1 INTRODUCTION 50
1.1 STUDY OBJECTIVES 50
1.2 MARKET DEFINITION 51
1.3 INCLUSIONS & EXCLUSIONS 51
TABLE 1 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET: INCLUSIONS & EXCLUSIONS 51
1.4 STUDY SCOPE 52
1.4.1 YEARS CONSIDERED 53
1.5 SUMMARY OF CHANGES 53
1.6 CURRENCY CONSIDERED 54
1.7 PACKAGE SIZE 54
1.8 LIMITATIONS 54
1.9 STAKEHOLDERS 54

2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 55
2.1 RESEARCH DATA 55
FIGURE 1 RESEARCH DESIGN 56
FIGURE 2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY MODEL 57
2.2 SECONDARY DATA 58
2.2.1 LIST OF KEY SECONDARY SOURCES TO ESTIMATE VEHICLE PRODUCTION 58
2.2.2 LIST OF KEY SECONDARY SOURCES TO ESTIMATE AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET 59
FIGURE 3 KEY DATA FROM SECONDARY SOURCES 59
2.3 PRIMARY DATA 60
FIGURE 4 BREAKDOWN OF PRIMARY INTERVIEWS 60
2.3.1 SAMPLING TECHNIQUES & DATA COLLECTION METHODS 61
2.3.2 PRIMARY PARTICIPANTS 61
2.4 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION 61
FIGURE 5 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: HYPOTHESIS BUILDING 62
2.4.1 BOTTOM-UP APPROACH 62
FIGURE 6 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET SIZE: BOTTOM-UP APPROACH (ARCHITECTURE AND REGION) 63
FIGURE 7 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET SIZE: BOTTOM-UP APPROACH (AFTERMARKET BY COMPONENT) 63
2.4.2 TOP-DOWN APPROACH 64
FIGURE 8 ACTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET SIZE: TOP-DOWN APPROACH (ACTUATION TYPE) 64
2.5 FACTOR ANALYSIS 65
FIGURE 9 FACTOR ANALYSIS 65
2.6 MARKET BREAKDOWN AND DATA TRIANGULATION 66
FIGURE 10 DATA TRIANGULATION 66
2.7 RESEARCH ASSUMPTIONS 67
TABLE 2 ASSUMPTIONS 67
TABLE 3 ASSUMPTIONS: ARCHITECTURE 68
TABLE 4 MARKET ASSUMPTIONS 69
2.8 RESEARCH LIMITATIONS 71

3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 72
3.1 INTRODUCTION 72
3.2 REPORT SUMMARY 72
FIGURE 11 REPORT SUMMARY 72
FIGURE 12 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 73

4 PREMIUM INSIGHTS 74
4.1 ATTRACTIVE OPPORTUNITIES FOR PLAYERS IN AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET 74
FIGURE 13 RISING AWARENESS ABOUT PASSENGER COMFORT EXPECTED TO DRIVE AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET 74
4.2 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY SYSTEM 75
FIGURE 14 PASSIVE SEGMENT ESTIMATED TO LEAD MARKET FROM 2022 TO 2027 (USD MILLION) 75
4.3 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE 75
FIGURE 15 AIR SUSPENSION SEGMENT PROJECTED TO REGISTER HIGHEST CAGR DURING FORECAST PERIOD (USD MILLION) 75
4.4 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE 76
FIGURE 16 TRUCKS SEGMENT PROJECTED TO REGISTER HIGHEST CAGR DURING FORECAST PERIOD (USD MILLION) 76
4.5 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION OE MARKET, BY COMPONENT 77
FIGURE 17 RUBBER BUSHINGS SEGMENT EXPECTED TO LEAD MARKET DURING FORECAST PERIOD (USD MILLION) 77
4.6 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION AFTERMARKET, BY COMPONENT 78
FIGURE 18 STRUTS SEGMENT PROJECTED TO LEAD AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION AFTERMARKET FROM 2022 TO 2027 (USD MILLION) 78
4.7 ELECTRIC & HYBRID PASSENGER CARS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE 78
FIGURE 19 AIR SUSPENSION IS ESTIMATED TO HOLD LARGEST MARKET SHARE IN 2022 78
4.8 ELECTRIC & HYBRID TRUCKS AND BUSES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE 79
FIGURE 20 ELECTRIC & HYBRID BUSES ESTIMATED TO HOLD LARGER MARKET SHARE IN 2022 79
4.9 ACTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ACTUATION 79
FIGURE 21 ELECTRONICALLY ACTUATED SEGMENT PROJECTED REGISTER HIGHER CAGR DURING FORECAST PERIOD 79
4.10 OFF-HIGHWAY SUSPENSION MARKET, BY APPLICATION 80
FIGURE 22 CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT SEGMENT ESTIMATED TO HOLD LARGER MARKET SHARE IN 2022 80
4.11 ALL-TERRAIN VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION 80
FIGURE 23 ASIA PACIFIC PROJECTED TO REGISTER HIGHEST GROWTH RATE DURING FORECAST PERIOD (USD MILLION) 80
4.12 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION 81
FIGURE 24 ASIA PACIFIC ESTIMATED TO ACCOUNT FOR LARGEST MARKET SHARE IN 2022 81

