1 Chapter 1: Introduction 30
1.1 Executive Summary 30
1.2 Topics Covered 32
1.3 Forecast Segmentation 33
1.4 Key Questions Answered 35
1.5 Key Findings 36
1.6 Methodology 37
1.7 Target Audience 38
1.8 Companies & Organizations Mentioned 39

2 Chapter 2: An Overview of SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization 43
2.1 What is Network Virtualization? 43
2.2 What is SDN (Software Defined Networking)? 44
2.3 SDN Protocols 44
2.3.1 OpenFlow 44
2.3.2 BGP-TE (Border Gateway Protocol - Traffic Engineering) 45
2.3.3 PCEP (Path Computation Element Protocol) 45
2.3.4 I2RS (Interface to the Routing System) 46
2.3.5 VxLAN (Virtual Extensible LAN) 46
2.3.6 ALTO (Application Layer Traffic Optimization) 47
2.3.7 IETF Software Driven Networks 47
2.4 SDN Implementation Approaches 47
2.4.1 Network Virtualization Approach 48
2.4.2 Evolutionary Approach 48
2.4.3 The “Central Control” Approach 49
2.5 What is NFV (Network Functions Virtualization)? 50
2.6 NFV Enabling Technologies 51
2.6.1 Cloud Computing and Network Virtualization 51
2.6.2 Open Management and Control Protocols 51
2.6.3 Industry Standard High-Volume Servers 51
2.7 NFV Implementation Architecture 52
2.7.1 NFVI (NFV Infrastructure) 52
2.7.1.1 Hardware Resources 52
2.7.1.2 Virtualized Resources 52
2.7.2 VNFs (Virtualized Network Functions) 53
2.7.3 NFV-MANO (NFV-Management and Orchestration) 53
2.7.3.1 VIM (Virtualized Infrastructure Manager) 53
2.7.3.2 NFVO (NFV Orchestrator) 53
2.7.3.3 VNF Manager 54
2.8 How SDN and NFV Differ from Each Other? 54
2.8.1 Similarities and Differences 54
2.8.2 Can Both Technologies Complement Each Other? 55
2.8.3 How Are Vendors Positioning their Solutions? 55
2.9 Market Drivers 56
2.9.1 Leveraging Generic Low-Cost Hardware 56
2.9.2 Multi-Tenancy on Same Hardware 56
2.9.3 Reduced Power Consumption 56
2.9.4 Faster TTM (Time-to-Market) 56
2.9.5 Improved Operational Efficiency & Performance 57
2.9.6 Centralized Provisioning and Network Control 57
2.9.7 Ability to Launch New Services & Virtual Networks Quickly 57
2.9.8 Dynamic Scaling of Services 58
2.9.9 Opening the Door to Multi-vendor Interoperability 58
2.9.10 CapEx and OpEx Reduction 58
2.9.11 Fast Troubleshooting and Improved Diagnostics 58
2.9.12 Vendor Support 58
2.10 Market Barriers 59
2.10.1 Lack of Standardization & Technology Maturity 59
2.10.2 Uncertain Cost-Benefits Tradeoffs 59
2.10.3 NFV May Slow/Delay Traffic 59
2.10.4 Will Multi-vendor Interoperability Really Work? 60
2.10.5 Co-Existence with Legacy Networks: Integration Challenges 60

3 Chapter 3: SDN & NFV Use Case Scenarios 61
3.1 Enterprise, Data Center & Generic Use Cases 61
3.1.1 Network Virtualization 61
3.1.2 Data Center Optimization 61
3.1.3 SD-WAN (Software Defined WAN) 62
3.1.4 Tap Aggregation 62
3.1.5 Dynamic WAN Re-Routing 63
3.1.6 Network Exchange: Interconnecting Physical Networks 63
3.1.7 Improved Traffic Engineering 63
3.1.8 Converged Storage 64
3.2 Service Provider Centric Use Cases 65
3.2.1 vRAN (Virtualized RAN) & Cloud RAN 65
3.2.2 Wireline Fixed Access Network Virtualization 67
3.2.3 vCPE/uCPE (Virtualized & Universal Customer Premises Equipment) 67
3.2.4 Mobile Backhaul Virtualization 68
3.2.5 Mobile Core & Gi-LAN Virtualization 68
3.2.6 IMS & VoLTE Virtualization 70
3.2.7 DPI Virtualization 70
3.2.8 Policy Control Virtualization 71
3.2.9 OSS/BSS Virtualization 71
3.2.10 Virtual Routers 71
3.2.11 Virtualization & Control of Security Functions 72
3.2.12 Virtualization of CDNs (Content Delivery Networks) 72
3.2.13 MEC (Multi-Access Edge Computing) 72
3.2.14 Network Slicing 73
3.2.15 Service Chaining 74
3.2.16 Bandwidth-on-Demand 75
3.2.17 Packet-Optical Integration 75
3.2.18 SDN/NFV Iaas (Infrastructure-as-a-Service) 76
3.2.19 VNFaas (VNF-as-a-Service) 77
3.2.20 VNPaaS (Virtual Network-Platform-as-a-Service) 77

4 Chapter 4: SDN & NFV Deployment Case Studies & Commitments 79
4.1 Case Studies 79
4.1.1 AT&T 79
4.1.1.1 Overview 79
4.1.1.2 Key Vendors 79
4.1.1.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 80
4.1.2 Baidu 83
4.1.2.1 Overview 83
4.1.2.2 Key Vendors 83
