1 INTRODUCTION 33
1.1 STUDY OBJECTIVES 33
1.2 MARKET DEFINITION 33
1.2.1 INCLUSIONS AND EXCLUSIONS 34
1.3 STUDY SCOPE 34
1.3.1 MARKETS COVERED 34
FIGURE 1 MARKET SEGMENTATION 34
1.3.2 GEOGRAPHIC SCOPE 35
1.3.3 YEARS CONSIDERED 35
1.4 CURRENCY 36
1.5 LIMITATIONS 36
1.6 STAKEHOLDERS 36
1.7 SUMMARY OF CHANGES 37

2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 38
2.1 RESEARCH DATA 38
FIGURE 2 AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE MARKET: RESEARCH DESIGN 38
2.1.1 SECONDARY DATA 39
2.1.1.1 Major secondary sources 39
2.1.1.2 Key data from secondary sources 40
2.1.2 PRIMARY DATA 40
2.1.2.1 Primary interviews with experts 41
2.1.2.2 Key data from primary sources 41
2.1.2.3 Key industry insights 42
2.1.2.4 Breakdown of primaries 42
2.1.3 SECONDARY AND PRIMARY RESEARCH 43
2.2 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION 43
FIGURE 3 RESEARCH FLOW OF MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION 44
2.2.1 BOTTOM-UP APPROACH 44
FIGURE 4 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION METHODOLOGY (SUPPLY SIDE): REVENUE FROM SALES OF AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE PRODUCTS AND SOLUTIONS 44
FIGURE 5 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION METHODOLOGY: BOTTOM-UP APPROACH 45
2.2.2 TOP-DOWN APPROACH 45
2.2.2.1 Approach for capturing market share by top-down analysis (demand side) 45
FIGURE 6 TOP-DOWN APPROACH 45
2.3 MARKET BREAKDOWN AND DATA TRIANGULATION 46
FIGURE 7 DATA TRIANGULATION 46
2.4 RESEARCH ASSUMPTIONS 47
2.5 RISK ASSESSMENT 47
TABLE 1 RISK FACTOR ANALYSIS 47
2.6 FORECASTING ASSUMPTIONS 48
2.7 COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING METHODOLOGY 48
TABLE 2 EVALUATION CRITERIA 49
2.7.1 VENDOR INCLUSION CRITERIA 49
2.8 STUDY LIMITATIONS 49

3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 50
FIGURE 8 NAVIGATION SEGMENT TO HOLD LARGEST SIZE OF AUV MARKET IN 2021 50
FIGURE 9 LARGE AUV MARKET TO ACCOUNT FOR LARGEST SHARE IN 2021 AND 2026 51
FIGURE 10 TORPEDO SEGMENT TO HOLD LARGEST SHARE OF AUV MARKET IN 2021 51
FIGURE 11 SENSORS SEGMENT ESTIMATED TO HOLD LARGEST SHARE OF AUV PAYLOAD MARKET IN 2021 52
FIGURE 12 MILITARY & DEFENSE SEGMENT EXPECTED TO HOLD LARGEST SHARE OF AUV MARKET IN 2021 53
FIGURE 13 NORTH AMERICA TO HOLD LARGEST SHARE OF AUV MARKET IN 2021 54
3.1 IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE MARKET 55
FIGURE 14 IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE MARKET 56

4 PREMIUM INSIGHTS 57
4.1 ATTRACTIVE MARKET OPPORTUNITIES IN AUV MARKET 57
FIGURE 15 INCREASING CAPITAL EXPENDITURE IN OFFSHORE INDUSTRY EXPECTED TO FUEL DEMAND FOR AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES FROM 2021 TO 2026 57
4.2 AUV MARKET, BY APPLICATION 58
FIGURE 16 MILITARY & DEFENSE SEGMENT TO HOLD LARGEST SHARE OF AUV MARKET IN 2026 58
4.3 AUV MARKET IN APAC, BY APPLICATION AND COUNTRY 58
FIGURE 17 MILITARY & DEFENSE SEGMENT AND CHINA TO BE LARGEST SHAREHOLDERS OF AUV MARKET IN APAC IN 2021 58
4.4 AUV MARKET, BY TYPE 59
FIGURE 18 LARGE AUV SEGMENT TO ACCOUNT FOR LARGEST SIZE OF AUV MARKET (PAYLOAD) IN TERMS OF VALUE FROM 2021 TO 2026 59
4.5 AUV MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY 59
FIGURE 19 NAVIGATION SEGMENT TO HOLD LARGEST SHARE OF AUV MARKET IN 2021 59
4.6 AUV MARKET, BY REGION 60
FIGURE 20 NORTH AMERICA TO HOLD LARGEST SHARE OF AUV MARKET IN 2021 60

5 MARKET OVERVIEW 61
5.1 INTRODUCTION 61
5.2 MARKET DYNAMICS 61
FIGURE 21 MARKET DYNAMICS: AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE MARKET 61
5.2.1 DRIVERS 62
5.2.1.1 Increasing capital expenditure of companies in offshore oil & gas industry 62
FIGURE 22 CAPITAL EXPENDITURE OF OFFSHORE OIL & GAS COMPANIES FROM 2019 TO 2025 63
5.2.1.2 Rising defense spending in several countries worldwide 63
5.2.1.3 Increasing focus on use of renewable energy sources 63
5.2.2 RESTRAINTS 64
5.2.2.1 High operational costs of AUVs 64
5.2.3 OPPORTUNITIES 64
5.2.3.1 Development and incorporation of advanced technologies in AUVs 65
5.2.3.2 Upcoming expansion of Internet through 5G driving demand for underwater cables 65
FIGURE 23 UNDERWATER CONNECTORS MARKET REVENUE WORLDWIDE FROM 2018 TO 2027 66
5.2.4 CHALLENGES 66
5.2.4.1 Slow underwater survey speed owing to use of acoustic communication 66
5.2.4.2 Operational hindrances such as natural ocean hazards and bad ocean weather 67
5.3 VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS 67
FIGURE 24 VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS: AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE MARKET 67
5.4 TRENDS AND DISRUPTIONS IMPACTING CUSTOMER BUSINESS 69
FIGURE 25 REVENUE SHIFT IN AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE MARKET 69
