1. RESEARCH SCOPE
1.1. STUDY GOALS
1.2. SCOPE OF THE MARKET STUDY
1.3. WHO WILL FIND THIS REPORT USEFUL?
1.4. STUDY AND FORECASTING YEARS

2. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
2.1. SOURCES OF DATA
2.1.1. SECONDARY DATA
2.1.2. PRIMARY DATA
2.2. TOP-DOWN APPROACH
2.3. BOTTOM-UP APPROACH
2.4. DATA TRIANGULATION

3. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
3.1. MARKET SUMMARY
3.2. KEY FINDINGS
3.2.1. EUROPE ACCOUNTS FOR THE LARGEST REVENUE SHARE
3.2.2. BIOLOGICAL WTE TECHNOLOGY IS ANTICIPATED TO BE THE FASTEST EVOLVING
3.2.3. INCINERATION IS THE DOMINANT THERMAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGY
3.2.4. GROWING NUMBER OF WASTE-TO-ENERGY PROJECTS

4. WASTE-TO-ENERGY OUTLOOK
4.1. INTRODUCTION
4.2. SOURCES OF WASTE
4.3. WASTE-TO-ENERGY: THE CONCEPT
4.4. BENEFITS OF WASTE-TO-ENERGY
4.5. CHALLENGES TO WASTE-TO-ENERGY
4.6. WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGY ANALYSIS
4.6.1. THERMAL
4.6.1.1. INCINERATION
4.6.1.2. GASIFICATION
4.6.1.3. PYROLYSIS
4.6.1.4. PLASMA-ARC WTE TECHNOLOGY
4.6.2. BIOLOGICAL
4.6.2.1. ANAEROBIC DIGESTION
4.6.2.2. BIOGAS TO ENERGY
4.6.3. PHYSICAL
4.7. WASTE-TO-ENERGY STRATEGY ANALYSIS
4.8. APPLICATIONS OF WASTE-TO-ENERGY
4.8.1. ELECTRICITY
4.8.2. HEAT
4.8.3. COMBINED HEAT AND POWER (CHP)
4.8.4. TRANSPORT FUELS

5. MARKET DYNAMICS
5.1. MARKET DEFINITION & SCOPE
5.2. MARKET DRIVERS
5.2.1. DEPLETION OF CONVENTIONAL ENERGY RESOURCES AUGMENTING DEMAND OF RENEWABLE ENERGY
5.2.2. GROWING ENERGY DEMAND
5.2.3. INCREASING MUNICIPAL WASTE GENERATION
5.2.4. DECLINE IN THE NUMBER OF LANDFILL SITES
5.3. MARKET RESTRAINTS
5.3.1. HIGH INITIAL SETUP COST
5.3.2. OPPOSITION FROM LOCAL COMMUNITIES & ENVIRONMENT GROUPS
5.3.3. STRINGENT ENVIRONMENTAL GUIDELINES
5.4. MARKET OPPORTUNITIES
5.4.1. EMERGENCE OF ASIA-PACIFIC AS A MAJOR HUB FOR WTE
5.4.2. HYDROTHERMAL CARBONISATION (HTC) & DENDRO LIQUID ENERGY (DLE) - KEY EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
5.4.3. COLLABORATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT) WITH INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT VALUE CHAIN
5.5. MARKET CHALLENGES
5.5.1. LACK OF INFRASTRUCTURE SKILLED WORKFORCE
5.5.2. THREAT FROM ESTABLISHED COMMERCIAL TECHNOLOGIES SUCH AS SOLAR POWER, HYDROPOWER AND WIND POWER
5.5.3. TECHNOLOGICAL AND ECONOMICAL OBSTACLES

6. MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY
6.1. THERMAL
6.2. BIOLOGICAL
6.3. PHYSICAL

7. MARKET BY WASTE TYPES
7.1. MUNICIPAL WASTE
7.1.1. RESIDENTIAL
7.1.2. COMMERCIAL & INSTITUTIONAL
7.1.3. CONSTRUCTION & DEMOLITION
7.1.4. OTHER MUNICIPAL WASTES
7.2. PROCESS WASTE
7.3. MEDICAL WASTE
7.4. AGRICULTURE WASTE
7.5. OTHER WASTES