5 RECOMMENDATIONS BY MARKETSANDMARKETS 82
5.1 ASIA PACIFIC EXPECTED TO LEAD AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET 82
5.2 GROWING DEMAND FOR AIR SUSPENSION - KEY FOCUS AREAS 83
5.3 CONCLUSION 83

6 MARKET OVERVIEW 84
6.1 INTRODUCTION 84
6.2 MARKET DYNAMICS 85
FIGURE 25 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET DYNAMICS 85
6.2.1 DRIVERS 85
6.2.1.1 Increased demand for SUVs, EVs, and luxury vehicles globally 85
6.2.1.1.1 Growing sales of SUVs and luxury vehicles to drive demand for advanced suspension systems 85
TABLE 5 SUSPENSION ARCHITECTURE GROWTH RATES, 2022-2027 86
FIGURE 26 GLOBAL SUV/MUV PRODUCTION, 2018 VS 2027 86
6.2.1.1.2 Increasing sales of EVs to drive demand for semi-active and active suspension systems 87
FIGURE 27 ELECTRIC CAR SALES, 2018-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 87
TABLE 6 SUSPENSION ARCHITECTURE FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES, 2021 88
6.2.1.2 Increased adoption of air suspension systems in buses and trucks 88
FIGURE 28 AIR SUSPENSION MARKET, 2021-2025 89
6.2.2 RESTRAINTS 89
6.2.2.1 Lack of standardization of independent suspension systems to hinder supply chain streamlining 89
6.2.3 OPPORTUNITY 90
6.2.3.1 Regenerative suspension systems to drive advanced technology development in suspension systems 90
FIGURE 29 ENERGY POTENTIAL OF REGENERATIVE SUSPENSION, BY VEHICLE TYPE 90
6.2.3.2 Growth in ATV sales due to increased off-road recreational activities globally to drive ATV suspension market 91
FIGURE 30 GLOBAL ATV SALES, 2020-2026 (THOUSAND UNITS) 91
TABLE 7 ATV SUSPENSION ARCHITECTURE 92
6.2.4 CHALLENGES 92
6.2.4.1 High initial cost of advanced suspension systems to deter higher adoption in passenger vehicles 92
TABLE 8 OE COST COMPARISON: CONVENTIONAL VS ADVANCED SUSPENSIONS 92
6.2.4.2 Counterfeit suspension products in aftermarket can reduce overall suspension system quality 93
6.2.4.3 Overcoming steer torque through technology challenging for suspension manufacturers 93
6.2.4.4 Lack of alternative materials poses challenge for overall suspension weight reduction 94
6.3 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET SCENARIO 95
FIGURE 31 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET SCENARIO, 2018-2027 (USD MILLION) 95
6.3.1 MOST LIKELY SCENARIO 95
TABLE 9 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET (REALISTIC SCENARIO), BY REGION, 2018-2027 (USD MILLION) 95
6.3.2 LOW-IMPACT SCENARIO 96
TABLE 10 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET (LOW-IMPACT SCENARIO), BY REGION, 2018-2027 (USD MILLION) 96
6.3.3 HIGH-IMPACT SCENARIO 96
TABLE 11 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET (HIGH-IMPACT SCENARIO), BY REGION, 2018-2027 (USD MILLION) 96
