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Rwanda : economy statistics and industry reports

  • Updated on : 27 August 2012  Source : The World Factbook


$1.372 billion (2011 est.)
$1.084 billion (2010 est.)


$372.9 million (2011 est.)
$297 million (2010 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices)

3.9% (2011 est.)
2.3% (2010 est.)

Unemployment rate


GDP - per capita (PPP)

$1,400 (2011 est.)
$1,300 (2010 est.)
$1,200 (2009 est.)
note: data are in 2011 US dollars

National product real growth rate

6% (2010 est.)
4.5% (2009 est.)
11.2% (2008 est.)

Internet users

450,000 (2009)

Telephones - mobile cellular

3.549 million (2009)

Population growth rate

2.751% (2012 est.)


11,689,696 (July 2012 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Historical background

In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king.

Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries.

The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990.

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Economic overview

Rwanda is a poor rural country with about 90% of the population engaged in (mainly subsistence) agriculture and some mineral and agro-processing.

In 2008, minerals overtook coffee and tea as Rwanda's primary foreign exchange earner.

The 1994 genocide decimated Rwanda's fragile economic base, severely impoverished the population, particularly women, and temporarily stalled the country's ability to attract private and external investment.

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The Economist Intelligence Unit

Country Report Rwanda 3rd Quarter 2017

  • $ 251
  • Country report
  • August 2017
  • by The Economist Intelligence Unit

Outlook for 2017-18 We expect the president, Paul Kagame, to win the 2017 presidential election. He and the ruling Rwandan Patriotic Front will continue to dominate the political scene, supporting political ...

  • Countries : Rwanda

Oxford Economics

Country Economic Forecasts > Rwanda

  • $ 163
  • Country report
  • June 2017
  • by Oxford Economics

Rwanda's economy lost some growth momentum during the latter part of 2016 due to a regional drought, resulting in an annual growth rate of around 5.9%. Economic growth in 2016 was primarily driven by the ...

  • Countries : Rwanda

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