5.5 ECOSYSTEM 69
FIGURE 26 AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE MARKET ECOSYSTEM 69
TABLE 3 ROLE OF COMPANIES IN ECOSYSTEM/VALUE CHAIN 70
5.6 PORTER'S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS (2020) 71
TABLE 4 AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE MARKET: PORTER'S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS 71
FIGURE 27 PORTER'S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS: AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE MARKET 71
5.6.1 COMPETITIVE RIVALRY 72
5.6.2 THREAT OF NEW ENTRANTS 72
5.6.3 BARGAINING POWER OF SUPPLIERS 72
5.6.4 BARGAINING POWER OF BUYERS 72
5.6.5 THREAT OF SUBSTITUTES 72
5.7 USE CASES 73
5.7.1 POWERING A HIGH LATITUDE COASTAL WEATHER BUOY 73
5.7.2 EXPANDING HF RADAR FOR RESILIENCY IN COASTAL COMMUNITIES 73
5.7.3 POWERING AUV DOCKING STATIONS 74
5.7.4 POWERING DEEP OCEAN TSUNAMI DETECTION 74
5.7.5 POWERING A DRIFTING PROFILER 75
5.8 TECHNOLOGY ANALYSIS 76
5.8.1 INTERNET OF THINGS IN AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES 76
5.8.2 RESEARCH ON STANDARD OS FOR ROBOTS AND AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES 76
5.8.3 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CHIPS IN AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES 76
5.9 INDUSTRY TRENDS 77
5.10 PRICING ANALYSIS 77
TABLE 5 PRICING ANALYSIS FOR AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES 77
FIGURE 28 AVERAGE SELLING PRICE ANALYSIS 78
5.11 AVERAGE COST SPLIT OF VARIOUS COMPONENTS OF AUVS 78
TABLE 6 AVERAGE COST SPLIT OF COMPONENTS WITH RESPECT TO OVERALL COST OF AUVS 78
5.12 AVERAGE COST OF OPERATING AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES FOR VARIOUS APPLICATIONS BASED ON PER HOUR/ PER DAY BASIS 79
TABLE 7 AVERAGE COST OF OPERATING AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES 80
TABLE 8 CONTRIBUTION OF VARIOUS PHASES TO OVERALL OPERATIONAL COST OF AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES 81
5.13 PATENT ANALYSIS 81
FIGURE 29 PATENT ANALYSIS 81
TABLE 9 IMPORTANT PATENTS RELATED TO AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES 82
5.14 TARIFF AND REGULATIONS 85
5.14.1 NORTH AMERICA 85
5.14.2 EUROPE 86
5.15 TRADE ANALYSIS 86
TABLE 10 EXPORTS DATA, BY COUNTRY, 2016-2020 (USD MILLION) 86
FIGURE 30 EXPORTS DATA FOR HS CODE 900630 FOR TOP FIVE COUNTRIES IN AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE MARKET, 2016-2020 (THOUSAND UNITS) 87
TABLE 11 IMPORTS DATA, BY COUNTRY, 2016-2020 (USD MILLION) 87
FIGURE 31 IMPORTS DATA FOR HS CODE 900630 FOR TOP FIVE COUNTRIES IN AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE MARKET, 2016-2020 (THOUSAND UNITS) 88

6 AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY 89
6.1 INTRODUCTION 90
FIGURE 32 FUNDAMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS OF AUVS 90
FIGURE 33 IMAGING SEGMENT OF AUV MARKET TO GROW AT HIGHEST CAGR FROM 2021 TO 2026 91
TABLE 12 AUV MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 91
TABLE 13 AUV MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 91
6.2 COLLISION AVOIDANCE 92
6.2.1 SONARS 92
6.2.1.1 Sonars enable AUVs to not only detect obstacles but also avoid them 92
TABLE 14 AUV MARKET FOR COLLISION AVOIDANCE, BY TYPE, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 93
TABLE 15 AUV MARKET FOR COLLISION AVOIDANCE, BY TYPE, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 93
6.3 COMMUNICATION 93
TABLE 16 COMMUNICATION FOR SEPARATOR AUVS MANUFACTURED BY TELEDYNE MARINE (US) 94
6.3.1 ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION 94
6.3.1.1 Use of acoustic waves for underwater communication is increasing 94
6.3.2 SATELLITE COMMUNICATION 94
6.3.2.1 Satellite communication enables real-time data transfer between operators and AUVs 94
TABLE 17 AUV MARKET FOR COMMUNICATION, BY TYPE, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 95
TABLE 18 AUV MARKET FOR COMMUNICATION, BY TYPE, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 95
6.4 NAVIGATION 95
6.4.1 COMPASS-BASED NAVIGATION 96
6.4.1.1 Adoption of compass-based navigation systems in shallow water AUVs is increasing 96
6.4.2 INERTIAL NAVIGATION 96
6.4.2.1 Use of inertial navigation systems for deepwater applications is increasing 96
FIGURE 34 LARGE AUV MARKET FOR NAVIGATION EXPECTED TO GROW AT HIGHEST CAGR FROM 2021 TO 2026 96
TABLE 19 AUV MARKET FOR NAVIGATION, BY TYPE, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 97
TABLE 20 AUV MARKET FOR NAVIGATION, BY TYPE, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 97
TABLE 21 AUV MARKET FOR NAVIGATION, BY NAVIGATION TYPE, 2018-2026 (USD MILLION) 97