6.4 PORTER'S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS 97
FIGURE 32 PORTER'S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS: PRESENCE OF ESTABLISHED GLOBAL PLAYERS INCREASES DEGREE OF COMPETITION 97
6.4.1 PORTER'S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS 97
6.4.2 THREAT OF SUBSTITUTES 98
6.4.3 THREAT OF NEW ENTRANTS 98
6.4.4 BARGAINING POWER OF BUYERS 98
6.4.5 BARGAINING POWER OF SUPPLIERS 98
6.4.6 INTENSITY OF COMPETITIVE RIVALRY 98
6.5 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET ECOSYSTEM 99
TABLE 12 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET: ROLE OF COMPANIES IN ECOSYSTEM 99
6.6 SUPPLY CHAIN ANALYSIS 100
6.6.1 GLOBAL SUPPLIERS 100
FIGURE 33 SUPPLY CHAIN ANALYSIS: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET 100
6.6.2 NORTH AMERICAN SUPPLIERS 101
FIGURE 34 NORTH AMERICA SUPPLY CHAIN ANALYSIS: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET 101
6.7 AVERAGE SELLING PRICE TREND 101
6.7.1 LIGHT-DUTY VEHICLES 101
TABLE 13 AVERAGE REGIONAL PRICE TREND: LIGHT-DUTY VEHICLE SUSPENSION SYSTEM (USD/UNIT), 2021 101
6.7.2 TRUCKS 102
TABLE 14 AVERAGE REGIONAL PRICE TREND: TRUCK SUSPENSION SYSTEM (USD/UNIT), 2021 102
6.7.3 PRICING ANALYSIS, BY COMPONENTS 102
TABLE 15 AVERAGE REGIONAL PRICE TREND: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION COMPONENTS OE COST, 2021 102
6.8 CUSTOMER BUYING BEHAVIOR 103
6.8.1 BUYING CRITERIA 103
FIGURE 35 KEY BUYING CRITERIA FOR ON-HIGHWAY VEHICLE APPLICATIONS 103
TABLE 16 KEY BUYING CRITERIA FOR ON-HIGHWAY VEHICLE APPLICATIONS 104
TABLE 17 INFLUENCE OF STAKEHOLDERS IN BUYING PROCESS FOR ON-HIGHWAY VEHICLE APPLICATIONS (%) 104
6.9 PATENT ANALYSIS 105
6.9.1 APPLICATIONS AND PATENTS GRANTED, 2019-2022 105
6.10 REVENUE SHIFT FOR AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MANUFACTURERS 109
FIGURE 36 SHIFT OF FOCUS FROM PASSIVE TOWARD ACTIVE SUSPENSION SYSTEMS 109
6.11 CASE STUDY ANALYSIS 109
6.11.1 HENDRICKSON TRAILER COMMERCIAL VEHICLE SYSTEMS 109
6.11.2 VEHICLE SUSPENSION HARNESS SYSTEMS 110
6.12 TECHNOLOGY ANALYSIS 110
6.12.1 IN-WHEEL SUSPENSION TECHNOLOGY FUTURE OF EV MOBILITY 110
6.12.2 360-DEGREE WHEEL SETUP WITH IN-WHEEL SUSPENSION 110
6.13 TRADE ANALYSIS 111
6.13.1 IMPORT DATA - SUSPENSION SYSTEMS AND PARTS, BY COUNTRY, 2021 (USD) 111
TABLE 18 IMPORT TRADE DATA, BY COUNTRY, 2021 111
6.13.2 EXPORT DATA - SUSPENSION SYSTEMS AND PARTS, BY COUNTRY, 2021 (USD) 112
TABLE 19 EXPORT TRADE DATA, BY COUNTRY, 2021 112
6.14 REGULATORY ANALYSIS 112
TABLE 20 SAFETY REGULATIONS, BY COUNTRY/REGION 112
6.15 KEY CONFERENCES AND EVENTS IN 2022-2023 114
TABLE 21 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET: DETAILED LIST OF CONFERENCES AND EVENTS 114