4.1.2.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 83
4.1.3 CenturyLink 86
4.1.3.1 Overview 86
4.1.3.2 Key Vendors 86
4.1.3.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 86
4.1.4 Equinix 90
4.1.4.1 Overview 90
4.1.4.2 Key Vendors 90
4.1.4.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 90
4.1.5 Google 93
4.1.5.1 Overview 93
4.1.5.2 Key Vendors 93
4.1.5.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 93
4.1.6 NTT Group 97
4.1.6.1 Overview 97
4.1.6.2 Key Vendors 97
4.1.6.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 97
4.1.7 SK Telecom 101
4.1.7.1 Overview 101
4.1.7.2 Key Vendors 101
4.1.7.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 101
4.1.8 Telefónica Group 105
4.1.8.1 Overview 105
4.1.8.2 Key Vendors 105
4.1.8.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 105
4.1.9 Verizon Communications 109
4.1.9.1 Overview 109
4.1.9.2 Key Vendors 109
4.1.9.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 109
4.1.10 Vodafone Group 112
4.1.10.1 Overview 112
4.1.10.2 Key Vendors 112
4.1.10.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 112
4.2 Review of Other SDN & NFV Commitments 115
4.2.1 Service Providers 115
4.2.1.1 A1 Telekom Austria Group 115
4.2.1.2 Altice Group 115
4.2.1.3 ASPIDER-NGI 116
4.2.1.4 Axiata Group 116
4.2.1.5 BCE (Bell Canada) 116
4.2.1.6 BT Group 116
4.2.1.7 China Mobile 117
4.2.1.8 China Telecom 117
4.2.1.9 China Unicom 117
4.2.1.10 Colt Technology Services Group 118
4.2.1.11 Comcast 118
4.2.1.12 Digicel 118
4.2.1.13 DT (Deutsche Telekom) 119
4.2.1.14 Etisalat 119
4.2.1.15 IIJ (Internet Initiative Japan) 119
4.2.1.16 KDDI Corporation 120
4.2.1.17 KPN 120
4.2.1.18 KT Corporation 120
4.2.1.19 LG Uplus 121
4.2.1.20 NAKA Mobile 121
4.2.1.21 Ngena 121
4.2.1.22 Ooredoo 121
4.2.1.23 Orange 122
4.2.1.24 PCCW Global 122
4.2.1.25 Singtel 122
4.2.1.26 SoftBank Group 123
4.2.1.27 Sprint Corporation 123
4.2.1.28 STC (Saudi Telecom Company) 123
4.2.1.29 Swisscom 124
4.2.1.30 Telecom Italia 124
4.2.1.31 Telenor Group 124
4.2.1.32 Telstra 125
4.2.1.33 Turk Telekom 125
4.2.1.34 Windstream Communications 126
4.2.2 Enterprises & Data Centers 127
4.2.2.1 Internet Giants 127
4.2.2.2 Data Center Operators 128
4.2.2.3 Large Enterprises 129
4.2.2.4 SMEs (Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises) 130

5 Chapter 5: Industry Roadmap and Value Chain 131
5.1 Industry Roadmap 131
5.1.1 Pre-2020: Moving Towards Network-Wide Orchestration 131
5.1.2 2020 - 2025: Large-Scale Service Provider Rollouts 132
5.1.3 2025 - 2030: Continued Investments with 5G & Next Generation Network Rollouts 132
5.2 Value Chain 133
5.2.1 Enabling Technology Providers 133
5.2.2 Pure-Play SDN & NFV Specialists 134
5.2.3 Network Infrastructure Vendors 134
5.2.4 IT Industry Giants 135
5.2.5 Mobile Infrastructure Vendors 135
5.2.6 Policy, OSS, BSS & Other Software Vendors 135
5.2.7 Enterprises 136
5.2.8 Service Providers 136
5.2.9 Data Center Operators 136

6 Chapter 6: Standardization, Regulatory & Collaborative Initiatives 137
6.1 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project) 137
6.1.1 End-to-End Management for Virtualized 3GPP Networks 137
6.2 5G PPP (5G Infrastructure Public Private Partnership) 138
6.2.1 SDN / NFV WG (Working Group) 138
6.2.2 Key Projects Focusing on the Use of SDN & NFV 138
6.3 ASF (Apache Software Foundation) 141
6.3.1 Mesos 141
6.3.2 ARIA TOSCA 141
6.3.3 CloudStack 142
6.4 ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions) 142
6.4.1 NFV-F (NFV Forum) 142
6.5 Broadband Forum 143
6.5.1 TR-317 & TR-328: vCPE Implementation 143
6.5.2 SDN and NFV Work Area 143
6.5.2.1 CloudCO (Cloud Central Office) 144
6.5.2.2 Migration to SDN-Enabled Management and Control 144
6.5.2.3 FANS (Fixed Access Network Sharing) 145
6.5.2.4 Support for SDN in Access Network Nodes 145
6.5.2.5 YANG Models for SDN in Access Nodes 145
6.5.3 Other Work 146
6.6 CableLabs 146
6.6.1 SNAPS (SDN/NFV Application development Platform and Stack) 146
6.7 CAICT (China Academy of Information and Communications Technology) 147
6.7.1 SDNFVIA (SDN/NFV Industry Alliance) 147
6.8 CloudNFV & ExperiaSphere 147
6.8.1 Open Platform for NFV 148
