1 Key statistics

2 Regional Europe Market Comparison
2.1 Market characteristics
2.2 Market Leaders
2.3 Market Challengers
2.4 Market Emergents
2.5 TMI versus GDP
2.6 Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
2.7 Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration

3 Country overview

4 Telecommunications market

5 Regulatory environment
5.1 Historical overview
5.2 Regulatory authority
5.3 Fixed-line developments
5.3.1 General Telecommunications Act
5.3.2 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.3.3 Interconnect
5.3.4 Access
5.3.5 Number Portability (NP)
5.3.6 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
5.3.7 Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
5.3.8 European Electronic Communications Code
5.4 Mobile network developments
5.4.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
5.4.2 Roaming
5.4.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
5.4.4 Mobile Termination Rate (MTR)

6 Mobile market
6.1 Operator market shares
6.2 Mobile infrastructure
6.2.1 5G
6.2.2 4G (LTE)
6.2.3 3G
6.2.4 Other infrastructure developments
6.2.5 Mobile voice
6.2.6 Mobile data
6.2.7 Mobile broadband
6.3 Major mobile operators
6.3.1 Movistar
6.3.2 Vodafone Spain
6.3.3 Orange Spain
6.3.4 Másmóvil
6.3.5 MVNOs
6.4 Mobile content and applications
6.4.1 M-commerce

7 Fixed-line broadband market
7.1 Government initiatives
7.2 Spain Digital 2025
7.3 Regional government initiatives
7.4 Regulatory changes
7.5 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
7.5.1 Euskaltel Group
7.6 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
7.6.1 Movistar
7.6.2 ADSL2+
7.7 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
7.7.1 Regulatory initiatives
7.7.2 Movistar
7.7.3 Vodafone Spain
7.7.4 Orange Spain
7.7.5 Másmóvil
7.7.6 Other developments
7.8 Other fixed broadband services
7.8.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
7.8.2 Wi-Fi
7.8.3 WiMAX
7.8.4 Satellite broadband
7.8.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)

8 Fixed network operators
8.1 Telefónica
8.2 Orange Spain
8.2.1 Jazztel
8.3 Vodafone Spain
8.3.1 Ono
8.4 Másmóvil

9 Telecommunications infrastructure
9.1 National telecom network
9.2 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
9.3 International infrastructure
9.3.1 Satellite networks
9.3.2 Submarine cable
9.4 Smart Infrastructure
9.4.1 e-health

