1.0 Overview 10

2.0 Netherlands Profile 13

2.1 Netherlands Construction Investment Programme is Set to Grow 13
2.2 Quality of The Dutch Business Climate 16
2.3 Netherlands Construction Barriers for International Companies 17
2.4 Dutch Government Positions to Support Construction 18
2.5 Netherlands Environmental Work Safety 19

3.0 Netherlands Safety Culture 21

3.1 Dutch Worksite Inspections 23
3.2 Dutch Initiatives for Safety Inspections 23
3.3 Netherlands Environmental Positioning 24
3.4 Enforcement in Netherlands 25

4.0 Taxation in Netherlands 25

4.1 Taxation Authority 25
4.2 Netherlands Corporate Taxes 26
4.3 Netherlands Personal Income Tax Rates 27
4.4 Taxation of Non-Residents 29
4.5 Netherlands Double Taxation Agreements 29

5.0 Legal System in Netherlands 32

5.1 Legal System 33
5.1.1 Dutch Legislature 33
5.1.2 Dutch Executive Branch 34
5.2 Court System in Netherlands 34
5.3 Netherlands Application of the Law - Prison Systems 35
5.4 Dutch Legal System and Advisory Councils 35
5.5 Dutch Universal Access to Health Care 37
5.6 Netherlands Typical Delivery Model Applicable - Contract Type 37
5.7 Netherlands Regional Government 38
5.8 Netherlands Local Regulations & Compliance 39
5.9 Supervision of Construction Contracts 39
5.9.1 Supervision of Construction Contracts via Software 40
5.9.2 Dutch Labor Union Market 40
5.10 Work Permits in Netherlands 41
5.11 Driving in Netherlands 43
5.12 Permitting Requirements of Developments in Netherlands 43
5.13 The National Building Code of Netherlands 44
5.14 Ministry of The Environment Steers and Monitors Construction 44
5.15 Municipalities Steer and Monitor Construction in Their Area of Netherlands 44
5.16 Local Netherlands 44
5.17 Responsibilities Building Project: Planning a Construction Project in Netherlands 97

6.0 Environmental Issues in Netherlands 98

6.1 Atmospheric Issues in Netherlands 99
6.2 Netherlands Needs to Meet Carbon Emissions and Climate Change Targets 99
6.3 Water Issues in Netherlands 99
6.4 Waste Issues in Netherlands 100
6.5 Netherlands EIA'S 100
6.6 Netherlands Sustainable Development 101

7.0 Advanced Manufacturing Sector in Netherlands 102

7.1 Foreign Direct Investments FDI IN Netherlands 102
7.2 Netherlands - Investment Considerations 105
7.3 Dutch Government Measures to Motivate or Restrict FDI: 107
7.4 Description of Industry Sectors in Netherlands and Companies Needing Construction 108
7.5 Industrial Companies and Construction in Netherlands and the Nordic Countries 108
7.6 Major Companies in Netherlands: 109
7.7 Netherlands Shipping and Trading 112
7.7.1 SHV 112
7.8 Telecommunications Services 114
7.8.1 KPN 114
7.8.2 Vodafone Libertel B.V. 115
7.8.3 T-Mobile Netherlands BV 115
7.8.4 VEON 115
7.9 Automotive, Transportation, Manufacturing, and Retail 115
7.9.1 Tesla 116
7.9.2 Airbus 117
7.9.3 Ahold Delhaize 118
7.9.4 Forever 21 119
7.9.5 Nike 122
7.10 Energy 125
7.10.1 Royal Dutch Shell 126
7.10.2 Royal Dutch Shell Environmental Vulnerability 130
7.10.3 GasTerra 131
7.11 Pharmaceuticals, Flowers, Beer, Beverages, and Food 134
7.11.1 MSD 134
7.11.2 Aspen 136
7.11.3 Unilever 137
7.11.4 Ahold Delhaize 142
7.11.5 Heineken 144
7.11.6 Louis Dreyfus 145
7.11.7 Flora Holland 146
7.11.8 Mars 148
7.11.9 Coca-Cola 149
7.11.10 Kraft Heinz 150
7.11.11 Michael Lewis Company Distribution 152
7.12 Netherlands Bio-Pharma & Healthcare: 154
7.12.1 Philips 154
7.12.2 BD Diagnostics 155
7.13 Chemicals, IT, and Data Centers in Netherlands 156
7.13.1 Google Cloud Region in the Netherlands 156
7.13.2 Google in the Netherlands Google invests €1 billion in data centers in the Netherlands 21 Jun 2019 157
7.13.3 Google Sees Netherlands Attractive For Expansion 157
7.13.4 Google 160
7.13.5 Cisco Systems 161
7.13.6 APM Terminals 164
7.13.7 Fujifilm 164
7.13.8 SABIC 164
7.13.9 Eastman 165
7.13.10 LyondellBasell 166
7.13.11 Siemens 167
7.13.12 Omron 167
7.13.13 Dutch Government Support for Data Centers 168
7.13.14 Apple 169
7.13.15 Facebook 169