7 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE 115
7.1 INTRODUCTION 116
7.1.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 116
7.1.2 ASSUMPTIONS 116
7.1.3 INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 117
FIGURE 37 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 117
TABLE 22 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 118
TABLE 23 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 118
TABLE 24 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 118
TABLE 25 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 119
7.2 PASSENGER CARS 119
7.2.1 MACPHERSON STRUT COMMONLY USED ARCHITECTURE IN PASSENGER CARS SEGMENT 119
TABLE 26 PASSENGER CARS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 119
TABLE 27 PASSENGER CARS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 120
TABLE 28 PASSENGER CARS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 120
TABLE 29 PASSENGER CARS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 120
7.3 LIGHT COMMERCIAL VEHICLES (LCVS) 121
7.3.1 DEMAND FOR MULTILINK ARCHITECTURE INCREASING IN LCVS SEGMENT 121
TABLE 30 LCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 121
TABLE 31 LCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 121
TABLE 32 LCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 122
TABLE 33 LCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 122
7.4 TRUCKS 122
7.4.1 LEAF SPRING SUSPENSION HAS MAXIMUM PENETRATION IN TRUCKS SEGMENT 122
TABLE 34 TRUCKS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 123
TABLE 35 TRUCKS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 123
TABLE 36 TRUCKS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 123
TABLE 37 TRUCKS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 124
7.5 BUSES 124
7.5.1 AIR SUSPENSION USED IN BUSES SEGMENT TO PROVIDE MAXIMUM COMFORT TO PASSENGERS 124
TABLE 38 BUSES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 124
TABLE 39 BUSES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 125
TABLE 40 BUSES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 125
TABLE 41 BUSES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 125

8 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY SYSTEM 126
8.1 INTRODUCTION 127
8.1.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 127
8.1.2 ASSUMPTIONS 127
8.1.3 INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 128
FIGURE 38 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY SYSTEM, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 128
TABLE 42 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY SYSTEM, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 128
TABLE 43 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY SYSTEM, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 129
TABLE 44 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY SYSTEM, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 129
TABLE 45 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY SYSTEM, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 129
8.2 PASSIVE 130
8.2.1 MACPHERSON STRUT AND DOUBLE WISHBONE ARE MOST COMMONLY USED PASSIVE SYSTEMS IN PASSENGER CARS 130
TABLE 46 PASSIVE SYSTEM MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 130
TABLE 47 PASSIVE SYSTEM MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 130
TABLE 48 PASSIVE SYSTEM MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 131
TABLE 49 PASSIVE SYSTEM MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 131
8.3 SEMI-ACTIVE 131
8.3.1 INCREASING DEMAND FOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE CARS TO DRIVE MARKET FOR SEMI-ACTIVE SYSTEMS 131
TABLE 50 SEMI-ACTIVE SYSTEM MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 132
TABLE 51 SEMI-ACTIVE SYSTEM MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 132
TABLE 52 SEMI-ACTIVE SYSTEM MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 132
TABLE 53 SEMI-ACTIVE SYSTEM MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 133
8.4 ACTIVE SUSPENSION 133
8.4.1 INCREASING DEMAND FOR AIR SUSPENSION IN BUSES SEGMENT TO DRIVE ACTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET 133
TABLE 54 ACTIVE SYSTEM MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 134
TABLE 55 ACTIVE SYSTEM MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 134
TABLE 56 ACTIVE SYSTEM MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 134
TABLE 57 ACTIVE SYSTEM MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 135

