1 Key statistics

2 Regional European Market Comparison

2.1 Europe Telecom Maturity Index by tier

2.1.1 Market Leaders

2.1.2 Market Challengers

2.1.3 Market Emergents

2.2 TMI versus GDP

2.3 Mobile and mobile broadband penetration

2.4 Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration

3 Country overview

4 Covid-19 and its impact on the telecom sector

4.1 Economic considerations and responses

4.2 Subscribers

4.3 Infrastructure

5 Telecommunications market

5.1 Overview and statistics

6 Regulatory environment

6.1 Telecommunications Law 2003

6.2 Regulatory authority

6.3 Fixed-line developments

6.3.1 Telecom sector liberalisation

6.3.2 Privatisation

6.3.3 Interconnection

6.3.4 Access

6.3.5 Carrier selection

6.3.6 Universal Service Obligation

6.4 Broadband market developments

6.5 Mobile network developments

6.5.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)

6.5.2 3G licences

6.5.3 800MHz spectrum

6.5.4 900MHz spectrum

6.5.5 1800MHz spectrum

6.5.6 2.6GHz spectrum

6.5.7 Roaming

6.5.8 Infrastructure sharing

7 Mobile market

7.1 Market analysis

7.2 Mobile statistics

7.3 Mobile infrastructure

7.3.1 5G

7.3.2 4G (LTE)

7.3.3 3G

7.3.4 GSM

7.4 Narrowband IoT (NB-IoT)

7.5 M2M networks

7.6 Mobile voice

7.6.1 Voice-over-LTE (VoLTE)

7.7 Mobile data

7.7.1 SMS/MMS

7.8 Mobile broadband

7.9 Major mobile operators

7.9.1 Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)

7.9.2 VEON

7.9.3 MegaFon

7.9.4 Tele2 Russia/Rostelecom

7.9.5 SMARTS Group

7.9.6 Uralsvyazinform

7.9.7 VolgaTelecom

7.9.8 Skylink

7.9.9 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)

7.10 Mobile content and applications

7.10.1 M-commerce

7.10.2 M-payments

8 Fixed-line broadband market

8.1 Introduction and statistical overview

8.1.1 Broadband statistics

8.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks

8.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks

8.3.1 Rostelecom

8.3.2 MTS

8.3.3 VEON

8.3.4 Other providers

8.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)