10 Appendix Historic data
10.1 Mobile
10.2 Broadband
10.3 Fixed
10.4 Companies

11 Related reports

List of Tables
Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Spain 2022 (e)
Table 2 Telecom revenue and annual change 2012 2021
Table 3 Development of telecom revenue, retail, and wholesale ( billion) 2012 2021
Table 4 Development of telecom retail revenue by sector ( billion) 2012 2021
Table 5 Development of telecom retail revenue annual change, by sector 2012 2021
Table 6 Decline in fixed interconnection revenue 2012 2021
Table 7 Change in the number of subscribers by type of access (million) 2012 2021
Table 8 Change in the number of LLU and shared access lines (thousand) 2012 2022
Table 9 Change in the number of fixed number portings 2012 2022
Table 10 Change in the number of annual mobile number portings 2012 2022
Table 12 Decline in mobile retail voice market revenue, annual change 2012 2021
Table 13 Development of mobile market revenue by sector ( million) 2012 2021
Table 14 Mobile interconnection revenue 2012 2021
Table 15 Change in the number of prepaid and contract mobile subscribers (million) 2012 2022
Table 16 Decline in mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors ( million) 2012 2021
Table 17 Change in prepaid and contract mobile voice traffic (billion minutes) 2012 2021
Table 18 Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators ( cents/minute) 2012 2021
Table 19 Mobile subscriber market share by operator 2012 2022
Table 20 Growth in Movistar's LTE subscriber base and proportion 2014 2019
Table 21 Growth in the number of M2M lines 2012 2022
Table 22 Mobile price index 2012 2021
Table 23 SMS and MMS revenue ( million) 2012 2021
Table 24 SMS and MMS messages sent 2012 2021
Table 25 Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2012 2027
Table 26 Growth in mobile broadband traffic 2012 2021
Table 27 Growth in mobile broadband revenue and annual change 2012 2021
Table 28 Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers by operator (million) 2012 2022
Table 29 Mobile broadband lines by type (voice and data) (million) 2012 2022
Table 30 Mobile broadband (data only) subscribers by operator (thousand) 2014 2021
Table 31 Change in the number of Movistar's mobile subscribers (million) 2012 2022
Table 32 Change in the number of Vodafone Spain's mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid 2012 2022
Table 33 Growth in Vodafone Spain's mobile data traffic 2012 2021
Table 34 Development of Vodafone Spain's revenue by type (new style, million) 2015 2022
Table 35 Development of Vodafone Spain's mobile service and total service revenue ( million) 2015 2022
Table 36 Decline in Vodafone Spain's ARPU ( / month) 2012 2022
Table 37 Vodafone Spain customer churn 2012 2022
Table 38 Decline in Vodafone Spain's mobile customer retention cost 2012 2022
Table 39 Change in the number of Orange Spain's mobile subscribers by type (million) 2012 2022
Table 40 Development of Orange Spain's mobile service revenue 2012 2022
Table 41 Decline in Orange Spain's ARPU/ARPO by sector ( / month) 2012 2022
Table 42 Orange customer churn 2012 2022
Table 43 Growth in the number of Yoigo's mobile subscribers (thousand) 2012 2022
Table 44 Development of Másmóvil's financial data ( million) 2016 2022
Table 45 Change in the number of MVNO mobile subscribers and market share 2012 2022
Table 46 Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012 2027
Table 47 Change in fixed internet market revenue 2012 2021
Table 48 Broadband lines by major operator (thousand) 2012 2022
Table 49 Broadband lines by minor operator (thousand) 2012 2022
Table 50 Share of broadband lines by operator 2012 2022
Table 51 Development of fixed broadband penetration by technology 2012 2021
Table 52 Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by type (million) 2012 2022
Table 53 Annual growth of broadband subscriptions by technology 2012 2022
Table 54 Development of fixed broadband revenue by platform ( million) 2012 2021
Table 55 Fixed broadband lines by data rate (new style, Mb/s) (thousand) 2016 2021