6.8.2 Service-Layer Based MANO 149
6.9 Django Software Foundation 149
6.9.1 Django Web Framework 149
6.10 ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute) 150
6.10.1 NFV ISG (Industry Specification Group) 150
6.10.1.1 Release 1 151
6.10.1.2 Release 2 151
6.10.1.3 Release 3 151
6.10.2 OSM (Open Source MANO) Group 152
6.10.3 ZSM (Zero touch network and Service Management) ISG 152
6.11 FreeBSD Foundation 153
6.11.1 FreeBSD Operating System 153
6.12 IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) 153
6.12.1 IEEE SDN Initiative 153
6.12.2 IEEE 1903: NGSON (Next Generation Service Overlay Networks) 154
6.12.3 IEEE 1913: SDQC (Software-Defined Quantum Communication) 154
6.12.4 IEEE 1915.1, 1916.1 & 1917.1: Standards for SDN/NFV Security, Performance & Reliability 154
6.12.5 IEEE 1921.1: SDN Bootstrapping Procedures 155
6.12.6 IEEE 1930.1: SDN based Middleware for Control and Management 155
6.12.7 Other Standards & Recommended Practices 155
6.13 IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) & IRTF (Internet Research Task Force) 156
6.13.1 SDN Protocols, Working Groups, & Research Programs 156
6.13.2 NFV Working Groups & Research Programs 157
6.14 ITU (International Telecommunications Union) 158
6.14.1 Standardization Activities for SDN & Network Virtualization 158
6.14.1.1 JCA-SDN (Joint Coordination Activity on Software-Defined Networking) 158
6.14.1.2 SG (Study Group) 13 on Future Networks 158
6.14.1.3 SG (Study Group) 11: Signaling Requirements, Protocols & Test Specifications 159
6.14.1.4 Other Study Groups: Transport, Multimedia & Security 159
6.15 Linux Foundation 160
6.15.1 ODL (OpenDayLight) 160
6.15.2 OpenContrail 161
6.15.3 OPNFV (Open Platform for NFV) 162
6.15.4 ONAP (Open Network Automation Platform) 163
6.15.5 CNCF (Cloud Native Computing Foundation) 164
6.15.5.1 Kubernetes 164
6.15.6 Cloud Foundry Foundation 165
6.15.6.1 CF (Cloud Foundry) Application Runtime 165
6.15.6.2 CF Container Runtime 165
6.15.6.3 CF BOSH & Other Projects 166
6.15.7 ONOS (Open Network Operating System) 166
6.15.8 OCI (Open Container Initiative) 167
6.15.9 CORD (Central Office Re-architected as a Datacenter) 167
6.15.10 Open Switch 168
6.15.11 Open vSwitch 168
6.15.12 DPDK (Data Plane Development Kit) 168
6.15.13 FD.io (Fast Data Project) 169
6.15.14 Xen Project 169
6.15.14.1 Xen Hypervisor 169
6.15.14.2 Xen Cloud Platform 169
6.15.14.3 XAPI 170
6.15.14.4 Mirage OS 170
6.15.14.5 Unikraft 170
6.15.14.6 Xen ARM 170
6.15.15 Node.js 171
6.15.16 Other Relevant Projects & Specifications 171
6.16 MEF (Metro Ethernet Forum) 171
6.16.1 Third Network Vision 171
6.16.1.1 Third Network Orchestration Services 172
6.16.1.2 LSO (Lifecycle Services Orchestration) Framework, APIs & SDKs 172
6.16.1.3 Inter-Provider LSO Sonata APIs & SDK 172
6.16.1.4 Intra-Provider LSO Presto APIs & SDK 173
6.16.1.5 Software-Driven Reference Implementations and MEFnet 173
6.17 NetBSD Foundation 174
6.17.1 NetBSD Operating System 174
6.18 OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) 174
6.18.1 TOSCA (Topology and Orchestration Specification for Cloud Applications) 174
6.19 OCP (Open Compute Project) Foundation 175
6.19.1 Telco Project 175
6.19.2 Networking Project 176
6.20 OMG (Object Management Group) 177
6.20.1 SDN Working Group 177
6.21 ONF (Open Networking Foundation) 178
6.21.1 Software Defined Standards 178
6.21.1.1 OpenFlow 178
6.21.1.2 Other Recommendations & Publications 178
6.21.2 Platforms 179
6.21.2.1 CORD (Central Office Re-Architected as a Datacenter) 179
6.21.2.2 CORD-XOS 179
6.21.2.3 CORD-Trellis 179
6.21.2.4 ONOS (Open Network Operating System) 180
6.21.2.5 MININET 180
6.21.3 Solutions 181
6.21.3.1 R-CORD, M-CORD & E-CORD 181
6.21.3.2 ODTN (Open Disaggregated Transport Network) 181
6.21.4 Incubator Projects 182
6.21.4.1 Delta 182
6.21.4.2 Information Modeling 182
6.21.4.3 iSDX 182
6.21.4.4 Open Datapath 182
6.21.4.5 Open Transport Configuration & Control 183
6.22 ONUG (Open Networking User Group) 183
6.22.1 ONUG Working Groups 183
6.22.1.1 OSE (Open SD-WAN Exchange) 183
6.22.1.2 M&A (Monitoring & Analytics) 184
