1. INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 SCOPE OF THE STUDY 2
1.2 METHODOLOGY 3
1.3 PRODUCTS AND END USES 3
1.4 UNITS OF VOLUME 4
1.5 FORECASTS 4
1.6 ABBREVIATIONS USED 5

2. AUTOMOTIVE 7
2.1 WORLD AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 7
2.2 EMEA AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 10
2.3 EMEA PASSENGER CAR PRODUCTION 14
2.4 EMEA COMMERCIAL VEHICLE PRODUCTION 16
2.4.1 Light Commercial 16
2.4.2 Heavy Goods Vehicles 18
2.4.3 Buses and Coaches 19
2.5 MAJOR USES FOR POLYURETHANES IN THE EUROPEAN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY 20
2.5.1 Plastics Consumption in the Automotive Industry 20
2.5.2 Total EMEA Production of Polyurethane Used in the Automotive Industry by End Use 22
2.6 MARKET TRENDS & INFLUENCES 23
2.6.1 Automotive Production 23
2.6.2 Flexible and Moulded Foam 28
Western Europe 28
Central and Eastern Europe 32
The Middle East and Africa 35
2.6.3 Semi-Rigid Foam 37
2.6.4 Integral Skin Foam 38
2.6.5 Carpet Backing/NVH 38
2.6.6 Coatings 39
Automotive OEM Coatings 39
Automotive Refinish 45
2.6.7 Adhesives & Sealants 49
Automotive Adhesives 49
Automotive Direct Glazing Sealants 55
2.6.8 Elastomers 56
Technical Microcellular 57
RIM/RRIM 57
TPU 58

3. BUILDING & CONSTRUCTION 59
3.1 INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 59
3.1.1 Construction Sector Output - Europe 59
3.1.2 New Construction Output - Europe 62
3.1.3 New Residential Construction Output - Europe 64
3.1.4 New Non-Residential Construction Output - Europe 65
3.1.5 New Civil Engineering Construction - Europe 66
3.1.6 Construction in the Middle East & Africa 67
Middle East 67
Africa 68
3.2 MAJOR USES FOR POLYURETHANES IN THE EUROPEAN CONSTRUCTION
INDUSTRY 70
3.2.1 Introduction 70
3.2.2 Sandwich Panels 70
3.2.3 Spray Foam 71
3.2.4 One-Component Foam (OCF) 72
3.2.5 Pre-insulated Pipe 73
3.2.6 Slabstock 73
3.2.7 Coatings 73
3.2.8 Adhesives & Sealants 74
Insulated Glazing 74
Construction Sealants 75
Construction Adhesives 75
3.2.9 Total EMEA Production of Polyurethane Used in the Construction Industry by End Use 76
3.3 MARKET TRENDS & INFLUENCES 77
3.3.1 Sandwich Panels 77
Rigid-faced Panels 77
Flexible-faced Panels 95
3.3.2 Sprayed Foam 105
3.3.3 One-Component Foam (OCF) 125
3.3.4 Pre-insulated Pipe 137
3.3.5 Slabstock 144
3.3.6 Coatings, Adhesives & Sealants 146
Architectural/Construction Coatings 146
Roof, Tank and Deck Coatings 151
Construction Adhesives 158
Sandwich Panel Adhesives 162
Construction Sealants 162
Insulated Glazing Sealants 163
3.3.7 Binders 164

4. FOOTWEAR 170
4.1 INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 170
4.1.1 Global Footwear Market 170
4.1.2 Global Footwear Production 170
4.1.3 EMEA Footwear Industry 172
4.2 MAJOR USES FOR POLYURETHANES WITHIN THE FOOTWEAR INDUSTRY IN EMEA 178
4.2.1 Total EMEA Production of Polyurethane Used in the Footwear Industry by End Use 181
4.3 MARKET TRENDS & INFLUENCES 182
4.3.1 Elastomers 182
4.3.2 Adhesives 185

5. FURNITURE & BEDDING 188
5.1 INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 188
5.1.1 Global Furniture Industry 188
5.1.2 EMEA Furniture Industry 190
Europe 190
The Middle East 191
Africa 191
5.1.3 EMEA Mattress Industry 196
5.2 MAJOR USES OF POLYURETHANES IN THE EUROPEAN FURNITURE & BEDDING
INDUSTRY 199
5.2.1 Total EMEA Production of Polyurethane Used in the Furniture & Bedding Industry by End
use 199
5.3 MARKET TRENDS AND INFLUENCES 200
5.3.1 Polyether Slabstock 200
5.3.2 Moulded Foam 227
5.3.3 Integral Skin Foam 228
5.3.4 Coatings & Adhesives 228

6. APPLIANCES 236
6.1 INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 236
6.1.1 Introduction 236
6.1.2 EMEA Refrigeration Industry 236
6.2 MAJOR USES FOR POLYURETHANE IN THE APPLIANCE INDUSTRY IN EMEA 243
6.2.1 Total EMEA Production of Polyurethane Used in the Appliance Industry by End Use 243
6.3 MARKET TRENDS AND INFLUENCES 244