1. OVERVIEW
1.1. Catalyst
1.2. Summary
1.2.1. Key findings
1.2.2. PESTLE highlights
1.3. European Union's sanctions on Russia
1.4. Recovery of the economy from COVID-19 crisis
1.4.1. Snapshot
1.4.2. Vaccination
1.4.3. Government measures
1.4.4. Lockdown measures
1.4.5. Travel restrictions
1.4.6. Stimulus measures
1.4.7. Impact on the economy
1.4.4. Key fundamentals

2. KEY FACTS AND GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION
2.1. Key facts
2.2. Geographical location

3. PESTLE ANALYSIS
3.1. Summary
3.2. Political analysis
3.2.1. Overview
3.2.2. Current strengths
3.2.3. Current challenges
3.2.4. Future prospects
3.2.5. Future risks
3.3. Economic analysis
3.3.1. Overview
3.3.2. Current strengths
3.3.3. Current challenges
3.3.4. Future prospects
3.4. Social analysis
3.4.1. Overview
3.4.2. Current strengths
3.4.3. Current challenges
3.4.4. Future prospects
3.4.5. Future risks
3.5. Technological analysis
3.5.1. Overview
3.5.2. Current strengths
3.5.3. Current challenges
3.5.4. Future prospects
3.5.5. Future risks
3.6. Legal analysis
3.6.1. Overview
3.6.2. Current strengths
3.6.3. Current challenges
3.6.4. Future prospects
3.6.5. Future risks
3.7. Environmental analysis
3.7.1. Overview
3.7.2. Current strengths
3.7.3. Current challenges
3.7.4. Future prospects
3.7.5. Future risks

4. POLITICAL LANDSCAPE
4.1. Summary 47
4.2. Evolution
4.2.1. Pre-1950
4.2.2. 1950-90
4.2.3. 1991 onwards
4.3. Structure and policies
4.3.1. Key political figures
4.3.2. Structure of government
4.3.3. Key political parties/figures
4.3.4. Composition of government
4.3.5. Key policies
4.4. Performance
4.4.1. Governance indicators
4.5. Outlook

5. ECONOMIC LANDSCAPE
5.1. Summary
5.2. Evolution
5.2.1. 1950-90
5.2.2. 1991 onwards
5.3. Structure and policies
5.3.1. Financial system
5.3.2. Financial authorities/regulators
5.4. Performance
5.4.1. GDP and growth rate
5.4.2. GDP composition by sector
5.4.3. Services
5.4.4. Fiscal situation
5.4.5. International investment position
5.4.6. Monetary situation
5.4.7. Unemployment
5.5. Outlook

6. SOCIAL LANDSCAPE
6.1. Summary
6.2. Evolution
6.3. Structure and policies
6.3.1. Demographic composition
6.3.2. Education
6.3.3. Healthcare
6.3.4. Social welfare
6.4. Performance
6.4.1. Healthcare
6.4.2. Education
6.5. Outlook

7. TECHNOLOGICAL LANDSCAPE
7.1. Summary
7.2. Evolution
7.3. Structure and policies
7.4. Performance
7.4.1. R&D expenditure
7.4.2. Patents
7.4.3. Telecommunications and internet
7.5. Outlook

8. LEGAL LANDSCAPE
8.1. Summary
8.2. Evolution
8.3. Structure and policies
8.3.1. Structure of the judicial system
8.3.2. Tax regulations
8.3.3. Value added tax.
8.4. Performance
8.4.1. Effectiveness of the legal system
8.5. Outlook

9. ENVIRONMENTAL LANDSCAPE
9.1. Summary
9.2. Evolution
9.3. Structure and policies
9.3.1. Environmental regulations
9.4. Performance
9.4.1. Environmental impact
9.5. Outlook

10. APPENDIX
10.1. ISO codes of selected countries
10.2. Ask the analyst
10.3. Disclaimer

List of Tables
Table 1: Italy - Key fundamentals, 2019-26f
Table 2: Italy - Key facts, 2022
Table 3: Analysis of Italy's political landscape
Table 4: Analysis of Italy's economy
Table 5: Analysis of Italy's social landscape
Table 6: Analysis of Italy's technology landscape
Table 7: Analysis of Italy's legal landscape
Table 8: Analysis of Italy's environmental landscape
Table 9: Mid-year population by age (as a percentage of the total population), 2021
Table 10: Patents granted by the USPTO, 2016-21

List of Figures
Figure 1: Map of Italy, 2022
Figure 2: Corruption perceptions index ranking, 2021
Figure 3: FDI regulatory restrictiveness index, 2020
Figure 4: Italy - Revised 2022 inflation rate forecast, February 2022 to July 2022
Figure 5: Young people neither in employment nor in education and training (NEET), 2021
Figure 6: General government gross debt, 2021
Figure 7: Gini coefficient of equalized disposable income, 2021 or latest year available
Figure 8: Social expenditure as a percentage of GDP, 2019
Figure 9: Old-age dependency ratio, 2050f
Figure 10: R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP, 2020
Figure 11: Business expenditure on R&D (BERD) as a percentage of GDP, 2020
Figure 12: Tax wedge (percentage of labor cost), 2021
Figure 13: Italy - Key political events
Figure 14: Italy - Key political figures
Figure 15: Italy - Composition of the chamber of deputies, September 2021
Figure 16: Italy - Historical GDP growth (%), 2012-21
Figure 17: Italy - Real GDP and real GDP growth rate ($ trillion/%), 2017-26f
Figure 18: Italy - GDP composition by sector (%), 2021
Figure 19: Italy - Agricultural output (EUR billion/%), 2017-22f
Figure 20: Italy - Industrial output (EUR billion/%), 2017-22f
Figure 21: Italy - Services output (EUR billion/%), 2017-22f
Figure 22: Italy - Import and export growth by volume (% change), 2017-26f
Figure 23: Italy - Consumer price index and consumer price index-based inflation, 2017-26f
Figure 24: Italy - Unemployment rate (%), 2017-26f
Figure 25: Italy - Expenditure on healthcare ($ billion/% of GDP), 2012-20
Figure 26: Italy - Government education expenditure ($ billion/% of GDP), 2017-26f
Figure 27: Italy - Internet users and penetration (millions/%), 2017-22f
Figure 28: Italy - Carbon dioxide emissions (million tonnes/%), 2012-21