6.22.1.3 S-DSS (Software-Defined Security Services) 184
6.22.1.4 HMC (Hybrid Multi-Cloud) 184
6.22.1.5 Container 184
6.23 OpenStack Foundation 185
6.23.1 OpenStack Operating System 185
6.23.1.1 Compute 185
6.23.1.2 Storage, Backup & Recovery 186
6.23.1.3 Networking & Content Delivery 187
6.23.1.4 Data & Analytics 188
6.23.1.5 Security, Identity & Compliance 188
6.23.1.6 Management Tools 189
6.23.1.7 Deployment Tools 190
6.23.1.8 Application Services 190
6.23.1.9 Monitoring & Metering 191
6.24 P4 Language Consortium 192
6.24.1 P4 Programming Language for Network Switches 192
6.25 SDN/NFV Forum, South Korea 192
6.25.1 Committees & Working Groups 193
6.26 TIP (Telecom Infra Project) 193
6.26.1 Use of SDN & NFV in Access, Transport & Core Networks 193
6.27 TM Forum 194
6.27.1 ZOOM (Zero-touch Orchestration, Operations and Management) Project 194
6.27.2 Core Frameworx 195
6.27.3 Virtualization Proof-of-Concept Catalysts 195
6.28 TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association of Korea) 195
6.28.1 PG220 (Future Internet Project Group) 196
6.29 Vendor Led Initiatives & Ecosystem Programs 196
6.29.1 ADTRAN's Mosaic Open Network Alliance 196
6.29.2 ADVA's Ensemble Harmony Ecosystem 197
6.29.3 Amdocs' NFV Partner Program 197
6.29.4 Big Switch Networks' Open Source Projects 197
6.29.4.1 ONL (Open Network Linux) 197
6.29.4.2 Project Floodlight & Others 198
6.29.5 Canonical's Open Source Projects 198
6.29.5.1 Ubuntu 198
6.29.5.2 Juju 199
6.29.5.3 Linux Containers 199
6.29.6 Ciena Blue Orbit Ecosystem 199
6.29.7 Cloudify's Open-Source NFV Orchestration Platform 200
6.29.8 Docker's Partner Program & Moby Project 200
6.29.9 HPE's OpenNFV Partner Program & SDN Ecosystem Alliance 201
6.29.9.1 OpenNFV Partner Program 201
6.29.9.2 SDN Ecosystem Alliance 201
6.29.10 Intel's Network, Cloud, Fabric & Storage Builders Programs 201
6.29.11 Juniper's Data Center, Cloud, and NFV Partner Program 202
6.29.12 Midokura's MidoNet 202
6.29.13 NEC/NetCracker's Ecosystem 2.0 & SDN Partner Space 203
6.29.13.1 Ecosystem 2.0 203
6.29.13.2 SDN Partner Space 203
6.29.14 Nokia's CloudBand Ecosystem & VSP Integration Partner Program 204
6.29.14.1 CloudBand Ecosystem 204
6.29.14.2 VSP Integration Partner Program 204
6.29.15 Red Hat's NFV Ecosystem & Open-Source Projects 205
6.29.15.1 NFV Ecosystem 205
6.29.15.2 OpenShift 205
6.29.15.3 Fedora 206
6.29.16 Wind River's Titanium Cloud Ecosystem 206

7 Chapter 7: Company Profiles 208
7.1 6WIND 208
7.2 A10 Networks 210
7.3 Accedian Networks 211
7.4 Accelleran 212
7.5 Accton Technology Corporation/Edgecore Networks 213
7.6 Actus Networks 214
7.7 ADARA Networks 215
7.8 Adax 216
7.9 ADLINK Technology 217
7.1 ADTRAN 218
7.11 ADVA Optical Networking 219
7.12 Advantech 220
7.13 Affirmed Networks 221
7.14 Airspan Networks 223
7.15 Akamai Technologies 225
7.16 ALAXALA Networks Corporation 226
7.17 Albis Technologies 227
7.18 Alepo 228
7.19 Alianza 230
7.2 Allied Telesis 231
7.21 Allot Communications 232
7.22 Alpha Networks 233
7.23 ALTEN Calsoft Labs 234
7.24 Altiostar Networks 235
7.25 Alvarion Technologies 236
7.26 AMD (Advanced Micro Devices) 237
7.27 Amdocs 238
7.28 ANEVIA 239
7.29 Argela 240
7.3 Aricent 241
7.31 Arista Networks 242
7.32 ARM Holdings 243
7.33 ARRIS International 244
7.34 Artesyn Embedded Technologies 245
7.35 ASOCS 247
7.36 Astellia 248
7.37 Athonet 249
7.38 AttoCore 250
7.39 AudioCodes 251
7.4 Avaya 252
7.41 Avi Networks 253
7.42 AWS (Amazon Web Services) 254
7.43 Baicells Technologies 255
7.44 Barefoot Networks 256
7.45 Barracuda Networks 257
7.46 Benu Networks 258
7.47 Big Switch Networks 259
7.48 Brain4Net 260
7.49 Broadcom 261
7.5 Broadpeak 263
7.51 CA Technologies 264
7.52 Canoga Perkins Corporation 265
7.53 Canonical 266
7.54 Casa Systems 267
7.55 CCN (Cirrus Core Networks) 268
7.56 Cedexis 269
7.57 Centec Networks 270
7.58 CENX 271
7.59 Ceragon Networks 272
7.6 Certes Networks 273
7.61 CertusNet 274
7.62 Check Point Software Technologies 275
7.63 Ciena Corporation 276
7.64 Cisco Systems 278
7.65 Citrix Systems 280
7.66 Clavister 281
7.67 ClearPath Networks 282
7.68 CloudGenix 283
