals are watered down owing to political disagreements, the involvement of special interest groups and issues surrounding revenue and budget implications.

2019-21: Tax reforms are implemented and attention turns to addressing longer-term fiscal pressures by combining further entitlement reform and tax reform; the latter may include closing loopholes.


2017-18: Financial regulation comes under review and large parts of the current Dodd-Frank law are replaced by the Financial CHOICE Act, which focuses heavily on deregulation.

2019-21: Further financial sector deregulation is implemented and capital requirements are eased under the Financial CHOICE Act.

The labour market

2017-18: A review of immigration policy increases scrutiny of foreign visitors and immigrants, adding to delay and uncertainty on new visa applications.

2019-21: New visa-processing adjustments are introduced, leading to new restrictions on visas for foreign visitors and immigrants, and creating delays to visa issuance and the likelihood of more visa applications being rejected.


2017-18: A highway bill passed at the end of 2015 allocated US$300bn in new spending on transport infrastructure in this period. In addition, Donald Trump's administration agrees a new infrastructure development programme.

2019-21: The government increases state spending on infrastructure with the support of public and private partnerships, but the increase in investment is insufficient to resolve the backlog of necessary repairs and improvements.

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