TABLE 22 AUV MARKET FOR NAVIGATION, BY NAVIGATION TYPE, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 97
6.5 PROPULSION 98
6.5.1 FIN CONTROL ACTUATORS 98
6.5.1.1 Fin control actuators provide vertical and horizontal sideslips to AUVs in addition to roll, pitch, and yaw controls 98
6.5.2 PROPULSION MOTORS 98
6.5.2.1 Propulsion motors enable forward and reverse motion in AUVs by controlling their thrusters 98
6.5.3 PUMP MOTORS 99
6.5.3.1 DC brushless motors provide variable speed control 99
6.5.4 LINEAR ELECTROMECHANICAL ACTUATORS 99
6.5.4.1 Linear electromechanical actuators are replacing hydraulic actuators owing to their reduced development and maintenance costs 99
6.5.5 BATTERY MODULES 99
6.5.5.1 Battery modules used in AUVs depend on mission duration, ratio of weight of batteries to AUVs, and operational depth 99
TABLE 23 TYPES OF BATTERIES 100
TABLE 24 AUVS AND THEIR RESPECTIVE BATTERIES 100
6.5.5.2 Applied battery technology used and alternatives 100
TABLE 25 AUV MARKET FOR PROPULSION, BY SYSTEM, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 101
TABLE 26 AUV MARKET FOR PROPULSION, BY SYSTEM, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 102
TABLE 27 AUV MARKET FOR PROPULSION, BY TYPE, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 102
TABLE 28 AUV MARKET FOR PROPULSION, BY TYPE, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 102
6.5.6 PROPULSION SYSTEM TYPE 103
6.5.6.1 Electric system 103
6.5.6.2 Mechanical system 103
6.5.6.3 Hybrid system 103
6.6 IMAGING 104
6.6.1 SIDE-SCAN SONAR (SSS) IMAGERS 104
6.6.1.1 Adoption of side-scan sonar imagers for shallow water surveys is increasing 104
6.6.2 MULTIBEAM ECHO SOUNDERS (MBES) 104
6.6.2.1 Use of multibeam echo sounders for seabed mapping using bathymetry is increasing 104
6.6.3 SUB-BOTTOM PROFILERS (SBPS) 105
6.6.3.1 Sub-bottom profilers penetrate sediments on seafloors for detecting layers within sediments 105
6.6.4 LED LIGHTING 105
6.6.4.1 LED lighting is preferred over halogen lights owing to higher light output per pound of weight 105
FIGURE 35 LARGE AUV MARKET FOR IMAGING TO GROW AT HIGHEST CAGR FROM 2021 TO 2026 106
TABLE 29 AUV MARKET FOR IMAGING, BY TYPE, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 106
TABLE 30 AUV MARKET FOR IMAGING, BY TYPE, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 106
TABLE 31 AUV MARKET FOR IMAGING, BY SYSTEM, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 107
TABLE 32 AUV MARKET FOR IMAGING, BY SYSTEM, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 107

7 AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE MARKET, BY TYPE 108
7.1 INTRODUCTION 109
FIGURE 36 CLASSIFICATION OF AUVS, BY DEPTH 109
TABLE 33 FEATURES OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF AUVS 109
FIGURE 37 LARGE AUV MARKET TO GROW AT HIGHEST CAGR FROM 2021 TO 2026 110
TABLE 34 AUV MARKET, BY TYPE, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 110
TABLE 35 AUV MARKET, BY TYPE, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 110
TABLE 36 AUV MARKET, BY TYPE, 2018-2020 (UNITS) 111
TABLE 37 AUV MARKET, BY TYPE, 2021-2026 (UNITS) 111
7.2 SHALLOW AUVS (DEPTH UP TO 100 M) 111
7.2.1 ADOPTION OF SHALLOW AUVS FOR MAPPING, ROUTE SURVEYS, AND FISHERY OPERATIONS IS INCREASING 111
TABLE 38 VARIOUS APPLICATIONS AND OEMS OF SHALLOW AUVS 112
TABLE 39 SHALLOW AUV MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 112
TABLE 40 SHALLOW AUV MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 112
TABLE 41 SHALLOW AUV MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 113
TABLE 42 SHALLOW AUV MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 113
TABLE 43 SHALLOW AUV MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2020 (UNITS) 114
TABLE 44 SHALLOW AUV MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2026 (UNITS) 114
TABLE 45 SHALLOW AUV MARKET, BY SHAPE, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 114
TABLE 46 SHALLOW AUV MARKET, BY SHAPE, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 115
7.3 MEDIUM AUVS (DEPTH UP TO 1,000 M) 115
7.3.1 HIGH-SPECIFICATION POSITIONING AND NAVIGATION & TRACKING CAPABILITIES OF MEDIUM AUVS HAVE RESULTED IN THEIR INCREASED ADOPTION 115
TABLE 47 VARIOUS APPLICATIONS AND OEMS OF MEDIUM AUVS 115
FIGURE 38 IMAGING SEGMENT TO GROW AT HIGHEST CAGR DURING FORECAST PERIOD 116
TABLE 48 MEDIUM AUV MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 116
TABLE 49 MEDIUM AUV MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 117
TABLE 50 MEDIUM AUV MARKET, BY SHAPE, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 117
TABLE 51 MEDIUM AUV MARKET, BY SHAPE, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 117