7.69 Cloudify 284
7.7 CND (Core Network Dynamics) 286
7.71 Cobham Group 288
7.72 Cohesive Networks 289
7.73 Colt Technology Services Group 290
7.74 Comodo 291
7.75 Concurrent 292
7.76 Contela 293
7.77 Coriant 294
7.78 Corsa Technology 295
7.79 Cradlepoint 296
7.8 Creanord 297
7.81 Cumulus Networks 298
7.82 Cyxtera Technologies 299
7.83 DASAN Zhone Solutions 300
7.84 Datavision 301
7.85 Dell Technologies 302
7.86 Delta 303
7.87 Dialogic 304
7.88 Dimetis 305
7.89 Docker 306
7.9 Dorado Software 307
7.91 Druid Software 308
7.92 DXC Technology 309
7.93 ECI Telecom 310
7.94 Edgeware 311
7.95 Ekinops 312
7.96 ELUON Corporation 313
7.97 Enea 315
7.98 ENENSYS Technologies 316
7.99 EnterpriseWeb 317
7.1 Ericsson 318
7.101 Ethernity Networks 319
7.1020000000000003 Exaware 321
7.1029999999999998 EXFO 322
7.1040000000000001 Expeto Wireless 323
7.1050000000000004 Expway 324
7.1059999999999999 Extreme Networks 325
7.1070000000000002 F5 Networks 327
7.1079999999999997 FibroLAN 328
7.109 Flash Networks 329
7.11 Flex 330
7.1109999999999998 Fortinet 331
7.1120000000000001 FRAFOS 332
7.1130000000000004 Fraunhofer FOKUS 333
7.1139999999999999 Fujitsu 335
7.1150000000000002 Gigamon 336
7.1159999999999997 Global Wavenet 337
7.117 Guangzhou Iplook Technologies 338
7.1180000000000003 Harmonic 339
7.1189999999999998 Hitachi 340
7.12 HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise) 341
7.1210000000000004 Huawei 343
7.1219999999999999 HUBER+SUHNER 345
7.1230000000000002 HyTrust 347
7.1239999999999997 IBM Corporation 348
7.125 Illumio 349
7.1260000000000003 Imagine Communications Corporation 350
7.1269999999999998 Infinera 351
7.1280000000000001 Infoblox 352
7.1289999999999996 Inocybe Technologies 353
7.13 Intel Corporation 354
7.1310000000000002 Interface Masters Technologies 356
7.1319999999999997 Intracom Telecom 357
7.133 IP Infusion 358
7.1340000000000003 ip.access 360
7.1349999999999998 IPgallery 362
7.1360000000000001 iPhotonix 363
7.1369999999999996 IPITEK 364
7.1379999999999999 Italtel 365
7.1390000000000002 iwNetworks 366
7.14 Juniper Networks 367
7.141 KEMP Technologies 369
7.1420000000000003 Keysight Technologies 370
7.1429999999999998 Kleos 372
7.1440000000000001 Lanner Electronics 373
7.1449999999999996 Lemko Corporation 374
7.1459999999999999 Lenovo 375
7.1470000000000002 Linker Networks 376
7.1479999999999997 Lumeta Corporation 377
7.149 Lumina Networks 378
7.15 Luminate Wireless 379
7.1509999999999998 Luxoft Holding 380
7.1520000000000001 Maipu Communication Technology 381
7.1529999999999996 Marvell Technology Group 382
7.1539999999999999 MatrixStream Technologies 384
7.1550000000000002 Mavenir Systems 385
7.1559999999999997 MediaTek 387
7.157 Megaport 388
7.1580000000000004 Mellanox Technologies 389
7.1589999999999998 Mesosphere 391
7.16 Metaswitch Networks 392
7.1609999999999996 Microsoft Corporation 393
7.1619999999999999 Midokura 394
7.1630000000000003 Mirantis 395
7.1639999999999997 Mojatatu Networks 396
7.165 MRV Communications 397
7.1660000000000004 Mushroom Networks 398
7.1669999999999998 Napatech 399
7.1680000000000001 NEC Corporation/Netcracker Technology 400
7.1689999999999996 NETGEAR 402
7.17 Netronome 403
7.1710000000000003 Netrounds 404
7.1719999999999997 NETSCOUT Systems 405
7.173 Netsil 406
7.1740000000000004 NetYCE 407
7.1749999999999998 New H3C Group 408
7.1760000000000002 NFVWare 409
7.1769999999999996 Nokia Networks 410
7.1779999999999999 Nominum 412
7.1790000000000003 NoviFlow 413
7.18 NTT Communications 414
7.181 NXP Semiconductors 415
7.1820000000000004 Omnitron Systems 416
7.1829999999999998 One2many 417
7.1840000000000002 Openet 418
7.1849999999999996 Openwave Mobility 419
7.1859999999999999 Opera Software 420
7.1870000000000003 Optelian 421
7.1879999999999997 Oracle Corporation 422
7.1890000000000001 Orchestral Networks 423
7.19 OX (Open-Xchange) 424
7.1909999999999998 Ozono Security 425
7.1920000000000002 Packet Design 426
7.1929999999999996 Packet Ship Technologies 427
7.194 Padtec 428
7.1950000000000003 Palo Alto Networks 429
7.1959999999999997 Panda Security 430
7.1970000000000001 Pantheon Technologies 431