Table 56 Cable broadband subscribers by operator (regulator data) (thousand) 2012 2022
Table 57 Development of Euskaltel's network reach (million) 2018 2021
Table 58 DSL subscribers by major operator (regulator data) (million) 2012 2022
Table 59 Growth in the number of FttP subscribers, residential and business (million) 2012 2021
Table 60 Change in the number of Movistar's retail and wholesale fibre broadband subscribers (thousand) 2012 2022
Table 61 Growth in the number of Vodafone Spain's fixed broadband subscribers 2012 2022
Table 62 Change in the number of Orange Spain's broadband subscribers by type (million) 2012 2022
Table 63 Growth in the number of Orange's connectable fibre premises 2012 2022
Chart 62 Growth in the number of Orange's connectable fibre premises 2012 2022
Table 64 Development of Orange's broadband ARPU/ARPO 2012 2022
Table 65 Growth in the number of Másmóvil's fixed broadband subscribers 2015 2022
Table 66 Growth in the number of Másmóvil's accessible premises (million) 2016 2022
Table 67 Másmóvil's broadband subscriber share by platform 2016 2021
Table 68 Change in the number of Wi-Fi/WiMAX/LMDS subscribers 2012 2021
Table 69 Fixed-line subscribers, by major operator (thousand) 2012 2021
Table 70 Fixed-line subscribers by minor operator (thousand) 2012 2021
Table 71 Fixed-line (direct line) subscriber market share by major operator 2012 2021
Table 72 Development of Telefónica Group's financial data ( billion) 2012 2022
Table 73 Change in Telefónica de España EBITDA 2012 2022
Table 74 Development of Telefónica Spain's consumer and business wireline line revenue ( million) 2015 2019
Table 75 Change in the number of Telefónica Spain's retail telephony and broadband access lines (thousand) 2012 2022
Table 76 Change in the number of Telefónica Spain's retail and wholesale access lines (thousand) 2012 2022
Table 77 Development of Orange Spain's financial data ( million) 2012 2022
Table 78 Change in the number of Orange Spain's subscribers by sector (thousand) 2012 2022
Table 79 Vodafone service revenue by type ( million) 2015 2022
Table 80 Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity 2012 2027
Table 81 Decline in fixed-line revenue 2012 2021
Table 82 Decline in fixed line traffic 2012 2021
Table 83 Growth in the number of NGN installed lines by access type (million) 2012 2021
Table 84 Growth in the number of NGN lines in service by access type (thousand) 2012 2021
Table 85 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1999 2011
Table 86 Historic - Mobile retail market revenue and annual change 2000 2011
Table 87 Historic - Mobile market revenue by sector ( million) 2006 2011
Table 88 Historic - M2M lines 2004 2011
Table 89 Historic - Mobile subscribers: prepaid, contract (million) 2006 2011
Table 90 Historic - Mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors ( million) 2000 2011
Table 91 Historic - Annual mobile number portings 2002 2011
Table 92 Historic - Mobile traffic prepaid and contract in minutes (billion minutes) 2000 2011
Table 93 Historic - Mobile subscribers by technology platform (thousand) 2002 2014
Table 94 Historic - Mobile subscriber market share by operator 2004 2011
Table 95 Historic - Mobile interconnection revenue 2003 2011
Table 96 Historic - Base stations in service, by technology 2001 2015
Table 97 Historic - Mobile termination rates by operator 2007 2013
Table 98 Historic - MVNO mobile subscribers and market share 2006 2011
Table 99 Historic - Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators ( cents/minute) 2001 2011
Table 100 Historic - Mobile broadband revenue and annual change 2003 2011
Table 101 Historic - Dial-up internet subscribers 2005 2013
Table 102 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1996 2015
Table 103 Historic - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2001 2011
Table 104 Historic - Broadband penetration by technology 2004 2011
Table 105 Historic - Fixed broadband lines by data rate (old style) (million) 2004 2016