TABLE 52 MEDIUM AUV MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 118
TABLE 53 MEDIUM AUV MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 118
7.4 LARGE AUVS (DEPTH MORE THAN 1,000 M) 119
7.4.1 USE OF LARGE AUVS FOR DEEPWATER MAPPING AND SURVEYING APPLICATIONS IS INCREASING 119
TABLE 54 VARIOUS APPLICATIONS AND OEMS OF LARGE AUVS 119
TABLE 55 LARGE AUV MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018-2026 (USD MILLION) 120
TABLE 56 LARGE AUV MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 120
FIGURE 39 ARCHEOLOGY & EXPLORATION SEGMENT TO GROW AT HIGHEST CAGR FROM 2021 TO 2026 121
TABLE 57 LARGE AUV MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 121
TABLE 58 LARGE AUV MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 121
TABLE 59 LARGE AUV MARKET, BY SHAPE, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 122
TABLE 60 LARGE AUV MARKET, BY SHAPE, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 122
7.5 AVERAGE MISSION DURATION FOR VARIOUS TYPES OF AUVS 122
TABLE 61 MAXIMUM MISSION DURATION FOR VARIOUS TYPES OF AUVS 122

8 AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE MARKET, BY SHAPE 123
8.1 INTRODUCTION 124
FIGURE 40 TORPEDO AUV SEGMENT TO GROW AT HIGHEST CAGR FROM 2021 TO 2026 124
TABLE 62 AUV MARKET, BY SHAPE, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 124
TABLE 63 AUV MARKET, BY SHAPE, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 125
8.2 TORPEDO 125
8.2.1 TORPEDO AUVS EXPERIENCE MORE DRAG THAN LAMINAR FLOW BODY AUVS IN SHALLOW WATERS 125
FIGURE 41 EXHIBIT OF TORPEDO AUVS 126
TABLE 64 TORPEDO AUV MARKET, BY TYPE, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 126
TABLE 65 TORPEDO AUV MARKET, BY TYPE, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 126
8.3 LAMINAR FLOW BODY 127
8.3.1 USE OF LAMINAR FLOW BODY AUVS INCREASING IN MILITARY APPLICATIONS 127
FIGURE 42 EXHIBIT OF LAMINAR FLOW BODY AUVS 127
TABLE 66 LAMINAR FLOW BODY AUV MARKET, BY TYPE, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 127
TABLE 67 LAMINAR FLOW BODY AUV MARKET, BY TYPE, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 128
8.4 STREAMLINED RECTANGULAR STYLE 128
8.4.1 STREAMLINED RECTANGULAR STYLE AUVS OFFER STABILITY AND HIGH ACCURACY FOR UNDERWATER INFORMATION COLLECTION APPLICATIONS 128
TABLE 68 STREAMLINED RECTANGULAR STYLE AUV MARKET, BY TYPE, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 129
TABLE 69 STREAMLINED RECTANGULAR STYLE AUV MARKET, BY TYPE, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 129
8.5 MULTI-HULL VEHICLE 129
8.5.1 MULTI-HULL VEHICLE AUVS COVER MORE SURFACE AREA AND EXPERIENCE MORE DRAG THAN OTHER AUV TYPES 129
FIGURE 43 EXHIBIT OF MULTI-HULL VEHICLES 130
FIGURE 44 SHALLOW MULTI-HULL AUV MARKET TO GROW AT HIGHEST CAGR FROM 2021 TO 2026 131
TABLE 70 MULTI-HULL AUV MARKET, BY TYPE, 2018-2020 (USD THOUSAND) 131
TABLE 71 MULTI-HULL AUV MARKET, BY TYPE, 2021-2026 (USD THOUSAND) 131

9 AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE MARKET, BY PAYLOAD TYPE 132
9.1 INTRODUCTION 133
FIGURE 45 SENSORS SEGMENT OF AUV PAYLOAD MARKET TO WITNESS HIGHEST CAGR FROM 2021 TO 2026 133
TABLE 72 AUV MARKET, BY PAYLOAD TYPE, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 133
TABLE 73 AUV MARKET, BY PAYLOAD TYPE, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 134
9.2 CAMERAS 134
TABLE 74 AUV PAYLOAD MARKET FOR CAMERAS, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 134
TABLE 75 AUV PAYLOAD MARKET FOR CAMERAS, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 135
TABLE 76 AUV PAYLOAD MARKET FOR CAMERAS, BY TYPE, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 135
TABLE 77 AUV PAYLOAD MARKET FOR CAMERAS, BY TYPE, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 135
9.2.1 HIGH-RESOLUTION DIGITAL STILL CAMERAS 136
9.2.1.1 Increasing use of high-resolution digital still cameras for monitoring fixed assets in depths of up to 4,000 m to drive market growth 136
9.2.2 DUAL-EYE CAMERAS 136
9.2.2.1 Dual-eye cameras enable the formation of 3-dimensional images—a key factor driving market growth 136
9.3 SENSORS 136
TABLE 78 AUV PAYLOAD MARKET FOR SENSORS, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 136
TABLE 79 AUV PAYLOAD MARKET FOR SENSORS, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 137
9.3.1 CONDUCTIVITY (SALINITY), TEMPERATURE, AND DEPTH (CTD) SENSORS 137
9.3.1.1 CTD sensors allow biologists to understand underwater habitats and water composition 137
9.3.2 BIOGEOCHEMICAL SENSORS 137
9.3.2.1 Turbulence probes 138
9.3.2.1.1 Increased use of turbulence probes for understanding marine life and environmental changes to drive market growth 138