7.1980000000000004 Parallel Wireless 432
7.1989999999999998 PeerApp 433
7.2 Penguin 434
7.2009999999999996 Phluido 435
7.202 Pica8 437
7.2030000000000003 PicoCluster 438
7.2039999999999997 Pivotal Software 439
7.2050000000000001 Plexxi 441
7.2060000000000004 Pluribus Networks 442
7.2069999999999999 Polaris Networks 443
7.2080000000000002 Pulse Secure 445
7.2089999999999996 Qualcomm 446
7.21 Quanta Computer 447
7.2110000000000003 Quortus 448
7.2119999999999997 Rackspace 449
7.2130000000000001 RAD Data Communications 450
7.2140000000000004 RADCOM 451
7.2149999999999999 Radisys Corporation 452
7.2160000000000002 Radware 454
7.2169999999999996 Rapid7 455
7.218 Realtek Semiconductor Corporation 456
7.2190000000000003 Red Hat 457
7.22 Redknee 459
7.2210000000000001 Ribbon Communications 460
7.2220000000000004 RIFT.io 462
7.2229999999999999 RightScale 463
7.2240000000000002 Riverbed Technology 464
7.2249999999999996 Ruckus Wireless 465
7.226 Saguna Networks 466
7.2270000000000003 Saisei 467
7.2279999999999998 Samsung Electronics 468
7.2290000000000001 Sandvine 470
7.23 Sansay 471
7.2309999999999999 Sedona Systems 472
7.2320000000000002 Sencore 473
7.2329999999999997 SevOne 474
7.234 Silver Peak 475
7.2350000000000003 SiRRAN Communications 476
7.2359999999999998 Sistelbanda 477
7.2370000000000001 SITRONICS 478
7.2380000000000004 Sooktha 479
7.2389999999999999 Sophos 480
7.24 SpiderCloud Wireless 481
7.2409999999999997 Spirent Communications 482
7.242 Stormshield 483
7.2430000000000003 SunTec 484
7.2439999999999998 Supermicro (Super Micro Computer) 485
7.2450000000000001 Symantec Corporation 486
7.2460000000000004 SysMaster 487
7.2469999999999999 Tango Telecom 488
7.2480000000000002 Tecore Networks 489
7.2489999999999997 Tejas Networks 490
7.25 Telchemy 491
7.2510000000000003 Telco Systems 493
7.2519999999999998 Telcoware 494
7.2530000000000001 Telrad Networks 495
7.2539999999999996 TI (Texas Instruments) 496
7.2549999999999999 Tieto Corporation 497
7.2560000000000002 TitanHQ 498
7.2569999999999997 Trend Micro 499
7.258 Trópico 500
7.2590000000000003 UBIqube 502
7.26 Ultra Electronics 503
7.2610000000000001 UTStarcom 504
7.2619999999999996 vArmour 506
7.2629999999999999 Vasona Networks 507
7.2640000000000002 Versa Networks 508
7.2649999999999997 Veryx Technologies 509
7.266 Viavi Solutions 510
7.2670000000000003 VMware 511
7.2679999999999998 VNC (Virtual Network Communications) 513
7.2690000000000001 WatchGuard Technologies 514
7.27 Wedge Networks 515
7.2709999999999999 Wipro 516
7.2720000000000002 Wowza Media Systems 517
7.2729999999999997 Xilinx 518
7.274 XOR Media 520
7.2750000000000004 Xtera Communications 521
7.276 Zoho Corporation/WebNMS 522
7.277 ZTE 523

8 Chapter 8: Market Analysis & Forecasts 524
8.1 Global Outlook for SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 - 2030 524
8.2 User Base Segmentation 525
8.2.1 Enterprises & Data Centers 526
8.2.2 Service Providers 526
8.3 Submarket Segmentation 527
8.3.1 SDN/SD-WAN Hardware & Software 528
8.3.2 NFV Hardware & Software 528
8.3.3 Other Network Virtualization Software 529
8.3.4 Service Provider Submarket Segmentation 530
8.4 SDN & SD-WAN User Base Revenue: 2017 - 2030 531
8.4.1 Service Provider SDN/SD-WAN 532
8.4.2 Enterprise & Data Center SDN/SD-WAN 532
8.5 SDN & SD-WAN Submarket Revenue: 2017 - 2030 533
8.5.1 SDN-Enabled Switches, Routers & Other Appliances 534
8.5.2 SDN Controller Software 534
8.5.3 SDN Orchestration Software 535
8.5.4 SDN Network Applications 535
8.5.5 SD-WAN Appliances 536
8.5.6 SD-WAN Control & Overlay Software 536
8.6 NFV Submarket Revenue: 2017 - 2030 537
8.6.1 NFVI (NFV Infrastructure) 538
8.6.2 NFV MANO (Management & Orchestration) Software 538
8.6.3 VNF (Virtualized Network Function) Software 539
8.7 Functional Area Segmentation for Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue: 2017 - 2030 540
8.7.1 CDN 541
8.7.2 CPE 541
8.7.3 Data Center 542
8.7.4 Fixed Access Network 542
8.7.5 IMS & VoLTE 543
8.7.6 Mobile Core 543
8.7.7 Policy Control 544
8.7.8 RAN 544
8.7.9 Transport Network 545
8.7.10 Others 545
8.8 Regional Outlook 546
