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Global Markets and Technologies for Water Recycling and Reuse

Global Markets and Technologies for Water Recycling and Reuse

  • July 2017
  • 246 pages
  • ID: 5027996
  • Format: PDF
  • BCC Research


Table of Contents

• The global market for wastewater recycling and reuse reached nearly $12.2 billion in 2016 and should reach $22.3 billion by 2021, at a compound annual growth rates (CAGR) of 13.1%.
• Agricultural and non-potable municipal and industrial (M&I) reuse as a segment reached nearly $8.9 billion in 2016 and should reach $14.9 billion by 2021, at a CAGR of 10.9%.
• Direct and indirect potable reuse, and environmental reuse as a segment reached $3.3 billion in 2016 and should reach nearly $7.7 billion by 2021, at a CAGR of 18.2%.


Study Goals and Objectives
This study provides a review of the global markets and technologies for wastewater recycling and its reuse at the regional level, along with additional breakdowns for select relevant national level markets. It seeks to quantify and update markets for wastewater recycling technologies based on available data and anticipated trends in global and regional market development in the wastewater recycling industry.

Reasons for Doing This Study
BCC Research’s goal in conducting this study is to assess and describe the current status of the global market for wastewater recycling and reuse technologies, as well as to determine the potential growth of this industry.

More specifically, the study’s objectives are:
• To summarize existing wastewater recycling and reuse technologies and promising technologies under development.
• To evaluate the existing wastewater recycling and reuse industry, with a focus on producers of each major viable technology.
• To summarize historic markets for wastewater recycling and reuse during 2015 and 2016.
• To assess market potential for wastewater recycling and reuse over a five-year period from 2017 through 2021.
• To provide regional market breakdowns with select sub-regional breakdowns for countries with promising wastewater-recycling industries, as well as market demand.

Contributors to and Use of This Study
Global interest in wastewater recycling technologies has been rising steadily since the early 1990s and is recently gaining yet more momentum due to an increasing scarcity of available water supplies.

This growing shortage affects many global regions and drives increases in the stringency of the regulatory environment in both developing and developed nations. Many cities, local governments, and nations are looking to wastewater recycling as a potential source of water for various uses, especially non-potable uses such as landscaping, toilet flushes, and industrial processes and reuse.

Increasingly, the industry is also beginning to turn toward historically unconventional uses of water for recycling; these include a more open acknowledgment and the pursuit of indirect potable reuse, as well as direct potable reuse, which has sometimes been termed by skeptics as “toilet to tap.”

This study is intended to provide useful insight into an industry that is poised for significant new developments in the coming decade. The research and ideas presented here are compiled by an expert analyst who is currently active in the wastewater recycling and reuse industry.

The analyst is currently, and has previously, contributed to several major wastewater treatment facility upgrades and standalone water recycling projects, as well as some of the newest, innovations of direct potable reuse projects currently being developed on a global scale.

The study is anticipated to be useful to industry players, researchers, corporations and others who have stakes in wastewater recycling and reuse technologies, as well as those who are considering expanding into these markets. This study provides critical information to decision makers regarding regional- and national-level investment strategies, along with the level of anticipated returns that will result from continued market development.

Scope of Report
The scope of this report includes the following categories of wastewater reuse and recycling technologies:
• Conventional treatment and recycling technologies.
• Membrane filtration technologies.
• Membrane bioreactor technologies.
• Chemical treatments and disinfection technologies.
• Demineralization technologies.

The current version of this report includes additional breakdowns by recycled water application, which consists of:
• Environmental water and groundwater recharge (discharge to surface water or groundwater).
• Municipal non-potable reuse.
• Indirect potable reuse.
• Direct potable reuse.

Within the scope of this report, BCC Research analyzes each technology and application, determines its current market status, examines its impact on future markets and presents forecasts of growth over the ensuing five years. Technological issues, including the latest trends, are assessed and discussed, as is the current and likely ongoing regulatory environment in support of this industry.