9.3.2.2 Sensors for oxygen, nitrate, chlorophyll, and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) 138
9.3.2.2.1 High demand for sensors to measure oxygen, nitrate, chlorophyll, and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) in water to drive market growth 138
9.4 SYNTHETIC APERTURE SONARS 138
9.4.1 INCREASED USE OF SYNTHETIC APERTURE SONARS IN UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC IMAGING TO DRIVE GROWTH IN THIS MARKET SEGMENT 138
FIGURE 46 ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION & MONITORING SEGMENT OF AUV PAYLOAD MARKET FOR SYNTHETIC APERTURE SONARS TO WITNESS HIGHEST CAGR FROM 2021 TO 2026 139
TABLE 80 AUV PAYLOAD MARKET FOR SYNTHETIC APERTURE SONARS, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 139
TABLE 81 AUV PAYLOAD MARKET FOR SYNTHETIC APERTURE SONARS, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 140
9.5 ECHO SOUNDERS 140
9.5.1 ECHO SOUNDERS ENABLE OPERATORS OF AUVS TO EXPLORE AREAS AHEAD OF AUVS 140
TABLE 82 AUV PAYLOAD MARKET FOR ECHO SOUNDERS, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 141
TABLE 83 AUV PAYLOAD MARKET FOR ECHO SOUNDERS, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 141
9.6 ACOUSTIC DOPPLER CURRENT PROFILERS 142
9.6.1 INCREASED USE OF ACOUSTIC DOPPLER CURRENT PROFILERS TO MEASURE CURRENT VELOCITIES AND DEPTH OF WATER TO DRIVE MARKET GROWTH 142
TABLE 84 AUV PAYLOAD MARKET FOR ACOUSTIC DOPPLER CURRENT PROFILERS, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 142
TABLE 85 AUV PAYLOAD MARKET FOR ACOUSTIC DOPPLER CURRENT PROFILERS, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 142
9.7 OTHERS 143
TABLE 86 AUV PAYLOAD MARKET FOR OTHERS, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 143
TABLE 87 AUV PAYLOAD MARKET FOR OTHERS, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 144

10 AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE MARKET, BY APPLICATION 145
10.1 INTRODUCTION 146
TABLE 88 AUV MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 146
TABLE 89 AUV MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 146
10.2 MILITARY & DEFENSE 147
TABLE 90 AUV MARKET FOR MILITARY & DEFENSE APPLICATIONS, BY REGION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 147
TABLE 91 AUV MARKET FOR MILITARY & DEFENSE APPLICATIONS, BY REGION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 147
TABLE 92 AUV MARKET FOR MILITARY & DEFENSE APPLICATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 148
TABLE 93 AUV MARKET FOR MILITARY & DEFENSE APPLICATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 148
TABLE 94 AUV MARKET FOR MILITARY & DEFENSE APPLICATIONS IN EUROPE, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 149
TABLE 95 AUV MARKET FOR MILITARY & DEFENSE APPLICATIONS IN EUROPE, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 149
TABLE 96 AUV MARKET FOR MILITARY & DEFENSE APPLICATIONS IN APAC, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 149
TABLE 97 AUV MARKET FOR MILITARY & DEFENSE APPLICATIONS IN APAC, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 150
TABLE 98 AUV MARKET FOR MILITARY & DEFENSE APPLICATIONS IN ROW, BY REGION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 150
TABLE 99 AUV MARKET FOR MILITARY & DEFENSE APPLICATIONS IN ROW, BY REGION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 150
10.2.1 BORDER SECURITY AND SURVEILLANCE 151
10.2.1.1 AUVs are equipped with sonars and cameras for border security and surveillance 151
10.2.2 ANTI-SUBMARINE WARFARE 151
10.2.2.1 AUVs are ideal for challenges of anti-submarine warfare in both ocean and littoral scenarios 151
10.2.3 MONITORING SMUGGLING OF ILLEGAL GOODS AND TRAFFICKING OF HUMANS 152
10.2.3.1 AUVs are equipped with payloads such as navigation systems, cameras, and communication equipment for tracking illegal activities 152
10.2.4 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT 152
10.2.4.1 AUVs can collect information pertaining to current, tides, turbulence, ambient noise, and presence of obstacles and mines 152
10.2.5 MINE COUNTERMEASURES 152
10.2.5.1 Mine countermeasures include detection, classification, identification, localization, and clearance of mines 152
10.3 OIL & GAS 152
FIGURE 47 AUV MARKET FOR OIL & GAS APPLICATIONS IN APAC TO GROW AT HIGHEST CAGR DURING FORECAST PERIOD 153
TABLE 100 AUV MARKET FOR OIL & GAS APPLICATIONS, BY REGION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 153
TABLE 101 AUV MARKET FOR OIL & GAS APPLICATIONS, BY REGION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 153
TABLE 102 AUV MARKET FOR OIL & GAS APPLICATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 154