8.9 Asia Pacific SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 - 2030 547
8.9.1 Australia 547
8.9.2 China 548
8.9.3 India 548
8.9.4 Japan 549
8.9.5 South Korea 549
8.9.6 Pakistan 550
8.9.7 Thailand 550
8.9.8 Indonesia 551
8.9.9 Malaysia 551
8.9.10 Taiwan 552
8.9.11 Philippines 552
8.9.12 Singapore 553
8.9.13 Rest of Asia Pacific 553
8.10 Eastern Europe SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 - 2030 554
8.10.1 Czech Republic 554
8.10.2 Poland 555
8.10.3 Russia 555
8.10.4 Rest of Eastern Europe 556
8.11 Latin & Central America SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 - 2030 557
8.11.1 Argentina 557
8.11.2 Brazil 558
8.11.3 Mexico 558
8.11.4 Rest of Latin & Central America 559
8.12 Middle East & Africa SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 - 2030 560
8.12.1 South Africa 560
8.12.2 UAE 561
8.12.3 Qatar 561
8.12.4 Saudi Arabia 562
8.12.5 Israel 562
8.12.6 Rest of the Middle East & Africa 563
8.13 North America SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 - 2030 564
8.13.1 USA 564
8.13.2 Canada 565
8.14 Western Europe SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 - 2030 566
8.14.1 Denmark 566
8.14.2 Finland 567
8.14.3 France 567
8.14.4 Germany 568
8.14.5 Italy 568
8.14.6 Spain 569
8.14.7 Sweden 569
8.14.8 Norway 570
8.14.9 UK 570
8.14.10 Rest of Western Europe 571

9 Chapter 9: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations 572
9.1 Why is the Market Poised to Grow? 572
9.2 Will SDN & NFV Disrupt the Network Infrastructure Value Chain? 572
9.3 Is There a Ring Leader in the SDN & NFV Ecosystem? 573
9.4 Facilitating Fixed-Mobile Network Convergence 574
9.5 Buyers Will Maintain Focus on Business Agility & CapEx Reduction 574
9.6 Will Proprietary Hardware Platforms Continue to Exist? 575
9.7 Functional Area Adoption Trends 575
9.7.1 vCPEs & uCPEs 575
9.7.2 SD-WAN 576
9.7.3 Data Center SDN 577
9.7.4 vIMS 577
9.7.5 vEPC 578
9.7.6 vCDN 579
9.7.7 Cloud RAN 579
9.7.8 Other Use Cases 580
9.8 How Much CapEx Can Service Providers Save with SDN & NFV Investments? 582
9.9 The Importance of Interoperable MANO Platforms 583
9.10 Strategic Recommendations 584
9.10.1 Recommendations for Enabling Technology Providers 584
9.10.2 Recommendations for Network Infrastructure Vendors & IT Giants 584
9.10.3 Recommendations for Pure-Play SDN & NFV Specialists 585
9.10.4 Recommendations for Enterprises & Data Center Operators 585
9.10.5 Recommendations for Service Providers 586

List of Figures
Figure 1: The NFV Concept 52
Figure 2: A Comparison of SDN and NFV 56
Figure 3: vRAN Architecture 67
Figure 4: Cloud RAN Concept 68
Figure 5: Virtualized and Non-Virtualized Mobile Core Networks 71
Figure 6: Conceptual Architecture for End-to-End Network Slicing in Mobile Networks 75
Figure 7: Key Functional Elements of AT&T's FlexWare uCPE 82
Figure 8: Baidu's SDN-Capable IDC (Internet Data Center) Transport Network 86
Figure 9: Key Components of CenturyLink's PSB (Programmable Services Backbone) Architecture 89
Figure 10: CenturyLink's SD-WAN Service 90
Figure 11: ECX Fabric (Equinix Cloud Exchange Fabric) Framework 93
Figure 12: Key Pillar's of Google's SDN Strategy 96
Figure 13: Google's Espresso Peering Edge Architecture 97
Figure 14: NTT Communications' Hybrid Cloud Service 100
Figure 15: NTT Communications' SD-Exchange (Software Defined-Exchange) 101
Figure 16: Evolution of SK Telecom's Infrastructure: COSMOS and ATSCALE 104
Figure 17: SK Telecom's SDRAN (Software Defined RAN) Architecture 106
Figure 18: Telefónica's UNICA Infrastructure Platform 108
Figure 19: Telefónica's NFV Development Roadmap 109
Figure 20: Verizon's SDN-NFV High Level Architecture 112
Figure 21: Conceptual Layers of Vodafone's SDN & NFV Architecture 115
Figure 22: SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Industry Roadmap: 2017 - 2030 133
Figure 23: SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Value Chain 135
Figure 24: CloudNFV Architecture 150
Figure 25: ETSI NFV Architecture 152
Figure 26: Global SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 526