9 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE 136
9.1 INTRODUCTION 137
9.1.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 137
9.1.2 ASSUMPTIONS 137
9.1.3 INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 138
FIGURE 39 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 138
TABLE 58 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 138
TABLE 59 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 139
TABLE 60 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 139
TABLE 61 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 139
9.2 MACPHERSON STRUT 140
9.2.1 COST-EFFECTIVENESS AND SIMPLE DESIGN MAKE MACPHERSON STRUT SUITABLE FOR PASSENGER CARS SEGMENT 140
TABLE 62 PASSENGER CAR MODELS WITH MACPHERSON STRUT AT FRONT/REAR AXLE, 2021 140
TABLE 63 MACPHERSON STRUT: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 141
TABLE 64 MACPHERSON STRUT: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 141
TABLE 65 MACPHERSON STRUT: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 141
TABLE 66 MACPHERSON STRUT: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 142
9.3 DOUBLE WISHBONE 142
9.3.1 COMPLEX DESIGN AND HIGH COST MAKE DOUBLE WISHBONE SUITABLE FOR PREMIUM VEHICLE SEGMENT 142
TABLE 67 PASSENGER CAR MODELS WITH DOUBLE WISHBONE AT FRONT/REAR AXLE, 2021 143
TABLE 68 DOUBLE WISHBONE: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 143
TABLE 69 DOUBLE WISHBONE: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 144
TABLE 70 DOUBLE WISHBONE: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 144
TABLE 71 DOUBLE WISHBONE: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 144
9.4 MULTILINK 145
9.4.1 MULTILINK SUSPENSION PROVIDES BETTER RIDE QUALITY AND HANDLING 145
TABLE 72 PASSENGER CAR MODELS WITH MULTILINK SUSPENSION AT FRONT/REAR AXLE, 2021 145
TABLE 73 MULTILINK: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 146
TABLE 74 MULTILINK: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 146
TABLE 75 MULTILINK: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 146
TABLE 76 MULTILINK: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 147
9.5 TWIST BEAM/TORSION BEAM 147
9.5.1 DEMAND FOR TWIST BEAM/TORSION BEAM SUSPENSION LIMITED TO ECONOMICAL CARS 147
TABLE 77 PASSENGER CAR MODELS WITH TWIST BEAM/TORSION BEAM SUSPENSION AT FRONT/REAR AXLE, 2021 148
TABLE 78 TWIST BEAM/TORSION BEAM: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 148
TABLE 79 TWIST BEAM/TORSION BEAM: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 149
TABLE 80 TWIST BEAM/TORSION BEAM: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 149
TABLE 81 TWIST BEAM/TORSION BEAM: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 149
9.6 LEAF SPRING 150
9.6.1 LEAF SPRING PREFERRED IN HEAVY TRUCKS SEGMENT DUE TO HIGHER LOAD-CARRYING CAPACITY 150
TABLE 82 LEAF SPRING: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 150
TABLE 83 LEAF SPRING: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 150
TABLE 84 LEAF SPRING: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 151
TABLE 85 LEAF SPRING: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 151
9.7 AIR SUSPENSION 151
9.7.1 INCREASED DEMAND FOR CABIN COMFORT, BETTER CONTROL, AND STABILITY TO DRIVE AIR SUSPENSION MARKET 151
TABLE 86 PASSENGER CAR MODELS WITH AIR SUSPENSION AT FRONT/REAR AXLE, 2021 152
TABLE 87 AIR SUSPENSION: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 152
TABLE 88 AIR SUSPENSION: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 152
TABLE 89 AIR SUSPENSION: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 153
TABLE 90 AIR SUSPENSION: AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 153

10 ACTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ACTUATION 154
10.1 INTRODUCTION 155
TABLE 91 HYDRAULICALLY ACTUATED VS. ELECTRONICALLY ACTUATED SUSPENSION SYSTEMS 155
10.1.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 156
10.1.2 ASSUMPTIONS 156
10.1.3 INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 156
FIGURE 40 ACTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ACTUATION, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 157
TABLE 92 ACTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ACTUATION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 157
TABLE 93 ACTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ACTUATION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 157
TABLE 94 ACTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ACTUATION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 157
TABLE 95 ACTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ACTUATION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 158
10.2 HYDRAULICALLY ACTUATED ACTIVE SUSPENSION 158
TABLE 96 HYDRAULICALLY ACTUATED ACTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 158
TABLE 97 HYDRAULICALLY ACTUATED ACTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 159
TABLE 98 HYDRAULICALLY ACTUATED ACTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 159
TABLE 99 HYDRAULICALLY ACTUATED ACTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 159
10.3 ELECTRONICALLY ACTUATED ACTIVE SUSPENSION 160
TABLE 100 ELECTRONICALLY ACTUATED ACTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 160
TABLE 101 ELECTRONICALLY ACTUATED ACTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 160
TABLE 102 ELECTRONICALLY ACTUATED ACTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 161
TABLE 103 ELECTRONICALLY ACTUATED ACTIVE SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 161

