INTRODUCTION xi
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1
II. MARKET ENVIRONMENT 4
General 4
Macroeconomic Trends 5
Consumer Spending 9
Manufacturing Trends 12
Nonresidential Fixed Investment 17
Historical Market Trends 20
Pricing Trends 24
Abrasive Properties 27
Regulatory & Environmental Considerations 29
Technology & Material Developments 31
Chemical Mechanical Planarization Materials 32
Nanoscale Abrasives 33
Sol-Gel Abrasives 35
High-Efficiency Deep Grinding 35
New Abrasive Materials 36
International Environment 37
World Supply & Demand 37
Trends in US Foreign Trade 39
Imports 41
Exports 44
III. RAW MATERIALS 47
General 47
Manufactured Abrasive Minerals 50
Alumina-Based Materials 54
Sol-Gel Materials 55
Fused Alumina 57
Alumina-Zirconia 58
Fumed Alumina 59
Specialty Silicas 60
Superabrasives 62
Manufactured Diamond 63
Cubic Boron Nitride 65
Silicon Carbide 67
Other 69
Natural Abrasive Minerals 71
Silica Sand 74
Garnet 76
Natural Diamond 79
Pumice 81
Other 83
Staurolite 85
Tripoli 85
Emery 86
All Other 87
Metallic Abrasive Materials 88
IV. PRODUCTS 90
General 90
Nonmetallic Abrasives 92
Coated Abrasives 95
Producers 97
Abrasive Materials, Bonds, & Applications 98
Forms 100
Backing Materials 102
Cloth 103
Paper 105
Combination & Other 107
Bonded Abrasives 110
Types & Forms 112
Bonding Materials 115
Resinoid 116
Vitreous 118
Other 120
Loose Abrasive Grains & Powders 123
Types 124
Manufactured 125
Natural 130
Applications 133
Metallic Abrasives 135
Steel Wool & Scouring Pads 138
Steel & Iron Grit & Shot 140
Other 142
V. MARKETS 145
General 145
Durable Goods Manufacturing Markets 147
Machinery 151
Machinery Industry Outlook 152
Abrasives Demand 154
Motor Vehicles 156
Motor Vehicle Industry Outlook 157
Abrasives Demand 159
Fabricated Metals 161
Fabricated Metal Industry Outlook 162
Abrasives Demand 163
Electrical & Electronic Products 166
Electrical & Electronic Product Industry Outlook 167
Abrasives Demand 171
Primary Metals 174
Primary Metal Industry Outlook 175
Abrasives Demand 177
Aerospace & Other Transportation Equipment 178
Aerospace & Other Transportation Industry Outlook 179
Abrasives Demand 181
Nonmetallic Mineral Products 183
Nonmetallic Mineral Product Industry Outlook 184
Abrasives Demand 185
Furniture & Wood Products 187
Furniture & Wood Product Industry Outlook 188
Abrasives Demand 189
Other Durable Goods Manufacturing Markets 191
Cleaning & Maintenance Markets 193
Consumer 195
Government 197
Commercial 198
Other Abrasives Markets 200
Cosmetics & Toiletries 202
Cosmetic & Toiletry Industry Outlook 202
Abrasives Demand 205
Construction 208
Construction Industry Outlook 208
Abrasives Demand 211
Resource Extraction & All Other Markets 213
VI. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 216
General 216
Industry Participants 217
Industry Concentration & Market Share 220
Competitive Factors 223
Manufacturing Considerations 223
Operating Requirements 223
Integration 225
Barriers to Entry 226
Marketing Strategies 227
Price Considerations 228
Customer Service 228
Other Marketing Strategies 229
Distribution Strategies 231
Research & Development Activity 232
Cooperative Agreements 235
Other Competitive Factors 236
Acquisitions & Divestitures 237
Company Profiles 240
Abrasive Technology Incorporated 241
Ali Industries Incorporated 244
Almatis GmbH 246
Armaly Brands Company 247
Bosch (Robert) GmbH 248
Cabot Microelectronics Corporation 251
Ceradyne, see 3M
Church & Dwight Company Incorporated 253
Clorox Company 254
Dial, see Henkel
Diamond Innovations, see Sandvik
Dow Chemical Company 256
DuPont (EI) de Nemours 258
Ervin Industries Incorporated 260
ESK Ceramics, see 3M
Fives Group 261
FMSA Holdings Incorporated 263
Global Material Technologies Incorporated 264
Harsco Corporation 265
Henkel AG & Company KGaA 267
Hermes Schleifmittel GmbH & Company KG 268
Husqvarna AB 269
Imerys SA 271
JacksonLea, see Jason Industries
Jason Industries Incorporated 273
Katy Industries Incorporated 276
Klingspor AG 277
Osborn International, see Jason Industries
Radiac Abrasives, see TYROLIT Schleifmittelwerke
Swarovski
Robert Bosch Tool, see Bosch (Robert)
Saint-Gobain 280
SAIT ABRASIVI SpA 284
Sandvik AB 286
Sealeze, see Jason Industries
sia Abrasives, see Bosch (Robert)
Stanley Black & Decker Incorporated 288
Sunnen Products Company 289
3M Company 291
Treibacher Schleifmittel, see Imerys
TYROLIT Schleifmittelwerke Swarovski KG 296
United Abrasives, see SAIT ABRASIVI
Vereinigte Schmirgel- und Maschinen-Fabriken AG 299
VSM Abrasives, see Vereinigte Schmirgel- und
Maschinen-Fabriken
Washington Mills North Grafton Incorporated 300
Winoa Group 303
Winterthur Technologie, see 3M
Other Companies Mentioned in the Study 305

