1 METHODOLOGY & EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 8
1.1 Our Approach 8
1.2 The World Market: Imported Wood Railway and Tramway Sleepers and Cross-Ties in 2016 11
1.3 The World Market: Wood Railway and Tramway Sleepers and Cross-Ties Export Supplies in 2016 14

2 AFRICA: WOOD RAILWAY AND TRAMWAY SLEEPERS AND CROSS-TIES IMPORTS IN 2016 16
2.1 Executive Summary 16
2.2 Algeria 19
2.3 Botswana 20
2.4 Egypt 20
2.5 Kenya 20
2.6 Mauritania 21
2.7 Morocco 21
2.8 Mozambique 21
2.9 Nigeria 22
2.10 South Africa 22
2.11 Tanzania 22
2.12 Tunisia 23
2.13 Zimbabwe 23

3 ASIA: WOOD RAILWAY AND TRAMWAY SLEEPERS AND CROSS-TIES IMPORTS IN 2016 24
3.1 Executive Summary 24
3.2 China 27
3.3 Hong Kong 28
3.4 Indonesia 28
3.5 Japan 28
3.6 South Korea 29
3.7 Taiwan 29
3.8 Thailand 29

4 EUROPE: WOOD RAILWAY AND TRAMWAY SLEEPERS AND CROSS-TIES IMPORTS IN 2016 30
4.1 Executive Summary 30
4.2 Albania 33
4.3 Austria 34
4.4 Belarus 34
4.5 Belgium 34
4.6 Bosnia and Herzegovina 35
4.7 Bulgaria 35
4.8 Czech Republic 35
4.9 Denmark 36
4.10 Estonia 36
4.11 Finland 36
4.12 France 37
4.13 Georgia 37
4.14 Germany 38
4.15 Hungary 38
4.16 Ireland 39
4.17 Italy 39
4.18 Latvia 40
4.19 Lithuania 40
4.20 Luxembourg 41
4.21 Moldova 41
4.22 Norway 41
4.23 Poland 42
4.24 Romania 42
4.25 Slovakia 42
4.26 Slovenia 43
4.27 Spain 43
4.28 Sweden 44
4.29 Switzerland 44
4.30 the Netherlands 45
4.31 the United Kingdom 45
4.32 Ukraine 46

5 LATIN AMERICA: WOOD RAILWAY AND TRAMWAY SLEEPERS AND CROSS-TIES IMPORTS IN 2016 47
5.1 Executive Summary 47
5.2 Brazil 49
5.3 Colombia 50
5.4 Costa Rica 50
5.5 Ecuador 50
5.6 Mexico 51
5.7 Panama 51
5.8 Peru 51
5.9 Suriname 52
5.10 Venezuela 52

6 NORTH AMERICA & THE CARIBBEAN: WOOD RAILWAY AND TRAMWAY SLEEPERS AND CROSS-TIES IMPORTS IN 2016 53
6.1 Executive Summary 53
6.2 Canada 55
6.3 Dominican Republic 56
6.4 Jamaica 56
6.5 the United States 56

7 OCEANA: WOOD RAILWAY AND TRAMWAY SLEEPERS AND CROSS-TIES IMPORTS IN 2016 57
7.1 Executive Summary 57
7.2 New Zealand 59
7.3 Tonga 60

8 THE MIDDLE EAST: WOOD RAILWAY AND TRAMWAY SLEEPERS AND CROSS-TIES IMPORTS IN 2016 61
8.1 Executive Summary 61
8.2 Armenia 64
8.3 Azerbaijan 65
8.4 Bahrain 65
8.5 Iran 65
8.6 Israel 66
8.7 Kyrgyzstan 66
8.8 Oman 66
8.9 Qatar 67
8.10 Saudi Arabia 67
8.11 Turkey 68

9 DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS 69
9.1 Disclaimers & Safe Harbor 69
9.2 ICON Group International, Inc. User Agreement Provisions 70