BCC Research analyzes the anticipated market values in light of regional and global markets for wastewater recycling and reuse. This report examines governments’ roles with respect to wastewater quality management, wastewater recycling and reuse, as well as governmental support and incentives for the utilization of reclaimed wastewater. This study provides a review of the most relevant recycling and reuse technologies; discusses recent trends in technology development, implementation and deployment; and provides overviews and market assessments for each technology. Estimated values used are based on manufacturers’ total revenues.

Global Markets
The following table provides a review of the major global markets that were assessed in support of this study.

Market breakdowns are provided for each of the listed regions and individual countries.
• North America: U.S., Canada, Mexico.
• Europe: France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, Turkey.
• Middle East: Egypt, Israel, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, other Middle Eastern countries considered in aggregate.
• Asia and Australia: Australia, China, India, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Vietnam.

Information Sources
Both primary and secondary research sources were used in the preparation of this study. Background information, including reviews of municipal and industrial wastewater-installed bases, water scarcity and water stress, and technological reviews of the various technologies and technology categories considered in this report were collected from government and industry sources.

Economic indicators, including industrial productivity, industry-specific economic trends, and large-scale geopolitical and economic trends (e.g., economic recovery, Middle East regime changes) were also reviewed based on available government and industry sources. Specific citations and references are provided throughout this report as needed to support this study.

BCC’s research of present and historic market trends was conducted primarily via personal interviews and directly applicable project development and deployment information available to the analyst, based on his past and ongoing direct work in the industry. Other sources include internet research, as well as reliance upon available governmental and industry data. Internal company data and annual documentation of sales relevant to a particular wastewater recycling technology were also reviewed to prepare market assessments.

Research information sources include:
• Overview, including History and Technology Information: Scientific, government and industry research; secondary
• Regulations and Regulatory Structure: Government documents, interviews; primary and secondary
• Regional Installed Wastewater and Wastewater Recycling Bases: Government and industry documents, industry and NGO interviews, NGO documentation; primary and secondary
• Market Trends and Forces: Industry interviews and published documentation; primary and secondary
• Major Companies and Company Profiles: Industry interviews and published documentation; primary and secondary
• Market Assessment and Projections: Industry interviews, government and non-governmental organization (NGO) documents, data and news services, BCC Research calculations; primary and secondary
• Regulations and Regulatory Structure: Government documents, interviews; primary and secondary
• Regional Installed Wastewater and Wastewater Recycling Bases: Government and industry documents, industry and NGO interviews, NGO documentation; primary and secondary

BCC Research compiled the data and other results collected from the surveys and data collection efforts discussed above into spreadsheets in order to assemble existing and historical data for 2015 and 2016. BCC then analyzed the potential applications for each technology, forecast remaining 2017 sales, and projected sales through 2021.

Market sizes, installed capacity Figures and annual installations were compiled based on data obtained from surveyed parties and other data sources listed above. Where gaps were identified, these were addressed through supplemental data collection or, if no data were available, by estimating based on the most recently available water recycling data, or based on general wastewater industry market data and information.

Additionally, for existing industrial wastewater-treatment bases in select nations, estimates were made based on recycling market specific factors (as discussed in this report) applicable to those countries, and were benchmarked using:
• Corporate sales data.
• Available data on national industrial productivity.
• National industrial structure.
• National-level economic trends.
• Existing regulations.
• Other factors relevant to wastewater treatment in a given country or region.

When possible, the data collected in support of this report were compared with other industry data to ensure relevance, applicability and accuracy.

Summary and Highlights
Threats associated with global water scarcity are increasingly making news as continued growth in agricultural production, expansion of urban boundaries, new industrial facilities, and increased sensitivity to environmental needs drive increased water demand. Supply side constraints for water are further exacerbated by increasingly intense and frequent drought events, such as the recent four-year (2012 to 2016) California drought that drove tens of billions of dollars of economic losses in the agricultural sector alone.