TABLE 103 AUV MARKET FOR OIL & GAS APPLICATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 154
TABLE 104 AUV MARKET FOR OIL & GAS APPLICATIONS IN EUROPE, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 155
TABLE 105 AUV MARKET FOR OIL & GAS APPLICATIONS IN EUROPE, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 155
TABLE 106 AUV MARKET FOR OIL & GAS APPLICATIONS IN APAC, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 155
TABLE 107 AUV MARKET FOR OIL & GAS APPLICATIONS IN APAC, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 156
TABLE 108 AUV MARKET FOR OIL & GAS APPLICATIONS IN ROW, BY REGION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 156
TABLE 109 AUV MARKET FOR OIL & GAS APPLICATIONS IN ROW, BY REGION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 156
10.3.1 PIPELINE SURVEY 157
10.3.1.1 Data obtained with help of side-scan sonars can be used to detect and track pipelines in real-time 157
10.3.2 GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY 157
10.3.2.1 Under geophysical surveys, AUVs are generally used for traditional site inspections, route surveys, and hazard surveys 157
10.3.3 DEBRIS/CLEARANCE SURVEY 157
10.3.3.1 AUVs take lesser time for debris and clearance survey than traditional methods 157
10.3.4 BASELINE ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT 157
10.3.4.1 AUVs are used for detecting natural seeps, classifying seabed types, and mapping habitats 157
10.4 ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION & MONITORING 158
TABLE 110 AUV MARKET FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION & MONITORING APPLICATIONS, BY REGION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 158
TABLE 111 AUV MARKET FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION & MONITORING APPLICATIONS, BY REGION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 158
TABLE 112 AUV MARKET FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION & MONITORING APPLICATIONS IN APAC, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 159
TABLE 113 AUV MARKET FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION & MONITORING APPLICATIONS IN APAC, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 159
FIGURE 48 US FORMS LARGEST SEGMENT IN AUV MARKET FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION & MONITORING APPLICATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA 160
TABLE 114 AUV MARKET FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION & MONITORING APPLICATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 160
TABLE 115 AUV MARKET FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION & MONITORING APPLICATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 160
TABLE 116 AUV MARKET FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION & MONITORING APPLICATIONS IN EUROPE, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD THOUSAND) 161
TABLE 117 AUV MARKET FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION & MONITORING APPLICATIONS IN EUROPE, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD THOUSAND) 161
TABLE 118 AUV MARKET FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION & MONITORING APPLICATIONS IN ROW, BY REGION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 161
TABLE 119 AUV MARKET FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION & MONITORING APPLICATIONS IN ROW, BY REGION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 162
10.4.1 HABITAT RESEARCH 162
10.4.1.1 AUV facilities generate physical and biological observations of benthic variables that cannot be obtained cost-effectively by other means 162
10.4.2 WATER SAMPLING 163
10.4.2.1 AUVs can be used for sampling water for various parameters such as temperature, salinity, and dissolved oxygen 163
10.4.3 FISHERY STUDY 163
10.4.3.1 AUVs are used for measuring impact of overfishing, habitat destruction, and pollution and toxin levels 163
10.4.4 EMERGENCY RESPONSE 163
10.4.4.1 AUVs can be used for post-hurricane assessment and oil spill missions 163
10.5 OCEANOGRAPHY 164
10.5.1 AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES PROVIDE DATA ON TIME AND SPATIAL SCALES THAT WERE PREVIOUSLY INACCESSIBLE TO RESEARCHERS 164
TABLE 120 AUV MARKET FOR OCEANOGRAPHY APPLICATIONS, BY REGION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 164
TABLE 121 AUV MARKET FOR OCEANOGRAPHY APPLICATIONS, BY REGION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 164
TABLE 122 AUV MARKET FOR OCEANOGRAPHY APPLICATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 165
TABLE 123 AUV MARKET FOR OCEANOGRAPHY APPLICATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 165