Figure 27: Global SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue by User Base: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 527
Figure 28: Global Enterprise & Data Center SDN & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 528
Figure 29: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 528
Figure 30: Global SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue by Submarket: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 529
Figure 31: Global SDN/SD-WAN Hardware & Software Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 530
Figure 32: Global NFV Hardware & Software Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 530
Figure 33: Global Other Network Virtualization Software Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 531
Figure 34: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue by Submarket: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 532
Figure 35: Global SDN & SD-WAN Revenue by User Base: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 533
Figure 36: Global Service Provider SDN/SD-WAN Hardware & Software Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 534
Figure 37: Global Enterprise & Data Center SDN/SD-WAN Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 534
Figure 38: Global SDN & SD-WAN Revenue by Submarket: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 535
Figure 39: Global SDN-Enabled Switch, Router & Other Appliance Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 536
Figure 40: Global SDN Controller Software Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 536
Figure 41: Global SDN Orchestration Software Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 537
Figure 42: Global SDN Network Applications Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 537
Figure 43: Global SD-WAN Appliance Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 538
Figure 44: Global SD-WAN Control & Overlay Software Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 538
Figure 45: Global NFV Revenue by Submarket: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 539
Figure 46: Global NFVI (NFV Infrastructure) Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 540
Figure 47: Global NFV MANO (Management & Orchestration) Software Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 540
Figure 48: Global VNF (Virtualized Network Function) Software Revenue: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 541
Figure 49: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue by Functional Area: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 542
Figure 50: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the CDN Functional Area: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 543
Figure 51: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the CPE Functional Area: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 543
Figure 52: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the Data Center Functional Area: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 544
Figure 53: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the Fixed Access Network Functional Area: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 544
Figure 54: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the IMS & VoLTE Functional Area: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 545
Figure 55: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the Mobile Core Functional Area: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 545
Figure 56: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the Policy Control Functional Area: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 546
Figure 57: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the RAN Functional Area: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 546
Figure 58: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the Transport Network Functional Area: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 547
Figure 59: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the Other Areas: 2017 - 2030 ($ Million) 547

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