Even more dramatic, a long-term drought in the Middle East that has, arguably, been ongoing since 1998. Now widely thought to be brought on by climate change, the drought was recently characterized by NASA scientists as being the worst that the region has experienced in 900 years. In response to these concerns, water supply managers in water-stressed areas around the globe are increasingly looking to creative solutions to solve increasing and increasingly expensive water supply deficits.

One key development in water supply markets is the differentiation of potable and non-potable water. Potable water must meet stringent baseline public health requirements in order to ensure that waterborne diseases and harmful levels of pollutants are not passed to human populations.

In contrast, agricultural irrigation, landscape irrigation, toilet flushes, and in some cases water released into the environment does not necessarily have to meet such stringent and high treatment requirements. This differentiation has allowed water managers to implement wastewater recycling and reuse, where water is treated to minimum standards needed to meet these non-potable needs.

Alternatively, treated wastewater discharged into rivers has, for decades (albeit with little notice), been mixed with natural waters then withdrawn miles downstream, treated, and used for municipal supply. In contrast, direct potable reuse, where wastewater is treated at a wastewater treatment facility and then directly injected into a water supply system, has been sensationalized and media-branded “toilet to tap” thanks to its “yuck factor.”

However, recent droughts are pushing consumers past these labels, especially in water- scarce and population-dense regions like California, where multiple direct potable reuse projects are currently being considered for deployment.

By 2030, it is estimated that there will be a global unfulfilled water demand, according to the European Commission, of roughly 3,000 cubic kilometers. Global wastewater production is approximately half that volume. Not all wastewater flows are recoverable, but many, perhaps most, are; this is especially true as nations around the globe develop wastewater collection and treatment infrastructures.

Thus, a proliferation in wastewater recycling over the coming decades could support a significant lessening of water stress in many water-stressed areas. As consumers finally start to embrace the reality of technological solutions that can reliably clean wastewater, potable reuse will become much more widespread and, indeed, commonplace in water stressed areas.

Market growth in wastewater recycling and reuse has progressed meaningfully over the last several years, albeit slower that had been previously expected, due to slower than anticipated long-term rebound in the wake of the global economic turndown.

However, many municipalities and industry decision makers are now at a point where they are ready to move projects forward. Buoyed by growth in underlying wastewater treatment markets, wastewater recycling and reuse is also finding increased favor with regulators, as local and national governments work to implement more recycling-friendly policies. Thus, global wastewater recycling and reuse markets sit in an exciting time, with strong potential for market growth and revenue generation that also addresses increasingly critical water supply and management considerations regionally and globally.

As shown in the table and figure below, global potable and environmental end uses for recycled wastewater will advance from $3.3 billion in 2016 to nearly $7.7 billion in 2021, at a very strong compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 18.2%. Concurrently, non-potable end uses, including agriculture and non-potable municipal and industrial (M&I) usages will grow from $8.9 billion in 2016 to $14.9 billion in 2021, equivalent to a CAGR of 10.9%. Finally, total market revenues will advance from nearly $12.2 billion in 2016 to nearly $23 billion in 2021, at a CAGR of 13.1%.

This report provides a detailed and careful analysis of the global, regional and select national markets for the following categories of wastewater recycling and reuse technologies:
• Conventional treatment and recycling technologies.
• Membrane filtration technologies.
• Membrane bioreactor technologies.
• Chemical treatments and disinfection technologies.
• Demineralization technologies.

Additional breakdowns are provided for the following end-use categories:
• Discharge to surface water or groundwater.
• Agricultural reuse.
• Municipal and industrial non-potable reuse.
• Direct potable reuse.

National-level data, analysis, and projections are provided and broken down by technology for select countries in Asia and Australia, North America, Europe, and the Middle East. Additional information presented includes a summary of relevant technologies, pertinent background on global and regional market factors, an overview of regulations, reviews of ongoing research and development efforts, profiles of key companies involved in the market, and market background and history to contextualize current markets and help illustrate anticipated future trends.

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