TABLE 124 AUV MARKET FOR OCEANOGRAPHY APPLICATIONS IN EUROPE, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD THOUSAND) 166
TABLE 125 AUV MARKET FOR OCEANOGRAPHY APPLICATIONS IN EUROPE, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD THOUSAND) 166
FIGURE 49 AUV MARKET FOR OCEANOGRAPHY APPLICATIONS IN INDIA EXPECTED TO GROW AT HIGHEST RATE DURING FORECAST PERIOD 167
TABLE 126 AUV MARKET FOR OCEANOGRAPHY APPLICATIONS IN APAC, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD THOUSAND) 167
TABLE 127 AUV MARKET FOR OCEANOGRAPHY APPLICATIONS IN APAC, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD THOUSAND) 167
TABLE 128 AUV MARKET FOR OCEANOGRAPHY APPLICATIONS IN ROW, BY REGION, 2018-2020 (USD THOUSAND) 168
TABLE 129 AUV MARKET FOR OCEANOGRAPHY APPLICATIONS IN ROW, BY REGION, 2021-2026 (USD THOUSAND) 168
10.6 ARCHEOLOGY & EXPLORATION 168
10.6.1 AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES ARE COST-EFFECTIVE TOOLS USED FOR LOCATING, IDENTIFYING, AND SURVEYING ARCHEOLOGICAL SITES NOT ACCESSIBLE BY HUMAN DIVERS 168
TABLE 130 AUV MARKET FOR ARCHEOLOGY & EXPLORATION APPLICATIONS, BY REGION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 169
TABLE 131 AUV MARKET FOR ARCHEOLOGY & EXPLORATION APPLICATIONS, BY REGION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 169
TABLE 132 AUV MARKET FOR ARCHEOLOGY & EXPLORATION APPLICATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 169
TABLE 133 AUV MARKET FOR ARCHEOLOGY & EXPLORATION APPLICATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 170
TABLE 134 AUV MARKET FOR ARCHEOLOGY & EXPLORATION APPLICATIONS IN EUROPE, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD THOUSAND) 170
TABLE 135 AUV MARKET FOR ARCHEOLOGY & EXPLORATION APPLICATIONS IN EUROPE, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD THOUSAND) 171
TABLE 136 AUV MARKET FOR ARCHEOLOGY & EXPLORATION APPLICATIONS IN APAC, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 171
TABLE 137 AUV MARKET FOR ARCHEOLOGY & EXPLORATION APPLICATIONS IN APAC, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 171
TABLE 138 AUV MARKET FOR ARCHEOLOGY & EXPLORATION APPLICATIONS IN ROW, BY REGION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 172
TABLE 139 AUV MARKET FOR ARCHEOLOGY & EXPLORATION APPLICATIONS IN ROW, BY REGION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 172
10.7 SEARCH & SALVAGE OPERATIONS 172
10.7.1 AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES CAN BE SIGNIFICANTLY USEFUL IN SEARCHING SHIPWRECKS 172
FIGURE 50 NORTH AMERICA TO HOLD LARGEST SIZE OF AUV MARKET FOR SEARCH AND SALVAGE OPERATIONS IN 2021 173
TABLE 140 AUV MARKET FOR SEARCH & SALVAGE OPERATION APPLICATIONS, BY REGION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 173
TABLE 141 AUV MARKET FOR SEARCH & SALVAGE OPERATION APPLICATIONS, BY REGION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 174
TABLE 142 AUV MARKET FOR SEARCH & SALVAGE OPERATION APPLICATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 174
TABLE 143 AUV MARKET FOR SEARCH & SALVAGE OPERATION APPLICATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 174
TABLE 144 AUV MARKET FOR SEARCH & SALVAGE OPERATION APPLICATIONS IN EUROPE, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD THOUSAND) 175
TABLE 145 AUV MARKET FOR SEARCH & SALVAGE OPERATION APPLICATIONS IN EUROPE, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD THOUSAND) 175
TABLE 146 AUV MARKET FOR SEARCH & SALVAGE OPERATION APPLICATIONS IN APAC, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD THOUSAND) 175
TABLE 147 AUV MARKET FOR SEARCH & SALVAGE OPERATION APPLICATIONS IN APAC, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD THOUSAND) 176
TABLE 148 AUV MARKET FOR SEARCH & SALVAGE OPERATION APPLICATIONS IN ROW, BY REGION, 2018-2020 (USD THOUSAND) 176
TABLE 149 AUV MARKET FOR SEARCH & SALVAGE OPERATION APPLICATIONS IN ROW, BY REGION, 2021-2026 (USD THOUSAND) 176
10.8 AUV SURVEY CATEGORIES, SPECIFICATIONS, AND TOOLS 177
10.9 AVERAGE MISSION DURATION FOR VARIOUS APPLICATIONS OF AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES 177
TABLE 150 AVERAGE MISSION DURATION FOR VARIOUS APPLICATIONS OF AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLES 177

11 GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS 178
11.1 INTRODUCTION 179
FIGURE 51 AUV MARKET IN APAC COUNTRIES TO GROW AT HIGHEST CAGR DURING FORECAST PERIOD 179
TABLE 151 AUV MARKET, BY REGION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 180
TABLE 152 AUV MARKET, BY REGION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 180
11.2 NORTH AMERICA 180