8.0 Competition - Engineering & Construction Providers 170

8.1 Engineering Consultancies 170
8.1.1 Royal BAM Group - Koninklijke BAM Groep' 171
Koninklijke Bam Groep (Netherlands) 172
8.1.2 Fluor Netherlands 173
8.1.3 Cisterra 173
8.1.4 Bechtel 175
8.1.5 Heijmans N.V. 175
8.2 Architects Serving the Dutch Market 175
8.2.1 Benthem Crouwel Architekten 176
8.2.2 Octatube 176
8.2.3 Wiel Arets Architects 177

9.0 Characteristics of Local Business Culture 177

9.1 Litigious or Deal-Making? 177
9.2 Netherlands Anti-Corruption Credentials 177

List of Figures 

Figure 1. Countries Surrounding Netherlands 12 
Figure 2. Dutch Delta Act in 1958 Funded Dike Hydraulic Works 13 
Figure 3. Construction Output in Netherlands 14 
Figure 4. Construction Output in Netherlands Increased 6 percent in May of 2019 15 
Figure 5. Complex Business Culture In The Netherlands 17 
Figure 6. Netherlands Focal Point for EU-OSHA Social Partners 19 
Figure 7. Dutch VAT Compliance 26 
Figure 8. Organizations Represented in the Social-Economic Council 35 
Figure 9. Netherlands Prominent Advisory Bodies 35 
Figure 10. Municipalities of the Netherlands 44 
Figure 11. Provinces of Netherlands 96 
Figure 12. Netherlands Advisory Body Integral Part of EA EIA Regulation 100 
Figure 13. Companies Leveraging Business Investment Climate in the Netherlands 104 
Figure 14. Netherlands Key Industries 108 
Figure 15. European Corporate International Headquarters Newly Located in the Netherlands 109 
Figure 16. Netherlands Large Company Revenue Market Shares, 2018 110 
Figure 17. List of Largest Companies in the Netherlands 111 
Figure 18. Largest Companies in the Netherlands and the Industry Sector 111 
Figure 19. Top Export-Oriented Dutch Companies 112 
Figure 20. SHV Headquarters in Utrecht 113 
Figure 21. KPN Head Office in The Hague 114 
Figure 22. Tesla Headquarters Netherlands 116 
Figure 23. Airbus Headquarters Netherlands 118 
Figure 24. Ahold Delhaize's International Headquarters in Zaandam, the Netherlands 119 
Figure 25. Forever 21 Fast Fashion Retailer 120 
Figure 26. Forever 21 Netherlands Locations 121 
Figure 27. Forever 21 in Netherlands 122 
Figure 28. Nike Headquarters for Europe in the Netherlands 122 
Figure 29. Nike Campus Outside Amsterdam 124 
Figure 30. Learning from the Dutch How to Battle Rising Seas 125 
Figure 31. Shell World Headquarters in Haagse Hout, The Hague 126 
Figure 32. GasTerra Headquarters Netherlands 132 
Figure 33. Production And Use of Groningen Gas. Groningen Timeline Set For Minimum Extraction Required 
In The Coming Years For A Cold, An Average And A Warm Year 133 
Figure 34. Netherlands MSD Headquarters 135 
Figure 35. Aspen Pharmaceutical Manufacturing in the Netherlands 136 
Figure 36. Unilever N.V. Head Office Building in Rotterdam, Netherlands 138 
Figure 37. Unilever House, Unilever Head Office Building in London 139 
Figure 38. Unilever to Base its Sole HQ in Rotterdam in a Blow to Britain Ahead of Brexit. 140 
Figure 39. Unilever Headquarters on the River Maas in Rotterdam, Netherlands 141 
Figure 40. Ahold's Headquarters in Zaandam 143 
Figure 41. Ahold Brands 144 
Figure 42. Heineken Brewery in Zoeterwoude, Netherlands 144 
Figure 43. Flora Housed In The Second-Largest Building In The World, 518,000 Square Metres Of Floor Space 146 
Figure 44. Aalsmeer Flower Auction, Holland | European Waterways 148 
Figure 45. Mars Veghel Factory Entrance 149 
Figure 46. Kraft Heinz Company Zeist Office 151 
Figure 47. Michael Lewis Company Distribution Center 152 
Figure 48. Philips Headquarters 154 
Figure 49. Google Data Centers in The Netherlands Supports Local Community 158 
Figure 50. Google Considers the Netherlands a Digital Frontrunner in Part Because of the Availability of 
Renewable Energy 159 
Figure 51. Google, Netherlands Set for Growth - Google Cloud Footprint 160 
Figure 52. Cisco Headquarters in Holland 161 
Figure 53. Cisco Building on Holland Campus 163 
Figure 54. LyondellBasell headquarters in the Netherlands 166 
Figure 55. Omron Proof of Concept Innovation Labs in the Netherlands 167 
Figure 56. Largest Construction Companies in Netherlands 170 
Figure 57. Koninklijke BAM Groep' 172 
Figure 58. Cisterra Projects 174 
Figure 59. Architects Serving the Dutch Market 176