8. MARKET BY APPLICATION
8.1. ELECTRICITY
8.2. HEAT
8.3. COMBINED HEAT & POWER UNITS
8.4. TRANSPORT FUELS
8.5. OTHER APPLICATIONS

9. KEY ANALYTICS
9.1. PORTER'S FIVE FORCE ANALYSIS
9.1.1. THREAT OF NEW ENTRANTS
9.1.2. THREAT OF SUBSTITUTE
9.1.3. BARGAINING POWER OF SUPPLIERS
9.1.4. BARGAINING POWER OF BUYERS
9.1.5. INTENSITY OF COMPETITIVE RIVALRY
9.2. OPPORTUNITY MATRIX
9.3. VENDOR LANDSCAPE
9.4. KEY BUYING CRITERIA
9.4.1. PRICE
9.4.2. PRODUCT AVAILABILITY
9.4.3. ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS
9.4.4. ALTERNATIVES
9.5. VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS
9.5.1. WASTE PRODUCERS
9.5.2. WASTE COLLECTION
9.5.3. SUPPLIERS
9.5.4. MANUFACTURERS
9.5.5. DISTRIBUTORS
9.5.6. RETAILERS
9.5.7. END-USERS
9.6. LEGAL, POLICY & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
9.6.1. UNITED STATES
9.6.1.1. CURRENT PRACTICES
9.6.1.2. REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
9.6.2. EUROPE
9.6.2.1. CURRENT PRACTICES
9.6.2.2. WASTE LEGISLATION AND POLICIES
9.6.2.3. ROLE OF BIOGAS FEED-IN TARIFFS AND RELATED POLICIES IN EUROPE
9.6.2.4. WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN EUROPE
9.6.3. ASEAN COUNTRIES
9.6.3.1. CURRENT PRACTICES
9.6.3.2. WASTE LEGISLATION AND POLICIES
9.6.4. INDIA
9.6.4.1. CURRENT PRACTICES
9.6.4.2. WASTE LEGISLATION AND POLICIES
9.6.5. CHINA
9.6.5.1. CURRENT PRACTICES
9.6.5.2. WASTE LEGISLATION AND POLICIES
9.6.6. JAPAN
9.6.6.1. RECYCLING LAWS
9.6.6.2. CURRENT PRACTICES
9.6.6.3. WASTE LEGISLATION AND POLICIES
9.6.7. AUSTRALIA
9.6.7.1. CURRENT PRACTICES
9.6.7.2. WASTE LEGISLATION AND POLICIES
9.6.8. SOUTH KOREA

10. GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS
10.1. NORTH AMERICA
10.1.1. UNITED STATES
10.1.2. CANADA
10.2. EUROPE
10.2.1. GERMANY
10.2.2. UNITED KINGDOM
10.2.3. SPAIN
10.2.4. ITALY
10.2.5. FRANCE
10.2.6. REST OF EUROPE
10.3. ASIA PACIFIC
10.3.1. CHINA
10.3.2. JAPAN
10.3.3. INDIA
10.3.4. THAILAND
10.3.5. REST OF ASIA PACIFIC
10.4. REST OF WORLD
10.4.1. LATIN AMERICA
10.4.2. MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA

11. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE
11.1. KEY CORPORATE STRATEGIES
11.1.1. PARTNERSHIPS & AGREEMENTS
11.1.2. BUSINESS EXPANSIONS
11.2. COMPANY PROFILES
11.2.1. AMEC FOSTER WHEELER (ACQUIRE BY WOOD GROUP)
11.2.2. AUSTRIAN ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT GROUP
11.2.3. BABCOCK & WILCOX ENTERPRISES INC.
11.2.4. BTA INTERNATIONAL GMBH
11.2.5. C&G ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION HOLDINGS LIMITED
11.2.6. CHINA EVERBRIGHT INTERNATIONAL LTD.
11.2.7. COVANTA ENERGY
11.2.8. HITACHI ZOSEN INNOVA AG
11.2.9. KEPPEL SEGHERS
11.2.10. MARTIN GMBH
11.2.11. MHI INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING & SERVICES PRIVATE LTD. (MIES)
11.2.12. ORSTED
11.2.13. PLASCO CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES INC.
11.2.14. SAKO BRNO A.S.
11.2.15. SUEZ ENVIRONMENT
11.2.16. VEOLIA ENVIRONMENT S.A.
11.2.17. WASTE MANAGEMENT INC.
11.2.18. WHEELABRATOR TECHNOLOGIES INC.
11.2.19. XCEL ENERGY
11.2.20. ZE-GEN INC.