TABLE 153 AUV MARKET IN NORTH AMERICA, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 181
TABLE 154 AUV MARKET IN NORTH AMERICA, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 181
TABLE 155 AUV MARKET IN NORTH AMERICA, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 181
TABLE 156 AUV MARKET IN NORTH AMERICA, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 182
FIGURE 52 SNAPSHOT OF AUV MARKET IN NORTH AMERICA 182
11.2.1 US 183
11.2.1.1 US held largest share of North American AUV market in 2020 183
11.2.1.2 Rules and regulations for AUVs in US 184
11.2.1.2.1 In US waters, regulations on AUVs require them to be in length ranges of 12 m to 50 m with masthead lights visible up to 5 miles 184
11.2.2 CANADA 185
11.2.2.1 Among all countries in North America, market in Canada is expected to grow at highest CAGR during forecast period 185
11.2.3 MEXICO 186
11.2.3.1 Mexico has suitable geography for growth of AUV market 186
11.3 EUROPE 186
TABLE 157 AUV MARKET IN EUROPE, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 187
TABLE 158 AUV MARKET IN EUROPE, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 187
TABLE 159 AUV MARKET IN EUROPE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 187
TABLE 160 AUV MARKET IN EUROPE, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 188
FIGURE 53 SNAPSHOT OF AUV MARKET IN EUROPE 189
11.3.1 UK 189
11.3.1.1 Defence Science and Technology Laboratory in UK has been creating awareness about AUVs by awarding contracts to various companies for demonstrating AUVs 189
11.3.1.2 Rules and regulatory aspects in UK 190
11.3.1.2.1 Maritime Autonomous Systems Regulatory Working Group develops UK regulatory framework for marine autonomous systems 190
11.3.2 GERMANY 190
11.3.2.1 Germany is developing new technology for AUVs for conserving resources by integrating emission-free, air-independent fuel cell propulsion systems with AUV modifiable underwater mothership 190
11.3.3 FRANCE 191
11.3.3.1 Among all European countries, AUV market in France is expected to grow at highest CAGR during forecast period 191
11.3.4 ITALY 191
11.3.4.1 Italy mostly uses AUVs for exploring archeological sites in North Tyrrhenian Sea 191
11.3.5 SPAIN 192
11.3.5.1 AUVs are used for coastal surveillance and combatting illegal drug trade in Spain 192
11.3.6 REST OF EUROPE 192
11.4 APAC 192
TABLE 161 AUV MARKET IN APAC, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 193
TABLE 162 AUV MARKET IN APAC, BY COUNTRY, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 193
TABLE 163 AUV MARKET IN APAC, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 193
TABLE 164 AUV MARKET IN APAC, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 194
FIGURE 54 SNAPSHOT OF AUV MARKET IN APAC 195
11.4.1 CHINA 195
11.4.1.1 In 2020, China held largest share of AUV market in APAC 195
11.4.2 INDIA 196
11.4.2.1 Among all APAC countries, AUV market in India is expected to grow at highest CAGR during forecast period 196
11.4.3 JAPAN 196
11.4.3.1 Japan has significant opportunity for AUVs in border security & surveillance applications due to it being an island 196
11.4.4 REST OF APAC 197
11.5 ROW 197
TABLE 165 AUV MARKET IN ROW, BY REGION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 197
TABLE 166 AUV MARKET IN ROW, BY REGION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 197
TABLE 167 AUV MARKET IN ROW, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2020 (USD MILLION) 198
TABLE 168 AUV MARKET IN ROW, BY APPLICATION, 2021-2026 (USD MILLION) 198
FIGURE 55 SNAPSHOT OF AUV MARKET IN ROW 199
11.5.1 SOUTH AMERICA 199
11.5.1.1 Countries such as Brazil, Chile, Venezuela, and Columbia are investing heavily in offshore oil and gas drilling activities, thereby creating opportunities for AUVs 199
11.5.2 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA 199
11.5.2.1 In Middle East and Africa, AUVs are mostly used for seabed mapping and offshore oil and gas exploration 199

12 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE 200
12.1 OVERVIEW 200
12.2 KEY PLAYER STRATEGIES/RIGHT TO WIN 200
12.2.1 OVERVIEW OF STRATEGIES DEPLOYED BY AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE (AUV) OEMS 200
12.3 COMPANY REVENUE ANALYSIS, 2020 202
TABLE 169 REVENUE ANALYSIS OF THE TOP FIVE PLAYERS IN THE AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE (AUV) MARKET, 2016-2020 (USD MILLION) 202
FIGURE 56 FIVE-YEAR REVENUE ANALYSIS OF TOP 5 PLAYERS, 2016-2020 203
12.4 MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS, 2020 203
FIGURE 57 SHARES OF MAJOR PLAYERS IN AUTONOMOUS UNDERWATER VEHICLE MARKET, 2020 203

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