Table 106 Historic - DSL and cable broadband subscribers (million) 2001 2011
Table 107 Historic - Broadband revenue by platform ( million) 2003 2011
Table 108 Historic - Broadband traffic 2011 2015
Table 109 Historic - Satellite broadband subscribers 2009 2015
Table 110 Historic - Movistar ARPU (/month) 2005 2015
Table 111 Historic - Internet market revenue 2006 2011
Table 112 Historic - DSL subscribers by minor operator 2009 2016
Table 113 Historic - Telecom revenue, retail, and wholesale ( billion) 2000 2011
Table 114 Historic - Change in the number of fixed number portings 2007 2011
Table 115 Historic - Telecom revenue annual change 2000 2011
Table 116 Historic - Telecom retail revenue by sector ( billion) 2005 2011
Table 117 Historic - Telecom retail revenue annual change, by sector 2002 2009
Table 118 Historic - Fixed-line traffic 2000 2011
Table 119 Historic - Subscribers by type of access (million) 2006 2011
Table 120 Historic - Fixed-line revenue 2006 2011
Table 121 Historic - Fixed lines in service and penetration 2003 2011
Table 122 Historic - Movistar mobile financial data ( million) 2006 2015
Table 123 Historic - Movistar's fixed internet subscribers (thousand) 2006 2011
Table 124 Historic - Movistar fibre (Fusión) broadband subscribers 2012 2019
Table 125 Historic - Movistar mobile subscribers (million) 2005 2011
Table 126 Historic - Telefónica Group financial data ( billion) 2006 2011
Table 127 Historic - Telefónica de España access lines by service (thousand) 2005 2011
Table 128 Historic - Vodafone revenue by type (old style) (GBP million)(Year to March) 2007 2013
Table 129 Historic - Vodafone ARPU 2006 2011
Table 130 Historic - Vodafone mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid 2006 2011
Table 131 Historic - Vodafone mobile voice traffic statistics 2006 2016
Table 132 Historic - Orange ARPU by sector (annual rolling)(/month) 2005 2014
Table 133 Historic - Orange Spain subscribers by sector (thousand) 2005 2011
Table 134 Historic - Orange Spain customer churn 2007 2011
Table 135 Historic - Orange mobile customer acquisition costs 2007 2016
Table 136 Historic - Development of Orange Spain's financial data ( million) 2007 2011
Table 137 Historic - Orange mobile service revenue 2006 2011
Table 138 Historic - Orange mobile subscribers prepaid and contract (million) 2005 2011
Table 139 Historic - Yoigo financial data (SEK million) 2008 2016
Table 140 Historic - Yoigo mobile service revenue 2012 2016
Table 141 Historic - Fixed-line price index (old style) 2004 2011
Table 142 Historic - Fixed-line price index (new style) 2010 2016
Table 143 Historic - Telefónica de España revenue by type (old style) ( billion) 2007 2015
Table 144 Historic - Telefónica de España fixed-line revenue by sector (historic) ( million) 2005 2011
Table 145 Historic - Telefónica de España wireline line revenue by type ( million) 2011 2015
Table 146 Historic - Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain, old style) (thousand) 2005 2014
Table 147 Historic - Jazztel financial data (historic) ( million) 2009 2015
Table 148 Historic - Jazztel revenue by sector (historic, new style) ( million) 2012 2015
Table 149 Historic - Jazztel broadband and mobile subscribers (million) 2008 2015
Table 150 Historic - Vodafone revenue by type (£ million, old style) 2013 2016
Table 151 Historic - Carrier PreSelection lines 2006 2017
Table 152 Historic - SMS and MMS revenue ( million) 2005 2011
Table 153 Historic - SMS and MMS messages sent 2005 2011
Table 154 Historic - Vodafone Spain customer churn 2007 2011
Table 155 Historic - Growth in the number of Yoigo's mobile subscribers (thousand) 2007 2011
Table 156 Historic - Cable broadband subscribers by operator (regulator data) (thousand) 2007 2011
Table 157 Historic - Growth in the number of Euskaltel's broadband subscribers 2007 2010
Table 158 Historic - Growth in the number of FttP subscribers, residential and business 2008 2011
Table 159 Historic - Change in the number of Wi-Fi/WiMAX/LMDS subscribers 2007 2011
Table 160 Historic - Decline in Telefónica de España EBITDA 2007 2011