LIST OF TABLES
TABLE 1: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 2: LIST OF ANTICIPATED WASTE-TO-ENERGY PROJECTS ACROSS THE WORLD
TABLE 3: TYPES OR SOURCES OF WASTE
TABLE 4: KEY BENEFITS OF WASTE-TO-ENERGY PROCESSES
TABLE 5: KEY CHALLENGES TO WTE MARKETS
TABLE 6: KEY THERMAL WTE SUPPLIERS BY TYPE OF INCINERATION
TABLE 7: KEY ALTERNATIVE THERMAL WTE TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS WITH NUMBER OF PLANTS, THROUGHPUT AND TECHNOLOGY CONFIGURATION
TABLE 8: COMPARISON BETWEEN COMBUSTION, GASIFICATION AND PYROLYSIS
TABLE 9: COMPARISON OF CONVENTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES WITH ALTERNATIVE WTE TECHNOLOGIES
TABLE 10: LIST OF METHODS UNDER INVESTIGATION FOR IMPROVING BIOGAS YIELDS
TABLE 11: DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ANAEROBIC AND AEROBIC DIGESTION
TABLE 12: LIST OF POTENTIAL MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTES
TABLE 13: IMPORTANT PARAMETERS FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTION
TABLE 14: DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MESOPHILIC AND THERMOPHILIC ANAEROBIC DIGESTION
TABLE 15: BENEFITS AND LIMITATIONS OF DIFFERENT ANAEROBIC DIGESTION PROCESS CONFIGURATIONS
TABLE 16: COMPARISON OF GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VARIOUS POWER GENERATORS
TABLE 17: DIFFERENT FUEL CELL TYPES USED FOR BIOGAS CONVERSION
TABLE 18: PROJECTED WASTE GENERATION DATA FOR 2025, BY REGION
TABLE 19: CARBON EFFICIENCY OF SEVERAL BIOFUEL PRODUCTION PROCESSES
TABLE 20: COMPETING RENEWABLE TECHNOLOGIES
TABLE 21: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 22: GLOBAL THERMAL WTE TECHNOLOGY MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 23: GLOBAL BIOLOGICAL WTE TECHNOLOGY MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 24: GLOBAL PHYSICAL WTE TECHNOLOGY MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 25: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY WASTE TYPES, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 26: GLOBAL MUNICIPAL WASTE MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 27: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY MUNICIPAL WASTE TYPES, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 28: GLOBAL RESIDENTIAL WASTE MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 29: GLOBAL COMMERCIAL & INSTITUTIONAL WASTE MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 30: GLOBAL CONSTRUCTION & DEMOLITION WASTE MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 31: GLOBAL OTHER MUNICIPAL WASTE MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 32: GLOBAL PROCESS WASTE MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 33: GLOBAL MEDICAL WASTE MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 34: GLOBAL AGRICULTURE WASTE MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 35: GLOBAL OTHER WASTES MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 36: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 37: GLOBAL ELECTRICITY MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 38: GLOBAL HEAT MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 39: GLOBAL COMBINED HEAT & POWER UNITS MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 40: GLOBAL TRANSPORT FUELS MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 41: GLOBAL OTHER APPLICATIONS MARKET, BY REGION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 42: OPPORTUNITY MATRIX
TABLE 43: VENDOR LANDSCAPE
TABLE 44: KEY LEGISLATION AND POLICIES FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE UNITED STATES
TABLE 45: KEY LEGISLATION AND POLICIES FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT IN EUROPE
TABLE 46: COMPARISON OF FINANCIAL INCENTIVE POLICIES ADOPTED BY VARIOUS EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
TABLE 47: KEY LEGISLATION AND POLICIES FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT IN ASEAN COUNTRIES
TABLE 48: KEY LEGISLATION AND POLICIES FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT IN INDIA
TABLE 49: PROJECTED MUNICIPAL WASTE GENERATION FOR URBAN POPULATION IN CHINA, 2000-2030
TABLE 50: KEY LEGISLATION AND POLICIES FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT IN CHINA
TABLE 51: KEY LEGISLATION AND POLICIES FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT IN JAPAN
TABLE 52: ESTIMATED RATIOS OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF WASTE IN MSW, AUSTRALIA
TABLE 53: KEY LEGISLATION AND POLICIES FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT IN AUSTRALIA
TABLE 54: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2018-2026, (IN $ BILLION)
TABLE 55: NORTH AMERICA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 56: LIST OF WASTE-TO-ENERGY FACILITIES IN UNITED STATES
TABLE 57: EUROPE WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 58: LEVELS OF WASTE MANAGEMENT IN EUROPE
TABLE 59: ASIA PACIFIC WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
TABLE 60: WASTE TO ENERGY TECHNIQUES PRACTICED IN MAJOR CITIES IN INDIA (TONNES PER DAY)
TABLE 61: POWER GENERATION POTENTIAL FROM MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE IN INDIA
TABLE 62: TIMELINE OF WASTE TO ENERGY PLANTS IN THAILAND, 2010-2016