11 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION OE MARKET, BY COMPONENT 162
11.1 INTRODUCTION 163
11.1.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 163
11.1.2 ASSUMPTIONS 163
FIGURE 41 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION OE MARKET, BY COMPONENT, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 164
TABLE 104 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION OE MARKET, BY COMPONENT, 2018-2021 (MILLION UNITS) 164
TABLE 105 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION OE MARKET, BY COMPONENT, 2022-2027 (MILLION UNITS) 165
TABLE 106 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION OE MARKET, BY COMPONENT, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 165
TABLE 107 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION OE MARKET, BY COMPONENT, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 166
11.2 COIL SPRINGS 166
TABLE 108 COIL SPRINGS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (MILLION UNITS) 167
TABLE 109 COIL SPRINGS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027(MILLION UNITS) 167
TABLE 110 COIL SPRINGS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 167
TABLE 111 COIL SPRINGS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027(USD MILLION) 168
11.3 AIR SPRINGS 168
TABLE 112 AIR SPRINGS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (MILLION UNITS) 168
TABLE 113 AIR SPRINGS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (MILLION UNITS) 169
TABLE 114 AIR SPRINGS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 169
TABLE 115 AIR SPRINGS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027(USD MILLION) 169
11.4 SHOCK ABSORBERS 170
TABLE 116 SHOCK ABSORBERS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (MILLION UNITS) 170
TABLE 117 SHOCK ABSORBERS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027(MILLION UNITS) 170
TABLE 118 SHOCK ABSORBERS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 171
TABLE 119 SHOCK ABSORBERS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027(USD MILLION) 171
11.5 STRUTS 171
TABLE 120 STRUTS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (MILLION UNITS) 172
TABLE 121 STRUTS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027(MILLION UNITS) 172
TABLE 122 STRUTS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 172
TABLE 123 STRUTS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027(USD MILLION) 173
11.6 CONTROL ARMS 173
TABLE 124 CONTROL ARMS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (MILLION UNITS) 173
TABLE 125 CONTROL ARMS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027(MILLION UNITS) 174
TABLE 126 CONTROL ARMS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 174
TABLE 127 CONTROL ARMS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027(USD MILLION) 174
11.7 RUBBER BUSHINGS 175
TABLE 128 RUBBER BUSHINGS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (MILLION UNITS) 175
TABLE 129 RUBBER BUSHINGS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027(MILLION UNITS) 175
TABLE 130 RUBBER BUSHINGS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 176
TABLE 131 RUBBER BUSHINGS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027(USD MILLION) 176
11.8 LEAF SPRINGS 176
TABLE 132 LEAF SPRINGS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (MILLION UNITS) 177
TABLE 133 LEAF SPRINGS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027(MILLION UNITS) 177
TABLE 134 LEAF SPRINGS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 177
TABLE 135 LEAF SPRINGS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027(USD MILLION) 177
11.9 LINK STABILIZERS/SWAY BARS 178
TABLE 136 LINK STABILIZERS/SWAY BARS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (MILLION UNITS) 178
TABLE 137 LINK STABILIZERS/SWAY BARS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027(MILLION UNITS) 178
TABLE 138 LINK STABILIZERS/SWAY BARS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 179
TABLE 139 LINK STABILIZERS/SWAY BARS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 179
11.10 BALL JOINTS 179
TABLE 140 BALL JOINTS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (MILLION UNITS) 180
TABLE 141 BALL JOINTS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (MILLION UNITS) 180
TABLE 142 BALL JOINTS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 180
TABLE 143 BALL JOINTS OE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 181