List of Charts
Chart 1 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Leaders
Chart 2 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Challengers
Chart 3 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Emergents
Chart 4 Europe - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per capita
Chart 5 Europe Mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 6 Scandinavia/Baltics fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 7 Northern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 8 Eastern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 9 Southern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 10 Telecom revenue and annual change 2012 2021
Chart 11 Development of telecom revenue, retail, and wholesale 2012 2021
Chart 12 Development of telecom retail revenue by sector 2012 2021
Chart 13 Development of telecom retail revenue annual change, by sector 2012 2021
Chart 14 Decline in fixed interconnection revenue 2012 2021
Chart 15 Change in the number of subscribers by type of access 2012 2021
Chart 16 Change in the number of fixed number portings 2012 2022
Chart 17 Change in the number of annual mobile number portings 2012 2022
Chart 19 Decline in mobile retail voice market revenue, annual change 2012 2021
Chart 20 Development of mobile market revenue by sector 2012 2021
Chart 21 Mobile interconnection revenue 2012 2021
Chart 22 Change in the number of prepaid and contract mobile subscribers 2012 2022
Chart 23 Decline in mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors 2012 2021
Chart 24 Change in prepaid and contract mobile voice traffic 2012 2021
Chart 25 Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators 2012 2021
Chart 26 Mobile subscriber market share by operator 2012 2022
Chart 27 Growth in Movistar's LTE subscriber base and penetration 2014 2019
Chart 28 Growth in the number of M2M lines 2012 2022
Chart 29 SMS and MMS revenue 2012 2021
Chart 30 SMS and MMS messages sent 2012 2021
Chart 31 Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2012 2027
Chart 32 Growth in mobile broadband traffic 2012 2021
Chart 33 Growth in mobile broadband revenue and annual change 2012 2021
Chart 34 Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers by operator 2012 2022
Chart 35 Mobile broadband lines by type (voice and data) 2012 2022
Chart 36 Change in the number of Movistar's mobile subscribers 2012 2022
Chart 37 Change in the number of Vodafone Spain's mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid 2012 2022
Chart 38 Growth in Vodafone Spain's mobile data traffic 2012 2022
Chart 39 Development of Vodafone Spain's mobile service and total service revenue 2015 2022
Chart 40 Decline in Vodafone Spain's mobile ARPU 2012 2022
Chart 41 Vodafone Spain customer churn 2012 2022
Chart 42 Decline in Vodafone Spain's mobile customer retention cost 2012 2022
Chart 43 Change in the number of Orange Spain's mobile subscribers by type 2012 2022
Chart 44 Development of Orange Spain's mobile service revenue 2012 2022
Chart 45 Decline in Orange Spain's ARPU/ARPO by sector 2012 2022
Chart 46 Orange customer churn 2012 2022
Chart 47 Growth in the number of Yoigo's mobile subscribers 2012 2022
Chart 48 Development of Másmóvil's financial data 2016 2022
Chart 49 Change in the number of MVNO mobile subscribers and market share 2012 2022
Chart 50 Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration 2012 2027
Chart 51 Change in fixed internet market revenue 2012 2021
Chart 52 Broadband lines by major operator 2012 2022
Chart 53 Share of broadband lines by operator 2012 2022
Chart 54 Development of fixed broadband penetration by technology 2012 2021
Chart 55 Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by type 2012 2022
Chart 56 Development of fixed broadband revenue by platform 2012 2021
Chart 57 Fixed broadband lines by data rate (new style) 2016 2021
Chart 58 Growth in the number of FttP subscribers, residential and business 2012 2021
Chart 59 Change in the number of Movistar's retail and wholesale broadband subscribers 2012 2022
Chart 60 Growth in the number of Vodafone Spain broadband subscribers 2012 2022
Chart 61 Change in the number of Orange Spain's broadband subscribers by type 2012 2022
Chart 63 Development of Orange's broadband ARPU/ARPO 2012 2022
Chart 64 Growth in the number of Másmóvil's fixed broadband subscribers 2015 2022
Chart 65 Growth in the number of Másmóvil's accessible premises 2016 2022
Chart 66 Másmóvil broadband subscriber share by platform 2016 2021
Chart 67 Change in the number of Wi-Fi/WiMAX/LMDS subscribers 2012 2021
Chart 68 Development of Telefónica Group's financial data 2012 2022
Chart 69 Change in Telefónica de España EBITDA 2012 2022
Chart 70 Development of Telefónica Spain's consumer and business wireline line revenue 2015 2019
Chart 71 Change in the number of Telefónica Spain's retail telephony and broadband access lines 2012 2022
Chart 72 Change in the number of Telefónica Spain's retail and wholesale access lines 2012 2022
Chart 73 Development of Orange Spain's financial data 2012 2022
Chart 74 Change in the number of Orange Spain's subscribers by sector 2012 2022
Chart 75 Vodafone service revenue by type 2015 2022
Chart 76 Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity 2012 2027
Chart 77 Decline in fixed line revenue 2012 2021
Chart 78 Decline in fixed line traffic 2012 2021
Chart 79 Growth in the number of NGN installed lines by access type 2012 2021

List of Exhibits
Exhibit 1 Map of Telecom Maturity Index global ranking among countries in Europe
Exhibit 2 Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
Exhibit 3 Europe Market Leaders and market developments
Exhibit 4 Europe Market Challengers and market developments
Exhibit 5 Europe Market Emergents and market developments
Exhibit 6 Access and the local loop
Exhibit 7 3G licence results in Spain March 2000
Exhibit 8 Overview of spectrum allocations 2011
Exhibit 9 3.6GHz auction results July 2018
Exhibit 10 Overview of MVNOs
Exhibit 11 Narrowband and broadband wireless licensees 2000
Exhibit 12 2Africa submarine cable
Exhibit 13 2Africa landing stations