List of contents
SUMMARY
INTRODUCTION
TYPES AND SOURCES OF ODOUR FOUND IN CLOTHING
EFFECTS OF MICRO-ORGANISMS ON HUMAN HEALTH
EFFECTS OF MICRO-ORGANISMS ON FABRICS
TECHNIQUES FOR AVOIDING OR ELIMINATING ODOUR IN
CLOTHING
Choosing appropriate fabrics
Laundering
Incorporating odour-absorbing and odour-masking agents
Cyclodextrins
Activated carbon
Zeolites
Fragrances
Incorporating natural anti-odour materials
Bamboo
Wool
Chitosan
Incorporating antimicrobial agents
METHODS OF IMPARTING ANTIMICROBIAL PROPERTIES TO
FABRICS
Introducing an antimicrobial agent into the polymer solution before the extrusion process
Incorporating antimicrobial compounds into the fibre structure by means of chemical bonding
Applying the antimicrobial agent during textile finishing
ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS USED IN TEXTILES AND CLOTHING
Types and classes of antimicrobial agents
Bactericides, fungicides and bacteriostatics
Leachable and non-leachable antimicrobial agents
Controlled release of antimicrobial agents through the use of microencapsulation
Regenerable mechanism
Main types of antimicrobial agents used for textiles and clothing
Chitosan
Halogenated phenols
N-halamines
Polybiguanides
Quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs)
Metals, metallic salts and metal oxides
REQUIREMENTS FOR ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS USED FOR
CLOTHING
ANTIMICROBIAL EFFICACY TESTING AND REGULATION
Efficacy testing
Testing standards
Regulations
SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH
ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS
MARKETS FOR ANTI-ODOUR FABRICS
Key applications
Market size and growth
BRANDING ANTI-ODOUR PRODUCTS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR
COLLABORATION
KEY PRODUCERS OF ANTI-ODOUR TECHNOLOGIES AND THEIR
PRODUCTS
Dow Microbial Control: Silvadur
Garmatex: Bact-Out
Hyosung: creora Fresh
Microban International: Aegis, Excalibur, Scentry, Silvershield and Zptech
Aegis
Excalibur
Scentry
SilverShield
ZPTech
Milliken: AlphaSan
NanoHorizons: SmartSilver
Noble Biomaterials: X-Static and XT2
X-Static
XT2
Odegon: DeoTag
Omikenshi: Crabyon
Polygiene: Polygiene
Sanitized: Sanitized
Sanmo: Thunderon
Schoeller Technologies: active>silver
Sciessent: Agion, Agion Active, Agion Active XL, Lava and Lava XL
Agion
Lava
Lava XL
Agion Active
Agion Active XL
Sinterama: Bactershield and Guardyarn
Smartfiber: smartcel sensitive
Thai Acrylic Fibre: Amicor
Thomson Research Associates (TRA): Silpure and Ultra-Fresh
Silpure
Ultra-Fresh
Trevira: Trevira Bioactive
OUTLOOK


List of tables
Table 1: Commonly used standard tests for assessing antimicrobial efficacy, 2016
Table 2: SmartSilver products, 2016


List of figures
Figure 1: Agion
Figure 2: Lava XL
Figure 3: Trevira Bioactive