8.5 Other fixed broadband services

8.5.1 Broadband Powerline (BPL)

8.5.2 Fixed wireless broadband

8.5.3 Wi-Fi

8.5.4 WiMAX

8.5.5 Internet via satellite

9 Fixed network operators

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Svyazinvest

9.2.1 Regional operators

9.3 Rostelecom

9.4 Central Telegraph

9.5 VEON

9.6 Multiregional Transit Telecom

9.7 TransTeleCom (TTK)

9.8 PeterStar

9.9 ER-Telecom

9.10 MTS

10 Telecommunications infrastructure

10.1 Overview of the national telecom network

10.1.1 Central Telegraph

10.1.2 MTS

10.1.3 Golden Telecom

10.1.4 PeterStar

10.1.5 Rostelecom

10.1.6 TransTeleCom

10.1.7 ER-Telecom

10.2 International networks

10.2.1 Submarine cables

10.2.2 Satellite networks

10.3 Data centres

10.3.1 MTS

10.3.2 Rostelecom

11 Appendix Historic data

12 Glossary of abbreviations

13 Related reports

List of Tables

List of Tables
Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Russia 2021 (e)
Table 2 Increase in telecom market revenue 2010 2021
Table 3 Change in the share of telecom market revenue by type 2016 2020
Table 4 Growth in the number of mobile number portings 2015 2019
Table 5 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration 2011 2026
Table 6 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration in Moscow, St Petersburg 2011 2019
Table 7 Change in market share of subscribers by operator 2010 2020
Table 8 Change in mobile service revenue 2011 2021
Table 9 Forecast 5G subscribers and coverage 2020 2026
Table 10 LTE launch dates by operator
Table 11 Growth in the number of mobile base stations by technology 2013 2020
Table 12 Mobile ground base towers in service 2015 2020
Table 13 Development of MegaFon's LTE infrastructure 2014 2020
Table 14 Increase in the number of MegaFon's 3G and LTE base stations 2011 2021
Table 15 Decline in the number of SMS sent 2011 2022
Table 16 Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2011 2026
Table 17 Development of MTS's mobile financial data (Russia, RUB billion) 2011 2021
Table 18 Development of MTS's quarterly mobile financial data (Russia, RUB billion) 2014 2021
Table 19 Development of MTS's capex (Russia, RUB) 2010 2021
Table 20 Development of MTS's operating profit and margin (Russia, RUB) 2010 2021
Table 21 Growth in the number of MTS Russia's mobile subscribers 2010 2021
Table 22 Change in MTS Russia's mobile voice and data traffic 2014 2021
Table 23 Change in the number of VEON's mobile subscribers (Russia) 2011 2021
Table 24 VEON ARPU and MOU (Russia) 2011 2021
Table 25 Development of VEON's mobile financial data by type ($ million) 2010 2021
Table 26 Development of MegaFon's consolidated financial data (RUB billion) 2011 2021
Table 27 Change in MegaFon's capex 2009 2021
Table 28 Development of MegaFon's mobile revenue (RUB billion) 2010 2020
Table 29 Growth in the number of MegaFon's mobile subscribers 2009 2021
Table 30 Development of MegaFon's mobile data traffic 2012 2019
Table 31 Growth in MegaFon's mobile data revenue and subscriber base 2012 2020
Table 32 Change in the number of Rostelecom's mobile subscribers 2017 2021
Table 33 Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011 2026
Table 34 Change in the number of cable broadband subscribers 2011 2021
Table 35 Change in the number of DSL subscribers 2011 2021
Table 36 Change in the number of Rostelecom's fixed broadband subscribers by platform (million) 2011 2021
Table 37 Growth in the number of MTS's fixed broadband subscribers 2011 2021
Table 38 Growth in the number of VEON's fixed broadband subscribers (thousand) 2011 2021
Table 39 Development of VEON's fixed broadband revenue ($ million) 2010 2021
Table 40 Development of VEON's fixed broadband ARPU ($/month) 2011 2021
Table 41 Growth in the number of Rostelecom's fibre broadband subscribers 2011 2021
Table 42 Growth in the number of MGTS's GPON subscribers 2014 2021
Table 43 Growth in the number of VEON's FttB subscribers 2011 2021
Table 44 Development of VEON's FttB revenue 2010 2021
Table 45 Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2011 2021
Table 46 Satellite broadband subscribers 2011 2021
Table 47 Development of Rostelecom's financials (post-merger) (RUB billion) 2011 2021
Table 48 Change in the number of Rostelecom's subscriber by type (million) 2011 2021
Table 49 Development of VEON Group's financial data ($ billion) 2011 2021
Table 50 Development of VEON's domestic financial data ($ billion) 2011 2021
Table 51 Growth in ER-Telecom's revenue 2014 2020
Table 52 Development of MTS's financials (Russia, RUB million) 2011 2021
Table 53 Development of MTS's fixed-line subscribers by type (million) 2011 2021
Table 54 Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity 2011 2026
Table 55 Increase in international internet bandwidth 2011 2019
Table 56 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1998 2010
Table 57 Historic - Telecom sector revenue (RUB million) 2003 2010
Table 58 Historic - MTS financial data (Russia, $ million) 2008 2012
Table 59 Historic - Rostelecom (pre-merger) financial data (RUB million) 2008 2010
Table 60 Historic - Mobile service revenue 2003 2010
Table 61 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1995 2010
Table 62 Historic - Mobile VAS market share by operator 2007 2015
Table 63 Historic - MegaFon mobile revenue 2005 2010
Table 64 Historic - Development of MTS's fixed-line subscribers by type (million) 2008 2010
Table 65 Historic - MTS mobile financial data (Russia, RUB billion) 2004 2010
Table 66 Historic - MTS mobile financial data (old style, Russia, $ billion) 2004 2012
Table 67 Historic - Tele2 financial data (SEK million) 2007 2012
Table 68 Historic - MTS Russia MOU, churn and annualised ARPU 2001 2015
Table 69 Historic - MTS Russia annualised VAS 2004 2015
Table 70 Historic - MTS Russia annualised VAS revenue by type (RUB million) 2010 2015
Table 71 Historic - M-commerce revenue 2011 2015
Table 72 Historic - Rostelecom mobile subscribers 2010 2014
Table 73 Historic - Rostelecom mobile revenue 2008 2014
Table 74 Historic - Tele2's mobile subscribers 2007 2017
Table 75 Historic - VEON mobile subscribers (Russia) 2005 2010
Table 76 Historic - SMARTS Group subscribers 2009 2015
Table 77 Historic - SMARTS Group financial data 2006 2013
Table 78 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1999 2015
Table 79 Historic - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2003 2010
Table 80 Historic - VEON ARPU and MOU (Russia) 2007 2010
Table 81 Historic - Increase in international internet bandwidth 2006 2010
Table 82 Historic - Development of VEON (Russia) financial data ($ billion) 2007 2010
Table 83 Historic - Development of VEON Group' financial data ($ billion) 2007 2010
Table 84 Historic - Rostelecom's subscriber by type (million) 2008 2010
Table 85 Historic - Development of Rostelecom's financials (post-merger) (RUB billion) 2008 2010
Table 86 Historic - Growth in the number of VEON's fixed broadband subscribers (thousand) 2008 2010
Table 87 Historic - Development of MegaFon's consolidated financial data (RUB billion) 2005 2010
Table 88 Historic - Change in the number of Rostelecom's fixed broadband subscribers by platform 2008 2010
Table 89 Historic - Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration in Moscow, St Petersburg 2006 2010