LIST OF FIGURES
FIGURE 1: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018 & 2027 (IN %)
FIGURE 2: EUROPE WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 3: REVENUE GENERATED BY BIOLOGICAL WASTE TO ENERGY TECHNOLOGY, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 4: MARKET INVESTMENT FOR INCINERATION IN ASIA PACIFIC, EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA
FIGURE 5: COMPOSITION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW)
FIGURE 6: BASIC PATHWAYS OF WASTE-TO-ENERGY
FIGURE 7: THERMAL WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGY TYPES
FIGURE 8: WORLDWIDE RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY INSTALLED CAPACITY, BY SOURCE, 2012-2019 (GW)
FIGURE 9: WORLDWIDE GDP GROWTH RATE AND TRENDS BY ECONOMY (ACTUAL AND PROJECTED), 2010-2025 (IN %)
FIGURE 10: WORLDWIDE REGION-WISE ENERGY CONSUMPTION, 2015-2035 (MTOE = MILLION TONS OF OIL EQUIVALENT)
FIGURE 11: WORLDWIDE AVAILABLE MUNICIPAL WASTE FOR WTE, 2009-2016 (MILLION TONS)
FIGURE 12: LANDFILLING TREND IN EUROPE: MSW GENERATED VS. MSW LANDFILLED, 2013-2016 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
FIGURE 13: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY THERMAL WTE TECHNOLOGY, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 14: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY BIOLOGICAL WTE TECHNOLOGY, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 15: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY PHYSICAL WTE TECHNOLOGY, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 16: SOUTH AUSTRALIA WASTE TO RESOURCES HIERARCHY LEVEL
FIGURE 17: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY MUNICIPAL WASTE, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 18: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY RESIDENTIAL, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 19: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY COMMERCIAL & INSTITUTIONAL, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 20: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY CONSTRUCTION & DEMOLITION, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 21: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY OTHER WASTES, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 22: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY PROCESS WASTE, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 23: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY MEDICAL WASTE, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 24: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY AGRICULTURE WASTE, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 25: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY OTHER WASTES, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 26: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY ELECTRICITY, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 27: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY HEAT, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 28: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY COMBINED HEAT & POWER UNITS, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 29: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY TRANSPORT FUELS, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 30: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, BY OTHER APPLICATIONS, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 31: PORTER'S FIVE FORCE ANALYSIS
FIGURE 32: KEY BUYING IMPACT ANALYSIS
FIGURE 33: VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS
FIGURE 34: GLOBAL WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, REGIONAL OUTLOOK, 2018 & 2027 (IN %)
FIGURE 35: UNITED STATES WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 36: CANADA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 37: GERMANY WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 38: UNITED KINGDOM WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 39: NUMBER OF WASTE-TO-ENERGY FACILITIES IN UNITED KINGDOM, 2014-2016
FIGURE 40: SPAIN WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 41: ITALY WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 42: FRANCE WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 43: REST OF EUROPE WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 44: CHINA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 45: JAPAN WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 46: INDIA WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 47: THAILAND WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 48: REST OF ASIA PACIFIC WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)
FIGURE 49: REST OF WORLD WASTE TO ENERGY MARKET, 2019-2027 (IN $ MILLION)