12 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION AFTERMARKET, BY COMPONENT 182
12.1 INTRODUCTION 183
TABLE 144 COMPONENT REPLACEMENT MILES, BY COMPONENT & VEHICLE TYPE, 2021 (MILES) 183
12.1.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 184
12.1.2 ASSUMPTIONS 184
FIGURE 42 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION AFTERMARKET, BY COMPONENT, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 185
TABLE 145 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION AFTERMARKET, BY COMPONENT, 2018-2021 (MILLION UNITS) 185
TABLE 146 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION AFTERMARKET, BY COMPONENT, 2022-2027 (MILLION UNITS) 186
TABLE 147 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION AFTERMARKET, BY COMPONENT, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 186
TABLE 148 AUTOMOTIVE SUSPENSION AFTERMARKET, BY COMPONENT, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 186
12.2 SHOCK ABSORBERS 187
TABLE 149 SHOCK ABSORBERS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (MILLION UNITS) 187
TABLE 150 SHOCK ABSORBERS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (MILLION UNITS) 187
TABLE 151 SHOCK ABSORBERS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 188
TABLE 152 SHOCK ABSORBERS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 188
12.3 STRUTS 188
TABLE 153 STRUTS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (MILLION UNITS) 189
TABLE 154 STRUTS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (MILLION UNITS) 189
TABLE 155 STRUTS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 189
TABLE 156 STRUTS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 190
12.4 BALL JOINTS 190
TABLE 157 BALL JOINTS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (MILLION UNITS) 191
TABLE 158 BALL JOINTS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (MILLION UNITS) 191
12.5 LEAF SPRINGS 191
TABLE 159 LEAF SPRINGS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (MILLION UNITS) 192
TABLE 160 LEAF SPRINGS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (MILLION UNITS) 192
TABLE 161 LEAF SPRINGS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 192
TABLE 162 LEAF SPRINGS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 193
12.6 CONTROL ARMS 193
TABLE 163 CONTROL ARMS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (MILLION UNITS) 193
TABLE 164 CONTROL ARMS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (MILLION UNITS) 194
TABLE 165 CONTROL ARMS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 194
TABLE 166 CONTROL ARMS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 194
12.7 COIL SPRINGS 195
TABLE 167 COIL SPRINGS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (MILLION UNITS) 195
TABLE 168 COIL SPRINGS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (MILLION UNITS) 195
TABLE 169 COIL SPRINGS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 195
TABLE 170 COIL SPRINGS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 196

13 ELECTRIC & HYBRID PASSENGER CAR SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE & REGION 197
13.1 INTRODUCTION 198
13.1.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 198
13.1.2 ASSUMPTIONS 198
13.1.3 INDUSTRY INSIGHTS 199
FIGURE 43 ELECTRIC & HYBRID PASSENGER CAR SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 199
TABLE 171 ELECTRIC & HYBRID PASSENGER CAR SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 199
TABLE 172 ELECTRIC & HYBRID PASSENGER CAR SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 200
TABLE 173 ELECTRIC & HYBRID PASSENGER CAR SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 200
TABLE 174 ELECTRIC & HYBRID PASSENGER CAR SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 200
13.2 BY VEHICLE TYPE 201
13.2.1 BATTERY ELECTRIC VEHICLES (BEVS) 201
13.2.1.1 Active suspension systems enhance driving performance of BEVs 201
TABLE 175 BEVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 201
TABLE 176 BEVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 201
TABLE 177 BEVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 202
TABLE 178 BEVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 202
13.2.2 PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES (PHEVS) 202
13.2.2.1 Demand for maximum comfort and safety in PHEVs to drive market for advanced suspension systems 202
TABLE 179 PHEVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 203
TABLE 180 PHEVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 203
TABLE 181 PHEVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 203
TABLE 182 PHEVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 204
13.2.3 FUEL CELL ELECTRIC VEHICLES (FCEVS) 204
13.2.3.1 Limited demand for FCEVs due to infrastructure challenges 204
TABLE 183 FCEVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 204
TABLE 184 FCEVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 205
TABLE 185 FCEVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 205
TABLE 186 FCEVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 205
13.3 BY REGION 206
13.3.1 ASIA PACIFIC 206
13.3.1.1 Advancements in battery technology and government support to drive BEV sales 206
TABLE 187 ASIA PACIFIC: ELECTRIC & HYBRID VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 206
TABLE 188 ASIA PACIFIC: ELECTRIC & HYBRID VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 206
TABLE 189 ASIA PACIFIC: ELECTRIC & HYBRID VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 206
TABLE 190 ASIA PACIFIC: ELECTRIC & HYBRID VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 207
13.3.2 EUROPE 207
13.3.2.1 Demand for emission-free vehicles to drive electric & hybrid vehicle sales, impacting suspension market 207
TABLE 191 EUROPE: ELECTRIC & HYBRID VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 207
TABLE 192 EUROPE: ELECTRIC & HYBRID VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 207
TABLE 193 EUROPE: ELECTRIC & HYBRID VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 208
TABLE 194 EUROPE: ELECTRIC & HYBRID VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 208
13.3.3 NORTH AMERICA 208
13.3.3.1 Technological advancements to fuel demand for advanced suspension systems 208
TABLE 195 NORTH AMERICA: ELECTRIC & HYBRID VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 208
TABLE 196 NORTH AMERICA: ELECTRIC & HYBRID VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 209
TABLE 197 NORTH AMERICA: ELECTRIC & HYBRID VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 209
TABLE 198 NORTH AMERICA: ELECTRIC & HYBRID VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 209
TABLE 199 BALL JOINTS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 210
TABLE 200 BALL JOINTS AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 210

