1 METHODOLOGY & EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 7
1.1 Our Approach 7
1.2 The World Market: Whole Cloves Including Stems Export Supplies in 2016 10
1.3 The World Market: Whole Cloves Including Stems by Destination in 2016 13

2 AFRICA: EXPORT SUPPLIES OF WHOLE CLOVES INCLUDING STEMS 15
2.1 Executive Summary 15
2.2 Cameroon 18
2.3 Comoros 19
2.4 Eritrea 19
2.5 Kenya 20
2.6 Madagascar 21
2.7 Morocco 22
2.8 South Africa 22

3 ASIA: EXPORT SUPPLIES OF WHOLE CLOVES INCLUDING STEMS 23
3.1 Executive Summary 23
3.2 China 27
3.3 Hong Kong 27
3.4 India 28
3.5 Indonesia 29
3.6 Malaysia 30
3.7 Singapore 30
3.8 South Korea 31
3.9 Sri Lanka 31
3.10 Taiwan 31
3.11 Vietnam 32

4 EUROPE: EXPORT SUPPLIES OF WHOLE CLOVES INCLUDING STEMS 33
4.1 Executive Summary 33
4.2 Austria 36
4.3 Belgium 37
4.4 Denmark 37
4.5 Estonia 37
4.6 Finland 37
4.7 France 38
4.8 Germany 38
4.9 Italy 39
4.10 Poland 39
4.11 Portugal 39
4.12 Russia 39
4.13 Spain 40
4.14 Sweden 40
4.15 the Netherlands 40

5 LATIN AMERICA: EXPORT SUPPLIES OF WHOLE CLOVES INCLUDING STEMS 41
5.1 Executive Summary 41
5.2 Brazil 45
5.3 Colombia 45
5.4 El Salvador 45

6 NORTH AMERICA & THE CARIBBEAN: EXPORT SUPPLIES OF WHOLE CLOVES INCLUDING STEMS 46
6.1 Executive Summary 46
6.2 the United States 47

7 OCEANA: EXPORT SUPPLIES OF WHOLE CLOVES INCLUDING STEMS 48
7.1 Executive Summary 48
7.2 Australia 48

8 THE MIDDLE EAST: EXPORT SUPPLIES OF WHOLE CLOVES INCLUDING STEMS 49
8.1 Executive Summary 49
8.2 Pakistan 51
8.3 Saudi Arabia 52
8.4 Turkey 52

9 DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS 53
9.1 Disclaimers & Safe Harbor 53
9.2 ICON Group International, Inc. User Agreement Provisions 54