List of Charts

List of Charts
Chart 1 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Leaders (top tier)
Chart 2 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Challengers (middle tier)
Chart 3 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Emergents (bottom tier)
Chart 4 Overall view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
Chart 5 Europe - mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 6 Scandinavia and Baltics mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 7 Northern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 8 Southern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 9 Eastern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 10 Scandinavia and Baltics fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 11 Northern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 12 Southern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 13 Eastern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 14 Increase in telecom market revenue 2010 2021
Chart 15 Change in the share of telecom market revenue by type 2016 2020
Chart 16 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration 2011 2026
Chart 17 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration in Moscow, St Petersburg 2011 2019
Chart 18 Change in market share of subscribers by operator 2010 2020
Chart 19 Change in in mobile service revenue 2011 2021
Chart 20 Growth in the number of mobile base stations by technology 2013 2020
Chart 21 Increase in the number of MegaFon's 3G and LTE base stations 2011 2021
Chart 22 Decline in the number of SMS sent 2011 2022
Chart 23 Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2011 2026
Chart 24 Development of MTS's mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) 2011 2021
Chart 25 Development of MTS's quarterly mobile financial data (Russia, RUB) 2014 2021
Chart 26 Development of MTS capex (Russia, RUB) 2010 2021
Chart 27 Development of MTS's operating profit and margin (Russia, RUB) 2010 2021
Chart 28 Growth in the number of MTS Russia's mobile subscribers 2010 2021
Chart 29 Change in the number of VEON's mobile subscribers (Russia) 2011 2021
Chart 30 Development of VEON's mobile financial data by type (Russia) 2010 2021
Chart 31 Development of MegaFon's consolidated financial data 2011 2021
Chart 32 Change in MegaFon's capex 2009 2021
Chart 33 Development of MegaFon's mobile revenue 2010 2020
Chart 34 Growth in the number of MegaFon's mobile subscribers 2009 2021
Chart 35 Growth in MegaFon's mobile data revenue and subscriber base 2009 2020
Chart 36 Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2011 2026
Chart 37 Change in the number of cable broadband subscribers 2011 2021
Chart 38 Development in the number of DSL subscribers 2011 2021
Chart 39 Change in the number of Rostelecom's fixed broadband subscribers by platform 2011 2021
Chart 40 Growth in the number of MTS's fixed broadband subscribers 2011 2021
Chart 41 Growth in the number of VEON's fixed broadband subscribers 2011 2021
Chart 42 Development of VEON's fixed broadband revenue 2010 2021
Chart 43 Development of VEON's fixed broadband ARPU 2011 2021
Chart 44 Growth in the number of Rostelecom's fibre broadband subscribers 2011 2021
Chart 45 Growth in the number of MGTS's GPON subscribers 2014 2021
Chart 46 Growth in the number of VEON's FttB subscribers 2011 2021
Chart 47 Development of VEON's FttB revenue 2010 2021
Chart 48 Growth in the number of fibre broadband subscribers 2011 2021
Chart 49 Development of Rostelecom's financials (post-merger) 2011 2021
Chart 50 Change in the number of Rostelecom's subscriber by type 2011 2021
Chart 51 Development of VEON Group' financial data 2011 2021
Chart 52 Development of VEON's domestic financial data ($ billion) 2011 2021
Chart 53 Growth in ER-Telecom's revenue 2014 2020
Chart 54 Development of MTS's financials (Russia, RUB) 2011 2021
Chart 55 Development of MTS's fixed-line subscribers by type 2011 2021
Chart 56 Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity 2011 2026
Chart 57 Increase in international internet bandwidth 2011 2019

List of Exhibits

List of Exhibits
Exhibit 1 Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment