1 INTRODUCTION 19
1.1 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 19
1.2 MARKET DEFINITION 19
1.3 SCOPE OF THE STUDY 20
1.3.1 MARKETS COVERED 20
1.3.2 REGIONAL SCOPE 20
1.4 YEARS CONSIDERED FOR THE STUDY 21
1.5 CURRENCY CONSIDERED FOR THE STUDY 21
1.6 UNITS CONSIDERED FOR THE STUDY 21
1.7 STAKEHOLDERS 21
1.8 SUMMARY OF CHANGES 22

2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 23
2.1 RESEARCH DATA 23
2.2 MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION 24
2.2.1 APPROACH 1(BASED ON BASE FLUID, BY REGION) 24
2.2.2 APPROACH 2 (BASED ON AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCTION DATA) 25
2.3 DATA TRIANGULATION 26
2.4 KEY MARKET INSIGHTS 27
2.5 RESEARCH ASSUMPTIONS & LIMITATIONS 28
2.5.1 ASSUMPTIONS 28
2.5.2 LIMITATIONS 28

3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 29

4 PREMIUM INSIGHTS 33
4.1 ATTRACTIVE OPPORTUNITIES IN THE ANTIFREEZE/ COOLANT MARKET 33
4.2 ASIA PACIFIC: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET, BY BASE FLUID AND COUNTRY 33
4.3 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET, BY BASE FLUID 34
4.4 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY 34
4.5 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET, BY APPLICATION 35
4.6 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET, BY COUNTRY 35

5 MARKET OVERVIEW 36
5.1 INTRODUCTION 36
5.2 MARKET DYNAMICS 36
5.2.1 DRIVERS 37
5.2.1.1 Increase in number of vehicles in operation driving the demand
for antifreeze/coolant 37
5.2.1.2 Growing sales of construction equipment fueling consumption
of antifreeze/coolants 37
5.2.1.3 Growth in demand for HVAC systems 38
5.2.2 RESTRAINTS 39
5.2.2.1 Introduction of coolants with long service life 39
5.2.2.2 Increasing trend of engine downsizing 39
5.2.2.3 Phase-change materials and air-cooling based battery thermal management system in electric and hybrid vehicles 39
5.2.3 OPPORTUNITIES 40
5.2.3.1 Battery thermal management using liquid cooling systems in
electric and hybrid vehicles 40
5.2.4 CHALLENGES 40
5.2.4.1 Volatile price of raw material 40
5.2.4.2 Recycling of antifreeze/coolant 40
5.3 TECHNOLOGICAL ANALYSIS 41
5.3.1 IAT (INORGANIC ACID TECHNOLOGY) 41
5.3.2 OAT (ORGANIC ACID TECHNOLOGY) 41
5.3.3 HOAT (HYBRID ORGANIC ACID TECHNOLOGY) 41
5.3.4 ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES OF TECHNOLOGIES 41
5.3.5 TECHNOLOGIES AND USAGE OF CORROSION INHIBITORS DRIVEN
BY REGIONAL PREFERENCE AND ENGINE SPECIFICATION 42
5.4 VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS. 43
5.4.1 INTRODUCTION 43
5.4.2 RAW MATERIALS 43
5.4.3 MANUFACTURING 43
5.4.4 DISTRIBUTION & END-USE 44
5.5 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT PATENT ANALYSIS 44

6 IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET 48

7 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET, BY BASE FLUID 49
7.1 INTRODUCTION 50
7.2 ETHYLENE GLYCOL 51
7.3 PROPYLENE GLYCOL 51
7.4 GLYCERINE 51

8 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET, BY APPLICATION 52
8.1 INTRODUCTION 53
8.2 AUTOMOTIVE 54
8.3 INDUSTRIAL 55
8.4 OTHERS 55

9 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY 56
9.1 INTRODUCTION 57

10 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET, BY REGION 59
10.1 INTRODUCTION 60
10.2 ASIA PACIFIC 62
10.2.1 CHINA 65
10.2.1.1 Rising consumer spending will boost the demand for automobiles
in the country 65
10.2.2 JAPAN 66
10.2.2.1 Japan accounts for second-largest market share of Asia Pacific antifreeze/coolant market 66
10.2.3 INDIA 67
10.2.3.1 Increasing demand from automobile and industrial sectors 67
10.2.4 THAILAND 69
10.2.4.1 Demand for glycerine based antifreeze/coolant to decline in Thailand 69
10.2.5 INDONESIA 70
10.2.5.1 EG to be fastest-growing segment of antifreeze coolant in Indonesia 70
10.2.6 PHILIPPINES 71
10.2.6.1 Increasing vehicle in use will drive the antifreeze/coolant market
in Philippines 71
10.2.7 MALAYSIA 73
10.2.7.1 Malaysia witnessing growth in the manufacturing sector 73
10.2.8 VIETNAM 74
10.2.8.1 Vietnam estimated be the fastest-growing market antifreeze/coolant 74
10.2.9 REST OF APAC 75
10.3 NORTH AMERICA 77
10.3.1 US 79
10.3.1.1 EG to grow at a faster rate in the US 79
10.3.2 CANADA 80
10.3.2.1 Growing end-use industries expected to boost the demand for antifreeze/coolant in Canada 80
10.3.3 MEXICO 82
10.3.3.1 Growth in automotive industry driving the demand for antifreeze/coolant 82
10.4 EUROPE 83
10.4.1 GERMANY 86
10.4.1.1 Automotive sector creating growth opportunities for antifreeze/coolant market in Europe 86
10.4.2 FRANCE 87
10.4.2.1 Evolution in manufacturing and automotive industry increasing consumption of antifreeze/coolant 87
10.4.3 UK 89
10.4.3.1 UK’s strong economy fueling the market for antifreeze/coolant 89
10.4.4 ITALY 90
10.4.4.1 Large machinery and automotive industries driving demand
for antifreeze/coolant 90
10.4.5 RUSSIA 91
10.4.5.1 Antifreeze/coolant market in Russia to grow at a moderate rate 91
10.4.6 REST OF EUROPE 93
10.5 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA 94
10.5.1 SOUTH AFRICA 97
10.5.1.1 Growing demand from Automotive and HVAC industries will
drive the market 97
10.5.2 TURKEY 98
10.5.2.1 Established crude oil refineries influencing the market positively 98
10.5.3 REST OF MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA 99
10.6 SOUTH AMERICA 101
10.6.1 BRAZIL 103
10.6.1.1 Exponential growth in the machinery production drive the
market demand 103
10.6.2 ARGENTINA 105
10.6.2.1 Argentina accounted for the second-largest share in South America 105
10.6.3 REST OF SOUTH AMERICA 106

11 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE 108
11.1 OVERVIEW 108
11.2 COMPETITIVE SCENARIO 109
11.2.1 ACQUISITION 109
11.2.2 EXPANSION 110
11.2.3 PARTNERSHIP 111
11.2.4 NEW PRODUCT LAUNCH 111
11.3 MARKET RANKING 112
11.4 COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING 112
11.4.1 STAR 112
11.4.2 EMERGING LEADERS 113
11.4.3 PERVASIVE 113
11.4.4 EMERGING COMPANIES 113
11.5 STRENGTH OF PRODUCT PORTFOLIO 115
11.6 BUSINESS STRATEGY EXCELLENCE 116

12 COMPANY PROFILES 117
(Business Overview, financial Assessment, Operational Assessment, Products Offered, Recent Developments, SWOT Analysis, winning imperatives, Threat from Competition, right to win)*
12.1 BP PLC 117
12.2 ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC 121
12.3 CHEVRON CORPORATION 125
12.4 EXXONMOBIL CORPORATION 130
12.5 TOTAL S.A. 135
12.6 LUKOIL 139
12.7 PETRONAS 142
12.8 BASF SE 145
12.9 VALVOLINE INC. 147
12.10 CUMMINS INC. 151
12.11 MOTUL S.A. 155
12.12 OTHER PLAYERS 156
12.12.1 DOW INC. 156
12.12.2 DUPONT TATE & LYLE BIO PRODUCTS COMPANY, LLC. 157
12.12.3 PRODUCTS OFFERED 157
12.12.4 RECOCHEM INC. 157
12.12.5 PRESTONE PRODUCTS CORPORATION 160
12.12.6 HUNTSMAN CORPORATION 161
12.12.7 SINOPEC CORPORATION 162
12.12.8 CCI CORPORATION 164
12.12.9 EVANS COOLING SYSTEMS, INC. 164
12.12.10 KOST USA, INC. 166
*Details on Business Overview, financial Assessment, Operational Assessment, Products Offered, Recent Developments, SWOT Analysis, winning imperatives, Threat from Competition, right to win might not be captured in case of unlisted companies.

13 APPENDIX 167
13.1 DISCUSSION GUIDE 167
13.2 KNOWLEDGE STORE: MARKETSANDMARKETS SUBSCRIPTION PORTAL 170
13.3 AVAILABLE CUSTOMIZATIONS 172
13.4 RELATED REPORTS 172
13.5 AUTHOR DETAILS 173

LIST OF TABLES
TABLE 1 CORROSION INHIBITION ACCEPTABILITY, BY REGION 42
TABLE 2 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 50
TABLE 3 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 51
TABLE 4 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 53
TABLE 5 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 53
TABLE 6 WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION 2019 (UNITS) 54
TABLE 7 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018–2025 (USD MILLION) 58
TABLE 8 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018–2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 58
TABLE 9 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 61
TABLE 10 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 61
TABLE 11 ASIA PACIFIC: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 62
TABLE 12 ASIA PACIFIC: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 63
TABLE 13 ASIA PACIFIC: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 63
TABLE 14 ASIA PACIFIC: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 63
TABLE 15 ASIA PACIFIC: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 64
TABLE 16 ASIA PACIFIC: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 64
TABLE 17 ASIA PACIFIC: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 64
TABLE 18 ASIA PACIFIC: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 64
TABLE 19 CHINA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 65
TABLE 20 CHINA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 65
TABLE 21 CHINA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 65
TABLE 22 CHINA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 66
TABLE 23 JAPAN: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 66
TABLE 24 JAPAN: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 66
TABLE 25 JAPAN: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 67
TABLE 26 JAPAN: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 67
TABLE 27 INDIA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 67
TABLE 28 INDIA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 68
TABLE 29 INDIA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 68
TABLE 30 INDIA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 68
TABLE 31 THAILAND: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 69
TABLE 32 THAILAND: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 69
TABLE 33 THAILAND: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 69
TABLE 34 THAILAND: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 70
TABLE 35 INDONESIA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 70
TABLE 36 INDONESIA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 70
TABLE 37 INDONESIA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 71
TABLE 38 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 71
TABLE 39 PHILIPPINES: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 71
TABLE 40 PHILIPPINES: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 72
TABLE 41 PHILIPPINES: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 72
TABLE 42 PHILIPPINES: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 72
TABLE 43 MALAYSIA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 73
TABLE 44 MALAYSIA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 73
TABLE 45 MALAYSIA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 74
TABLE 46 MALAYSIA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 74
TABLE 47 VIETNAM: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 74
TABLE 48 VIETNAM: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 75
TABLE 49 VIETNAM: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 75
TABLE 50 VIETNAM: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 75
TABLE 51 REST OF APAC: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 76
TABLE 52 REST OF APAC: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 76
TABLE 53 REST OF APAC: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 76
TABLE 54 REST OF APAC: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 76
TABLE 55 NORTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 77
TABLE 56 NORTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 77
TABLE 57 NORTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 78
TABLE 58 NORTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 78
TABLE 59 NORTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 78
TABLE 60 NORTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 78
TABLE 61 NORTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 79
TABLE 62 NORTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 79
TABLE 63 US: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 79
TABLE 64 US: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 80
TABLE 65 US: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 80
TABLE 66 US: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 80
TABLE 67 CANADA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 81
TABLE 68 CANADA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 81
TABLE 69 CANADA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 81
TABLE 70 CANADA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 81
TABLE 71 MEXICO: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 82
TABLE 72 MEXICO: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 82
TABLE 73 MEXICO: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 83
TABLE 74 MEXICO: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 83
TABLE 75 EUROPE: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 84
TABLE 76 EUROPE: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 84
TABLE 77 EUROPE: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 84
TABLE 78 EUROPE: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 85
TABLE 79 EUROPE: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 85
TABLE 80 EUROPE: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 85
TABLE 81 EUROPE: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 85
TABLE 82 EUROPE: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 86
TABLE 83 GERMANY: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 86
TABLE 84 GERMANY: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 87
TABLE 85 GERMANY: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 87
TABLE 86 GERMANY: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 87
TABLE 87 FRANCE: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 88
TABLE 88 FRANCE: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 88
TABLE 89 FRANCE: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 88
TABLE 90 FRANCE: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 89
TABLE 91 UK: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 89
TABLE 92 UK: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 89
TABLE 93 UK: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 90
TABLE 94 UK: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 90
TABLE 95 ITALY: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 90
TABLE 96 ITALY: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 91
TABLE 97 ITALY: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 91
TABLE 98 ITALY: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 91
TABLE 99 RUSSIA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 92
TABLE 100 RUSSIA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 92
TABLE 101 RUSSIA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 92
TABLE 102 RUSSIA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 92
TABLE 103 REST OF EUROPE: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 93
TABLE 104 REST OF EUROPE: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 93
TABLE 105 REST OF EUROPE: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 93
TABLE 106 REST OF EUROPE: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 94
TABLE 107 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 94
TABLE 108 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 95
TABLE 109 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 95
TABLE 110 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 95
TABLE 111 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 95
TABLE 112 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 96
TABLE 113 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 96
TABLE 114 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 96
TABLE 115 SOUTH AFRICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 97
TABLE 116 SOUTH AFRICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 97
TABLE 117 SOUTH AFRICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 97
TABLE 118 SOUTH AFRICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 98
TABLE 119 TURKEY: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 98
TABLE 120 TURKEY: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 98
TABLE 121 TURKEY: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 99
TABLE 122 TURKEY: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 99
TABLE 123 REST OF MEA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 99
TABLE 124 REST OF MEA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 100
TABLE 125 REST OF MEA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 100
TABLE 126 REST OF MEA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 100
TABLE 127 SOUTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2025 (USD MILLION) 101
TABLE 128 SOUTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY COUNTRY, 2018-2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 101
TABLE 129 SOUTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018–2025 (USD MILLION) 102
TABLE 130 SOUTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018–2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 102
TABLE 131 SOUTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018–2025 (USD MILLION) 102
TABLE 132 SOUTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018–2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 102
TABLE 133 SOUTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018–2025 (USD MILLION) 103
TABLE 134 SOUTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018–2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 103
TABLE 135 BRAZIL: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018–2025 (USD MILLION) 104
TABLE 136 BRAZIL: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018–2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 104
TABLE 137 BRAZIL: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018–2025 (USD MILLION) 104
TABLE 138 BRAZIL: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018–2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 104
TABLE 139 ARGENTINA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018–2025 (USD MILLION) 105
TABLE 140 ARGENTINA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018–2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 105
TABLE 141 ARGENTINA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018–2025 (USD MILLION) 105
TABLE 142 ARGENTINA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018–2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 106
TABLE 143 REST OF SOUTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018–2025 (USD MILLION) 106
TABLE 144 REST OF SOUTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY BASE FLUID, 2018–2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 106
TABLE 145 REST OF SOUTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018–2025 (USD MILLION) 107
TABLE 146 REST OF SOUTH AMERICA: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET SIZE, BY APPLICATION, 2018–2025 (MILLION GALLONS) 107
TABLE 147 ACQUISITION 109
TABLE 148 EXPANSION 110
TABLE 149 PARTNERSHIP 111
TABLE 150 NEW PRODUCT LAUNCH 111

LIST OF FIGURES
FIGURE 1 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET: SEGMENTATION 20
FIGURE 2 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET, BY REGION 20
FIGURE 3 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET: DATA TRIANGULATION 26
FIGURE 4 BREAKDOWN OF PRIMARY INTERVIEWS 27
FIGURE 5 ETHYLENE GLYCOL TO LED THE ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET 30
FIGURE 6 AUTOMOTIVE, THE LARGEST APPLICATION FOR ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET 30
FIGURE 7 OAT TO GROW AT A HIGHER RATE THAN OTHERS BETWEEN 2020 AND 2025 31
FIGURE 8 ASIA PACIFIC IS KEY CONTRIBUTOR TO THE GLOBAL ANTIFREEZE / COOLANT MARKET 31
FIGURE 9 EMERGING ECONOMIES OFFER ATTRACTIVE OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE MARKET PLAYERS 33
FIGURE 10 EG ESTIMATED TO CAPTURE THE LARGEST SHARE IN 2020 33
FIGURE 11 EG TO GROW AT HIGHEST RATE IN THE ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET 34
FIGURE 12 OAT SEGMENT TO DOMINATE THE ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET 34
FIGURE 13 AUTOMOTIVE TO BE LARGEST CONSUMER OF ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT 35
FIGURE 14 VIETNAM PROJECTED TO BE FASTEST-GROWING MARKET FOR ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT 35
FIGURE 15 GROWING NUMBER OF VEHICLES IN OPERATION EXPECTED TO DRIVE THE ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET 36
FIGURE 16 VEHICLE IN OPERATION, 2019 37
FIGURE 17 CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT SALES, BY REGION 38
FIGURE 18 HVAC SYSTEMS MARKET, BY REGION 38
FIGURE 19 CRUDE OIL PRICE FORECAST 40
FIGURE 20 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET: VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS 43
FIGURE 21 COVID-19 IMPACT ON AUTOMOTIVE SALES FROM JAN 2020 TO APRIL 2020 48
FIGURE 22 EG PROJECTED TO DOMINATE THE ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET 50
FIGURE 23 AUTOMOTIVE SEGMENT ESTIMATED TO DOMINATE THE ANTIFREEZE / COOLANT MARKET 53
FIGURE 24 OAT ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT TECHNOLOGY PROJECTED TO BE DOMINANT DURING FORECAST PERIOD 57
FIGURE 25 REGIONAL SNAPSHOT: ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET GROWTH (2020-2025) 61
FIGURE 26 COMPANIES ADOPTED MERGER & ACQUISITION AS THE KEY GROWTH STRATEGY BETWEEN 2015 AND 2020 108
FIGURE 27 MARKET RANKING OF KEY PLAYERS, 2019 112
FIGURE 28 ANTIFREEZE/COOLANT MARKET: COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING, 2020 114
FIGURE 29 PRODUCT PORTFOLIO ANALYSIS OF TOP PLAYERS IN ANTIFREEZE COOLANT MARKET 115
FIGURE 30 BUSINESS STRATEGY EXCELLENCE OF TOP PLAYERS IN ANTIFREEZE COOLANT MARKET 116
FIGURE 31 BRITISH PETROLEUM: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 117
FIGURE 32 BP PLC: SWOT ANALYSIS 119
FIGURE 33 ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC : COMPANY SNAPSHOT 122
FIGURE 34 ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC COMPANY: SWOT ANALYSIS 123
FIGURE 35 CHEVRON CORPORATION: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 126
FIGURE 36 CHEVRON CORPORATION: SWOT ANALYSIS 128
FIGURE 37 EXXONMOBIL CORPORATION: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 131
FIGURE 38 EXXONMOBIL CORPORATION: SWOT ANALYSIS 133
FIGURE 39 TOTAL SA: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 136
FIGURE 40 TOTAL SA: SWOT ANALYSIS 137
FIGURE 41 LUKOIL: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 140
FIGURE 42 LUKOIL: SWOT ANALYSIS 141
FIGURE 43 PETRONAS: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 142
FIGURE 44 BASF SE: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 145
FIGURE 45 VALVOLINE INC.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 148
FIGURE 46 CUMMINS INC.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT 152