LIST OF TABLES

SECTION I -- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Summary Table 3
SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
1 Macroeconomic Indicators 9
2 Personal Consumption Expenditures 12
3 Manufacturers' Shipments 17
4 Nonresidential Fixed Investment 20
5 Abrasives Market, 2004-2014 23
6 Abrasives Pricing Deflators 26
7 Hardness of Selected Abrasives 28
8 World Abrasives Demand 39
9 Abrasives Foreign Trade 41
10 US Abrasives Imports by Source, 2004-2014 43
11 US Abrasives Exports by Destination, 2004-2014 45
SECTION III -- RAW MATERIALS
1 Abrasives Raw Material Demand by Type 49
2 Manufactured Abrasive Mineral Demand by Type 52
3 Alumina-Based Abrasives Material Demand 55
4 Specialty Silicas Abrasives Demand 61
5 Superabrasives Demand by Type 63
6 Manufactured Diamond Abrasives Demand 65
7 Cubic Boron Nitride Abrasives Demand 67
8 Silicon Carbide Abrasives Demand 69
9 Other Manufactured Abrasive Mineral Demand 71
10 Natural Abrasive Mineral Demand by Type 72
11 Silica Sand Abrasives Demand 76
12 Garnet Abrasives Demand 79
13 Natural Diamond Abrasives Demand 81
14 Pumice Abrasives Demand 83
15 Other Natural Abrasive Mineral Demand 84
16 Metallic Abrasive Material Demand 89
SECTION IV -- PRODUCTS
1 Abrasives Supply & Demand 92
2 Nonmetallic Abrasives Supply & Demand 94
3 Coated Abrasives Supply & Demand 97
4 Coated Abrasives Shipments by Form 102
5 Coated Abrasives Shipments by Backing Material 103
6 Cloth Coated Abrasives Supply & Demand 105
7 Paper Coated Abrasives Supply & Demand 107
8 Combination & Other Coated Abrasives Supply & Demand 109
9 Bonded Abrasives Supply & Demand 112
10 Bonded Abrasives Shipments by Type & Form 115
11 Bonded Abrasives Shipments by Bonding Material 116
12 Resinoid Bonded Abrasives Supply & Demand 118
13 Vitreous Bonded Abrasives Supply & Demand 120
14 Other Bonded Abrasives Supply & Demand 122
15 Loose Abrasives Supply & Demand 124
16 Loose Abrasives Shipments by Type 125
17 Manufactured Loose Abrasives Shipments 126
18 Natural Loose Abrasives Shipments 133
19 Metallic Abrasives Supply & Demand 137
20 Steel Wool & Scouring Pad Supply & Demand 140
21 Steel & Iron Grit & Shot Supply & Demand 142
22 Other Metallic Abrasives Supply & Demand 144
SECTION V -- MARKETS
1 Abrasives Demand by Market 147
2 Durable Goods Manufacturing Abrasives Demand 150
3 Machinery Shipments 154
4 Machinery Abrasives Demand 156
5 Motor Vehicle Indicators 159
6 Motor Vehicle Abrasives Demand 161
7 Fabricated Metal Shipments 163
8 Fabricated Metal Abrasives Demand 166
9 Electrical & Electronic Product Shipments 171
10 Electrical & Electronic Product Abrasives Demand 174
11 Primary Metal Shipments 176
12 Primary Metal Abrasives Demand 178
13 Aerospace & Other Transportation Equipment Shipments 181
14 Aerospace & Other Transportation Equipment Abrasives
Demand 183
15 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Shipments 185
16 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Abrasives Demand 187
17 Furniture & Wood Product Shipments 189
18 Furniture & Wood Product Abrasives Demand 191
19 Other Durable Goods Manufacturing Abrasives Demand 192
20 Cleaning & Maintenance Abrasives Demand 194
21 Consumer Cleaning & Maintenance Abrasives Demand 197
22 Government Cleaning & Maintenance Abrasives Demand 198
23 Commercial Cleaning & Maintenance Abrasives Demand 200
24 Other Abrasives Markets 201
25 Cosmetic & Toiletry Shipments 205
26 Cosmetic & Toiletry Abrasives Demand 208
27 Construction Expenditures 211
28 Construction Abrasives Demand 213
29 Resource Extraction & All Other Markets Abrasives Demand 215
SECTION VI -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 US Revenue Data: Selected Abrasives & Raw Material
Manufacturers, 2014 219
2 Selected Cooperative Agreements 236
3 Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures 239

LIST OF CHARTS

SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
1 Abrasives Market, 2005-2014 24
2 Abrasives Pricing Deflators, 2004-2024 26
3 US Abrasives Imports by Source, 2014 44
4 US Abrasives Exports by Destination, 2014 46
SECTION III -- RAW MATERIALS
1 Abrasives Raw Material Demand by Type, 2004-2024 50
2 Manufactured Abrasive Mineral Demand by Type, 2014 53
3 Natural Abrasive Mineral Demand by Type, 2014 73
SECTION IV -- PRODUCTS
1 Nonmetallic Abrasives Demand by Type, 2014 95
2 Metallic Abrasives Demand by Type, 2014 138
SECTION V -- MARKETS
1 Durable Goods Manufacturing Abrasives Demand, 2014 151
2 Cleaning & Maintenance Abrasives Demand, 2014 195
SECTION VI -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 US Abrasives Market Share, 2014 220