14 ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE 211
14.1 INTRODUCTION 212
14.1.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 212
14.1.2 ASSUMPTIONS 213
FIGURE 44 ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022 VS. 2027 (USD MILLION) 213
TABLE 201 ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 213
TABLE 202 ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 214
TABLE 203 ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 214
TABLE 204 ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 214
14.2 BY REGION 215
14.2.1 ASIA PACIFIC 215
TABLE 205 ASIA PACIFIC: ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 215
TABLE 206 ASIA PACIFIC: ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 215
TABLE 207 ASIA PACIFIC: ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 216
TABLE 208 ASIA PACIFIC: ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 216
14.2.2 EUROPE 216
TABLE 209 EUROPE: ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 217
TABLE 210 EUROPE: ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 217
TABLE 211 EUROPE: ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 217
TABLE 212 EUROPE: ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 217
14.2.3 NORTH AMERICA 218
TABLE 213 NORTH AMERICA: ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 218
TABLE 214 NORTH AMERICA: ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 218
TABLE 215 NORTH AMERICA: ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 218
TABLE 216 NORTH AMERICA: ELECTRIC & HYBRID HCVS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 219
14.3 BY VEHICLE TYPE 219
14.3.1 ELECTRIC & HYBRID TRUCKS 219
TABLE 217 ELECTRIC & HYBRID TRUCKS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 219
TABLE 218 ELECTRIC & HYBRID TRUCKS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 220
TABLE 219 ELECTRIC & HYBRID TRUCKS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 220
TABLE 220 ELECTRIC & HYBRID TRUCKS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 220
14.3.2 ELECTRIC & HYBRID BUSES 220
TABLE 221 ELECTRIC & HYBRID BUSES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 221
TABLE 222 ELECTRIC & HYBRID BUSES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 221
TABLE 223 ELECTRIC & HYBRID BUSES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 221
TABLE 224 ELECTRIC & HYBRID BUSES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY ARCHITECTURE, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 222

15 OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY APPLICATION & REGION 223
15.1 INTRODUCTION 224
15.1.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 224
15.1.2 ASSUMPTIONS 224
FIGURE 45 OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2022 VS 2027 (USD MILLION) 225
TABLE 225 OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 225
TABLE 226 OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 225
TABLE 227 OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 226
TABLE 228 OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLES SUSPENSION MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 226
15.2 CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT 226
15.2.1 INCREASING DEMAND FOR HYDROPNEUMATIC SUSPENSION IN CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT SEGMENT 226
TABLE 229 CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 227
TABLE 230 CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 227
TABLE 231 CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (USD MILLION) 227
TABLE 232 CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (USD MILLION) 228
15.3 AGRICULTURAL TRACTORS 228
15.3.1 INCREASING FARM MECHANIZATION ACTIVITIES TO DRIVE SUSPENSION DEMAND IN TRACTORS SEGMENT 228
TABLE 233 AGRICULTURAL TRACTORS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2021 (THOUSAND UNITS) 228
TABLE 234 AGRICULTURAL TRACTORS SUSPENSION MARKET, BY REGION, 2022-2027 (THOUSAND UNITS) 229

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